Adam Driver

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Adam Driver
Star Wars- The Last Jedi Japan Premiere Red Carpet- Adam Driver (27163437599) (cropped).jpg
Driver at the Japan premiere of
Star Wars: The Last Jedi in 2017
Born Adam Douglas Driver[1]
(1983-11-19) November 19, 1983 (age 34)[2]
San Diego, California, U.S.
Alma mater Juilliard School
Occupation Actor
Years active 2009–present
Spouse(s) Joanne Tucker (m. 2013)
Military career
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 2001–2004
(Medical Discharge)
Rank USMC-E3.svg Lance corporal
Unit 1st Battalion 1st Marines

Adam Douglas Driver (born November 19, 1983) is an American actor. He rose to prominence in the supporting role of Adam Sackler in the HBO comedy-drama series Girls (2012–2017), for which he received three consecutive nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series. He made his Broadway debut in Mrs. Warren's Profession (2010). In 2011, he returned to Broadway in Man and Boy and made his feature film debut in J. Edgar.

Driver has appeared in supporting roles in a wide range of films, including Lincoln (2012), Frances Ha (2012), Inside Llewyn Davis (2013), and Silence (2016). He starred in While We're Young (2014) and won the Volpi Cup for his role in Hungry Hearts (2014), as well as several best actor awards for his performance in Jim Jarmusch's Paterson (2016).

Driver gained worldwide attention and acclaim for playing the main antagonist Kylo Ren in the Star Wars sequel trilogy, first in The Force Awakens (2015) then The Last Jedi (2017). He is set to reprise the role in Episode IX (2019), he is also the founder of Arts in the Armed Forces (AITAF), a nonprofit that performs theater for all branches of the military, both in the United States and abroad.[3]

Early life[edit]

Driver was born in Fontana, California,[4] the son of Nancy Wright (née Needham), a paralegal, and Joe Douglas Driver.[5][6][7] His father's family is from Arkansas and his mother's family is from Indiana, his stepfather, Rodney G. Wright, is a minister at a Baptist church.[8] When Driver was seven years old, he moved with his older sister and mother to her hometown of Mishawaka, Indiana, where he grew up and attended high school at Mishawaka High School.[9][10] Driver had a religious upbringing, and sang in choir at church,[11] as a teenager, Driver described himself as a "misfit", telling M Magazine that he climbed radio towers, set objects on fire, and also co-founded a fight club with his friends after being inspired by the movie of the same name.[12] After high school and before his military service, Driver worked as a door-to-door salesman selling Kirby vacuum cleaners and as a telemarketer for a basement waterproofing company and Ben Franklin Construction.[13]

Military service and education[edit]

Shortly after the September 11 attacks, Driver joined the United States Marine Corps[14] and was assigned to Weapons Company, 1st Battalion, 1st Marines as an 81mm mortar man.[15] He served for two years and eight months with no deployments before breaking his sternum while mountain biking,[16] he was medically discharged. After leaving the Marine Corps, Driver attended the University of Indianapolis for a year; he transferred to the Juilliard School to study drama. Driver said that he was seen as an intimidating and volatile figure by his classmates, and struggled to fit into a lifestyle so different from the Marines,[12] he was a member of the Drama Division's Group 38 (2005–2009), along with his future wife Joanne Tucker. He graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 2009.[17]


Early career (2009–2011)[edit]

Following his graduation from Juilliard, Driver began acting in New York City, appearing in both Broadway and off-Broadway productions. Like many other aspiring actors, he occasionally worked as a busboy and waiter.[18] Driver appeared in several television shows and short films, he made his feature film debut in Clint Eastwood's J. Edgar (2011).

Breakthrough (2012–2014)[edit]

In 2012, Driver was cast in the HBO hit comedy-drama series Girls, as the emotionally unstable Adam Sackler, lead character Hannah Horvath's boyfriend. He has received three nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series for his role. Apart from appearing in the short film Not Waving But Drowning and the film Gayby, Driver had key roles in two critically acclaimed films of 2012, he played telegraph and cipher officer Samuel Beckwith in Steven Spielberg's Lincoln and Lev Shapiro in Noah Baumbach's Frances Ha.

Driver appeared in four films in 2013: Bluebird, The F Word, as musician Al Cody in the Coen Brothers' Inside Llewyn Davis, and as photographer Rick Smolan in Tracks. In 2014, he played despairing father Jude in the Italian film Hungry Hearts, Philip Altman in This Is Where I Leave You, and aspiring filmmaker Jaime in While We're Young, starring Naomi Watts and Ben Stiller. For his role in Hungry Hearts, Driver won the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the 71st Venice International Film Festival.[19]

Mainstream and critical success (2015–present)[edit]

In late February 2014, Variety reported that Driver would play his most emotionally unstable character yet, villain Kylo Ren in the 2015 film Star Wars: The Force Awakens.[20] On April 29, 2014, he was confirmed as a cast member.[21] The Force Awakens was released on December 18, 2015.[22] Both the film and Driver's performance were well received by critics and audiences alike. Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian highlighted Driver's performance in his review of the film calling him "gorgeously cruel, spiteful and capricious...very suited to Kylo Ren's fastidious and amused contempt for his enemies' weakness and compassion."[23] Driver hosted the January 16, 2016 episode of Saturday Night Live; in 2016, Driver was featured in the short play The Strangest Kind of Romance by Tennessee Williams, for Playing On Air, a non-profit organization that "records short plays [for public radio and podcast] written by top playwrights and performed by outstanding actors."[24][25]

Driver co-starred in the Jeff Nichols-directed film Midnight Special,[26] which was released on March 18, 2016.[27] He also appeared in Martin Scorsese's 2016 film Silence.[28][29] Jim Jarmusch's Paterson was Driver's final film release in 2016.[30] The film had its world premiere at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival,[31] and was released later on December 28, 2016 in the United States.[32] His performance received positive reviews with Time's Stephanie Zacharek writing "Driver is turning out to be one of the finest actors of the moment, an understated star with a great, non-movie-star face."[33] Paterson was included in many critics Top 10 list at the end of the year.

In 2017, he starred as Clyde, alongside Channing Tatum and Daniel Craig, in Steven Soderbergh's Logan Lucky, which premiered in August. He received critical acclaim for his performance as a one-armed redneck veteran.

He also reprised his role as Kylo Ren in the heavily anticipated Star Wars: The Last Jedi, which was released in December 2017,[34] as with The Force Awakens, his performance was greatly received, with his character becoming more lauded as the best of the series, with David Edelstein of Vulture writing, "the core of The Last Jedi — of this whole trilogy, it seems — is Driver’s Kylo Ren, who ranks with cinema’s most fascinating human monsters."[35]

Upcoming projects[edit]

At the Cannes Film Festival in 2016, it was announced that he was set to star in Terry Gilliam's The Man Who Killed Don Quixote,[36] playing Toby Grisoni. He is also attached to star in Sylvester Stallone's Tough As They Come,[37] The Torture Report directed by Scott Z. Burns, as well as Leos Carax's upcoming music drama titled Annette,[38] Spike Lee's true crime thriller BlacKkKlansman,[39] and Noah Baumbach's upcoming film opposite Scarlett Johansson, which currently has no title.[40][41][42] Driver is expected to reprise his role as Kylo Ren in Star Wars: Episode IX.[43]

Personal life[edit]

Driver married Joanne Tucker in June 2013,[44] they live together in Brooklyn with their rottweiler-pit bull mix, Moose.[45]



Year Title Role Director Notes
2011 J. Edgar Walter Lyle Clint Eastwood
2012 Gayby Neil Jonathan Lisecki
Not Waving But Drowning Adam Devyn Waitt
Frances Ha Lev Shapiro Noah Baumbach
Lincoln Samuel Beckwith Steven Spielberg
2013 Bluebird Walter Lance Edmands
Inside Llewyn Davis Al Cody Coen brothers
Tracks Rick Smolan John Curran
What If Allan Michael Dowse
2014 Hungry Hearts Jude Saverio Costanzo
While We're Young Jamie Massey Noah Baumbach
This Is Where I Leave You Phillip Altman Shawn Levy
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Kylo Ren / Ben Solo J. J. Abrams
2016 Midnight Special Paul Sevier Jeff Nichols
Paterson Paterson Jim Jarmusch
Silence Father Francisco Garupe Martin Scorsese
2017 The Meyerowitz Stories Randy Noah Baumbach
Logan Lucky Clyde Logan Steven Soderbergh
Star Wars: The Last Jedi Kylo Ren / Ben Solo Rian Johnson
2018 BlacKkKlansman Det. Flip Zimmerman Spike Lee
The Man Who Killed Don Quixote Toby Grisoni Terry Gilliam
Untitled Noah Baumbach Project Charlie Noah Baumbach Post-production
2019 The Torture Report Scott Z. Burns Filming


Year Title Role Notes
2010 The Wonderful Maladys Zed Pilot
2010 The Unusuals Will Slansky Episode: "The E.I.D."
2010 Law & Order Robby Vickery Episode: "Brilliant Disguise"
2010 You Don't Know Jack Glen Stetson Television film
2012 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Jason Roberts Episode: "Theatre Tricks"
2012–2017 Girls Adam Sackler 49 episodes
2015 The Simpsons Adam Sackler (voice) Episode: "Every Man's Dream"
2016 Saturday Night Live Himself (host) Episode: "Adam Driver/Chris Stapleton"
2017 Bob's Burgers Art the Artist (voice) 2 episodes
2018 SpongeBob SquarePants TBA (voice) Episode: TBA

Video games[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
2015 Disney Infinity 3.0 Kylo Ren / Ben Solo Voice
2016 Lego Star Wars: The Force Awakens Kylo Ren / Ben Solo Voice


Year Title Role Notes
2009 The Retributionists Dov Kaplinsky Playwrights Horizons
2010 The Forest Bulanov East 13th Street Theatre
2010 Mrs. Warren's Profession Frank Gardner American Airlines Theatre
2010–2011[46] Angels in America Louis Ironson Peter Norton Space
2011 Man and Boy Basil Anthony American Airlines Theatre
2012 Look Back in Anger Cliff Laura Pels Theatre

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Work Result Ref.
2012 Screen Actors Guild Awards Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Lincoln Nominated
Hamptons Film Festival Hamptons International Film Festival Award for Breakthrough Performer Inside Llewyn Davis Won [47]
2013 Houston Film Critics Society Houston Film Critics Award for Best Original Song Won [48]
Critics' Choice Movie Awards Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Song Nominated [49]
Online Film Critics Society Online Film & Television Association Award for Best Music, Original Song Nominated [50]
Primetime Emmy Awards Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series Girls Nominated [51]
Online Film Critics Society Online Film & Television Association Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series Nominated [52]
2014 Film Critics Circle of Australia Film Critics Circle of Australia Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role Tracks Nominated [53]
Young Hollywood Awards Young Hollywood Award for Fan Favorite Actor – Male Nominated [54]
Venice Film Festival Volpi Cup for Best Actor Hungry Hearts Won [55]
American Comedy Awards American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Male in TV Series Girls Nominated
Primetime Emmy Awards Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series Nominated [51]
2015 Critics' Choice Television Awards Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series Nominated [56]
Primetime Emmy Awards Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series Nominated [51]
Online Film Critics Society Online Film & Television Association Award for Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series Nominated [52]
2016 MTV Movie Awards MTV Movie Award for Best Villain Star Wars: The Force Awakens Won [57]
Saturn Awards Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor Won [58]
Teen Choice Awards Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Villain Won [59]
MTV Movie Awards MTV Movie Award for Best Fight (with Daisy Ridley) Nominated [57]
Teen Choice Awards Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Hissy Fit Nominated [59]
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Paterson Won [60]
Toronto Film Critics Association Toronto Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Won [61]
Dublin Film Critics' Circle Dublin Film Critics' Circle-Best Actor — 3rd Place Nominated [62]
Gotham Independent Film Awards Gotham Independent Film Award for Best Actor Nominated [63]
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor Nominated [64]
San Diego Film Critics Society Awards San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor Nominated [65]
IndieWire Critics Poll Award Best Actor — Runner-Up Nominated [66]
London Film Critics' Circle Awards London Film Critics' Circle Award for Actor of the Year Nominated [67]
Online Film Critics Society Awards Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor Nominated [68]
2017 Sant Jordi Awards Best Actor in a Foreign Film Won [69]
National Society of Film Critics Awards National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor — 3rd Place Nominated [70]
Denver Film Critics Society Award Denver Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor Nominated [71]
International Cinephile Society Awards International Cinephile Society Awards for Best Actor Nominated [72]
2018 MTV Movie & TV Awards Best Villain Star Wars: The Last Jedi Pending [73]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Adam Driver talks about his most favority birthday gift ever". November 19, 2017. Retrieved February 3, 2018. 
  3. ^ "About Arts In The Armed Forces | AITAF: Arts In The Armed Forces". Retrieved March 8, 2017. 
  4. ^ Feinberg, Scott (December 5, 2016). "'Awards Chatter' Podcast — Adam Driver ('Paterson' and 'Silence')". Hollywood Reporter. 
  5. ^ "Adam Driver: 'Girls' Heartthrob Coming to a Theater or Magazine Cover Near You". September 20, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  6. ^ Grigoriadis, Vanessa. "Adam Driver on Playing Lena Dunham's Boyfriend". Vulture. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Exploring possibilities /Mishawaka grad takes challenging path on course to Broadway – South Bend Tribune". December 28, 2007. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ Harrell, Jeff (March 16, 2014). "A 'Star' turn for Mishawaka graduate Adam Driver | Inthebend". Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  9. ^ Kennedy, Mark (October 14, 2011). "In the driver's seat: Adam Driver's hot career". Reading Eagle. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ Tribune, Jeff Harrell South Bend. ""The Force" of Adam Driver flies under the radar at Mishawaka High School". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved April 15, 2017. 
  11. ^ Stern, Marlow (May 15, 2013). "Adam Driver on 'Frances Ha,' His 'Girls' Audition, and Juilliard". Newsweek. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Takeda, Allison. "Adam Driver tells M Magazine About Starting A Fight Club, Juilliard - Us Weekly". US Magazine. Retrieved September 19, 2016. 
  13. ^ The Late Show with Stephen Colbert (2017-12-15), Adam Driver And Stephen Act Out A 'Star Wars' Scene Using Dolls, retrieved 2017-12-28 
  14. ^ "Famous Veteran: Adam Driver". Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  15. ^ Sicard, Sarah (December 15, 2015). "This Former Marine Infantryman Will Be The Villain In Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens". Task & Purpose.
  16. ^ "Adam Driver on what the military and acting have in common". April 9, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Adam Driver". The Juilliard School. Retrieved April 17, 2015. 
  18. ^ Ryzik, Melena (January 13, 2013). "And in this Corner, the Boys of 'Girls'". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Roy Andersson film scoops Venice Golden Lion award". BBC News. Retrieved September 7, 2014. 
  20. ^ Kroll, Justin (February 26, 2014). "'Star Wars': Adam Driver to Play the Villain (Kylo Ren) (EXCLUSIVE)". Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Star Wars: Episode VII Cast Announced". April 29, 2014. 
  22. ^ Breznican, Anthony (November 7, 2013). "'Star Wars: Episode VII': Release set for December 18, 2015". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  23. ^ Bradshaw, Peter. "Star Wars: The Force Awakens review – 'a spectacular homecoming'". The Guardian. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved January 18, 2016. 
  24. ^ Mogol, Allen (February 23, 2015). "Broadway Direct". Retrieved August 4, 2016. 
  25. ^ PlayingOnAir (February 21, 2016). "New Podcast! The Strangest Kind of Romance by Tennessee Williams". Playing On Air. Retrieved August 4, 2016. 
  26. ^ Sneider, Jeff. "Adam Driver Joins Joel Edgerton, Kirsten Dunst in WB's Sci-Fi Drama 'Midnight Special' (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Warner Bros Pushes Ben Affleck's 'Live By Night', Dates 'Midnight Special' & 3 Others". May 6, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  28. ^ Friedman, Roger. "Exclusive: Scorsese Adding Adam Driver to Next Film "Silence"". Showbiz411. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  29. ^ Dave McNary (January 22, 2015). "Martin Scorsese Locks Funding for 'Silence'". Variety. Retrieved December 1, 2015. 
  30. ^ Jaafar, Ali (January 12, 2016). "Adam Driver To Star In Jim Jarmusch's 'Paterson', Amazon And K5 To Co-Finance". Deadline. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  31. ^ Keslassy, Peter Debruge, Elsa (April 14, 2016). "Cannes 2016: Film Festival Unveils Official Selection Lineup". Variety. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  32. ^ Lang, Brent (July 25, 2016). "Adam Driver's 'Paterson' Gets Awards-Season Release Date (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  33. ^ "Paterson Sings the Poetry of Everyday Life in the City". Time. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Star Wars: The Force Awakens cast will all return for eighth film". Evening Standard. December 17, 2015. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  35. ^ Edelstein, David. "Star Wars: The Last Jedi Is Shockingly Good". Vulture. Retrieved 2018-05-14. 
  37. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (January 3, 2017). "Sylvester Stallone To Helm 'Tough As They Come,' Starring With Adam Driver". Deadline. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  38. ^ "Adam Driver to Star in New Music Drama 'Annette'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  39. ^ McNary, Dave (October 25, 2017). "Adam Driver Joins Spike Lee's 'Black Klansman' Thriller". Variety. 
  40. ^ Kroll, Justin (November 17, 2017). "Noah Baumbach Casts Adam Driver, Scarlett Johansson, Laura Dern in Next Film". Variety. Retrieved November 18, 2017. 
  41. ^ "Adam Driver, Scarlett Johansson, Laura Dern, and More Join Noah Baumbach's New Film". The Film Stage. November 17, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2017. 
  42. ^ "Adam Driver & Scarlett Johansson to Lead Noah Baumbach's Next Movie". Den of Geek. Retrieved November 18, 2017. 
  43. ^ Hutchinson, Corey (December 18, 2017). "Star Wars: Every Confirmed Cast Member For Episode 9". Screen Rant. Retrieved January 2, 2018. 
  44. ^ Takeda, Allison (June 24, 2013). "Girls' Adam Driver Marries Joanne Tucker!". Us Weekly. Retrieved June 27, 2017. 
  45. ^ Hawkes, Rebecca (November 30, 2016). "Adam Driver: 10 things you never knew". The Telegraph. Retrieved September 25, 2017. 
  46. ^ ERIK PIEPENBURG (February 21, 2011). "Adam Driver, From the Marines to 'Angels in America' - The New York Times". Retrieved December 21, 2016. 
  47. ^ "Hamptons Film Festival and Variety Present 10 Actors to Watch: Breakthrough Performers of 2012". August 29, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  48. ^ "Houston Film Critics Society awards". December 19, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  49. ^ "19th Annual Critics' Choice Movie Awards Nominations - Critics' Choice Awards". Critics' Choice Awards. December 16, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  50. ^ "Online Film & Television Association". December 16, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  51. ^ a b c "Adam Driver | Television Academy". Television Academy. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  52. ^ a b "Online Film & Television Association". Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  53. ^ "FCCA AWARDS FOR AUSTRALIAN FILM". Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  54. ^ "Nominees and Winners". Young Hollywood Awards. June 28, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  55. ^ EPA. "Venice Film Festival 2014". Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  56. ^ "The Critics' Choice TV Awards 2015: And the nominees are..." May 5, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  57. ^ a b "2016 MTV Movie Award Winners: See The Full List". MTV News. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  58. ^ Cohen, David S. (June 23, 2016). "'The Force Awakens' Rings Up Eight Saturn Awards". Variety. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  59. ^ a b "2016 Teen Choice Awards -- The Complete Winners List". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  60. ^ Evans, Ross A. Lincoln, Greg (December 4, 2016). "Los Angeles Film Critics Name 'Moonlight' Best Picture Of The Year". Deadline. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  61. ^ "The TFCA names Moonlight the Best Film of 2016 - Toronto Film Critics Association". Toronto Film Critics Association. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  62. ^ "Dublin Film Critics Circle names I, Daniel Blake best of 2016 | Screenwriter". Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  63. ^ "Gotham Awards: 'Manchester by the Sea' Scores Leading 4 Nominations". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  64. ^ "Awards". Chicago Film Critics Association. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  65. ^ "San Diego Film Critics Society Nominations 2016". Awards Daily. December 9, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  66. ^ Greene, Steve. "Best Movies of 2016 Critic Poll Results | IndieWire". Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  67. ^ "Actor of the Year - London Critics' Circle Film Awards Winners". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  68. ^ "Online Film Critics Society Nominations - 'La La Land' and 'Moonlight' Lead With 7 Each". - By Clayton Davis. December 27, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  69. ^ AleLeo (January 17, 2017). "'La próxima piel', mejor película española en la 61 edición de los Premios RNE Sant Jordi de Cinematografía | Panorama Audiovisual". Audiovisuel panorama (in French). Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  70. ^ Staff, Variety (January 7, 2017). "'Moonlight' Named Best Picture by National Society of Film Critics". Variety. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  71. ^ "Denver Film Critics Society Announce Nominations". Awards Daily. January 9, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  72. ^ "2017 ICS Award Nominees". Retrieved April 29, 2017. 
  73. ^ "2018 MTV Movie & TV Awards Nominees". Retrieved May 3, 2018. 

External links[edit]