The Perth Scorchers are an Australian domestic Twenty20 cricket team based in Perth, Western Australia. The Scorchers represent Perth in the Big Bash League and wear an orange cricket uniform, the Scorchers are the most successful team in BBL history, played in five of the first six BBL finals, including hosting the first three and winning in the third and fourth seasons. The Sydney Sixers defeated them in 2011–12 and the Brisbane Heat won the title in 2012–13, they defeated Hobart Hurricanes in BBL03 before beating the Sixers in BBL04 in a last-ball thriller at Canberras Manuka Oval. The Scorchers are captained by Adam Voges after Simon Katich retired at the end of the Scorchers successful BBL03 campaign in 2014, mickey Arthur was originally appointed coach, but quit before the beginning of the 2011–12 season after he was appointed coach of the Australian cricket team. He was replaced by his assistant, Lachlan Stevens. Justin Langer replaced Stevens in November 2012, the Scorchers have a side in the Womens Big Bash League captained by Suzie Bates and coached by Lisa Keightley.
Brad Hogg was recruited despite having not played state or international cricket since the 2007–08 season, the Scorchers started the 2011–12 Big Bash League season poorly, losing to the Hobart Hurricanes in their opening game at the WACA Ground by 31 runs. However, they subsequently won 5 games in a row, resulting in finishing the inaugural season at the top of the ladder. The Scorchers won the semi-final against the Melbourne Stars by 11 runs, points table on ESPN CricInfo By finishing in the top two of the Big Bash League, they won a position at the 2012 Champions League Twenty20 tournament, held in South Africa in October 2012. The team performed poorly, only winning one game, the Marsh brothers and Mitchell were both disciplined and dropped from the final game after excessively celebrating Mitchells 21st birthday during the tournament. Other squad changes included the return of Adam Voges and the departure of Nathan Rimmington, tasmanian Tom Triffitt was recruited as the wicket keeper.
Pat Cummins was recruited from the 2011–12 winning Sydney Sixers, but was injured whilst playing for the Sixers at the 2012 Champions League Twenty20 and did not play for the Scorchers. The Scorchers again started the season poorly, losing to the Melbourne Stars in their second match when they scored an Australian record low total of 69 runs. In a high scoring, but rain interrupted game, the Scorchers won off the ball of the innings. They hosted the final against the Brisbane Heat but lost by 34 runs. South African Alfonso Thomas returned as a player, but new signing Dwayne Smith from the West Indies did not travel to Perth due to personal reasons. He was replaced in the team by Yasir Arafat from Pakistan, Perth made the finals once again, finishing in 3rd place with 5 wins from 8 games. The Scorchers defeated the Sydney Sixers in their semi-final at the Sydney Cricket Ground to advance to their 3rd straight Grand Final, 4th placed Hobart defeated 1st placed Stars in the other semi-final, giving Perth the home ground advantage for a 3rd consecutive time
One Day International
A One Day International is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of overs, usually 50. The Cricket World Cup is played in this format, One Day International matches are called Limited Overs Internationals, although this generic term may refer to Twenty20 International matches. They are major matches and considered the highest standard of limited overs competition, the international one-day game is a late twentieth-century development. The first ODI was played on 5 January 1971 between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. When the first three days of the third Test were washed out officials decided to abandon the match and, Australia won the game by 5 wickets. ODIs were played in kits with a red ball. The first of the matches with coloured uniforms was the WSC Australians in wattle gold versus WSC West Indians in coral pink, played at VFL Park in Melbourne on 17 January 1979. Matches played with coloured kits and a white ball became more commonplace over time, and the use of white flannels, in the main the Laws of cricket apply.
However, in ODIs, each team bats for a number of overs. In the early days of ODI cricket, the number of overs was generally 60 overs per side, and matches were played with 40,45 or 55 overs per side. Simply stated, the works as follows, An ODI is contested by 2 teams of 11 players each. The Captain of the winning the toss chooses to either bat or bowl first. The team batting first sets the score in a single innings. The innings lasts until the side is all out or all of the first sides allotted overs are completed. Each bowler is restricted to bowling a maximum of 10 overs, each team must comprise at least five competent bowlers. The team batting second tries to score more than the score in order to win the match. Similarly, the side bowling second tries to out the second team or make them exhaust their overs before they reach the target score in order to win. If the number of runs scored by both teams is equal when the team loses all of its wickets or exhausts all its overs
Prime Minister's XI
The Prime Ministers XI or PMs XI is an invitational cricket team picked by the Prime Minister of Australia for an annual match held at the Manuka Oval in Canberra against an overseas touring team. The Australian team usually includes up and coming players, anyway thats my final appearance at the wicket. India lost the December 1999 PMs XI by 164 runs, England lost the 2002 Prime Ministers XI. In 2003 there was a match between the PMs XI and an ATSIC Chairpersons XI held at Adelaide Oval, pakistan won the match in January 2005 with a five-wicket victory with seven overs remaining. The 2005/06 match was changed from South Africa to the West Indies, the team announced is captained by Justin Langer. The match on 2 December 2005 had to end due to the Canberra storms, with Australia getting 4/316. The PMs XI won by six runs using the Duckworth-Lewis method, in 2006/2007 England lost to the Prime Ministers XI by 166 runs. The game was scheduled earlier than usual due to the Ashes Series and it was the first English tour match of the summer.
In 2014, the Prime Ministers XI suffered the biggest defeat in the history of the match against England after being bowled out for just 92 and they say that this bloke Tyson is fast. Faster than Larwood so they say and they say that he takes a run-up of a hundred yards. Im not scared of him and his long run, tomorrow when I bat, Ill hook him out of sight. When he finished there was a thunder-clap from the storm outside Listen, the match was a game played in one day with each side playing one innings rather than Limited overs cricket in the modern sense of the term. Hutton won the toss and opened with Bill Edrich, but both were out for 25/2, but Peter May made 101 and added 98 with Vic Wilson and 76 with Tom Graveney. Johnny Wardle scooped and swatted 37 not out and the MCC declared on 278/7 after 40 eight-ball overs. The match had a party atmosphere and Hassett gave 9 of his players a bowl, six of them took a wicket and himself 2/34 with his medium pacers.3 overs at over a run a ball. Veteran batsman Sam Loxton hit 47 and Keith Miller 38 as Bill Edrichs fast bowling cost him 40 runs off 5 overs, johnny Wardle produced a middle order collapse from 195/2 to 234/7 with Vic Wilson helping him with three catches.
When Hassett came in to bat Tyson was brought on and took a long run up before bowling a slow donkey drop. He bowled a bouncer that hit Hassett on the hand before catching him off Len Huttons leg spin for a 31 run victory
Western Australia cricket team
The Western Australia cricket team, nicknamed the Western Warriors, represent the Australian state of Western Australia in Australian domestic cricket. The team is selected and supported by the Western Australian Cricket Association, Western Australia previously fielded sides at Twenty20 level, but was replaced by the Perth Scorchers for the inaugural 2011–12 season of the Big Bash League. Western Australias current captain is Adam Voges, and the current coach is Justin Langer, since joining the Sheffield Shield in 1947/48, Western Australia has won the competition 15 times, second only to New South Wales in that period. In the Matador BBQs One-Day Cup, the leads the winners table comfortably with 12 wins followed by New South Wales with eight wins. Langer was appointed as coach of WA, along with the Perth Scorchers, in late 2012, langers Warriors won the 2014/15 Matador BBQs One-Day Cup, while the side were Sheffield Shield runners-up in both 2013/14 and 2014/15. The Scorchers went back-to-back in the Big Bash League in 2013/14, Western Warriors, WACA Players with international caps are listed in bold
India national cricket team
The Indian cricket team, known as Team India and Men in Blue, represents India in international cricket. Governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India, it is a member of the International Cricket Council with Test, One Day International. In its first fifty years of cricket, India was one of the weaker teams. From 1932 India had to wait until 1952, almost 20 years for its first Test victory. Traditionally much stronger at home than abroad, the Indian team has improved its overseas form since the start of the 21st century, winning Test matches in Australia and South Africa. It has won the Cricket World Cup twice – in 1983 under the captaincy of Kapil Dev and in 2011 under the captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni. After winning the 2011 World Cup, India became only the team after West Indies and Australia to have won the World Cup more than once. It has won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy and it was the joint champions of 2002 ICC Champions Trophy, along with Sri Lanka.
As of 7th March 2017, India is ranked first in Tests, fourth in ODIs, Virat Kohli is the current captain of the team across all formats, while former Test captain Anil Kumble is the head coach. The Indian cricket team has rivalries with other Test-playing nations, most notably with Pakistan, however, in recent times, rivalries with nations like Australia and Bangladesh and have gained prominence. The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721, in 1848, the Parsi community in Bombay formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by India Ltdns. After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877, by 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year. In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England cricket team, in 1911, an Indian team went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team.
The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at Lords in London, the team was not strong in their batting at this point and went on to lose by 158 runs. In 1933, the first Test series in India was played between India and England with matches in Bombay and Madras, the Indian team continued to improve throughout the 1930s and 40s but did not achieve an international victory during this period. In the early 1940s, India didnt play any Test cricket due to the Second World War, the teams first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against Sir Donald Bradmans Invincibles. It was the first Test series India played which was not against England, Australia won the five-match series 4–0, with Bradman tormenting the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer. India subsequently played their first Test series at home not against England against the West Indies in 1948, West Indies won the 5-Test series 1–0
Australia national cricket team
The Australia national cricket team, represents the country of Australia in international cricket. It is the joint oldest team in Test cricket history, having played in the first ever Test match in 1877, the team draws its players from teams playing in the Australian domestic competitions – the Sheffield Shield, the Australian domestic limited-overs cricket tournament and the Big Bash League. The national team has played 801 Test matches, winning 377, losing 215, drawing 207, Australia is ranked the number-one team overall in Test cricket in terms of overall wins, win-loss ratio and wins percentage. As of 29 March 2017, Australia is ranked third in the ICC Test Championship on 108 rating points, the Australian cricket team has played 898 ODI matches, winning 554, losing 303, tying 9 and with 32 ending in no-result. They currently lead the ICC ODI Championship, having done so for 130 of 161 months since its introduction in 2002. Australia have made a record seven World Cup final appearances and have won the World Cup a record five times in total,1987,1999,2003,2007 and 2015 and it is the second team to win a World Cup on home soil, after India.
The team was undefeated in 34 consecutive World Cup matches until 19 March at the 2011 Cricket World Cup where Pakistan beat them by 4 wickets. Australia have won the ICC Champions Trophy twice – in 2006 and in 2009 – making them the first and the only team to become back to back winners in the Champions Trophy tournaments. Test cricket, which occurred between Australia and England at the time, was limited by the long distance between the two countries, which would take several months by sea. Most cricketers at the time were either from New South Wales or Victoria, with the exception of George Giffen. A highlight of Australias early history was the 1882 Test match against England at The Oval, in this match Fred Spofforth took 7/44 in the games fourth innings to save the match by preventing England from making their 85-run target. This was the start of the famous Ashes series in which Australia, to this day, the contest is one of the fiercest rivalries in sport. It participated in between the 1897–98 English tour of Australia and the 1910–11 South African tour of Australia, Victor Trumper became one of Australias first sporting heroes, and was widely considered Australias greatest batsman before Bradman and one of the most popular players.
He played a number of Tests at 49 and scored 3163 runs at a high for the time average of 39.04. His early death in 1915 at the age of 37 from kidney disease caused national mourning, the Wisden Cricketers Almanack, in its obituary for him, called him Australias greatest batsman, Of all the great Australian batsmen Victor Trumper was by general consent the best and most brilliant. Led by Peter McAlister, who was attempting to gain control of tours from the players. This led to six leading players walking out on the 1912 Triangular Tournament in England and this was the last series before the war, and no more cricket was played by Australia for eight years, with Tibby Cotter being killed in Palestine during the war. Test cricket resumed in the 1920/21 season in Australia with a touring English team, captained by Johnny Douglas losing all five Tests to Australia, the team continued its success on the 1921 Tour of England, winning three out of the five Tests in Warwick Armstrongs last series
Sir Donald George Don Bradman, AC, often referred to as The Don, was an Australian cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradmans career Test batting average of 99.94 is often cited as the greatest achievement by any sportsman in any major sport, the story that the young Bradman practised alone with a cricket stump and a golf ball is part of Australian folklore. Bradmans meteoric rise from bush cricket to the Australian Test team took just over two years, before his 22nd birthday, he had set many records for top scoring, some of which still stand, and became Australias sporting idol at the height of the Great Depression. During a 20-year playing career, Bradman consistently scored at a level that made him, in the words of former Australia captain Bill Woodfull, a controversial set of tactics, known as Bodyline, was specifically devised by the England team to curb his scoring. As a captain and administrator, Bradman was committed to attacking, entertaining cricket and he hated the constant adulation, and it affected how he dealt with others.
The focus of attention on his individual performances strained relationships with some team-mates and journalists, following an enforced hiatus due to the Second World War, he made a dramatic comeback, captaining an Australian team known as The Invincibles on a record-breaking unbeaten tour of England. Bradmans image has appeared on stamps and coins, and a museum dedicated to his life was opened while he was still living. Donald George Bradman was the youngest son of George and Emily Bradman and he had a brother and three sisters—Islet and Elizabeth May. One of his great-grandfathers was one of the first Italians to migrate to Australia in 1826, Bradmans parents lived in the hamlet of Yeo Yeo, near Stockinbingal. His mother Emily gave birth to him at the Cootamundra home of Granny Scholz and that house is now the Bradman Birthplace Museum. Bradman practised batting incessantly during his youth and he invented his own solo cricket game, using a cricket stump for a bat, and a golf ball. A water tank, mounted on a curved brick stand, stood on an area behind the family home.
When hit into the brick facing of the stand, the ball rebounded at high speed. This form of practice developed his timing and reactions to a high degree, in more formal cricket, he hit his first century at the age of 12, with an undefeated 115 playing for Bowral Public School against Mittagong High School. In 1920–21, Bradman acted as scorer for the local Bowral team, in October 1920, he filled in when the team was one man short, scoring 37 not out and 29 not out on debut. During the season, Bradmans father took him to the Sydney Cricket Ground to watch the fifth Ashes Test match, on that day, Bradman formed an ambition. I shall never be satisfied, he told his father, until I play on this ground, Bradman left school in 1922 and went to work for a local real estate agent who encouraged his sporting pursuits by giving him time off when necessary. He gave up cricket in favour of tennis for two years, but resumed playing cricket in 1925–26, Bradman became a regular selection for the Bowral team, several outstanding performances earned him the attention of the Sydney daily press
New Zealand national cricket team
The New Zealand cricket team, nicknamed the Black Caps, are the national cricket team representing New Zealand. They played their first Test in 1930 against England in Christchurch, New Zealand, from 1930 New Zealand had to wait until 1956, more than 26 years, for its first test victory, against the West Indies at Eden Park in Auckland. They played their first ODI in the 1972–73 season against Pakistan in Christchurch, the current Test, One-day and Twenty20 captain is Kane Williamson, who replaced Brendon McCullum who announced his retirement in late December,2015. The national team is organised by New Zealand Cricket, the New Zealand cricket team became known as the Black Caps in January 1998, after its sponsor at the time, Clear Communications, held a competition to choose a name for the team. Official New Zealand Cricket sources typeset the nickname as BLACKCAPS and this is one of many national team nicknames related to the All Blacks. As of February 2017, New Zealand have played 419 Test matches, winning 89, losing 169, as of February 2017, the New Zealand cricket team is ranked 5th in Tests, 3rd in ODIs and 1st in T20Is by the ICC.
New Zealand reached the final match in the ICC Cricket World Cup for the first time in its history, darwin in The Voyage of the Beagle wrote, several young men redeemed by the missionaires from slavery were employed on the farm. In the evening I saw a party of them at cricket, the first recorded game of cricket in New Zealand took place in Wellington in December 1842. The Wellington Spectator reports a game on 28 December 1842 played by a Red team, the first fully recorded match was reported by the Examiner in Nelson between the Surveyors and Nelson in March 1844. The first team to tour New Zealand was Parrs all England XI in 1863–64, between 1864 and 1914,22 foreign teams toured New Zealand. England sent 6 teams, Australia 15 and one from Fiji, on 15–17 February 1894 the first team representing New Zealand played New South Wales at Lancaster Park in Christchurch. New South Wales won by 160 runs, New South Wales returned again in 1895–96 and New Zealand won the solitary game by 142 runs, its first victory.
The New Zealand Cricket Council was formed towards the end of 1894, New Zealand played its first two internationals in 1904–05 against a star-studded Australia team containing such players as Victor Trumper, Warwick Armstrong and Clem Hill. They played 26 first class matches, mostly against county sides and they managed to beat Worcestershire, Glamorgan and Derbyshire. On the strength of the performances of this tour New Zealand was granted Test status, in 1929/30 the M. C. C toured NZ and played 4 Tests all of 3 days in duration. New Zealand lost its first Test match but drew the next 3, in the second Test Stewie Dempster and Jackie Mills put on 276 for the first wicket. This is still the highest partnership for New Zealand against England, New Zealands first Test after the war was against Australia in 1945/46. This game was not considered a Test at the time but it was granted Test status retrospectively by the International Cricket Council in March 1948
The Sheffield Shield is the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia. The tournament is contested between teams from the six states of Australia, prior to the Shield being established, a number of intercolonial matches were played. The Shield, donated by Lord Sheffield, was first contested during the 1892–93 season, queensland was admitted for the 1926–27 season, Western Australia for the 1947–48 season and Tasmania for the 1977–78 season. The competition is contested in a double-round robin format, with each playing every other team in two home-and-away matches. Points are awarded based on wins, losses and ties, regular matches last for four days, the final lasts for five days. New South Wales have won the most titles, with 46 overall, in 1891–92 the Earl of Sheffield was in Australia as the promoter of the English team led by W. G. Grace. The tour included three Tests played in Melbourne and Adelaide, at the conclusion of the tour, Lord Sheffield donated £150 to the New South Wales Cricket Association to fund a trophy for an annual tournament of intercolonial cricket in Australia.
The three colonies of New South Wales and South Australia were already playing each other in ad hoc matches, the new tournament commenced in the summer of 1892/93, mandating home and away fixtures between each colony each season. The three teams competed for the Sheffield Shield, named after its benefactor, a Polish immigrant, Phillip Blashki, won the competition to design the trophy, a 43 x 30-inch silver shield. The competition therefore commenced some 15 years after Australias first Test match, in 1999, the Australian Cricket Board announced a sponsorship deal which included renaming the Sheffield Shield to the Pura Milk Cup, to the Pura Cup the following season. Pura is a name of National Foods, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Philippines-based San Miguel Corporation. The sponsorship increased total prize money to A$220,000, with the winners receiving A$75,000. Weet-bix is a cereal biscuit manufactured by Sanitarium Health Food Company, in the 2011–12 season, Bupa took over the sponsorship for the competition.
A Each team has used several venues to host matches, for a full list, see list of cricket grounds in Australia. Queensland and South Australia played only once in 1926/27, Western Australia played each team only once from their debut in 1946/47 until 1955/56 inclusive. Tasmania played each team only once from their debut in 1977/78 until 1981/82 inclusive, where the teams played an unequal number of games, their final points were calculated on a pro-rata basis. Matches were timeless up to 1926/27, a 4-day time limit has applied since 1927/28. Since 1982/83, the top two teams after the 10 home and away rounds have met in a final, the team with the most points hosts the final against the second ranked team
Big Bash League
The Big Bash League is an Australian professional Twenty20 cricket league, which was established in 2011 by Cricket Australia. The Big Bash League replaced the competition, the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash. The competition has been sponsored by fast food chicken outlet KFC since its inception, BBL matches are played in Australia during the summer in the months of December and January. It is now placed sixth in the list of most attended sports leagues in the world with respect to average crowd per match, out of the eight teams in the tournament, four have won the title at least once. The other three teams which have won the title are Sydney Sixers, Brisbane Heat and Sydney Thunder, the current champions are the Perth Scorchers. Earlier, the top two teams in the tournament used to qualify for the Champions League Twenty20 tournament and it was an annual international Twenty20 competition played between the top domestic teams from various nations. However, the CLT20 has now become defunct from 2015 onwards, a design contest was held in 2011 to determine the design of the Big Bash League trophy.
The competition was restricted to Australian designers, with the final design and it had been proposed that the tournament would undergo expansion into more regional areas not supported by international cricket. The expansion was planned to be implemented in 2012, the proposed teams included, Canberra and Gold Coast. A New Zealand-based team was mentioned as a possibility which would be based at Auckland or Christchurch. Cricket expert Mark Waugh commented on Fox Sports that an expansion could dilute the player resulting in a sub-standard league. The expansion proposal was dumped, mainly because the proposed cities lacked the proper cricket hosting facilities. In 2015, former Black Caps captain and Melbourne Stars coach Stephen Fleming suggested expansion of the tournament to include New Zealand teams and he said an expansion into New Zealand would be widely supported by locals. His views were supported by Brisbane Heat coach and former Black Caps captain Daniel Vettori. Melbourne Renegades chief executive Stuart Coventry stated that he wants Cricket Australia to grant each club a home fixture next season.
Coventry said the BBL was ready to expand from 8 to 10 games, in 2016, Anthony Everard, head of the BBL, flagged the leagues intentions to approach expansion through a soft launch. He indicated the regional markets of Canberra and Gold Coast will likely host games during the launch period. She stated that the proposal was being considered due to the rise in television ratings in the BBL03 season
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard-long pitch with a wicket at each end. One team bats, attempting to score as many runs as possible, each phase of play is called an innings. After either ten batsmen have been dismissed or a number of overs have been completed, the innings ends. The winning team is the one that scores the most runs, including any extras gained, at the start of each game, two batsmen and eleven fielders enter the field of play. The striker takes guard on a crease drawn on the four feet in front of the wicket. His role is to prevent the ball hitting the stumps by use of his bat. The other batsman, known as the non-striker, waits at the end of the pitch near the bowler. A dismissed batsman must leave the field, and a teammate replaces him, the bowlers objectives are to prevent the scoring of runs and to dismiss the batsman. An over is a set of six deliveries bowled by the same bowler, the next over is bowled from the other end of the pitch by a different bowler.
If a fielder retrieves the ball enough to put down the wicket with a batsman not having reached the crease at that end of the pitch. Adjudication is performed on the field by two umpires, the laws of cricket are maintained by the International Cricket Council and the Marylebone Cricket Club. Traditionally cricketers play in all-white kit, but in limited overs cricket they wear club or team colours. In addition to the kit, some players wear protective gear to prevent injury caused by the ball. Although crickets origins are uncertain, it is first recorded in south-east England in the 16th century and it spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, leading to the first international matches in the mid-19th century. ICC, the governing body, has over 100 members. The sport is followed primarily in Australasia, the Indian subcontinent, southern Africa, womens cricket, which is organised and played separately, has achieved international standard. A number of words have been suggested as sources for the term cricket, in the earliest definite reference to the sport in 1598 it is called creckett.
One possible source for the name is the Old English cricc or cryce meaning a crutch or staff, in Samuel Johnsons Dictionary, he derived cricket from cryce, Saxon, a stick
Perth is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia. It is the fourth-most populous city in Australia, with a population of 2.06 million living in Greater Perth. The first areas settled were on the Swan River, with the central business district. Perth was founded by Captain James Stirling in 1829 as the centre of the Swan River Colony. It gained city status in 1856, and was promoted to the status of a Lord Mayorality in 1929. The city is named after Perth, due to the influence of Sir George Murray, Member of Parliament for Perthshire and Secretary of State for War and the Colonies. The citys population increased substantially as a result of the Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century, largely as a result of emigration from the eastern colonies of Australia. During Australias involvement in World War II, Fremantle served as a base for operating in the Pacific Theatre. An influx of immigrants after the war, predominantly from Britain, Greece and Yugoslavia, Aboriginal people have inhabited the Perth area for 38,000 years, as evidenced by archaeological remains at Upper Swan.
The Noongar people occupied the southwest corner of Western Australia and lived as hunter-gatherers, the wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain were particularly important to them, both spiritually and as a source of food. The Noongar people know the area where Perth now stands as Boorloo, Boorloo formed part of Mooro, the tribal lands of Yellagongas group, one of several based around the Swan River and known collectively as the Whadjuk. The Whadjuk were part of a group of fourteen tribes that formed the south-west socio-linguistic block known as the Noongar. The judgment was overturned on appeal, the first documented sighting of the region was made by the Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew on 10 January 1697. The British colony would be officially designated Western Australia in 1832, Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was as beautiful as anything of this kind I had ever witnessed. On 12 August that year, Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the ship, Sulphur. The only contemporary information on the source of the name comes from Fremantles diary entry for 12 August, Murray was born in Perth and was in 1829 Secretary of State for the Colonies and Member for Perthshire in the British House of Commons.
The town was named after the Scottish Perth, in Murrays honour, the racial relations between the Noongar people and the Europeans were strained due to these happenings. Because of the amount of building in and around Boorloo