Slope County, North Dakota
Slope County is a county in the U. S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 727, making it the least populous county in North Dakota and the 20th-least populous county in the United States; the county seat is Amidon. The vote to create Slope County, by partitioning the lower portion of Billings, was held on November 3, 1914; this was the final alteration to that once-large Dakota county, as Bowman had been partitioned off in 1883, Golden Valley was split off in 1910. The unorganized Slope County was not attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes during the interregnum; the name refers to the Missouri Slope, a geographical feature, a popular designation for western North Dakota the area west of the Missouri River. Slope County lies on the lower west side of North Dakota, its west boundary line abuts the east boundary line of the state of Montana. The Little Missouri River enters the county's north boundary line at its midpoint, flows southwestward southward through the county's western portion.
Cedar Creek drains the SE portion of the county. Slope County terrain consists of semi-arid rough hills and gullies interspersed with lower hills, part of, dedicated to agriculture; the terrain slopes to the south. The county has a total area of 1,219 square miles, of which 1,215 square miles is land and 4.2 square miles is water. White Butte, the highest natural point in North Dakota at an elevation of 3506 ft, is in southeast Slope County. U. S. Highway 12 U. S. Highway 85 Little Missouri National Grassland Stewart Lake National Wildlife Refuge White Lake National Wildlife Refuge Billings County - north Stark County - northeast Hettinger County - east Adams County - southeast Bowman County - south Fallon County, Montana - west Golden Valley County - northwest Cedar Lake White Lake As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 767 people, 313 households, 222 families in the county; the population density was 0.63 people per square mile. There were 451 housing units at an average density of 0.37 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 99.84% White, 0.08% Native American, 0.13% from two or more races. 0.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Slope County has the highest percentage white population of any U. S. county. 46.9 % were of 15.2 % Norwegian, 8.1 % American, 7.4 % English and 7.2 % Swedish ancestry. There were 313 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 3.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.8% were non-families. 27.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.96. The county population contained 25.3% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 116.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.0 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,667, the median income for a family was $26,058. Males had a median income of $20,000 versus $12,115 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,513. About 15.40% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 727 people, 326 households, 224 families in the county; the population density was 0.60/sqmi. There were 436 housing units at an average density of 0.36/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 2.2% American Indian, 0.0% from other races, 0.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 53.9% were of German, 30.7% Norwegian, 9.9% English, 7.4% Swedish, 5.5% Polish and 2.8% American ancestry.<ref">"Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.</ref>
Of the 326 households, 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families, 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.74. The median age was 49.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $43,625 and the median income for a family was $55,833. Males had a median income of $36,458 versus $31,172 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,824. About 6.8% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over. Amidon Marmarth De Sart Mound Pierce Three V Crossing Slope County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In no national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Slope County, North Dakota Specific General"Slope Saga", Slope Saga Committee, 1976, Pioneer Print, Bowman County Pioneer
Hettinger, North Dakota
Hettinger is a city in, the county seat of, Adams County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 1,226 at the 2010 census. North Dakota State University operates a livestock research station near Hettinger, which partners with South Dakota State University's Antelope Range and Livestock Research Station for sheep research. Hettinger was founded in 1907 along the Milwaukee Road's transcontinental rail line known as the Pacific Extension; the city and its surrounding township were named by popular demand in recognition of Hettinger County, from which Adams County was created in 1907. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.86 square miles, of which 0.85 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hettinger has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,307 people, 584 households, 345 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,556.6 people per square mile.
There were 720 housing units at an average density of 857.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 98.78% White, 0.15% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, 0.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.38% of the population. There were 584 households out of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.8% were non-families. 38.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.76. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 28.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,689, the median income for a family was $32,917. Males had a median income of $26,172 versus $19,674 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,148. About 5.4% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 13.7% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,226 people, 587 households, 316 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,442.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 704 housing units at an average density of 828.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.2% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.9% of the population. There were 587 households of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 46.2% were non-families.
42.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.70. The median age in the city was 48 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 43.2% male and 56.8% female. Hettinger High School Radio stationsKNDC and KNDH-FM are the two local stations in town. Rick Berg, U. S. Congressman Patrick Daniel Norton, U. S. Congressman Steve Tomac, North Dakota state legislator City of Hettinger Map showing Forest Service lands just south of Hettinger
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Perkins County, South Dakota
Perkins County is a county in the U. S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,982, its county seat is Bison. The county was established in 1908 and organized in 1909, it was named for Sturgis, South Dakota, official Henry E. Perkins. Perkins County lies on the north edge of South Dakota, its north boundary line abuts the south boundary line of the state of North Dakota. The Grand River flows eastward through the upper part of the county, the Moreau River flows eastward through the lower part of the county. Shadehill Reservoir is a large impoundment on the Grand River in the county. Perkins County terrain consists of semi-arid rolling hills, carved by drainage creeks, sparsely dedicated to agriculture; the terrain slopes to the east. The county has a total area of 2,890 square miles, of which 2,870 square miles is land and 20 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county by area in South Dakota. Meade County is the state's largest county by area.</ref>
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 3,363 people, 1,429 households, 937 families in the county. The population density was 1.2 people per square mile. There were 1,854 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.64% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 1.64% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.51% from other races, 0.83% from two or more races. 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,429 households, 27.3% of which had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93. The county population contained 24.1% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,750, the median income for a family was $33,537. Males had a median income of $23,665 versus $16,856 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,734. About 12.40% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 14.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,982 people, 1,291 households, 838 families in the county; the population density was 1.0 inhabitant per square mile. There were 1,739 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 1.3% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 47.4% were German, 26.2% were Norwegian, 10.8% were English, 8.7% were Irish, 8.4% were Swedish, 5.8% were American.
Of the 1,291 households, 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.1% were non-families, 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 48.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $33,361 and the median income for a family was $55,313. Males had a median income of $30,255 versus $27,361 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,780. About 11.2% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 21.2% of those age 65 or over. Bison Lemmon Prairie City Like most of South Dakota, Perkins County is overwhelmingly Republican. No Democratic Presidential candidate has won Perkins County since Franklin D. Roosevelt did so during his 46-state landslide in 1936. Jimmy Carter in 1976 came within 36 votes of carrying the county, but since the only Democrat to gain 29 percent of the county’s vote has been Michael Dukakis during the drought-affected 1988 election.
National Register of Historic Places listings in Perkins County, South Dakota
North Dakota Highway 8
North Dakota Highway 8 is a 211.321-mile-long north–south state highway in the U. S. state of North Dakota. The highway is split into two segments; the southern segment is 133 miles long and travels from Lake Sakakawea near Twin Buttes to South Dakota Highway 75 near Hettinger. The northern segment is 78 miles long and travels from Saskatchewan Highway 9 in Northgate on the Canada–United States border to ND 23 near New Town; the highway was continuous but was separated by the formation of Lake Sakakawea in the 1950s. U. S. Roads portal North Dakota portal The North Dakota Highways Page by Chris Geelhart North Dakota Signs by Mark O'Neil
U.S. Route 12
U. S. Route 12 is an east–west United States highway, running from Aberdeen, Washington, to Detroit, for 2,500 miles; as a thoroughfare, it has been supplanted by I-90 and I-94, but remains an important road for local and regional travel. The highway's western terminus is in Aberdeen, Washington, at an intersection with US 101, while the highway's eastern terminus is in Downtown Detroit, at the corner of Michigan and Cass avenues, near Campus Martius Park; the western terminus of US 12 is located in Washington. In the 1960s, a portion of US 12 was moved north to the town of Morton, when the Mossyrock Dam was built and flooded the towns of Kosmos and Riffe, along the Cowlitz River in Lewis County. A large portion of old, two-lane US 12 was replaced by Interstate 82 and Interstate 182 in the 1980s, between Yakima and the Tri-Cities, though the freeways are still cosigned with the US 12 designation; the old two-lane highway now bears the name Wine Country Road. The highway loosely follows the eastbound leg of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, between Wallula and Clarkston, thus being marked as part of the Lewis and Clark Trail.
The east end of the highway in the state is at Clarkston, where the highway crosses the Snake River into Idaho at Lewiston. The Washington section of US 12, other than a concurrency with Interstate 5, is defined at Washington Revised Code § 47.17.055. US 12 enters the state at Lewiston, crossing the Snake River from Washington, it ascends the Clearwater River, concurrent with US 95 for 7 miles. It reduces to a two-lane undivided highway with signs that read "winding road next 99 miles" and goes on to Orofino, continuing up the middle fork of that river to Lowell, the junction of the Lochsa and Selway Rivers, it climbs to Lolo Pass at the Montana border. This portion of the highway is designated as part of the Lewis and Clark Trail. Most of the highway in Idaho is within the Clearwater National Forest; the eastern section of US 12, through remote mountain forest and up to Lolo Pass, was built in the early 1960s, making US 12 the last US highway constructed. No services are available between Powell, about 70 miles further east.
U. S. Route 12 through Idaho has been proposed as a route for shipment of huge equipment from Lewiston, an inland port, to oil sands facilities near Fort McMurray, Alberta and to a refinery in Billings, Montana. On two-lane portions of the road, the equipment, weighing as much as 300 tons and as much as 30 feet high and 24 feet wide, would occupy the entire roadway; the route is preferable to other routes due to the lack of underpasses and the great distances involved. The alternative is transport across the Great Plains from Texas or New Orleans On U. S. 12, the major obstacle would be power lines which would have to be buried. That and other alterations to the highway such as turnouts would be paid for by the companies; the trucks would transport only at night, moving short distances between places where they would pull off and let traffic pass. A permit granted by the Idaho Transportation Department to ConocoPhillips in August 2010 is the subject of litigation initiated by householders along the route.
On January 19, 2011 it was announced that the Idaho government would issue permits for four loads of refinery equipment to be transported from Lewiston to Billings. US 12 in Montana has been defined as the Lewis and Clark Highway, despite not being the route followed by Lewis and Clark across the state. US 12's 592 miles through Montana's mountains and plains is the greatest distance that US 12 traverses through any state; the highway enters Montana at Lolo Pass, seven miles southwest of Lolo Hot Springs in the Lolo National Forest. After passing Lolo Peak to the south and traveling east for 33 miles, it meets with US 93 at Lolo and continues as a concurrency northeast for 7.5 miles, where US 93 heads due north on Reserve Street, toward Glacier National Park. US 12 continues northeast through Missoula's downtown meeting I-90, it overlaps I-90 for 69 miles, until Garrison, where it heads east toward Helena for 48.8 miles. This two-lane section of the trip passes through Avon and Elliston winding through the Helena National Forest, over the Continental Divide at MacDonald Pass, through Montana's capital city, Helena.
US 12 passes over Interstate 15 at which, point. US 12 overlaps US 287 and heads southeast, toward Townsend for 33.4 miles, where it splits from US 287, which heads south for 30 miles toward the intersection of I-90 near the town of Three Forks. US 12 heads east toward White Sulphur Springs for 42.2 miles. The route joins US 89 for 8.4 miles before entering White Sulphur Springs, for another 3.0 miles east of town. US 89 splits north and US 12 continues east on its own for 233 miles, until the junction with I-94 at Forsyth as a concurrency northeast for 45.8 miles, to Miles City. At the east exit for Miles City, US 12 splits again from I-94 and heads directly east to the North Dakota border at a distance of 92.4 miles. US 12 is a two-lane undivided highway that runs 87.47 miles, through Adams and Slope counties in southwest North Dakota. The speed limit is 65 miles per hour on rural segments, with slower posted speeds within the cities of Marmarth, Bowman and Hettinger. US 12 meets with US 85 in Bowman, the routes are concurrent for a short distance through the city.
US 12 enters South Dakota from North Dakota, as a rural two lane highway about 10 miles west/northwest of Lemmon. For the next 70 miles