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Addax

For the GP2 Series racing team, see Addax Team. The addax known as the white antelope and the screwhorn antelope, is an antelope of the genus Addax, that lives in the Sahara desert, it was first described scientifically by Henri de Blainville in 1816. As suggested by its alternative name, this pale antelope has long, twisted horns - 55 to 80 cm in females and 70 to 85 cm in males. Males stand from 105 to 115 cm with females at 95 to 110 cm, they are sexually dimorphic. The colour of the coat depends on the season - in the winter, it is greyish-brown with white hindquarters and legs, long, brown hair on the head and shoulders; the addax eats grasses and leaves of any available shrubs, leguminous herbs and bushes. These animals are well-adapted to exist in their desert habitat, as they can live without water for long periods of time. Addax form herds of five to 20 members, consisting of both females, they are led by the oldest female. Due to its slow movements, the antelope is an easy target for its predators: lions, African wild dogs and leopards.

Breeding season is at its peak during early spring. The natural habitat of the addax are arid regions and sandy and stony deserts; the addax is a critically endangered species of antelope, as classified by the IUCN. Although rare in its native habitat due to unregulated hunting, it is quite common in captivity; the addax was once abundant in North Africa, native to Chad and Niger. It is extinct in Algeria, Libya and Western Sahara, it has been reintroduced in Tunisia. The scientific name of the addax is Addax nasomaculatus; this antelope was first described by French zoologist and anatomist Henri Blainville in 1816. It is placed in the monotypic genus family Bovidae. Henri Blainville observed syntypes in Bullock's Pantherion and the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. English naturalist Richard Lydekker stated their type locality to be Senegambia, though he did not have anything to support the claim. From a discussion in 1898, it became more probable that British hunters or collectors obtained the addax from the part of Sahara in Tunisia.

The generic name Addax is thought to be obtained from an Arabic word meaning a wild animal with crooked horns. It is thought to have originated from a Latin word; the name was first used in 1693. The specific name nasomaculatus comes from the Latin words nasus meaning nose, maculatus meaning spotted, referring to the spots and facial markings of the antelope. Bedouins use another name for the addax, the Arabic bakr al wahsh, which means the cow of the wild; that name can be used to refer to other ungulates, as well. The other common names of addax are "white antelope" and "screwhorn antelope"; the addax has 29 pairs of chromosomes. All chromosomes are acrocentric except for the first pair of autosomes; the X chromosome is the largest of the acrocentric chromosomes, the Y chromosome is medium-sized. The short and long arms of the pair of submetacentric autosomes correspond to the 27th and 1st chromosomes in cattle and goats. In a study, the banding patterns of chromosomes in addax were found to be similar to those in four other species of the subfamily Hippotraginae.

In ancient times, the addax occurred from Northern Africa through the Levant. Pictures in a tomb, dating back to the 2500 BCE show at least the partial domestication of the addax by the ancient Egyptians; these pictures show addax and some other antelopes tied with ropes to stakes. The number of addax captured by a person were considered an indicator of his high social and economic position in the society; the pygarg beast mentioned in Deuteronomy 14:5 is believed to have been an addax. But today excess poaching has resulted in the extinction of this species in Egypt since the 1960s. Addax fossils have been found in four sites of Egypt - a 7000 BCE fossil from the Great Sand Sea, a 5000–6000 BCE fossil from Djara, a 4000–7000 BCE fossil from Abu Ballas Stufenmland and a 5000 BCE fossil from Gilf Kebir. Apart from these, fossils have been excavated from Mittleres Wadi Howar, Pleistocene fossils from Grotte Neandertaliens, Jebel Irhoud and Parc d'Hydra; the addax is a spiral-horned antelope. Male addax stand from 105 to 115 cm with females at 95 to 110 cm.

They are sexually dimorphic. The head and body length in both sexes is 120 to 130 cm, with a 25 to 35 cm long tail; the weight of males varies from 100 to 125 kg, that of females from 60 to 90 kg. The coloring of the addax's coat varies with the season. In the winter, it is greyish-brown with white hindquarters and legs, long, brown hair on the head and shoulders. In the summer, the coat turns completely white or sandy blonde, their head is marked with black patches that form an ` X' over their noses. They have prominent red nostrils. Long, black hairs stick out between their curved and spiralling horns, ending in a short mane on the neck; the horns, which are found on both males and females, have two to three twists and are 55 to 80 cm in females and 70 to 85 cm in males, although the maximum recorded length is 109.2 cm. The lower and mid portions of the horns are marked with a series of 30 to 35 ring-shaped ridges; the tail is short and slende

Donau City

Donau City, or Vienna DC, is a new part of Vienna's 22nd District Donaustadt, next to both the Reichsbrücke and the left bank of the Danube's 21.1 km new channel, Neue Donau. Construction work for the first building on this site, the Andromeda Tower, started in 1996. Although the Danube river has been inextricably connected with Vienna, for centuries, it had played only a subordinate role in the city of Vienna. Unlike in many other cities, the Danube River, because of the numerous floods it caused, was omitted from the urban area. Buildings grew up in Vienna on both sides of the Danube - but not up to the Danube. Only after extensive flood-control engineering and the creation of the New Danube relief channel, with Danube Island, in the 1970s, was the surrounding cityscape of the Danube of interest to builders; the establishment of Donau City had its origins in the organization of the Vienna International Garden Festival in April 1964. This was on a site of a former landfill superficially rehabilitated, in an area between the Old Danube and the New Danube.

In October 12, 1962, the construction of the Danube Tower began, two years the Garden Festival was held. The site of the garden show was known as Donaupark. Not far from Donaupark, in 1967, the planning of the UNO-City was started, opened in 1979. Through the construction of the U1 and the Reichsbruecke, the UN-City had a high-ranking access to the traffic system; the terrain gained increasing importance with the opening of the congress center Austria Center Vienna in 1987. Next, at the end of the 1980s, there were plans to hold a Vienna-Budapest EXPO along the northern bank of the Danube in Vienna. However, the planned EXPO 1995 was canceled because a majority of Viennese voters rejected it in a referendum on the project; the site was developed for a subsequent use as a multifunctional district. In 1991, the EXPO organizing corporation was succeeded by the Vienna Danube Region Development Corporation, with major Austrian banks and insurance companies as principal shareholders. WED is responsible for its overall development.

Within a few years, the district became a second urban center in Vienna, with residential and office buildings, research facilities, recreational facilities and event locations. Work on the construction of infrastructure for future use began in 1993; the Danube Bank Motorway was roofed over. The foundation for the first building was completed in 1995, with the start of construction of the Andromeda Tower; the total area is 17.4 hectares. Of this total 1.7 million cubic meters are used for construction, which represents a gross floor area of 500,000 square meters. Nearly two-thirds of those buildings are completed and utilized. Following the cancellation of the EXPO in 1991 was still in the undeveloped area within a few years, an urban centre with residential and office buildings, research facilities, recreational facilities and event locations, the Donau City; the Donau City development concept is a broad mix of uses: office and commercial uses, up to 70 percent, residential use of about 20 percent, cultural and recreational use of 10 percent.

7,500 people live and work in this new "city within a city". With the overall expansion, expected to be completed in 2012, the population could increase to 15,000. International companies such as IBM, sanofi-aventis and Bauholding Strabag SE are located in Donau City. Established are well-known high-tech companies that deal with their employees and scientific institutions in Vienna's first Science and Technology Park, Tech Gate Vienna. In addition to the above institutions, Donau City has stores, cafes, offices, a school and a church; the area bordering the Danube Island has recreation areas and Old Danube. Donau City has two direct connections to the motorway network, the Vienna International Airport is about 20 minutes away. In 2002, WED organized an international competition for a master plan to complete the remaining undeveloped third of the core area; the competition was won by French architect Dominique Perrault, who proposed two high-rise towers and a transition zone to the New Danube. The 60-story DC Tower 1, about 220 meters tall, will be Austria's tallest building.

Together with the 46-story DC Tower 2, 160 meters tall, it will bring a new density to the district. A third tower at 100 meters will complement the skyline. Construction is expected after the DC Towers in 5 years. In addition planned are: a block of flats, a house of the cultures of about 70m, a Sea Life Center over the covered motorway. On October 2, 2012 S+B Gruppe and Sorovia Group announced in a joint press release the construction of another high-rise called "Danube Flats", it will contain 500 flats distributed over 45 floors and 145 meters located next to the "Hochhaus Neue Donau". Overall the two developing companies will invest a total of €140 million on this project. Construction is scheduled to start in 2014 and end in 2016; the construction of Donau City occurred in the following steps: "Wien - 22. Bezirk/Donaustadt", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage: Wien.gv.at-donaustadt. Official site of Vienna DC Stadtentwicklung Donau City surfvienna.net - 360° panoramas of Vienna

Anne McEwen (politician)

Anne McEwen is a former Australian politician who served as a Labor member of the Australian Senate for South Australia from 2005 to 2016. McEwen was born in Adelaide, South Australia, attended St Joseph's Primary School Hectorville, St Aloysius College in the city; the daughter of a school teacher mother and an accountant father, after leaving school McEwen went on to work in clerical and administrative positions within both the private and public sectors. During the 1980s, McEwen undertook tertiary study as a mature age entry student at the University of Adelaide, graduating in 1987 with a Bachelor of Arts degree with majors in politics and English literature. In her spare time, McEwen enjoys bushwalking. In the late 1980s, while working in administration within the Students' Association of the University of Adelaide, McEwen became a workplace delegate for her union, the Federated Clerks' Union. After a brief period of working for the National Tertiary Education Union, McEwen joined the Federated Clerks' Union as an Industrial Officer/Organiser in 1993.

In 2002, McEwen was elected Secretary of the South Australian and Northern Territory branch of the Australian Services Union. In 2003, McEwen was awarded the Centenary Medal for her services to trade unionism as the Secretary of the ASU SA+NT. In 2005, McEwen became President of the South Australian branch of the Australian Labor Party. McEwen was elected Senator for South Australia at the 2004 election, replacing retiring senator Nick Bolkus, her term in the Senate began on 1 July 2005, she was re-elected for a second term in the 2010 federal election. McEwen made her maiden speech to the Senate on 9 August 2005. Holding positions such as the Chief Government Whip in the Senate and Chair of the Environment and the Arts Senate Committee, following the 2013 federal election McEwen became the Chief Opposition Whip in the Senate, she was a full member on the Joint Standing Committee of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the Senate Foreign Affairs and Trade Committee, as well as a participating member on a number of other Senate committees.

McEwen was a member of a number of Parliamentary groups, including the Parliamentary Group on Population and Development, she was Secretary of the Australia/Papua New Guinea Parliamentary Friendship Group. During her time in Federal Parliament, McEwen was active on issues regarding workplace relations, higher education, Australia's indigenous population, veterans' affairs; until the 2016 election, McEwen was the duty senator for the federal electorates of Sturt and Barker in South Australia. Parliamentary Profile: Australian Parliament website Parliamentary Profile: Labor website "Anne McEwen", search on OpenAustralia.org Summary of parliamentary voting for Senator Anne McEwen on TheyVoteForYou.org.au