Telstar was a football made by Adidas. The 32-panel design of the ball, based on the work of Eigil Nielsen, has become iconic and is the standard design now used to portray a football in different media; the ball was first introduced as the Telstar Elast for the 1968 European Football Championship. A different ball named Telstar used as the official match ball of the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico; the similar Telstar Durlast was one of two official balls, along with the Chile Durlast, of the 1974 FIFA World Cup held in West Germany. The ball was used in the 1972 and 1976 European Championships; the Telstar was the first World Cup ball to use the now-familiar truncated icosahedron for its design, consisting of 12 black pentagonal and 20 white hexagonal panels. The 32-panel configuration had been introduced in 1962 by Select artidSport, was used in the official logo for the 1970 World Cup; the black-and-white pattern, to aid visibility on black and white television broadcasts, was well established before the Telstar.
The name came from the 1962 Telstar communications satellite, spherical and dotted with solar panels, somewhat similar in appearance to the football. Developed by Bell Telephone Laboratories for AT&T, Telstar was the world's first active communications satellite and was the first to send live television signals, telephone calls, fax images through space, which inaugurated an age of instant worldwide communications via satellite; the ball was made of leather. The 1974 model's "Durlast" polyurethane coating provided waterproofing as well as protection from damage such as scuffs and tears. Only 20 Telstars were provided for the World Cup; some 1970 matches were played with a brown ball. The 1974 Chile Durlast was all white. A new version of the Telstar, named Telstar 18, is the official match ball for the 2018 FIFA World Cup; the design maintains the general pattern, except the corners of the pentagons are stretched into pixellated gradients. Van Rheenen, Erik. "Why Are Soccer Balls Made of Hexagons?".
Mental Floss. Retrieved 16 August 2013
Coast Air AS was a regional airline based at Haugesund Airport, Karmøy in Norway. It was Norway's fourth largest airline and operated domestic services within Norway, in addition to international services. Routes were concentrated along the West Coast, as well as some public service obligation contracts in Southern Norway; the company had a fleet of de Havilland Canada Twin Otter aircraft replaced with Jetstream 31s and ATR 42s. The company was founded on the remains of Coast Aero Center, which operated from 1975 to 1988. Coast Air started flying de Havilland Canada Twin Otter aircraft from Haugesund to Oslo Airport and Bergen Airport, Flesland. In 1990, service from Fagernes Airport, Leirin was introduced, a route that lasted until 1997. Following the deregulation of aviation in Norway in 1994, Coast Air started several regional routes, replacing its fleet with Jetstream 31 aircraft. From 2000, Coast Air served Florø Airport on public service obligation with the Ministry of Transport, using ATR 42 aircraft.
In 2003, it regained the Fagernes route. From 1999, Coast Air started competing direct with the larger airlines on main routes, introduced new regional and international services. From on, the company continuously lost money. From 2004, it wet-leased aircraft to Vildanden. Following attempts to start new international route, Coast Air filed for bankruptcy in 2008. Coast Aero Center started operations in 1975 from Haugesund Airport; the company was a local mechanical and small-plane operator until 1984, when it started to apply for concessions to perform regional airline services in Norway. The company was run by Asbjørn Utne. Following the 1984 decision by Scandinavian Airlines System to discontinue their route from Haugesund to Aberdeen in the United Kingdom, Coast Aero Center applied for the concession, they would use a 15-seat Embraer Bandeirante. Coast Aero Center started their service on 20 August 1986, but it turned out to be unprofitable, was terminated in April 1987. In October 1984, Coast Aero Center, along with Norving and Fonnafly, applied for concession for the routes from Stord Airport, Sørstokken to Oslo and Stavanger.
Coast Air was successful at receiving the concession, service started on 12 August 1986 with a ten-seater Beechcraft Super King 200. In August, the company received concession to fly from Stord via Skien Airport, Geiteryggen to Oslo. By March 1987, traffic had increased so much that the company instead put a larger, 20-seater Twin Otter aircraft into service. Additional concessions to fly to Haugesund were granted the same year, as were direct services to Oslo, making the stops in Skien unnecessary. In 1985, the company joined the joint venture Commuter Service, along with the other regional airlines Mørefly, based in Ålesund, Trønderfly, based in Trondheim, Norsk Flytjeneste, based in Sandefjord; the goal was to coordinate the services, grow through newer, smaller routes. On 20 June 1986, Coast Aero Center was awarded the concession for flying from Stavanger to Geilo Airport, Dagali until 1991; the airline put into service a Beechcraft Super King 200. The ridership from Geilo turned out to be too low, both Coast Aero Center and Norving terminated their routes.
In 1986, the revenue was NOK 14 million and the company had 24 employees. That year, they chose to connect to the PNR/Smart booking system. In 1988, the company bid for operating parts of the Norwegian Air Ambulance; the company was thrown into financial distress on 7 February 1988, when Den norske Creditbank announced that they would not issue more credit. At the time the company had 35 employees. All services were suspended, it had a debt of NOK 23 million. On 17 February, a proposal for refinancing was made, where the hangars were sold to the local municipalities, who would make a guarantee for NOK 2 million. DnC would delete part of the debt, additional capital would be granted from Kosmos-owned Norsk Air; this was not sufficient, on 29 April Coast Aero Center filed for bankruptcy. Asbjørn Utne had to file for personal bankruptcy. Following the bankruptcy, the estate was purchased by Coast Air. In 1989, the new company received a one-year concession to operate from Haugesund to Bergen and Stavanger, from Geilo to Oslo and Stavanger.
The company used de Havilland Canada Twin Otter aircraft. The following year, Coast Air received the concession for operating the subsidized routes to the newly opened Fagernes Airport, Leirin. Six companies bid for the route. Operation started on 3 September 1990, with the concession valid until 24 October 1993. In 1991, Coast Air flew 5,000 passengers to and from Fagernes Airport. With a NOK 6.8 million subsidy, it was the most expensive subsidized route per passenger in the country. This was due to a 20% cabin load. In August 1991, Coast Air received concession until 1993 for the route Haugesund–Bergen, but the Haugesund–Stavanger route was canceled. In March 1992, Coast Air was denied a concession to operate from Stord to Stavanger. Coast Air started flying from Skien Airport in 1993, with a route to Bergen. On 1 April 1994, the Norwegian airline market was deregulated. Airlines no longer needed to apply for concession from the government, but could fly any route they wanted to. For the first time, several airlines could establish themselves on the same route
Superior Essex is the parent brand of Essex Magnet Wire, Superior Essex Communications, Essex Brownell. It has over 3,000 employees in 11 countries. Essex is among the leading global manufacturers of magnet wire, it is active in the electrification of the automotive and industrial sectors. Essex Magnet Wire, founded in 1930, is a global provider of magnet wire, used by original equipment manufacturers as well as manufacturers in the automotive and industrial sectors. Superior Essex Communications is a manufacturer and supplier of communications cable in North America, it is active in the development of power over Ethernet applications, intelligent buildings and smart cities, 5G Fiber infrastructure as part of the Cisco Digital Ceiling ecosystem. Essex Brownell is a North American distributor of lead wire, drives and electronic insulation, repair parts, shop and test equipment. Essex Brownell operates 16 facilities in the United States and Canada. Essex Wire Corporation was an original equipment manufacturer.
It had sales of $355 million. Superior Cable came into existence in 1954 and had sales passing $500 million in 1997. In April 1999, Superior Essex was formed by a merger of Essex Wire Superior Cable. In 2008, the Korean LS Group acquired Superior Essex for $900 million to extend its reach into the North American and European market. Superior Essex's PowerWise cable won a 2018 Top Product of the Year Award for its 4PPoE innovation, it was the first cable manufacturer to be awarded the International Living Future Institute's Living Product Challenge certification for its Category 6+ low smoke, halogen free cable. United States Canada Mexico France Germany Italy Serbia United Kingdom China Malaysia Superior Essex homepage