Adidas Telstar

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The 1974 World Cup Adidas Telstar
The Telstar satellite for which the ball was named

Telstar was a football made by Adidas. The 32-panel design of the ball, based on the work of Eigil Nielsen, has become iconic and is the standard design now used to portray a football in different media.

Ball[edit]

The ball was first introduced as the Telstar Elast for the 1968 European Football Championship.[1] A slightly different ball named Telstar used as the official match ball of the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico.[2] The similar Telstar Durlast was one of two official balls, along with the Chile Durlast, of the 1974 FIFA World Cup held in West Germany.[2][3] The ball was also used in the 1972 and 1976 European Championships.

The Telstar was the first World Cup ball to use the now-familiar truncated icosahedron for its design, consisting of 12 black pentagonal and 20 white hexagonal panels.[2][3] The 32-panel configuration had been introduced in 1962 by Select artidSport,[4][5] and was also used in the official logo for the 1970 World Cup.[6] The black-and-white pattern, to aid visibility on black and white television broadcasts (colour television was still rare worldwide during this time), was also well established before the Telstar.[5][7] The name came from the Telstar communications satellite, which was roughly spherical and dotted with solar panels, somewhat similar in appearance to the football.[2] Developed by Bell Telephone Laboratories for AT&T, Telstar was the world's first active communications satellite [8] and was the first to send live television signals, telephone calls, and fax images through space, [9] which inaugurated an age of instant worldwide communications via satellite. [10]

The ball was made of leather.[2] The 1974 model's "Durlast" polyurethane coating provided waterproofing as well as protection from damage such as scuffs and tears.[11]

Only 20 Telstars were provided for the World Cup; an estimated 600,000 replicas were sold subsequently.[2] Some 1970 matches were played with a brown ball.[12] The 1974 Chile Durlast was all white.[3]

A new version of the Telstar, named Telstar 18, is the official match ball for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The design maintains the general pattern, except the corners of the pentagons are stretched into pixellated gradients.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Blizzard: Issue 6. 2012. ISBN 978-1-908940-06-3. Archived from the original on 2012-08-27. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "1970 Mexico". The Footballs during the FIFA World Cup. FIFA. Archived from the original on 23 October 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "The History of the Official World Cup Match Balls". SoccerBallWorld. Rig-Tech Inc. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  4. ^ "The Story of Select". Select Sport. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  5. ^ a b Bernsen, Jens (1992). "Vi er røde, vi er hvide". Design DK (in Danish and English). Dansk Design Centre. ISSN 0906-9194.
  6. ^ "1970 FIFA World Cup Mexico". Previous FIFA World Cups. FIFA. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  7. ^ See Getty Images photos:
  8. ^ "July 12, 1962: The Day Information Went Global". Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  9. ^ "Telstar 1: The Little Satellite That Created the Modern World 50 Years Ago". Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Telstar inaugurated an age of instant worldwide communications via satellite". Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  11. ^ "Why Use Durlast Polyurethanes?". Durlast. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  12. ^ See Getty Images photos of matches in the Estadio Nou Camp, León:

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Challenge 4-Star
FIFA World Cup official ball
19701974
Succeeded by
Tango
Preceded by
No official ball
UEFA European Championship official ball
1968, 1972, 1976
Succeeded by
Tango River Plate