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Adolescence is a transitional stage of physical and psychological development that occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood. Adolescence is associated with the teenage years, but its physical, psychological or cultural expressions may begin earlier and end later. For example, puberty now begins during preadolescence in females. Physical growth and cognitive development can extend into the early twenties. Thus, age provides only a rough marker of adolescence, scholars have found it difficult to agree upon a precise definition of adolescence. A thorough understanding of adolescence in society depends on information from various perspectives, including psychology, history, sociology and anthropology. Within all of these perspectives, adolescence is viewed as a transitional period between childhood and adulthood, whose cultural purpose is the preparation of children for adult roles, it is a period of multiple transitions involving education, training and unemployment, as well as transitions from one living circumstance to another.

The end of adolescence and the beginning of adulthood varies by country. Furthermore within a single nation, state or culture, there can be different ages at which an individual is considered mature enough for society to entrust them with certain privileges and responsibilities; such privileges and responsibilities include driving a vehicle, having legal sexual relations, serving in the armed forces or on a jury and drinking alcohol, purchase of tobacco products, entering into contracts, finishing certain levels of education and accountability for upholding the law. Adolescence is accompanied by an increased independence allowed by the parents or legal guardians, including less supervision as compared to preadolescence. In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth. Major pubertal and biological changes include changes to the sex organs, height and muscle mass, as well as major changes in brain structure and organization.

Cognitive advances encompass both increment in knowledge and in the ability to think abstractly and to reason more effectively. The study of adolescent development involves interdisciplinary collaborations. For example, researchers in neuroscience or bio-behavioral health might focus on pubertal changes in brain structure and its effects on cognition or social relations. Sociologists interested in adolescence might focus on the acquisition of social roles and how this varies across cultures or social conditions. Developmental psychologists might focus on changes in relations with parents and peers as a function of school structure and pubertal status; some scientists have questioned the universality of adolescence as a developmental phase, arguing that traits considered typical of adolescents are not in fact inherent to the teenage years. Puberty is a period of several years in which rapid physical growth and psychological changes occur, culminating in sexual maturity; the average age of onset of puberty is at 12 for boys.

Every person's individual timetable for puberty is influenced by heredity, although environmental factors, such as diet and exercise exert some influences. These factors can contribute to precocious and delayed puberty; some of the most significant parts of pubertal development involve distinctive physiological changes in individuals' height, body composition, circulatory and respiratory systems. These changes are influenced by hormonal activity. Hormones play an organizational role, priming the body to behave in a certain way once puberty begins, an active role, referring to changes in hormones during adolescence that trigger behavioral and physical changes. Puberty occurs through a long process and begins with a surge in hormone production, which in turn causes a number of physical changes, it is the stage of life characterized by the appearance and development of secondary sex characteristics and a strong shift in hormonal balance towards an adult state. This is triggered by the pituitary gland, which secretes a surge of hormonal agents into the blood stream, initiating a chain reaction.

The male and female gonads are thereby activated, which puts them into a state of rapid growth and development. The testes release testosterone, the ovaries predominantly dispense estrogen; the production of these hormones increases until sexual maturation is met. Some boys may develop gynecomastia due to an imbalance of sex hormones, tissue responsiveness or obesity. Facial hair in males appears in a specific order during puberty: The first facial hair to appear tends to grow at the corners of the upper lip between 14 and 17 years of age, it spreads to form a moustache over the entire upper lip. This is followed by the appearance of hair on the upper part of the cheeks, the area under the lower lip; the hair spreads to the sides and lower border of the chin, the rest of the lower face to form a full beard. As with most human biological processes, this specific order may vary among some individuals. Facial hair is present in late adolescence, around ages 17 and 18, but may not

Glass Geishas

Glass Geishas is a 2012 thriller novel by English author Susanna Quinn and was released on 1 June 2012 by Hodder & Stoughton. The book focuses on a young English girl that becomes part of the Japanese hostess and sex industry. Of the novel, Quinn stated that she used her experiences as a hostess in Japan as inspiration for the book. Glass Geishas follows Steph, an Englishwoman that becomes a bar hostess in Japan with the promise of gaining easy money by flirting with customers. She's told by her friends that hostessing is safe and that she won't have to perform any sort of sex. However, when she arrives, one friend has become a shell of her former self and the other, has gone missing. Steph sets out to discover what happened to her friend, she becomes drawn into the underbelly of Roppongi, snack bars, no panty cafes, into the grasp of Mama San, a woman who has worked in the sex industry all her life; as Steph's stay in Roppongi lengthens, she begins to lose sight of why she's there and realizes that she needs to find out what happened to her friend and get out before it's too late for the both of them.

The Burnley Express praised Glass Geishas, calling it "Intriguing and bleak". Lucie Blackman, an English hostess murdered in Tokyo Official author website Lucie Blackman Charity The grim truth about life as a Japanese hostess


Year 785 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. The article denomination 785 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years, it is still used today in this manner. Saxon Wars: King Charlemagne summons a major assembly of Saxon and Frankish lords at Paderborn leads his army across Saxony as far as the Lower Elbe, without significant resistance. Duke Widukind retreats with his'rebel' forces beyond the Elbe, but negotiates and exchanges hostages. Charlemagne returns to his palace at Attigny, followed by Widukind. Widukind and the Saxon nobility swear fealty to Charlemagne; the Frankish Kingdom conquers Saxony and Urgell from the Moors. The Franks divide Catalonia into 14 countships. Charlemagne suppresses a rebellion by count Hardrad of Thuringia. Prince Višeslav becomes, with the support of Pope Adrian I and the Byzantine Empire, ruler of Dalmatian Croatia. King Offa of Mercia re-asserts his control of Kent, deposes his rival Egbert II, establishes direct Mercian rule.

Egbert's brother, Eadberht Præn, flees to the court of Charlemagne. Caliph Muhammad ibn Mansur al-Mahdi is poisoned by one of his concubines, he is succeeded by his son Al-Hadi. Fujiwara no Tanetsugu, Japanese nobleman, has his daughter Azumako married to the 12-year-old crown prince Heizei. While supervising construction of the buildings in the capital of Nagaoka, he is killed by an arrow. Council of Paderborn: The clergy debates the matter of the Christianization of the Saxons, they make laws against idolatry, order the death penalty for self-appointed witch-hunters, who have caused the death of persons accused of witchcraft. Ludger, Frisian missionary, visits Heligoland, destroys the remains of paganism. On his return he meets the blind bard Bernlef, last of the Frisian skalds, cures his blindness. Antony the Younger, Byzantine saint Harald Klak, king of Denmark Junna, emperor of Japan Paschasius Radbertus, Frankish abbot Tian Bu, general of the Tang Dynasty Zhang Yunshen, general of the Tang Dynasty October 5- Ōtomo no Yakamochi, Japanese statesman and poet, Shōgun November 8 – Sawara, Japanese prince Al-Rabi' ibn Yunus, Muslim minister Fujiwara no Tanetsugu, Japanese nobleman K'ak' Tiliw Chan Yopaat, king of Quiriguá Li Huaiguang, general of the Tang Dynasty Liu Changqing, Chinese poet Liu Congyi, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Liu Peng, general of the Tang Dynasty Máel Dúin mac Fergusa, king of Brega Muhammad ibn Mansur al-Mahdi, Muslim Caliph Ruaidrí mac Fáeláin, king of Leinster Seondeok, king of Silla Talorgan II, king of the Picts Tatzates, Byzantine general Theophilus of Edessa, Greek astrologer Yan Zhenqing, Chinese calligrapher Zhu Tao, general of the Tang Dynasty

Riqui Puig

Ricard "Riqui" Puig Martí is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for FC Barcelona B as a central midfielder. Born in Matadepera, Catalonia, Puig joined FC Barcelona's youth system in 2013, from UFB Jàbac Terrassa. After progressing through the youth setup, he made his senior debut with the reserves on 24 February 2018, coming on as a second-half substitute for Marcus McGuane in a 1–1 home draw against Gimnàstic de Tarragona for the Segunda División championship. On 5 December 2018, Puig made his senior team debut with first team against Cultural Leonesa in a 4–1 home victory in the Copa Del Rey, he came on in the 55th minute and assisted the fourth goal, he described his debut as'a dream come true'. Puig made his La Liga debut on 13 April 2019, starting in a 0–0 draw against Huesca, played 67 minutes. Puig's father, was a footballer. A left back, he spent his entire career representing Terrassa FC; as of 22 February 2020 Barcelona UEFA Youth League: 2017–18 La Liga: 2018–19Individual Future Cup Best Player: 2016 Young Player of the Year in Catalonia:2019 Riqui Puig at BDFutbol Riqui Puig at Soccerway

Maria Papadopoulou

Maria Papadopoulou is a Cypriot former swimmer who specialized in butterfly events. She set a Cypriot record of 1:01.67 to earn a bronze medal in the 100 m butterfly at the 2001 Mediterranean Games in Tunis, Tunisia. Papadopoulou made her first Cypriot team at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, where she competed in the women's 100 m butterfly, held on the first day of preliminaries, she broke a 1:02 barrier to top the third heat with a time of 1:01.64, but finished only in thirty-second place. At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Papadopoulou qualified again for the women's 100 m butterfly by eclipsing a FINA B-standard entry time of 1:01.76. She challenged seven other swimmers on the second heat, including five-time Olympian Mette Jacobsen of Denmark, she edged out Iceland's Kolbrún Yr Kristjánsdóttir to pick up a fourth spot by 0.32 of a second in 1:02.01. Papadopoulou failed to advance into the semifinals, as she placed twenty-ninth overall on the first day of preliminaries. Papadopoulou is a former member of the swimming team for Arizona Wildcats, a graduate of management information systems at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona.

Player Bio – Arizona Wildcats


Linguaglossa is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Catania in Sicily, located on the northern side of Mount Etna where there is a ski resort with view on the Ionian sea. It was founded on a lava stream in 1566; the name means'Tongue Tongue', with lingua and γλῶσσα being the Latin and Greek words for'tongue'. Sights of Linguaglossa include the Chiesa Madre known as La Matrice, erected in 1613, the Church of Saint Giles, the town's patron saint; the Francesco Messina Museum offers a collection of work of Francesco Messina and Salvatore Incorpora. Barbagallo, Tricia. "Black Beach: The Mucklands of Canastota, New York". Archived from the original on June 25, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-04