Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers was a French statesman and historian. He was the second elected President of France, the first President of the French Third Republic. Thiers was a key figure in the July Revolution of 1830, which overthrew the Bourbon monarchy, the French Revolution of 1848, which established the Second French Republic, he served as a prime minister in 1836, 1840 and 1848, dedicated the Arc de Triomphe, arranged the return to France of the ashes of Napoleon from Saint-Helena. He was first a supporter a vocal opponent of Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte; when Napoleon III seized power, Thiers was arrested and expelled from France. He returned and became an opponent of the government. Following the defeat of France in the Franco-German War, which Thiers opposed, he was elected chief executive of the new French government and negotiated the end of the war; when the Paris Commune seized power in March 1871, Thiers gave the orders to the army for its suppression. At the age of seventy-four, he was named President of the Republic by the French National Assembly in August 1871.
His chief accomplishment as president was to achieve the departure of German soldiers from most of French territory two years ahead of schedule. Opposed by the monarchists in the French assembly and the left wing of the Republicans, he resigned on 24 May 1873, was replaced as President by Patrice de Mac-Mahon, Duke of Magenta; when he died in 1877, his funeral became a major political event. He was a notable literary figure, the author of a successful ten-volume history of the French Revolution, a twenty-volume history of the Consulate and Empire of Napoleon Bonaparte. In 1834 he was elected to the Académie Française. Adolphe Thiers was born on 15 April 1797, during the rule of the Directorate, his grandfather, Louis-Charles Thiers, was an attorney in Aix-en-Provence, who moved to Marseille to become the guardian of the city archives, secretary-general of the city administration, though he lost that post during the French Revolution. His father was a businessman and occasional government official under Napoleon, in trouble with the law.
His father abandoned his mother shortly after he was born. His mother had little money, but Thiers was able to receive a good education thanks to financial aid from an aunt and a godmother, he won admission to a lycée of Marseille through a competitive examination, with the help of his relatives, was able to enter the faculty of law in Aix-en-Provence in November 1815. While studying at the faculty of law he began his lifelong friendship with François Mignet, they both were admitted to the bar in 1818, Thiers made a precarious living as a lawyer for three years. He showed a strong interest in literature, won an academic prize of five hundred francs for an essay on the marquis de Vauvenargues. Nonetheless, he was unhappy with his life in Aix, he wrote to his friend Teulon, "I am without fortune, without status, without any hope of having either here." He decided to try to make a career as a writer. In 1821, the 24-year-old Thiers moved to Paris with just 100 francs in his pocket. Thanks to his letters of recommendation, He was able to get a position as a secretary to the prominent philanthropist and social reformer, the Duke of La Rochefoucalt-Liancourt.
He stayed only three months with the Duke, whose political views were more conservative than his own, with whom he could see no rapid avenue for advancement. He was introduced to Charles-Guillaume Étienne, the editor of the Le Constitutionnel, the most influential political and literary journal in Paris at the time; the newspaper was the leading opposition journal against the royalist government. He offered Etienne an essay on the political figure François Guizot, Thiers' future rival, original and aggressive, caused a stir in Paris literary and political circles. Etienne commissioned Thiers as a regular contributor. At the same time that Thiers began writing, his friend from the law school in Aix, was hired as a writer for another leading opposition journal, the Courier Français, worked for a major Paris book publisher. Within four months of his arrival in Paris, Thiers was one of the most read-journalists in the city, he wrote about politics, art and history. His literary reputation introduced him into the most influential literary and political salons in Paris.
He met Stendhal, the Prussian geographer Alexander von Humboldt, the famed banker Jacques Laffitte, the author and historian Prosper Mérimée, the painter François Gérard. When a revolution broke out in Spain in 1822, he traveled as far as the Pyrenees to write about it, he soon collected and published a volume of his articles, the first on the salon of 1822, the second on his trip to the Pyrenees. He was well paid by Johann Friedrich Cotta, the part-proprietor of the Constitutionnel. Most important for his future career, he was introduced to Talleyrand, the former foreign minister of Napoleon, who b
Juan Jesús Calatayud Sánchez is a Spanish former footballer who played as a goalkeeper. He played 96 matches in La Liga over the course of eight seasons, in representation of Málaga, Racing de Santander, Hércules and Mallorca, he competed professionally in Hungary and India. Calatayud was born in Province of Málaga. After graduating from Málaga CF's youth system, spending a few weeks in summer 2002 on loan to lowly Algeciras CF, he returned to the Andalusians' first team and went on to appear in 36 La Liga games in two separate seasons combined, his debut in the competition coming on 29 October 2003 in a 1–2 away loss against Athletic Bilbao. Subsequently, he represented, still in the top flight, Getafe CF and Racing de Santander as a backup or third-choice. In July 2008, Calatayud joined second level side Hércules CF on a two-year deal, he only missed one league match in his first year, as the club fell short of promotion by just three points. Calatayud continued as Hércules' first-choice in 2009–10, keeping the most clean sheets in the whole league for the first half of the season.
Though he was not awarded the Ricardo Zamora Trophy, his team finished with the best defensive record in the league and returned to the top division after a 13-year absence. Calatayud was again an undisputed starter in the 2010–11 season, but the Valencian were relegated back. In July, the 31-year-old returned to the top flight, signing with RCD Mallorca for two years and backing up Dudu Aouate during his spell. Calatayud spent the part of his career abroad, first with Videoton FC in Hungary Atlético de Kolkata in the Indian Super League; the 36-year-old moved to local Antequera in the summer of 2016 as they competed in Tercera División, retiring at the end of the campaign. Videoton Nemzeti Bajnokság I: 2014–15 Magyar Kupa: Runner-up 2014–15 Ligakupa: Runner-up 2013–14 Juan Calatayud at BDFutbol Juan Calatayud at La Preferente
Sandy Vincent Durko is a former American football defensive back in the National Football League. Durko played football at West Covina High School in West Covina, leading the team to a 1965 CIF championship. Durko played college football for the USC Trojans as a starting defensive back. In the 1968 USC-Notre Dame game, on the second play from scrimmage Durko intercepted a Joe Theismann and returned it for a touchdown in a game that ended in a 21-21 tie, he was selected in the sixth round of the 1970 NFL Draft by the Cincinnati Bengals. He played in only one game in his rookie year of 1970, the Bengals' first year in the NFL after the AFL-NFL merger. In 1971, however, he saw significant playing time at free safety, playing in all 14 games with four interceptions returned for a total of 46 yards, he returned six punts for 14 yards and rushed once for seven yards. In 1973, he joined the New England Patriots and started in all of the Patriots' 14 games, picking off three passes, he returned three punts for 21 yards.
The following year, 1974, was his fourth and final NFL season, as Durko played 11 games and started four for the Patriots. In 2011, he was one of 12 honorees inducted into the West Covina Walk of Fame, which "honors athletes and sports volunteers from the city who have made significant contributions in making West Covina a better place to live and play. Durko is an investment management professional in Los Angeles