The Adoration of the Magi or Adoration of the Kings is the name traditionally given to the subject in the Nativity of Jesus in art in which the three Magi, represented as kings in the West, having found Jesus by following a star, lay before him gifts of gold and myrrh, worship him. It is related in the Bible by Matthew 2:11: "On entering the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother. Opening their treasure chests, they offered him gifts of gold and myrrh, and having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they left for their own country by another path". Christian iconography has expanded the bare account of the Biblical Magi given in the second chapter of the Gospel of Matthew and used it to press the point that Jesus was recognized, from his earliest infancy, as king of the earth; the scene was used to represent the Nativity, one of the most indispensable episodes in cycles of the Life of the Virgin as well as the Life of Christ. In the church calendar, the event is commemorated in Western Christianity as the Feast of the Epiphany.
The Orthodox Church commemorates the Adoration of the Magi on the Feast of the Nativity. The term is anglicized from the Vulgate Latin section title for this passage: A Magis adoratur. In the earliest depictions, the Magi are shown wearing Persian dress of trousers and Phrygian caps in profile, advancing in step with their gifts held out before them; these images adapt Late Antique poses for barbarians submitting to an Emperor, presenting golden wreaths, indeed relate to images of tribute-bearers from various Mediterranean and ancient Near Eastern cultures going back many centuries. The earliest are from catacomb paintings and sarcophagus reliefs of the 4th century. Crowns are first seen in the 10th century in the West, where their dress had by that time lost any Oriental flavour in most cases; the standard Byzantine depiction of the Nativity included the journey or arrival of the mounted Magi in the background, but not them presenting their gifts, until the post-Byzantine period, when the western depiction was adapted to an icon style.
Byzantine images show small pill-box like hats, whose significance is disputed. The Magi are shown as the same age until about this period, but the idea of depicting the three ages of man is introduced: a beautiful example is seen on the façade of the cathedral of Orvieto. From the 12th century, often in Northern Europe from the 15th, the Magi are made to represent the three known parts of the world: Balthasar is commonly cast as a young African or Moor, old Caspar is given Oriental features or, more dress. Melchior represents middle age. From the 14th century onward, large retinues are shown, the gifts are contained in spectacular pieces of goldsmith work, the Magi's clothes are given increasing attention. By the 15th century, the Adoration of the Magi is a bravura piece in which the artist can display their handling of complex, crowded scenes involving horses and camels, but their rendering of varied textures: the silk, fur and gold of the Kings set against the wood of the stable, the straw of Jesus's manger and the rough clothing of Joseph and the shepherds.
The scene includes a fair diversity of animals as well: the ox and ass from the Nativity scene are there, but the horses, camels and falcons of the kings and their retinue, sometimes other animals, such as birds in the rafters of the stable. From the 15th century onwards, the Adoration of the Magi is quite conflated with the Adoration of the Shepherds from the account in the Gospel of Luke, an opportunity to bring in yet more human and animal diversity; the "adoration" of the Magi at the crib is the usual subject, but their arrival, called the "Procession of the Magi", is shown in the distant background of a Nativity scene, or as a separate subject, for example in the Magi Chapel frescos by Benozzo Gozzoli in the Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Florence. Other subjects include the Journey of the Magi, where they and their retinue are the only figures shown following the Star of Bethlehem, there are uncommon scenes of their meeting with Herod and the Dream of the Magi; the usefulness of the subject to the Church and the technical challenges involved in representing it have made the Adoration of the Magi a favorite subject of Christian art: chiefly painting, but sculpture and music.
The subject matter is found in stained glass. The first figural stained glass window made in the United States is the "Adoration of the Magi" window located at Christ Church, New York and designed in 1843 by the founder and first rector's son, William Jay Bolton. Many hundreds of artists have treated the subject. A partial list of those with articles follows. Adoration of the Magi, Fra Angelico and Filippo Lippi, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. Hieronymus Bosch, Museo del Prado, Madrid Adoration of the Magi of 1475, Botticelli: National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C. Triptych of the Virgin's Life, Dirk Bouts The Adoration of the Kings, National Gallery, London The Star of Bethlehem, Edward Burne-Jones, Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery Adoration of the Magi and Albert Museum Saint Columba Altarpiece, Rogier van der Weyden, Alte Pinakothek, Munich Adoration of the Kings (Gerard David, Lo
WHPC is a non-commercial radio station licensed by the Federal Communications Commission to Garden City, New York. The station is operated by Nassau Community College. WHPC began broadcasting on October 27, 1972, its flagship shows are The Nassau Morning Madhouse. Other shows include, Motormouth Radio and Anything, Standards Serenade, Good Gold, The Unforgettables, Thunder Road, The Party Mix, The Rare Groove Sessions, The Sock Hop, WHPC Sports Talk, American Hit Radio. WHPC won three awards at the 2018 Intercollegiate Broadcasting System awards: Best On-Air Schedule, Best Sports Report, Best Training Manual. WHPC won five awards at the 2019 Intercollegiate Broadcasting System awards: Best Community College radio station in the NATION, Best Morning Show, Best Artist/Celebrity Interview, Best On-Air Schedule, Best Public Affairs Show. WBAU — defunct student radio station owned by Adelphi University that shared WHPC's frequency from 1972 to 1995. Official website Query the FCC's FM station database for WHPC Radio-Locator information on WHPC Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WHPC
Marjut Rimminen is a Finnish-born animator and film director living and working in London. Rimminen studied graphic design at the Helsinki College of Applied Arts and graduated in 1968, she started making animated television commercials, one of, named the Best Commercial at the 1972 Animafest Zagreb. The following year Marjut joined Halas & Batchelor Animation in the United Kingdom, has lived and worked in London since. Marjut Rimminen has made short films for Channel Four Television as well as directed and animated TV spots for the Finnish advertising market, her work has been screened at numerous film festivals around the world, she has been member in several festival juries. Marjut Rimminen has given tuition at the National Film & Television School, the Royal College of Art and the Institute of Art & Design in Surrey, she has given master workshops in animation around the world. Rimminen was married to British animation producer Dick Arnall. A retrospective of Rimminen's work was screened in 1998 at the 1998 Tampere Film Festival and the 9th International Festival of Animated Film in Stuttgart, Germany.
1972 Trip to Eternity, with Sakari Rimminen, 3 min, 16mm honourable mention, 1973 Lübeck Film Festival 1982 The Bridge, drawn animation, 8 mins, 35mm Finnish State Film Award 1983 1986 I'm not a Feminist, but… Channel 4 co-production with Christine Roche, 7 mins, 35mmSpecial Jury Prize, 1986 Espinho International Animation Festival 1987 Blind Justice – Some Protection for Channel 4, 9 mins, 16mm 1989 The Frog King, 7 mins, 35mm Winner, Magic Mirror animated fairy-tale competition 1991 The Stain, with Christine Roche, 11 mins, 16mm Special Jury Prize, 1992 Hiroshima International Animation Festival Special Jury Prize, 1992 San Francisco International Film Festival 1996 Many Happy Returns for Channel Four Television, 8min23s Grand Prix, 1997 Tampere International Short Film Festival 2nd prize for Best Computer Assisted Animation by Independent,1997 Los Angeles World Animation Celebration Jury special prize, 1997 Kraków International Short Film Festival The Grand Animation Prize, 1997 Vila do Conde Short Film Festival Diploma, 1997 Krok International Animation Festival First prize, 1997 Fantoche International Animation Festival Honorary distinction for the Best Animation, 1997 Drama International Short Film Festival Finalist, 1998 British Animation Awards Director's Choice Award for the Most Innovative Animation Work, the Images Festival of Independent Film and Video 1998, Canada 1996 Absolut Panushka.
Interpretations on the classic Absolut Vodka bottle by 24 award-winning animators around the world, 10 seconds each Joop Geesing Prize for the Best Campaign, Holland Animation Film Festival, 1996 Best animation produced for the internet, 1997 Los Angeles World Animation Celebration Finalist, Cool Design Award, in 1997 Cool Site of the Year Competition Honorary mention, 1997 Communications Art Interactive Design Annual 1996 Urpo & Turpo, with Liisa Helminen, 6 x 9 mins, 35mm The Bronze Elephant, 1997 Hyderabad Children's Film Festival, India Finalist, Best Film & Best Soundtrack, 1988 British Animation Awards 1998 Mixed Feelings for Channel Four, 12 mins, BetaSP 2001 Red Ribbon AIDS/HIV episode for UNICEF, 1 min, Digibeta 2007 Learned by Heart for Yleisradio Marjut Rimminen on IMDb