Adult Swim is the adult-oriented nighttime television network and brand of the American children's basic cable network Cartoon Network. Broadcasting nightly from 8 p.m. to 6 a.m. ET. Debuting in 2001, Adult Swim serves as the nighttime identity of Cartoon Network, was established as alternative programming during the late night hours when Cartoon Network's primary target audience, children between the ages of 6 and 11, would be sleeping. In 2005, the network was granted its own Nielsen ratings report from Cartoon Network due to targeting a separate demographic; the network features stylistically varied live-action shows. The network has aired adult animation features, sketch comedy, pilots; the network's shows are known for their sexual themes, frank sexual discussion, strong language, graphic violence. Many of its programs are aesthetically experimental, transgressive and surrealist in nature; this has become a source of conflict, with some saying that Adult Swim is too controversial, while others noting that its ability to question the norm brings a level of surrealism and experimentalism, welcome.
Adult Swim has contracted with various studios known for their productions in absurd and shock comedy. As with Cartoon Network, Adult Swim's reach through various services totals 94 million American households. Cartoon Network's original head programmer, Mike Lazzo, conceived Adult Swim; the block grew out of Cartoon Network's previous attempts at airing content appropriate for teenagers and young adults who might be watching the channel after 11 pm. The network began experimenting with its late night programming by airing anthology shows that presented uncensored classic cartoon shorts, such as ToonHeads, The Bob Clampett Show, The Tex Avery Show, Late Night Black and White, O Canada. Another block, Toonami's "Midnight Run", aired the network's action programming uncut with minimal edits. In numerous interviews, it had been stated that at the time, one third of Cartoon Network's audience were adults. During the 1990s, prime time animation geared at adults started growing popular due to the success of Fox's hit show The Simpsons.
This was followed by a trend of other adult-oriented animated shows throughout the decade, such as: Liquid Television and Butt-Head, Æon Flux, The Brothers Grunt, The Critic, The Maxx, King of the Hill, South Park, Space Ghost Coast to Coast, Dr. Katz, Professional Therapist, The Oblongs, Clerks: The Animated Series, Mission Hill, Home Movies, Family Guy, more. Space Ghost Coast to Coast, Cartoon Network's first foray into original programming, was created in 1994 for late night adult audiences; the series was created by Mike Lazzo's Ghost Planet Industries, which became Williams Street Studios, the eventual producers and programmers of Adult Swim. Between 4:00 am and 5:00 am on December 21, December 30, 2000, several new Williams Street series made unannounced "stealth" premieres. Sealab 2021, Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law, Aqua Teen Hunger Force, The Brak Show all premiered unannounced. Prior to that, in Entertainment Weekly, it was stated that Michael Ouweleen's next project was working on the Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law Pilot with J.
J. Sedelmaier. In a 1999 interview, the indie pop rock band Calamine stated they had recorded the theme song for Sealab 2021. While entertaining pitches for a variety of adult cartoons, Lazzo realized the potential for packaging them as a complete adult-focused block. Different names were considered, including “ibiso”, said to be Spanish for “stop”, “Parental Warning", "Parental Block" but he settled on "Adult Swim". Cartoon Network was ready to launch the adult animation block on April 1, 2001 but was delayed and aired five months later. In June 2001, TV Guide had recorded an interview with Cartoon Network's former president, Betty Cohen, she stated there was a new programming block coming out in September, aimed for an adult audience. During this month at the Cartoon Network Confidential, "Cartoon Network's best originals and outrageous animated shorts for discriminating adults" in New York City, an upcoming episode of Space Ghost Coast to Coast titled "Kentucky Nightmare", the stealth pilots from December, Captain Linger, an episode of Home Movies were screened for free.
The screening was part of the Toyota Comedy Festival. On Saturday, July 21, 2001, the Space Ghost Coast to Coast panel at San Diego Comic Con had a trivia game in which the winners won a promotional CD that had the theme songs to the upcoming Adult Swim Shows. Everybody who attended got a free Adult Swim t-shirt, packaged to look like a roll of bandages that a lifeguard might carry. At the Comic Con, audiences got to see clips of the upcoming shows and vote for what show they wanted to see as a sneak peek. Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law was the winner and the pilot was screened; the Leave It to Brak episode "War Next Door" and Space Ghost Coast to Coast episode "The Justice Hole" were screened, as well as clips to the episode "Sweet for Brak". In an interview on creativemac.com on July
14 Sagittae is a binary star system in the equatorial constellation of Aquila. 14 Sagittae is the Flamsteed designation. It appears as a sixth magnitude star, near the lower limit of visibility to the naked eye, having an apparent visual magnitude of 5.89. The system is located 660 light years away, as determined from its annual parallax shift of 4.91 mas. It is moving closer to the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of –22 km/s; this is a single-lined spectroscopic binary with an orbital period of 61.5 days and an eccentricity of 0.49. The visible component is a chemically peculiar mercury-manganese star with a stellar classification of B9p HgMn, it is narrow-lined with a projected rotational velocity of 7 km/s. The star is radiating 292 times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 13,200 K. HR 7664 Image 14 Sagittae
Iron Studios is a Brazilian company based in São Paulo specializing in the manufacture of collectible statues. The company works with property licenses from Disney, Marvel Comics, DC Comics, Star Wars, it produces larger models in 1/6th and 1/4th scale. The statues are made from Polystone, a high-density resin that offers resistance to heat and humidity. Real fabric or die-casting is used to produce other details, it has stores in São Paulo and in Rio de Janeiro, where it sells products from other partner manufacturers, in addition to its own products. The history of Iron studios began with the Japanese company Kotobukiya. During the Brazilian toyfare ABRIN in 2009, they presented the first product of this partnership,a 1/6th scale sculpture of the Formula 1 driver Ayrton Senna at the moment of his victory in the 1993 Japanese GP, they produced a second piece, on the same scale, the pose of Senna's victory at the 1991 Brazilian Grand Prix. The two statues show him in his red uniform. In 2012 the third miniature of Ayrton Senna was launched, now in a black team Lotus Cars uniform.
It was the first piece made by the newly created Iron Studios. On December 13, 2012, it announced a license agreement with Marvel Studios, for the production of statuettes in Brazil; the first announced product produced under this license was Iron Man Mark XLII, based on the movie Iron Man 3. In September of 2015, the company obtained the licensing rights to some of the properties of Warner Bros, invited the artist Ivan Reis to create conceptual art. On October 6, 2014, Iron Studios opened their first shop, it sells items from several manufacturers, other than those made by the company. Between May and September 2016 Iron Studios set up a store in the Cidade Jardim shopping mall, in São Paulo, where it displayed an exhibition with some 150 of their pieces and those of other manufacturers.. Some products went on sale. Shopping Eldorado, in São Paulo, housed a branch of the shop in January 2016. After two years, the establishment closed for strategic reasons, its first store outside the State of São Paulo was inaugurated on August 19, 2016, at Shopping Nova América in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
The "Magneto vs. Sentinel" 1/4th scale piece was voted the best medium-sized statue in the year 2015. Iron Studios received the Best Brand Experience trophy in the 2015 Best of the Year award, organized by Warner Bros. Consumer Products Division; the character's "Darth Vader" 1/4th scale piece was voted the best statue of the year 2017 in an survey held at the Statue Forum, an international forum specializing in high-stakes collectible statues. Official website Oficial website