click links in text for more info


An advocate is a professional in the field of law. Different countries' legal systems use the term with somewhat differing meanings; the broad equivalent in many English law -- based jurisdictions could be a solicitor. However, in Scottish, Manx Law, South African, French, Portuguese, Polish, South Asian and South American jurisdictions, "Advocate" indicates a lawyer of superior classification."Advocate" is in some languages an honorific for lawyers, such as "Adv. Sir Alberico Gentili". "Advocate" has the everyday meaning of speaking out to help someone else, such as patient advocacy or the support expected from an elected politician. In England and Wales and proctors practiced civil law in the Admiralty Courts and but in England only, in the ecclesiastical courts of the Church of England, in a similar way to barristers and solicitors in the common law and equity courts. Advocates, who formed the senior branch of the legal profession in their field, were Doctors of Law of the Oxford, Cambridge, or Dublin and Fellows of the Society of Doctors' Commons.

Advocates lost their exclusive rights of audience in probate and divorce cases when the Crown took these matters over from the church in 1857, in Admiralty cases in 1859. The Society of Advocates was never formally wound up, but its building was sold off in 1865 and the last advocate died in 1912. Barristers were admitted to the Court of Arches of the Church of England in 1867. More Solicitor Advocates have been allowed to play this role. Advocates are the only lawyers with rights of audience in the courts of the Isle of Man. An advocate's role is to advise on all matters of law: it may involve representing a client in the civil and criminal courts or advising a client on matters such as matrimonial and family law and estates, regulatory matters, property transactions, commercial and business law. In court, advocates wear a horsehair wig, stiff collar, a gown in the same way as barristers do elsewhere. To become an advocate, it is necessary to hold either a qualifying law degree with no less than lower second class honors, or else a degree in another subject with no less than lower second class honors complemented by the Common Professional Examination.

It is necessary to obtain a legal professional qualification such as the Bar Professional Training Course or the Legal Practice Course. It is not, necessary to be admitted as an English barrister or solicitor to train as an advocate. Trainee advocates undertake a period of two years’ training articled to a senior advocate. Foreign lawyers who have been registered as legal practitioners in the Isle of Man for a certain time may undertake a shorter period of training and supervision. During their training, all trainee advocates are required to pass the Isle of Man bar examinations, which include papers on civil and criminal practice and land law, company law and taxation, as well as accounts; the examinations are rigorous and candidates are limited to three attempts to pass each paper. Senior English barristers are licensed to appear as advocates in cases expected to be unusually long or complex, without having to pass the bar examination or undertake further training: they are permitted only to act in relation to the matter for which they have been licensed.

Barristers and solicitors employed as public prosecutors may be licensed to appear as advocates without having to pass the bar examination or undertake further training: they are permitted only to act as such only for the duration of that employment. The professional conduct of advocates is regulated by the Isle of Man Law Society, which maintains a library for its members in Douglas. While advocates in the Isle of Man have not traditionally prefixed their names with'Advocate' in the Channel Islands manner, some advocates have now started to adopt this practice. Advocates are regulated by the Faculty of Advocates in Edinburgh; the Faculty of Advocates has about 750 members. About 75 are Queen's Counsel; the Faculty is headed by the Dean of the Faculty who, along with the Vice-Dean, Clerk are elected annually by secret ballot. The Faculty has a service company, Faculty Services Ltd, to which all advocates belong, which organized the stables and fee collection; this gives a guarantee to all newly called advocates of a place.

Until the end of 2007, there was an agreement with the Law Society of Scotland, the professional body for Scottish solicitors, as to the payment of fees, but this has now been replaced by the Law Society. It remains the case that advocates are not permitted to sue for their fees, as they have no contractual relationship with their instructing solicitor or with the client, their fees are honoraria. Advocates wear wigs, white bow-ties and gowns as a dress in court; the process of becoming an advocate is referred to as devilling. All Intrants will be Scottish solicitors, i.e. hold a Bachelor of Laws degree and the Diploma in Legal Practice, must have completed the traineeships of two years required to qualify as a solicitor. At the end of the devilling period, a devil's admission to the Faculty is dependent on certification by the principal devil master that the devil i

Goodwill Bridge

The Goodwill Bridge is a pedestrian and cyclist bridge which spans the Brisbane River in Brisbane, Australia. The bridge connects the South Bank Parklands in South Brisbane to Gardens Point in the Brisbane CBD; the Goodwill Bridge was opened on 21 October 2001 and takes its name from the Goodwill Games, which were held in Brisbane that year. The bridge does not carry any motorised traffic — it is shared by pedestrians and inline skaters. Two main components of The Goodwill Bridge are the arch; the pavilion is located in the middle of the Brisbane River between the city approach. It supports one end of the arch; the arch weighs 360 long tons. Width: 6.50 metres Height: Clearance for River Vessels 11.4 to 12.7 metres from high water level to the bridge deck Arch: 102 metres in length, 10 metres wide and 15 metres high Bridge Deck: The bridge deck wearing surface is concrete with a broom finish to provide a safe foothold. It incorporates coloured concrete and applied finish bandings which signify areas where caution is required.

Security: Six closed circuit TV cameras are spread across the bridge and are monitored from the South Bank Security Control Room. Architects: Cox Rayner Design preparation: Ove Arup and Partners Construction Company: John Holland Group Project Manager: Jack Sullivan, AMTEC International Construction Services Officially Opened: The Premier of Queensland, The Honourable Peter Beattie opened The Goodwill Bridge on 21 October 2001. Total length: 450 metres Bridge Foundations: The bridge's 45 foundation piles range in diameter from 500 to 1,500 millimetres and are reinforced with 350-grade steel and 60 cubic metres of concrete. Central Arch span: 102 metres Construction overseen by Mark Carney The structure was built downstream at Hemmant and took three months to construct. On completion barges floated the arch upstream at low tide it was floated under the Captain Cook Bridge and lifted as a single structure into its final resting position by two heavy lift towers. Four strategically positioned platforms and the pavilion-viewing platform provide rest points for pedestrians and cyclists.

With exception of cables, all materials utilised in the construction of the arch and the pavilions were sourced from local suppliers. Controversy arose during the construction of the bridge over its growing cost, a subsequent budgetary blow-out which resulted in the use of $20.3 million in government funds. The bridge was scheduled to be opened by Queen Elizabeth II during her visit for the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting summit to be held in Brisbane, but after the postponement of that meeting and change of venue to Coolum on the Sunshine Coast in the wake of the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the bridge was instead opened by Queensland Premier, Peter Beattie. Over 40,000 pedestrians and cyclists utilise the bridge each week and it is established as a major access point between South Bank and the city. Spanning the Brisbane River between the southern end of South Bank Parklands and the CBD via the Queensland University of Technology campus, the bridge provides a vital link for pedestrians and cyclists since the closest train station to QUT is in South Bank.

The bridge is popular amongst those who like to maintain fitness, providing a link for a continuous run. Traceurs use the bridge not only to cross, but in strength training as a distance to travel in the Quadrupedel movement, refines coordination skills; the bridge innovatively includes several outspanning seating bays which allow for contemplation of the river and relaxation. The architectural design has received mixed reviews; this is due to its unconventional form. Halfway across the bridge, there is a coffee cart with seating and cushions. Through arch bridge Bridges over the Brisbane River Goodwill Pedestrian Bridge at Structurae

Proviso Township, Cook County, Illinois

Proviso Township is one of 29 townships in Cook County, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 151,704, it was organized in 1850 and named "Taylor", but shortly afterward its name was changed to make reference to the Wilmot Proviso, a contemporary piece of legislation intended to stop the spread of slavery. The Proviso Township government office is located at 4565 W. Harrison Street, Hillside, IL 60162. According to the United States Census Bureau, Proviso Township covers an area of 29.68 square miles. Bellwood Berkeley Broadview Brookfield Elmhurst Forest Park Hillside La Grange Park Maywood Melrose Park North Riverside Northlake Oak Brook Stone Park Westchester Western Springs Leyden Township River Forest Township Berwyn Township Oak Park Township Riverside Township Lyons Township Downers Grove Township, DuPage County York Township, DuPage County Addison Township, DuPage County The township contains these fifteen cemeteries: Concordia, Forest Home, Free Sons of Israel, Glen Oak, Immanuel and Sons Incorporated, Mount Carmel, Oak Ridge, Old Settlers, Queen of Heaven and Woodlawn.

Interstate 88 Interstate 290 Interstate 294 U. S. Route 12 U. S. Route 20 U. S. Route 34 Illinois Route 38 Illinois Route 64 86th USARCOM Heliport Chicago Airmail Field Loyola University Medical Center Heliport Sauerman Heliport Edward Hines Veterans Administration Hospital Loyola University Medical Center Millers Meadows Thatcher Woods Wolf Road Prairie The following public high school districts serve portions of Proviso Township: Lyons Township, Riverside-Brookfield and Proviso Township High Schools. Illinois' 3rd congressional district State House District 07 State House District 08 State House District 21 State House District 41 State House District 77 State House District 78 State Senate District 04 State Senate District 11 State Senate District 21 State Senate District 39 Some graduates of the early 1940s were members of Company B of the 192nd Tank Battalion, an Illinois National Guard Unit, whose involvement in the Bataan Death March during World War II, has been commemorated every year in Maywood since 1942.

137 township residents were captured during the event. "Proviso Township, Cook County, Illinois". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-01-10. United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States National Atlas Proviso Township official website Proviso Township at Illinois State Archives Township Officials of Illinois Cook County official site Maywood Bataan Day Organization

What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord?

What Did I Do To Deserve This, My Lord? is a real-time strategy game for the PlayStation Portable. The game centers on creating mazes and monsters to help defend a demon lord from heroes seeking to capture him; the game was released in North America as a download game on the PlayStation Store, under the title Holy Invasion of Privacy, Badman! What Did I Do To Deserve This?. However, on February 9, 2010, NIS America revealed it would be changing the game's name to avoid conflict with the Batman franchise; the game was re-released on April 22, 2010 on the PlayStation Network after it was removed to make the changes, while its sequel, What Did I Do To Deserve This, My Lord? 2, had been delayed to May 4, 2010. Using a limited number of "Dig Power" and a pickaxe, the player must dig and create a dungeon, populate it with monsters to defend the demon lord Badman from heroes. More steps are given; the "Dig Power" has another function, however: it is used to upgrade monsters. The player is given some time to dig out the dungeon and create monsters before a hero comes to capture the demon lord.

When the hero is about to enter the dungeon, the player must take Badman and change his location, preferably making it harder for the hero to find him. When the hero gets into the dungeon, he will navigate the dungeon until he finds and captures the demon lord; the hero will fight against any monster. When the hero captures the demon lord, he will retrace the same path, taking the demon lord with him, it is possible to create monsters to save the demon lord during this. Monsters are created depending on the number of nutrients or mana in the blocks of the dungeon. If the block is covered with moss, the player uses his pickaxe on this block, a slime will be released; these slimes move around the dungeon and expelling the nutrients from adjacent blocks, creating blocks with more and more nutrients. Once a block obtains enough nutrients, it will change textures depending on just how much is in the block. Stronger, more powerful monsters will be released the more nutrients; the death of monsters or heroes, along with some of the heroes' actions, has varied effects on the surrounding ground.

For example, if a hero casts a spell, the surrounding blocks will be filled with mana, which can be used to create different monsters. More so, if that hero dies, the remainder of his mana is expelled onto surrounding blocks; this game is unknown outside Japan and is considered to be a cult hit. A sequel was released entitled Yuusha no Kuse Ni Namaikida or2, which features identical gameplay with a few different additions and changes. In April 2009, it was announced that the game was released in North America under the name Holy Invasion Of Privacy, Badman! What Did I Do To Deserve This? On February 9, 2010, the name was changed again to What Did I Do To Deserve This, My Lord!?, to avoid infringing upon the Batman IP. A third game, No Heroes Allowed! was released in late 2010. With the exception of Japan, Holy Invasion Of Privacy, Badman! What Did I Do To Deserve This? received average reviews. "Holy Invasion of Privacy, Badman! is an quirky, challenging title that has a few frustrating elements that keep it from being a stellar downloadable," IGN said about the game.

Game Revolution gave the game a C-, stating, "A weird and unique freak of nature amongst the mundane shooters and RPGs with their played out themes of morality, but it's trying too hard to be clever." The game holds 69/100 on Metacritic. There have been two sequels to What Did I Do to Deserve This, My Lord? Released on PSP: What Did I Do To Deserve This, My Lord? 2 and No Heroes Allowed!. A third sequel, No Heroes Allowed: No Puzzles Either!, was released in 2014 for PlayStation Vita, with a fourth, No Heroes Allowed! VR, released on October 14 2017 for PlayStation VR. Official website

Ken Ivory

Kenneth Robert Ivory is an American politician and a former Republican member of the Utah House of Representatives representing District 47 since January 1, 2011. He has made a living as a lobbyist promoting American Lands Council and now Convention of States. On August 20, 2019, Ivory resigned from the Utah State Legislature to take a position with the Utah-based corporation Geomancer. Ivory earned his BA in Japanese from Brigham Young University and his JD from California Western School of Law. Ivory lives in West Jordan and serves as the President of Ivory Law. Ivory is employed by the American Lands Council, serves as president of the non-profit. 2014 Ivory was unopposed for the 2014 Republican Convention and won the November 4, 2014 General election with 4,634 votes against Democratic nominee Alena M. Balmforth. 2012 Ivory was unopposed for the June 26, 2012 Republican Primary and won the three-way November 6, 2012 General election with 7,354 votes against Democratic nominee Joseph Huey and Libertarian candidate Chase Lantis.

2010 Ivory challenged District 47 incumbent Republican Representative Steven Mascaro and was chosen by the Republican convention for the November 2, 2010 General election. During the 2016 legislative session, Ivory served on the Natural Resources and Environmental Quality Appropriations Subcommittee, the House Public Utilities, the House Revenue and Taxation Committee, the House Natural Resources and Environment Committee. During the interim, Ivory serves on the Revenue and Taxation Interim Committee, the Public Utilities and Technology Interim Committee, he is a member of the Commission for the Stewardship of Public Lands, Commission on Federalism and the Federal Funds Commission. Ivory floor sponsored SB0068 Property Tax Amendments, SB0160 Federal Funds Budget Reserve Account, SJR002 Joint Resolution Calling for the Repeal of the 17th Amendment, SJR003 Proposal to Amend Utah Constitution- Property Tax Exemptions. Representative Ivory is a strong supporter of states' rights and has advocated for Utah to gain control of federal lands.

In 2012, Ivory sponsored HB 148, The Utah Transfer of Public Lands Act, which asserted that the federal government must grant federal land to the state of Utah. Though the bill was signed into law in 2012, federal lands have remained in control of the US Department of the Interior; the State of Utah has pointed out that "The federal government controls more than 50 percent of the land west of Kansas — in Utah’s case, it’s 64.5 percent. Section 3, paragraph 3 of the Utah State Enabling Act, states that Utah released all claim to federal lands within its boundary when it accepted statehood, – "The people inhabiting said proposed State do agree and declare that they forever disclaim all right and title to the unappropriated public lands lying within the boundaries thereof. Official page at the Utah State Legislature Campaign siteProfile at Vote Smart Ken Ivory at Ballotpedia Ken Ivory at the National Institute on Money in State Politics

Juan Antonio Escurra

Juan Antonio Escurra was the President of Paraguay from 1902 to 1904. He was born on May 1859 in Caraguatay, Cordillera department, he was married with Josefa M. Rojas, woman from a traditional family, who would be the First Lady of the nation, his family worked growing cotton and fruits. After Uriarte and Egusquiza, he was the third president with Basque last name, he went to school in his hometown, dedicated to farming. In 1879, at the age of 20 he joined the army, he got important promotions. In 1891 he was designated Commander in Misiones, his most important promotion was to Second Lieutenant of Cavalry. He was part of the coup, he had an important participation in the riot on October 18, 1891, in which he defended the government of General Egusquiza. He was President of Paraguay at the age of 43 years, between November 25, 1902 and December 19, 1904, he could complete his period of government because the revolution in 1904. The Vice-President was Manuel Dominguez, who adhered to the revolution.

The cabinet of Escurra was the youngest because the member where only from 26 to 43 years old. They were: Juan Bautista Gaona and Emiliano González Navero in Treasury. During his government the prestigious school San José was founded, the national currency and budget stabilized; the currency had a respectable value during his government. The commerce grew noticeably, the firm Casal Ribeiro exported tobacco and cotton to Europe. Arturo Rebaudi, according to decree of March 21, 1904, was as delegate to the 2nd Medical Congress, in Buenos Aires. On December 29, 1903 Cecilio Báez was designated plenipotentiary in the United States. O’Leary was inspector of the National Lottery. In 1902 Silvano Mosqueira quit to his position in the Municipality's secretary and was replaced by Federico Chávez. In 1903 Tomás Matto left his position in the Police Headquarters, the Economic and Administrative Board of Mbuyapey was created, having Ceferino Ayala as President and Carlos Pastore as Vice-President. Fernando Vera was appointed calligraphic of the National Library in replacement of Alberto Correa and the government donated to Uruguay the “Solar Artigas”.

Among the events that are worth mentioning in education is the organization of the First National Congress of Teachers in February 1903 and the adoption of the “Franco Plan” in the National School on March 25, 1904. That same year the poet Narciso R. Colmán was appointed magistrate in the locality of Caballero. In 1903 graduated from the Faculty of Medicine: Andrés Barbero, Ricardo Odriozola, Manuel Urbieta and Eusebio Taboada, among others. In August 1904 there was an agitated military movement that settled in Villeta and in October exploded as a revolution that ended in the overthrowing of Escurra's government, with it, there came the end of the republican government and the start of the Liberal era. After his destitution, Escurra retired from the politics, going back to a simple life away from the public scenery, he moved to Villa Hayes. Between 1898 and 1902 he was Minister of War and Navy, during the government of Emilio Aceval and Héctor Carvallo, he was member of the Colorado Party. The Colonel Escurra died in Villa Hayes on August 24, 1929.

The Executive Power, by decree, disposed. A wake was held in the “Palacio de López” and his body was buried in the cemetery of the Recoleta; when the car that transported the mortal rests of Escurra arrived to the port of Asunción, there were paid the official military honors. Many participated of his funeral: Eligio Ayala, President José P. Guggiari, members of the Supreme Court and the Parliament, several fellow party members and high class families. There was a solemn mass in the Metropolitan Cathedral given by the Archbishop of Asunción, Juan Sinforiano Bogarín