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Aegadian Islands

The Aegadian Islands are a group of five small mountainous islands in the Mediterranean Sea off the northwest coast of Sicily, near the cities of Trapani and Marsala, with a total area of 37.45 square kilometres. The Island of Favignana, the largest, lies 16 kilometres southwest of Trapani. There are two minor islands and Maraone, lying between Levanzo and Sicily. For administrative purposes the archipelago constitutes the comune of Favignana in the Province of Trapani; the overall population in 2017 was 4,292. Winter frost is unknown and rainfall is low; the main occupation of the islanders is fishing, the largest tuna fishery in Sicily is there. There is evidence of Neolithic and Paleolithic paintings in caves on Levanzo, to a lesser extent on Favignana; the islands were the scene of the Battle of the Aegates of 241 BC, in which the Carthaginian fleet was defeated by the Roman fleet led by Lutatius Catulus. After the end of Western Roman power in the first millennium AD, the islands, to the extent that they were governed at all, were part of territories of Goths, Saracens, before the Normans fortified Favignana in 1081.

The islands belonged to the Pallavicini-Rusconi family of Genoa until 1874, when the Florio family of Palermo bought them. Isolotto Formica Lighthouse Aegadian Islands at Curlie

Nihar Ranjan Gupta

Dr. Nihar Ranjan Gupta, pen name'Banbhatta', was an Indian dermatologist and a popular Bengali novelist, he is the creator of the fictional detective character Kiriti Roy. Some of his writings were made into films of Bollywood. Gupta came from a Kabiraj family of Itna village under Lohagara police station, in the district of Jessore, presently in the Narail district of Bangladesh, he was born to Satya Ranjan Gupta and Labangalata Devi on 6 June 1911, in Kolkata where his father used to work. He spent his childhood in Kolkata. Due to his father's transferable job, he had to attend several schools, including Gaibandha High School. In 1930 he passed Matriculation from Konnagar High School. After completing his I. Sc. from Krishnanagar College, he took admission to Carmichael Medical College. While a student at the college, his elder sister died of scorpion sting. Young Gupta vowed to earn higher degree in the medical sciences to serve the ill. A part of his family stayed at Patna, Bihar. During the Second World War Gupta served as an army doctor and was posted to various places, including Chittagong and Egypt.

After the war he completed post-graduate studies in the United Kingdom. On his return he joined the Calcutta Medical College. In his career as a physician he was associated with several hospitals in India. After the Partition, his family permanently migrated to Kolkata in 1947; as a child Gupta always dreamed of becoming a writer. He once took his autograph. At the age of eighteen he composed Rajkumar. After schooling, Gupta took admission in the Calcutta Medical College affiliated with the University of Calcutta. During his stay in England he developed a keen interest in detective stories and met Agatha Christie. After coming back to India, he wrote his first detective novel, Kalo Bhramar, which launched his detective character Kiriti Roy. In his literary career Gupta has composed over two hundred novels, short stories and essays; the most popular among them are Ulka, Lalubhulu, Asti Bhagirathi Tire, Mayur Mahal, Neeltara, Mayamriga and Nishipadma. Forty five of his novels have been made into Bengali and Hindi feature films in Tollywood and Bollywood respectively.

He was the editor of a children's magazine named Sabuj Sahitya. In 1988, S. M. Sultan founded the Shishuswarga-2 at the ancestral house of Gupta in Itna, it was inaugurated on 24 November 1993, by the Mohammad Ali Hossain, the District Magistrate of Narail. However, the activities of the children's organisation ceased after the death of S. M. Sultan. In 2003, the archaeological department of Bangladesh notified the acquisition of Gupta's ancestral house, but has not made any repairs till date. At present the ancestral house of Nihar Ranjan Gupta lies in a dilapidated condition, infested by bats and illegal betting syndicates. Meri Surat Teri Ankhen – Ulka Uttar Falguni, directed by Asit Sen, both starring Suchitra Sen as the lead. Nai Roshni Do Anjaane – Ratrir Yatri Kiriti O Kalo Bhromor Kiriti Roy Ebong Kiriti Nilacholey Kiriti Nihar Ranjan Gupta on IMDb

Wheeler Dam

Wheeler Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Tennessee River between Lauderdale County and Lawrence County in Alabama. It is one of nine dams on the river owned and operated by the Tennessee Valley Authority, which built the dam in the mid-1930s as part of a New Deal-era initiative to improve navigation on the river and bring flood control and economic development to the region; the dam impounds the Wheeler Lake of its tailwaters feed into Wilson Lake. Wheeler Dam is named for Civil War general and U. S. Congressman Joseph Wheeler. Congressman Wheeler was an early advocate of federal development of the Muscle Shoals area; the dam was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2016. Wheeler Dam is located 275 miles above the mouth of the Tennessee River, a few miles downstream from the river's Elk River confluence; the dam is 7 miles southwest of Rogersville and about 30 miles downstream from Decatur. The dam's reservoir stretches for 74 miles along the river to the base of Guntersville Dam to the east.

Wilson Dam and the city of Muscle Shoals are located just 15 miles downstream of Wheeler Dam. Alabama State Route 101 crosses the top of the dam. At 72 feet high, Wheeler is the shortest of TVA's Tennessee River dams; the dam is 6,342 feet long at its crest, has an electrical generating capacity of 411,800 kilowatts. The dam's spillway is equipped with 60 tainter gates with a combined discharge of 542,000 cubic feet per second; the dam's reservoir has 1,027 miles of shoreline and 67,070 acres of water surface, has a flood-storage capacity of 326,484 acre feet. Wheeler Dam has two locks for river traffic, the main lock being 110 by 600 feet and an auxiliary lock measuring 60 by 360 feet; the locks lower vessels up to 52 feet between Wheeler and Wilson lakes. The stretch of the Tennessee River between Decatur and Florence drops over 130 feet in elevation, creating what was once a series of rapids known as the Muscle Shoals and the Elk River Shoals. Along with the Tennessee River Gorge to the east, these shoals had long been an impediment to river navigation isolating the upper Tennessee Valley from the nation's major inland waterways.

Canal work in the 19th century had improved navigation through the shoals, but were insufficient for major river traffic. In 1898, Congressman Joe Wheeler introduced legislation in Congress that obtained federal funding for navigation improvements; the construction of Wilson Dam in the 1920s and various other improvements helped create a 6-foot channel over the shoals, but then navigation was only possible during times of high water flow. The Corps of Engineers had planned to build a dam at the Wheeler site in the early 1930s, had gained authorization for the dam's lock, although the project was assumed by the Tennessee Valley Authority shortly after the Authority's creation in 1933. Construction work on Wheeler Dam began on November 21, 1933, the second major dam construction project attempted by TVA; the construction of Wheeler Dam required the purchase of 103,400 acres of land, 31,228 acres of which had to be cleared. 840 families, 176 graves, 30 miles of roads had to be relocated. Work began as soon as possible as an unemployment relief measure, at peak activity the project employed 4,700 workers.

As TVA lacked dam construction experience, the Authority relied on the Army Corps of Engineers and the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation for the dam's design; the Army Corps designed and built the dam's locks. Wheeler Dam was completed on November 9, 1936, constructed at a cost of $87,655,000. Dredge work continued until the following year to extend the navigation channel to Guntersville Dam, which at the time was under construction. Dams and reservoirs of the Tennessee River List of crossings of the Tennessee River List of Alabama dams and reservoirs "Wheeler Dam". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2006-05-02. Wheeler Reservoir