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Aeration is the process by which air is circulated through, mixed with or dissolved in a liquid Aeration of liquids is achieved by: passing air through the liquid by means of the Venturi tube, aeration turbines or compressed air which can be combined with diffuser air stone, as well as fine bubble diffusers, coarse bubble diffusers or linear aeration tubing. Ceramics are suitable for this purpose involving dispersion of fine air or gas bubbles through the porous ceramic into a liquid; the smaller the bubbles, the more gas is exposed to the liquid increasing the gas transfer efficiency. Diffusers or spargers can be designed into the system to cause turbulence or mixing if desired. Porous ceramic diffusers are made by fusing aluminum oxide grains using porcelain bonds to form a strong, uniformly porous and homogeneous structure; the hydrophilic material is wetted resulting in the production of fine, uniform bubbles. On a given volume of air or liquid, the surface area changes proportionally with drop or bubble size, the surface area where exchange can occur.

Utilizing small bubbles or drops increases the rate of gas transfer due to the higher contact surface area. The pores which these bubbles pass through are micrometre-size. To smooth the flow of tap water at the faucet. Production of aerated water or cola for drinking purposes. Secondary treatment of sewage or industrial wastewater through use of aerating mixers/diffusers. To increase the oxygen content of water used to house animals, such as aquarium fish or fish farm To increase oxygen content of wort or must to allow yeast to propagate and begin fermentation. To dispel other dissolved gases such as carbon dioxide or chlorine. In chemistry, to oxidise a compound suspended in water. To induce mixing of a body of otherwise still water. Pond aeration. In soil, aeration refers to the extent of air gaps. Soil aeration is the process of using mechanized or manual equipment to either puncture the soil with spikes or remove 1" x 2" cores of soil from the ground. Aeration is vital to bring it back to health.

It reduces puddles formation. Spike aeration involves the use of an aeration machine with spikes up to a foot or more in length, it is sometimes used to address drainage issues in areas with turf. Core aeration is done on turf areas as a means of reducing turf compaction, reducing thatch buildup, improving the infiltration of water/nutrients, encouraging deeper roots, creating an environment where grass seed can have direct contact with the soil. There are many types of lawn aerators including walk behind models, ride on versions and tractor pulled versions, as well as spiked shoes. Refers to the process in which air is absorbed into the food item, it refers to the lightness of cakes and bread, as measured by the type of pores they contain, the color and texture of some sauces which have incorporated air bubbles. In wine tasting, a variety of methods are used to aerate wine and bring out the aromas including swirl wine in the glass, use of a decanter to increase exposure to air, or a specialized wine aerator.

Cider from Asturias is poured into the glass from a height of about 1 metre to increase aeration. Winkler test for dissolved oxygen

Acharanga Sutra

The Acharanga Sutra is the first of the twelve Angas, part of the agamas which were compiled based on the teachings of Mahavira. The existing text of the Acharanga Sutra, used by the Svetambara sect of Jainism was recompiled and edited by KshamaShraman Devardhigani, who headed the council held at Valabhi c. 454 CE. The Digambaras do not recognize the available text, regard the original text as having been lost in its original form; the Digambara text, Mulachara is said to be derived from the original Acharanga and discusses the conduct of a Digambara monk. The Acharanga Sutra is the oldest agam, from a linguistic point of view, written in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit; the Sutra Srutaskandhas. The first book is the older part, to which other treatises were added, it describes the conduct and behavior of ascetic life: the mode of asking for food, clothes, conduct while walking and speaking and regulation of possessions by ascetics. It describes the penance of Mahavira, the Great Hero; the second book is divided into four sections called Kulas.

There were five Kûlâs, but the fifth, the Nisîhiyagghana, is now reckoned as a separate work. The first and second parts lay down rules for conduct of ascetics; the Ācārāṅga has been described in details in Samavāyāṅga and the Nandῑ. According to them, the main studies of the Ācārāṅga are'Ācāra gocara' i.e. code of conduct, vaināyika, sthāna, cankramaṇa, bhojana-mātra, svādhyāya, bhāṣā samiti, sayyā, upādhῑ etc. The Ācārāṅga recommends purity of all these aspects. Acharya Umāsvati has dealt with the subject matter of the nine chapters of the Ācārāṅga, they are: Ṣaḍjῑvanikāya yatanā – self-restraint in respect of the six kinds of living beings. Abandoning of ego over worldly things. Conquest over trials and tribulations of life. Unshakable perception about righteousness. Detachment towards worldly affairs; the process to destroy the karmas. Service towards elders. Penance and austerities. Renunciation of attachment to sexual objectsAcharanga sutra quotes: I so pronounce that all the omniscients of all times, speak and elaborate that nothing which breathes, which exists, which lives, or which has essence or potential of life, should be destroyed or ruled over, or subjugated, or harmed, or denied of its essence or potential.

This truth, propagated by the self-knowing omniscients, after understanding all there is in universe, is pure and eternal. In support of this Truth, I ask you a question – "Is sorrow or pain desirable to you?" If you say "yes it is", it would be a lie. If you say, "No, It is not" you will be expressing the truth. What I want to add to the truth expressed by you is that, as sorrow or pain is not desirable to you, so it is to all which breath, live or have any essence of life. To you and all, it is undesirable, painful, repugnant; that which you consider worth destroying is yourself. That which you consider worth disciplining is yourself; that which you consider worth subjugating is yourself. That which you consider worth killing is yourself; the result of actions by you has to be borne by you. Acharanga Sutra describes lack of clothes as being in full conformity of with Jain doctrine. Another passage in the Acharanga refers to the difficulties experienced by naked monk and to the fact that he does not need to beg for and repair clothes.

Following are the commentaries on the Sutra: Tîkâ of Silanka called Tattvâditya, said to have been finished in the 876 CE, with the help of Vâhari Sâdhu. Dîpikâ of Jinahamsa Sûri, a teacher of the Brihat Kharatara Gakkha. Pârsvakandra's Bâlâvabodha closely follows the explanation of the older commentaries, more that of the Dîpikâ. Ācārya, Tulsi. "Jain Literature ". Aspects of Jainology: Volume VI. Dundas, The Jains, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-26605-X Jacobi, Friedrich Max Müller, The Sacred Books of the East: Gaina Sutras, pt. 1, Clarendon Press Illustrated SRI ACARANGA SUTRA, Ed. by Pravartaka Amar Muni, Shrichand Surana Saras, Eng. tr. by Surendra Bothra, Prakrit GathaHindi exposition — English exposition and Appendices Text of Akaranga Sutra Translated by Hermann Jacobi

Ōboke Station

Ōboke Station is a railway station on the Dosan Line in Miyoshi, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "D27"; the station is served by the JR Shikoku Dosan Line and is located 65.5 km from the beginning of the line at Tadotsu. Besides the local trains on the Dosan Line, the Nanpū limited express from Okayama to Kōchi and Sukumo, the Shimanto limited express from Takamatsu to Kōchi and Sukumo stop at the station; the station, unstaffed, consists of an island platform and a side platform serving three tracks. A building by the access road serves as a waiting room. From there, a pedestrian level crossing connects to the island platform and, across two more tracks, to the side platform; the station opened on 28 November 1935 when the Kōchi Line was extended northwards from Toyonaga to Minawa and the line was renamed the Dosan Line. At this time the station was named Awa-Akano Station and was operated by Japanese Government Railways becoming Japanese National Railways.

On 1 October 1950, the station was renamed Ōboke Station. With the privatization of JNR on 1 April 1987, control of the station passed to JR Shikoku. Yoshino River - the second longest river in Shikoku; the track runs on the left bank and a scenic view of the river is available from the side platform. National Route 32 - this main trunk route runs parallel to the track on the other side of the Yoshino River. Ōboke Gorge - a scenic gorge on the Yoshino River. Boat excursions are available near the station. A bus stop for buses operated by the Shikoku Transportation Company is located near the front entrance of the station. List of Railway Stations in Japan


Blasiphalia is a fungal genus in the family Repetobasidiaceae. A monotypic genus, it contains the honey colored omphalinoid agaric, Blasiphalia pseudogrisella, which grows with the liverwort genus Blasia. Phylogenetically related agarics are in the genera Rickenella, Loreleia and Contumyces, as well as the stipitate-stereoid genera Muscinupta and Cotylidia and clavarioid genus, Alloclavaria. Blasiphalia is most similar to Rickenella and Contumyces, was only just recognized as a distinct genus in 2007 based upon molecular analysis; the fungus is unique in parasitizing Blasia by forming clasping appresoria on its host's rhizoids. Its basidiospores germinate on the host's gemmae and clasp them and therefore can be disseminated together with the gemmae. Blasiphalia is a nonsense, nontraditionally formulated name vaguely referring to the liverwort genus Blasia and a fragment of the word'omphalia' in reference to previous classifications that would place it in Omphalina

The Armory (Falling Skies)

"The Armory" is the second episode of the first season of the TNT science fiction drama Falling Skies, which aired June 19, 2011, alongside the pilot episode. The episode was directed by Greg Beeman. Weaver sends Tom and a squad to scout out a possible weapons armory, but they are taken hostage by a group of outlaws who try to use Tom and his team as leverage to acquire food and weapons; the trade is interrupted by an alien ship. Their leader, Pope, is taken into custody. Margaret, another one of the outlaws, agrees to fight for the 2nd Mass and help Tom find his enslaved son Ben, seen at a nearby hospital only days before. In the United States, the two-hour series premiere achieved a viewership of 5.91 million, making it the most-watched series premiere of 2011. The episode garnered a 2.0 rating in the 18–49 demographic, translating to 2.6 million viewers according to the Nielsen ratings. At the Armory and the other members gather to see if aliens are present. Hal throws a tennis ball to the entrance.

The dog moves forward, barking and a "mech" appears. Before it can kill the dog, Jimmy stops it, they all move before the Mech attacks. The next morning, Tom informs Weaver about the previous night's events, he tells Tom to return again tonight. Anne confronts Weaver about the current sleeping situation, where civilians are living in tents and the fighters in houses. Anne deems it unfair. Anne and Tom discuss "civilians vs the military"; the pair watch Uncle Scott teach the young kids about biology. Uncle Scott talks to Tom about the aliens, he points out that robots humans created were made to look human, with two legs, yet the Skitters' mechs have two legs, despite a Skitter having six. Tom theorizes the Skitters may have studied Earth before the invasion, deployed bipedal machines as a form of psychological intimidation. After running in to Lourdes, Karen talks to Hal about her intention. Hal doesn't seem to care about kisses Karen. Tom interrupts; that night, the group get ready. Jimmy is told. At the Armory, Click is shot and killed by two arrows and as he goes down, he shoots someone in the leg.

It is revealed to be not a group of outlaws who capture the group. The outlaws, led by a man named John Pope, take the group to an auditorium. Pope interrogates them and Tom responds to all his answers. Pope pulls a gun on Tom. Hal is led out of the auditorium by Margaret, a woman in Pope's gang, who gives him one hour to go back and get guns from the 2nd Mass. Tom and Pope discuss the aliens and Tom discovers that Pope is a gifted fighter. Tom untied by Pope, who notices Tom eying his brother's sidearm, he confronts him about it and Tom asks "What would you do?" Hal informs Weaver about the situation. Weaver says they will not trade with Pope and orders Mike to take Hal upstairs as prisoner until they are ready to leave. Mike, allows Hal to leave and on the way, Hal runs into Anne, who offers her assistance, they both return to find Margaret. Anne offers her assistance in relation to Billy, she bandages up his leg and Pope leaves him and Margaret in charge of the prisoners as he and his other outlaws attempt to rob the 2nd Mass.

Pope sends a flare into the air to alert the airships. Weaver reluctantly hands over food and ammunition. Back at Pope's base, Billy and Margaret hold Tom and the others captive. Billy tells Karen to show her body, aggravating Margaret, who kills Billy and Cueball, she lets the hostages go. As Pope and his group load up the car and the other militia fire at them with guns, killing some of Pope's men. Tom offers him an ultimatum: "Join or die." Pope waits for the aliens' attack. An airship flies above Pope. Pope pulls aside not far away, trying to escape; the next day, Weaver talks to Tom about the events. He hands Pope over to Tom, who puts him in custody. Tom meets up with Matt for a quick game of catch. After, Hal, Dai and Margaret go in search for Ben at a local hospital; the episode was directed by Greg Beeman. This marks Beeman's first directional episode of the series, he goes on to direct the third episode in the series, Prisoner of War and the season finale, Eight Hours. The episode was filmed in a year before the episode's original airing.

Greg Beeman stated. He needed to find an area; that means we could see no cars driving by, no planes flying by, no incidental pedestrians, etc… Sometimes we had to take these kinds of things out digitally – but we had to figure out ways to frame them out." The Armory marks the first appearance of Colin Cunningham's character John Pope and Sarah Carter's character, Margaret. Pope is the leader of a post-apocalyptic gang and Margaret is a woman who used to be part of the gang, she helped his team escape after Pope holds them hostage. In its original American broadcast, the two-hour premiere of Falling Skies was seen by an estimated 5.9 million household viewers, according to Nielsen Media Research, making it cable television's

William Bartley (pilot)

Captain William Bartley was a World War II pilot with the Tuskegee Airmen. He graduated from the Tuskegee Institute in 1943, was given the rank of 2nd Lieutenant, was placed with the 332nd Fighter Group and the 99th Fighter Squadron. Bartley Graduated as a pilot from Tuskegee in 1943, he was given the rank of 2nd Lieutenant and placed with the 332nd Fighter Group and the 99th Fighter Squadron. After his service in World War II he joined the Air Force Reserve as a captain in 1946. Next he worked in real estate. In the 1960s he became the business manager of Edward Waters College. In the 1970s he opened his own real estate office (Bartley Real Estate. Congressional Gold Medal 2007 Old Stanton High School, Class of 1935 School of Business Administration at Tuskegee Institute in 1939 Tuskegee University Class of 1943 Tuskegee Airmen at Tuskegee University Tuskegee Airmen Archives at the University of California, Riverside Libraries. Tuskegee Airmen, Inc. Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site Tuskegee Airmen National Museum Fly Executive Order 9981 List of African American Medal of Honor recipients Military history of African Americans