Aerial photography is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object. Platforms for aerial photography include fixed-wing aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, balloons and dirigibles, pigeons, parachutes, stand-alone telescoping and vehicle-mounted poles. Mounted cameras may be triggered automatically. Aerial photography should not be confused with air-to-air photography, where one or more aircraft are used as chase planes that "chase" and photograph other aircraft in flight. Aerial photography was first practiced by the French photographer and balloonist Gaspard-Félix Tournachon, known as "Nadar", in 1858 over Paris, France. However, the photographs he produced no longer exist and therefore the earliest surviving aerial photograph is titled'Boston, as the Eagle and the Wild Goose See It.' Taken by James Wallace Black and Samuel Archer King on October 13, 1860, it depicts Boston from a height of 630m. Kite aerial photography was pioneered by British meteorologist E. D. Archibald in 1882.
He used an explosive charge on a timer to take photographs from the air. Frenchman Arthur Batut began using kites for photography in 1888, wrote a book on his methods in 1890. Samuel Franklin Cody developed his advanced'Man-lifter War Kite' and succeeded in interesting the British War Office with its capabilities; the first use of a motion picture camera mounted to a heavier-than-air aircraft took place on April 24, 1909, over Rome in the 3:28 silent film short, Wilbur Wright und seine Flugmaschine. The use of aerial photography matured during the war, as reconnaissance aircraft were equipped with cameras to record enemy movements and defenses. At the start of the conflict, the usefulness of aerial photography was not appreciated, with reconnaissance being accomplished with map sketching from the air. Germany adopted the first aerial camera, a Görz, in 1913; the French began the war with several squadrons of Blériot observation aircraft equipped with cameras for reconnaissance. The French Army developed procedures for getting prints into the hands of field commanders in record time.
Frederick Charles Victor Laws started aerial photography experiments in 1912 with No.1 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps, taking photographs from the British dirigible Beta. He discovered that vertical photos taken with a 60% overlap could be used to create a stereoscopic effect when viewed in a stereoscope, thus creating a perception of depth that could aid in cartography and in intelligence derived from aerial images; the Royal Flying Corps recon pilots began to use cameras for recording their observations in 1914 and by the Battle of Neuve Chapelle in 1915, the entire system of German trenches was being photographed. In 1916 the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy made vertical camera axis aerial photos above Italy for map-making; the first purpose-built and practical aerial camera was invented by Captain John Moore-Brabazon in 1915 with the help of the Thornton-Pickard company enhancing the efficiency of aerial photography. The camera was inserted into the floor of the aircraft and could be triggered by the pilot at intervals.
Moore-Brabazon pioneered the incorporation of stereoscopic techniques into aerial photography, allowing the height of objects on the landscape to be discerned by comparing photographs taken at different angles. By the end of the war, aerial cameras had increased in size and focal power and were used frequently as they proved their pivotal military worth. In January 1918, General Allenby used five Australian pilots from No. 1 Squadron AFC to photograph a 624 square miles area in Palestine as an aid to correcting and improving maps of the Turkish front. This was a pioneering use of aerial photography as an aid for cartography. Lieutenants Leonard Taplin, Allan Runciman Brown, H. L. Fraser, Edward Patrick Kenny, L. W. Rogers photographed a block of land stretching from the Turkish front lines 32 miles deep into their rear areas. Beginning 5 January, they flew with a fighter escort to ward off enemy fighters. Using Royal Aircraft Factory BE.12 and Martinsyde airplanes, they not only overcame enemy air attacks, but had to contend with 65 mph winds, antiaircraft fire, malfunctioning equipment to complete their task.
The first commercial aerial photography company in the UK was Aerofilms Ltd, founded by World War I veterans Francis Wills and Claude Graham White in 1919. The company soon expanded into a business with major contracts in Africa and Asia as well as in the UK. Operations began from the Stag Lane Aerodrome at Edgware, using the aircraft of the London Flying School. Subsequently, the Aircraft Manufacturing Company, hired an Airco DH.9 along with pilot entrepreneur Alan Cobham. From 1921, Aerofilms carried out vertical photography for mapping purposes. During the 1930s, the company pioneered the science of photogrammetry, with the Ordnance Survey amongst the company's clients. In 1920, the Australian Milton Kent started using a half-plate oblique aero camera purchased from Carl Zeiss AG in his aerial photographic business. Another successful pioneer of the commercial use of aerial photography was the American Sherman Fairchild who started his own aircraft firm Fairchild Aircraft to develop and build specialized aircraft for high altitude aerial survey missions.
One Fairchild aerial survey aircraft in 1935 carried unit that combined two synchronized cameras, each camera having five six inch
Drive By is the eleventh album by Australian improvised music trio The Necks first released on the Fish of Milk label in 2003 and on the ReR label internationally. The album features a single hour-long track, titled "Drive By", performed by Chris Abrahams, Lloyd Swanton and Tony Buck; the Guardian review likened the album to "an hour-long ride through William Gibson territory in a sleek limo, blurred shapes visible through the tinted windows" and that The Necks "have created a method of performing that transcends style while retaining meaning - in the most stylish way possible". The album won the ARIA Music Awards Best Jazz album in 2004. "Drive By" - 60:16 Chris Abrahams – piano Lloyd Swanton – bass Tony Buck – drums
The Iowa Sisterhood was a group of women ministers who organized eighteen Unitarian societies in several Midwestern states in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Some of the first women ordained in the United States were Unitarian. Of those early women who achieved ordination, few were allowed to serve in full-time ministries. Others were relegated to small, struggling parishes or assistant positions alongside their clergy husbands. Despite the lack of encouragement, at the end of the 19th century a group of women claimed their role as ordained ministers. Following the Women's Ministerial Conference organized by Julia Ward Howe in 1875, 21 Unitarian women founded the Iowa Sisterhood to serve churches throughout the Great Plains. Between 1880 and 1930, these women changed the course of Unitarianism; the Iowa Sisterhood was led by Mary Augusta Safford. Other members included Eleanor Gordon, Florence Buck, Mary Collson, Eliza Tupper Wilkes, Mila Tupper Maynard, Adele Fuchs, Martha Chapman Aitken, Mary Leggett Cooke, Caroline Julia Bartlett Crane, Rowena Morse Mann, Amelia Murdoch Wing, Mary Graves, Marie Jenney Howe, Ida Hultin, Marion Murdoch, Anna Jane Norris, Margaret Titus Olmstead, Elizabeth Padgham, Gertrude Von Petzhold, Helen Wilson, Celia Parker Woolley, Helen Grace Putnam.
Few male scholars from the seminaries of the East were attracted to the life. But if the Plains were beyond the recognition of an Eastern religious hierarchy, they were remote from that hierarchy's rules and control, it was a place where women were accepted for their willingness to step in and serve, for their tenacity in the face of hardship, for their ministry. One reason for the success of the Iowa Sisterhood was the non-academic, pastoral approach these women brought to their churches, they sought to make their churches extensions of the domestic hearth, thereby expanding the traditional role of women beyond the home and into the church. The Sisterhood brought family matters into the church... seven days a week, with social events and classes on domestic arts. Although Jenkin Lloyd Jones, leader of the Unitarian Church's Western Conference, was a staunch ally of the Iowa Sisterhood, the success of these women and their churches did not translate into wider denominational acceptance; the women were seen as an embarrassment among the clergy back in Boston.
By the turn of the 20th century, society in general experienced a reassertion of male authority. Unitarianism's leaders began a concerted return to a more manly ministry in order to revitalize the denomination; the move of rural populations to the cities further undermined the Sisterhood's efforts and congregations. Most of the women ministers were rushed into retirement. Others left to pursue social justice work in peace and social work movements, they remained vocal about the place of church in society. It was not a large movement, nor was it long-lasting; the Iowa Sisterhood did not radically alter the possibilities for women in Unitarian ministry. But... it offered an example of women called to minister and men called to support their work
Wyoming Highway 376 is a 4.31-mile-long state highway in the state of Wyoming that travels around the south side of the city of Rock Springs. Wyoming Highway 376 travels counterclockwise from west to east around Rock Springs, it travels from I-80 BUS/US 30 BUS southeast around the southern end of Rock Springs, turns back north as it nears Wyoming Highway 430. Marchant Street is intersected at 2.35 miles, provides access to WYO 430. WYO 376 crosses over WYO 430 at 2.52 miles. Now Highway 376 curves around the eastern side of Rock Springs and reaches its eastern end at Milepost 4.31 miles where it rejoins I-80 BUS/US 30, now known as 9th Avenue. Wyoming Highway 376 used to continue in a counterclockwise direction from its current west end to connect back to U. S. Route 187. Since U. S. Route 191 was routed onto Interstate 80 north of Rock Springs, that portion of Elk Street was unnumbered. However, WYDOT maintains the section of Elk Street between Business Loop I-80 and Interstate 80, it is mile-marked in the highway log as US 191, although signage shows U.
S. 191 bypassing the town via Interstate 80. The northeast corner of the circumferential highway is not maintained by WYDOT; the entire route is in Sweetwater County. Wyoming State Routes 300-399 City of Rock Springs website
Wickham Bishops is a village and civil parish in the Maldon district of Essex, England. It is located around three miles north of the town of Maldon and around two miles southeast of Witham, in whose post town it lies; the place-name'Wickham Bishops' is first attested in the Domesday Book of 1086, where it appears as'Wicham', meaning'dwelling place with a farm'.'Bishops' refers to the fact that the land belonged to the Bishop of London. Wickham Bishops is part of the electoral ward called Wickham Woodham; the population of this ward at the 2011 census was 3,500. The Church of England parish church is St Bartholomew's; the church was built on the western side of the hill. The clock on its steeple was converted to an electronic mechanism in June 2008. St Bartholomew's is a Victorian replacement for the medieval St Peter's Church, which stands alone in the fields to the west near the River Blackwater, beyond the disused railway line to Maldon; the redundant Church of St Peter was built as a private chapel for the bishops of London who owned the village.
Since 1975 it has belonged to the Friends of Friendless Churches. Wickham Bishops has a village hall, playing fields, a library, tennis courts, a hairdresser, health food shop, estate agent, a One Stop local shop/off licence and two pubs, the Mitre and the Chequers; the number 90 bus service runs between Maldon to Wickham Bishops and Witham every half an hour for most of the day during Monday to Friday. There is a small library, located in the old school building in School Road; the village’s drama club, named'Wickham Bishops Drama Club', first performed in 1928 with a production of HMS Pinafore. Since the club continues to perform various productions throughout the year featuring both their adult group and Junior Workshop; the club rehearses twice a week and Thursdays 8–10 pm, all year round producing 4 shows a year – the pantomime, the summer production, a spring play and an entry for the Gimson One Act Play Festival. Witham South District of GirlGuiding UK is made up of two Rainbow packs for girls aged 5–7 years old, three Brownie packs for girls aged 7–10, a Guide unit for girls aged 10–14 and a Ranger unit for girls aged 14+ who live in Wickham Bishops, Great Totham and the surrounding villages.
Wickham Bishops is located close to the A12 road, while the nearest railway station is Witham on the Great Eastern Main Line. The village once had a railway station of its own on the Witham–Maldon branch line, which opened in 1848 and closed in 1964. England cricket captain Alastair Cook lived in Wickham Bishops as a boy. Media related to Wickham Bishops at Wikimedia Commons Wickham Bishops Parish Council website
Here Alone is a post-apocalyptic film directed by Rod Blackhurst. Written by David Ebeltoft, the film premiered at the 2016 Tribeca Film Festival and was released theatrically on March 30, 2017, it received mixed reviews from critics. Sometime after a zombie-like infection decimates the world's population, Ann struggles to survive in the woods. There are few resources and she is forced to live off the land, as abandoned houses attract dangerous, infected corpses. Throughout, Ann clings to the hope of civilization, listening to a crank radio that broadcasts an emergency message in French, a language she does not understand, other reminders of her past life; that past life includes her husband and child, an infant daughter. They are gone, the movie explains their fate through a series of flashbacks. On her way back from getting food from a nearby home, Ann comes across an injured man and his teenage stepdaughter, Olivia, she helps them, nursing finds it difficult to trust him or Olivia. A short time Chris and Olivia are about to leave when a storm rolls in.
Time passes and Chris and Ann form a romantic relationship, much to Olivia's irritation. It is revealed that after leaving to find supplies for Ann and their daughter, Jason was attacked and killed by the infected, leaving Ann to protect their child. One day, when she leaves to find food, she kills one of the infected, she returns to find her daughter unharmed. When Ann comforts her, the blood from her coat accidentally gets in her daughter's mouth. Ann decides to go North with Olivia. To do this, they must gather food from the house Ann has searched so that they're able to make the journey. While Ann is distracted, Olivia knocks her out, ties her up, screams takes the food and runs back to camp. Ann escapes finds Olivia and Chris under attack by the infected that Olivia drew with her scream. Ann's daughter develops circular rashes on a telltale sign of infection. Left with no other options, Ann grinds up a bottle of aspirin, mixes it with baby formula, feeds it to her daughter. Only Olivia and Ann have survived.
In the car, driving down the road, Olivia rests her head on Ann's lap. Lucy Walters as Ann Gina Piersanti as Olivia Shane West as Jason Adam David Thompson as Chris Here Alone received mixed reviews from critics. According to Rotten Tomatoes, 47% of critics gave the film a positive review, based on 15 reviews, with an average rating of 5.4/10. On Metacritic, the film received an aggregate critic score of 59 out of 100, based on 4 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Here Alone on IMDb Here Alone at Rotten Tomatoes