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An aerobot is an aerial robot used in the context of an unmanned space probe or unmanned aerial vehicle. While work has been done since the 1960s on robot "rovers" to explore the Moon and other worlds in the Solar system, such machines have limitations, they tend to be expensive and have limited range, due to the communications time lags over interplanetary distances, they have to be smart enough to navigate without disabling themselves. For planets with atmospheres of any substance, there is an alternative: an autonomous flying robot, or "aerobot". Most aerobot concepts are based on aerostats balloons, but airships. Flying above obstructions in the winds, a balloon could explore large regions of a planet in detail for low cost. Airplanes for planetary exploration have been proposed. While the notion of sending a balloon to another planet sounds strange at first, balloons have a number of advantages for planetary exploration, they can be made light in weight and are relatively inexpensive. They can cover a great deal of ground, their view from a height gives them the ability to examine wide swathes of terrain with far more detail than would be available from an orbiting satellite.

For exploratory missions, their relative lack of directional control is not a major obstacle as there is no need to direct them to a specific location. Balloon designs for possible planetary missions have involved a few unusual concepts. One is the infrared Montgolfiere; this is a hot-air balloon where the envelope is made from a material that traps heat from sunlight, or from heat radiated from a planetary surface. Black is the best color for absorbing heat, but other factors are involved and the material may not be black. Solar Montgolfieres have several advantages for planetary exploration, as they can be easier to deploy than a light gas balloon, do not require a tank of light gas for inflation, are forgiving of small leaks, they do have the disadvantage. The other is a "reversible fluid" balloon; this type of balloon consists of an envelope connected to a reservoir, with the reservoir containing a fluid, vaporized. The balloon can be made to rise by vaporizing the fluid into gas, can be made to sink by condensing the gas back into fluid.

There are a number of different ways of implementing this scheme, but the physical principle is the same in all cases. A balloon designed for planetary exploration will carry a small gondola containing an instrument payload; the gondola will carry power and communications subsystems. Due to weight and power supply constraints, the communications subsystem will be small and low power, interplanetary communications will be performed through an orbiting planetary probe acting as a relay. A solar Montgolfiere will sink at night, will have a guide rope attached to the bottom of the gondola that will curl up on the ground and anchor the balloon during the darkness hours; the guide rope will be made of low friction materials to keep it from catching or tangling on ground features. Alternatively, a balloon may carry a thicker instrumented "snake" in place of the gondola and guiderope, combining the functions of the two; this is a convenient scheme for making direct surface measurements. A balloon could be anchored to stay in one place to make atmospheric observations.

Such a static balloon is known as an "aerostat". One of the trickier aspects of planetary balloon operations is inserting them into operation; the balloon enters the planetary atmosphere in an "aeroshell", a heat shield in the shape of a flattened cone. After atmospheric entry, a parachute will extract the balloon assembly from the aeroshell, which falls away; the balloon assembly deploys and inflates. Once operational, the aerobot will be on its own and will have to conduct its mission autonomously, accepting only general commands over its long link to Earth; the aerobot will have to navigate in three dimensions and store science data, perform flight control by varying its altitude, make landings at specific sites to provide close-up investigation. The first, so far only, planetary balloon mission was performed by the Space Research Institute of Soviet Academy of Sciences in cooperation with the French space agency CNES in 1985. A small balloon, similar in appearance to terrestrial weather balloons, was carried on each of the two Soviet Vega Venus probes, launched in 1984.

The first balloon was inserted into the atmosphere of Venus on 11 June 1985, followed by the second balloon on 15 June 1985. The first balloon failed after only 56 minutes, but the second operated for a little under two Earth days until its batteries ran down; the Venus Vega balloons were the idea of Jacques Blamont, chief scientist for CNES and the father of planetary balloon exploration. He energetically enlisted international support for the small project; the scientific results of the Venus VEGA probes were modest. More the clever and simple experiment demonstrated the validity of using balloons for planetary exploration. After the success of the Venus VEGA balloons, Blamont focused on a more ambitious balloon mission to Mars, to be carried on a Soviet space probe; the atmospheric pressure on Mars is about 150 times less than that of Earth. In such a thin atmosphere, a balloon with a volume of 5,000 to 10,000 cubic meters could carry a payload of 20 kilograms, while a balloon with a volume of 100,000 cubic meters could carry 200 kilograms.

The French had conducted extensive experiments with solar Montgolfieres, performing over 3

Goliath (Gargoyles)

Goliath is a fictional character and the main character of the Disney animated television series Gargoyles. He is voiced by Keith David; the Gargoyles concept began as a comedy series in the style of The Gummi Bears, although set in the modern day. When this proposal was rejected, a Disney producer Tad Stones suggested that the series be altered to include a tragic lead gargoyle, the concept became an action-oriented series; this lead character developed into Goliath, the rest of the series was reworked around this character. The main character of the whole series, Goliath is the leader of the Manhattan Clan, he is characterized as a strong, intelligent character with a firm sense of morality and has a short temper. Goliath had been named after the Bible giant Goliath by his human protectors some time before the beginning of the series—itself set in the concluding years of the 10th century on the coast of medieval Scotland — making him the only gargoyle character to have a name before their 1,000-year-long stone sleep.

His relationship with other members of his clan, other Gargoyles such as his ex-mate Demona and his late 20th century-created evil clone Thailog, as well as humans such as his modern-era emerging romantic interest, the NYPD detective Elisa Maza. Goliath appeared in more episodes of the series than any other character, according to Greg Weisman was the "prism through which the universe was recreated"; this is clearest during the first season, in which several episodes revolved only around Goliath and one other member of the clan: "Thrill of the Hunt" featured Goliath with Lexington, "Temptation" with Brooklyn, "Deadly Force" with Broadway, "Long Way To Morning" with Hudson. Goliath hatched in 938 and was the head of his clan at Scotland Castle Wyvern in 994. Like the rest of the clan, he faced prejudice from the human residents of the castle, her father, Prince Malcolm had named him years before. In this time, he had mated with a female gargoyle that he called his "angel of the night". During the Viking attack, he was led away from the castle with his mentor, on bad info, part of a greater plot conceived by Demona and the Captain of the Guard to evict the humans and leave the castle to him and the Gargoyles.

When he returned, he believed that his love had been killed with the rest of his clan, desired vengeance. He led the 5 surviving clan members in a raid on the Vikings, chased the Viking leader Hakon when he fled with Princess Katharine as hostage, he rescued Katharine, but Hakon himself was tackled by the Captain and they fell to their deaths, Things were only compounded when he returned to the main group of Wyvern's refugees to discover that the 5 remaining members of his clan had been turned to stone by a grief-stricken Magus using a spell from his ancient grimoire known as the Grimorum Arcanorum. The Magus mistakenly believed that Princess Katharine had been killed by the Wyvern Clan gargoyles led by Goliath, that it was their fault. Upon realizing his mistake, he followed through with Goliath's request that he join them in stone sleep and, along with Princess Katherine, vowed to protect the rookery eggs; the Magus could not reverse the spell himself since the Grimorum's page with the counterspell had been ripped out and burned by Hakon, it would only break if "the castle rose above the clouds."

In 1994, the billionaire David Xanatos purchased the ruins of Castle Wyvern, moved the structure to Manhattan, had it rebuilt atop his Eyrie Building skyscraper. With the castle now "above the clouds," the spell was broken and the surviving Wyvern Clan gargoyles were reawakened. Distrustful of Xanatos' intentions, after an attack on the castle by enemies of Xanatos, Goliath agreed to work for him for a time, it was through the intervention of an NYPD detective, Elisa Maza, that he came to see Xanatos as a ruthless schemer who had manipulated him, agreed to lead the clan away from their ancestral home. He encountered his ex-wife, his "angel of the night." Now called Demona, she had survived through to modern times, had been responsible for the Viking attack that had wiped out the clan. She was cruel and twisted, spiteful of humans, but Goliath held out hope for a long while that she could be redeemed, he came to realize that this could not happen and turned his affections toward Elisa, though for longer still, neither of them would acknowledge the fact.

Partway through the 2nd season, Goliath discovered that the rookery eggs from Castle Wyvern had been moved to the mythical island of Avalon, were cared for by Princess Katherine and the Magus who had vowed to protect the eggs as atonement for freezing the clan in stone. On Avalon they formed a new Avalon Clan, he was reluctant to accept parenting responsibilities because of the Gargoyle tradition that the entire clan acts as a parent rather than one particular Gargoyle acting as a parent to his/her biological offspring and because he knew that Angela's mother was Demona, but was convinced to treat her as a daughter. She became a part of the Manhattan Clan when they returned from Avalon, he has an evil clone, whom he has grudgingly accepted as a "son". Elisa Maza: Elisa and Goliath

Stanislav Radonjić

Stanislav Popov Radonjić or Staniša Stanišić. He was born in Old Montenegro, his father was the priest and serdar Vukolaj, while his grandfather and namesake was serdar Staniša Radonjić "Stano". He was elected by the Montenegrin zbor in Cetinje following the victory against the Ottomans at Bijele Poljane, where he killed their commander, Ahmet-paša; the diploma that confirmed his title as gubernadur appears: "Did wonders in the battlefield – Bijele poljane". He died in St. Petersburg and was buried with great honor by the Russian court in a tomb bearing the family coat of arms. After his death, his eldest son Vukajlo Radonjić succeeded him as guvernadur, succeeded in turn by his younger brother Jovan Radonjić and Jovan's son Vukolaj Radonjić. During his stay as Metropolitan Vasilija's escort in Moscow and St. Petersburg, Radonjic received an allowance of 100 rubles per month from the Russian government, while the other heads of the Metropolitan escort received only 50; this implies. As the mandator of the Montenegrin people, Bishop Vasilije traveled to Russia in June 1752.

Accompanying him to Vienna was serdar Stanislav Radonjic. He received a courtesy audience with Empress Maria Theresa. Seen off with gifts and medals, Stano visited Pope Benedict XIV, seeking assistance in an amount of 50,000 SCA for reconstruction and maintenance of monasteries on the territory from Kotor to Venetian Albania, under the religious authority of Cetinje mitropholy. Name: Stanislav Vukolajev Radonjić Radonjic coat of arms

Maybe (Jay Sean song)

"Maybe" is the second single from Jay Sean's second album My Own Way. It was scheduled to be released on 7 April 2008 but was postponed; the digital download was available on iTunes from 20 April 2008 and for wider release on 20 April 2008, the song physically came out on 28 April 2008. The song reached the Top 20 in the UK Singles Chart, peaking at #19 on the week dated 4 May 2008, it was Sean's most successful song in East Asia, where it reached #7 on the Japan Hot 100 Singles chart. It reached #1 on the Japanese Airplay Charts. A Hindi version sung by Sean was released as part of My Own Way in India. A Mandarin Chinese cover version by Coco Lee has been released in China. Speaking in March 2008 to noted UK R&B writer Pete Lewis of the award-winning Blues & Soul, Jay Sean explained how the song first came about: "I'd been listening to some old skool R&B in my car when I first happened to come up with the melody! As soon as it came into my head, I went to the studio. And, once I got in there, I told the producer'Don't speak to me!

Let me just hum this melody to you before I forget it!'... And, once I'd started singing, he straightaway began playing some guitar around it. So it was all organically written, there was no'Oh, what a cool beat - where's the sample from?'. Instead of being based on production, it was purely about the song, the melody and the lyrics." "Maybe" was planned to be released in the United Kingdom on 7 April 2008 followed by the album My Own Way on 14 April 2008. However, due to unknown reasons both the single and album release dates were pushed back to 21 April 2008 and 12 May 2008 respectively. A Hindi version of the song was released on YouTube. It's known as Shayad. On 14 August 2009, Coco Lee's Mandarin Chinese album East to west contains a cover versions of Jay Sean's "Maybe", called "Love Right Now". Jay Sean has become #1. On 22 February 2008, the video was available to watch on YouTube. On 7 March 2008 the music video premiered on the music channel The Box and BBC. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics


Goldaş or Goldaş Jewellery is a Turkish jewellery fabricator and retail sales company. Goldaş markets its product offerings under multiple brand names including Goldas, SilverD’sign, WeddingD’sign, Chip Gold, Chip Silver. Goldaş Jewellery was founded in Turkey in 1993 by the Yalinkaya Group. In 1997, Goldaş was reorganized as a subsidiary of a new subsidiary Goldart Holding under a new company Yalinkaya Holding A.Ş.. From 1998 to 2008, Goldaş saw rapid growth as a company as measured by a 5,609% increase or $955 million in its turnover and was recognized by CNBC-e Business Magazine as first among Turkey's 100 fastest growing companies. On January 22, 2009 and January 23, 2009, Goldart Holding bought 1.6 million shares of public stock to increase its stake to 55.5% or 80 million shares of Goldaş. After the stock appreciated by 59% in three months time, Goldart Holding sold 11.4 million shares of Goldaş for 14.14 million Turkish liras to three investment funds: Regulus Emerging Market Fund, Neos Emerging Capital Investment, Porrima Investment.

Goldaş has been involved in several major financial disputes since 2008. In March 2008, Société Générale filed suit against Goldaş for not returning a large consignment of gold. In September 2009, Bank of Nova Scotia and Commerzbank filed suits against Goldaş for US$10.9 million and US$11.1 million, respectively. In April 2013, a judgment from the Bakırköy Commercial Court of First Instance in Istanbul had been made in favor of Commerzbank to force the bankruptcy of Goldaş; that year, Turkey's High Court of Appeals reversed the bankruptcy judgment of the lower Turkish court by heeding Goldaş's request for adjudication under British law before subjugation under Turkish bankruptcy law. Jewellery Precious metals Brand licensing Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review The Anatolia News Agency Turkish Justice System Official website Financial information on Goldaş Goldaş Regional office locations Goldaş promotional video Goldaş articles from Goldaş articles from

Wyvern (film)

Wyvern known as Dragon, is a 2009 Canadian-American made-for-television horror film produced by RHI Entertainment that premiered in the United States on the Syfy Channel on January 31, 2009. Written by Jason Bourque and directed by Steven R. Monroe, the film is the 15th of the Maneater Series produced under an agreement with Sci Fi Pictures; the film stars Nick Chinlund as Jake Suttner, a trucker who must stop a wyvern from eating the residents in the small town of Beaver Mills, Alaska. In Japan, it is titled Jurassic Predator; the small Alaskan town of Beaver Mills is located just north of the Arctic Circle, meaning that the sun does not set during the summer solstice. As the town prepares for its annual celebration of this event, a wyvern is awakened by the melting of the ice caps, attacks a fisherman. Jake, a handyman fixing the cafe where a waitress named Claire works, hurts his hand and David, the town's doctor, examines it. While driving back to town, David is attacked by the wyvern; the next morning, Sheriff Dawson and Jake hear gunshots and find Haas, a redneck attacked by the wyvern.

Colonel, who has seen the Wyvern, goes to town to warn the citizens. Dawson fails to convey his meaning. Dawson finds his friend dead, returns. At the town, the wyvern kills several other people. Jake, Claire and the eccentric Edna take shelter in the cafe. Vinyl, who runs the town's radio, Farley, another citizen, hide in the cafe. Sheriff Dawson is killed by the wyvern. Jake and Claire track the wyvern into the woods, where they find the Colonel, discover the wyvern is killing anyone on the Interstate. Farley is injured trying to get supplies; the wyvern uses David, still alive, as bait to draw people from the cafe. Jake goes to rescue him, Farley distracts the wyvern to save them, but is eaten. David tells the group the Wyvern has eggs, dies of his injuries; the survivors decide to electrify the nest. Jake takes. Jake, Colonel and Edna try again to radio for help. Nick Chinlund as Jake Suttner Erin Karpluk as Claire Barry Corbin as Hass Tinsel Korey as Vinyl Hampton Simon Longmore as Farley John Shaw as Chief Dawson Elaine Miles as Deputy Susie Barnes Don S. Davis as Colonel Travis Sherman Karen Austin as Edna Grunyon David Lewis as Dr. David Yates Dave Ward as Fisherman Wyvern on IMDb Wyvern at AllMovie Dread central review