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Aftonbladet

Aftonbladet is a Swedish daily newspaper published in Stockholm, Sweden. It is one of the largest daily newspapers in the Nordic countries; the newspaper was founded by Lars Johan Hierta in December 1830 under the name of Aftonbladet i Stockholm during the modernization of Sweden. Critical and oppositional, the paper was banned from publishing. However, Hierta circumvented the bans by reviving the paper under modified names, as speaking, a new publication. Thus, on February 16, 1835, he issued the first edition of New Aftonbladet, which would – after yet another ban – be followed by Newer Aftonbladet, in turn followed by Fourth Aftonbladet, Fifth Aftonbladet, so on. In 1852 the paper began to use its current name, after a total of 25 name changes, it describes itself as an "independent social-democratic newspaper."The owners of Aftonbladet are the Swedish Trade Union Confederation which bought it in the 1950s and Norwegian media group Schibsted which acquired its share in the paper in the late 1990s.

LO sold a large of its shares in the paper to the Schibsted group. As per 15 June 2009 Schibsted bought another 41% and became the majority owner with 91%. However, LO has the right to appoint the political editor of the paper. Aftonbladet, based in Stockholm, is published in tabloid format; the paper reported news and criticised the new Swedish king Charles XIV John. The king stopped Aftonbladet from being banned it; this was answered by starting the new newspaper "Det andra Aftonbladet", subsequently banned, followed by new versions named in similar fashion until the newspaper had been renamed 26 times, after which it was allowed by the king. During its existence, Aftonbladet has leant in different political directions. Liberal, it drifted towards conservatism under Harald Sohlman, editor in chief from 1890 to 1921. In 1929 the newspaper came under the control of the Kreuger family, when a majority of the shares was bought by Swedish Match, at that time the heart of Ivar Kreuger's corporate empire.

Aftonbladet was labeled "neutral". In 1932 it backed Per Albin Hansson's new Social Democratic government. Just a few years it realigned with the Liberal Party and turned to advocate liberal politics. Influenced by pro-German staff members, the newspaper supported Germany during World War II; the Kreuger era came to an end on 8 October 1956. Despite interest from both the Liberal Party and the Centre Party, Torsten Kreuger sold Aftonbladet as well as Stockholms-Tidningen to the Swedish Trade Union Confederation. Since the editorial line has been supportive of the Social Democrats; the ownership change was first followed by a slight drop in circulation. In the 1960s, the newspaper saw its circulation surge peaking at 507,000. By the early 1990s Aftonbladet had run into economic problems, many had begun to question the competence of the trade union movement as a media owner. On 2 May 1996, the Norwegian media group Schibsted acquired a 49.9 percent stake in the newspaper. The Swedish Trade Union Confederation kept the remaining 50.1 percent of its shares.

The same year its circulation passed that of long-time tabloid rival Expressen. In 2005 Aftonbladet started a Web portal for business news as a joint venture with Svenska Dagbladet. In 1998 the circulation of Aftonbladet was 502,000 copies on Sundays; the circulation of the paper was 402,000 copies in 2001. As of 2004 the paper was the most selling daily both in Sweden and in other Nordic countries, having a circulation of 422,000 copies, it was 429,000 copies on weekdays in 2005. In 2006 the paper had circa 15 % of the Swedish population; the paper had a circulation of 310,900 copies in 2010. It had a circulation of 154,900 copies in 2014; the journalistic quality of Aftonbladet and other tabloid newspapers has sometimes been questioned. In late 2006, the paper's own journalist Peter Kadhammar criticized the paper's treatment of the love life of Swedish tabloid celebrity Linda Rosing as important to the war in Iraq. However, Aftonbladet has drawn more attention for the strident left-wing stance and controversial publications of its cultural section.

Under former culture editor Åsa Linderborg, the cultural section was criticized by pro-Israel groups for taking an anti-Israeli stance, in some instances Linderborg was accused of publishing opinion pieces that alluded to anti-Semitic concepts. Linderborg was criticized over a series of articles relating to Russia, there have been persistent allegations that the cultural section has promoted pro-Moscow narratives, including on the crisis in Ukraine. Linderborg denied the accusations. However, after sparking yet another round of Russia-related controversy, she resigned in 2019. Aftonbladet adopted Internet publishing early on, it has been published on the world wide web since 25 August 1994, the main news service is free. Since its inception, aftonbladet.se has been rated as one of the five most visited Swedish websites in various surveys. According to Alexa, as of November, 2019 it was the 10th most visited site in Sweden. List of newspapers in Sweden Official website Company history

Enniskillen/St Angelo Airport

Enniskillen/St Angelo Airport is located 3 nautical miles north of Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. Enniskillen/St Angelo Aerodrome has a CAA Ordinary Licence that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction as authorised by the licensee. First built and used during World War II as RAF St Angelo and renamed St Angelo Barracks while in use as a British Army base, the airfield has been in private ownership as a civilian airport since 1996; the original two runways were reduced to one following the development of the main Enniskillen to Kesh road. Scheduled passenger flights have, in the past, operated from this airport, but these have ceased since 2006. There are a number of companies based at the Airport offering a wide range of flying and aircraft related services; the airfield was established in April 1941 as a relief landing ground for RAF Aldergrove. That year on 15 September RAF St Angelo opened as a fighter sector station in its own right, operating Spitfires and Hurricanes to intercept enemy reconnaissance aircraft off the west coast of Ireland and in the air defence role over Belfast.

In 1943 the station became home to several squadrons of Catalina and Sunderland flying boats operating from Lough Erne. That year, Bristol Beaufighters were based at St Angelo during anti-submarine patrols in the Irish Sea and over the Atlantic Ocean; as the level of operations over Northern Ireland wound down in 1944 No. 12 Flying Instructor School was established at both Killadeas and St Angelo and remained until February 1945, when the school was relocated to RAF Turnberry in Scotland. Between the end of the war and February 1947 St Angelo was home to No. 272 Maintenance Unit RAF and served as a storage and dismantling depot for mothballed Avro Ansons prior to their eventual sale or disposal. The station became a centre of helicopter operations over Northern Ireland when St Angelo was transferred to the Army and used as an accommodation barracks for the Ulster Defence Regiment and other British Army regiments during The Troubles in the province, with most personnel housed in a vast array of temporary portacabins.

The military use of St Angelo came to a close in March 1996 when the temporary accommodation buildings were demolished, since when St Angelo airfield has been in use as a civilian facility. Enniskillen Airport is the host venue for Heli Challenge: The Premier Helicopter Championship. Heli Challenge is an international competition, which tests the skill of some of the best helicopter pilots from across the British Isles. Enniskillen Airport has hosted Heli Challenge in 2009 & 2011. Unique Helicopters are a helicopter training and hire company offering pleasure flights from St Angelo Enniskillen Airport. At Enniskillen airport there are two helicopter maintenance facilities. Media related to St Angelo Airfield at Wikimedia Commons Amphibious flying club

Bulgaria during World War I

The Kingdom of Bulgaria participated in World War I on the side of the Central Powers from 14 October 1915, when the country declared war on Serbia, until 30 September 1918, when the Armistice of Thessalonica came into effect. After the Balkan wars of 1912 and 1913, Bulgaria was diplomatically isolated, surrounded by hostile neighbors and deprived of Great Power support. Negative sentiment grew in France and Russia, whose officials blamed Bulgaria for the dissolution of the Balkan League, an alliance of Balkan states directed against the Ottoman Empire. Bulgarian defeat in the Second Balkan War in 1913 turned revanchism into a foreign policy focus; when the First World War started in July 1914, still recovering from the economic and demographic damage of the Balkan Wars, declared neutrality. Strategic location and a strong military establishment made the country a desired ally for both warring coalitions, but its regional territorial aspirations were difficult to satisfy because they included claims against four Balkan countries.

As the war progressed, the Central Powers of Austria-Hungary and the German Empire were in a better position to meet these demands. Bulgaria entered the war on the side of the Central Powers, invading Serbia in September 1915; as the smallest of the Central Powers, Bulgaria made vital contributions to their common war effort. Its entry heralded the defeat of Serbia, thwarted the goals of Romania, catalyzed the Ottoman war effort by providing a land and rail link from Germany to Istanbul, that is, on Via Militaris. Though the Balkan theatre saw successful campaigns of rapid movement by the Central Powers in 1915 and 1916, the conflict degraded into attritional trench warfare on both the Northern and the Southern Bulgarian Fronts after most Bulgarian goals were satisfied; this period of the war further damaged the economy, creating supply problems and reducing the health and morale of Bulgarian troops. Despite achieving national territorial aspirations, Bulgaria was unable to exit what otherwise would have been a successful war, weakening its will to continue to fight.

These stresses intensified with time, in September 1918, the multinational Allied armies based in Greece broke through on the Macedonian Front during the Vardar Offensive. Part of the Bulgarian Army collapsed, open mutiny followed as rebellious troops proclaimed a republic at Radomir. Forced to seek peace, Bulgaria requested an armistice with the Allies on 24 September 1918, accepting it five days later. For the second time in only five years, Bulgaria faced national catastrophe. Tsar Ferdinand I assumed responsibility; the 1919 Treaty of Neuilly formally concluded Bulgaria's participation in World War I. Stipulations included the return of all occupied territories, the cession of additional territories and the payment of heavy war reparations; when Bulgaria proclaimed its independence from the Ottoman Empire on 22 September 1908, its status was promoted to that of a kingdom and Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria assumed the title of tsar. The country was now able to focus on completing its national unification by turning its attention toward the lands populated by Bulgarians that remained under Ottoman control.

To achieve its goals, the Bulgarian government, under Prime Minister Ivan Geshov, approached the governments of the other Balkan countries in hopes of creating an alliance directed against the Ottomans. His efforts culminated in a series of bilateral treaties concluded in 1912 to form the Balkan League. By summer of the same year, Ottoman grip on their Balkan provinces deteriorated in Albania and Macedonia, where open rebellions had erupted; the Allies decided to exploit the vulnerable state of the Ottoman Empire and declared war on it in October 1912. The opening stages of the First Balkan War began with decisive Allied victories in both Thrace and Macedonia. Within a month, the Ottomans found themselves driven back by the Bulgarians to within 40 kilometers of Constantinople and badly beaten by the Serbians and the Greeks. A short armistice brought no conclusion to the conflict and fighting once again broke out in January 1913. A major Ottoman counter-offensive was defeated by the Bulgarians, who seized the fortress of Adrianople in March and forced the Ottoman Empire to admit defeat and return to the peace table.

While the Bulgarian army was still fighting, a new challenge arose from the north: Romania demanded territorial compensations from Bulgaria in return for its neutrality during the war. A conference, held in Saint Petersburg, sought to resolve the dispute by rewarding Romania the town of Silistra, but this decision antagonized both countries and sowed the seeds of further enmity between them; the formal ending of the war was marked by the signing of the Treaty of London of 1913, which awarded all Ottoman territory to the west of the Midia-Enos line, with the exception of Albania, to the Allies. The treaty failed to make clear provisions for the division of the former Ottoman territories between the victors, which brought about the dissolution of the Balkan League. Geshov foresaw this outcome, which signalled the collapse of his goal of forming a permanent alliance directed against the Ottoman Empire, resigned from his post as prime minister, he was replaced by the hard-liner Stoyan Danev. The new government was not willing to compromise with Bulgarian claims in Macedonia, neither were Serbia and Greece, whose interests were frustrated by the creation of an Albanian state.

Russia, viewed as the patron of the Balkan League, was unable to control the situation and settle the disputes between the allies. The failure of Russian diplomacy, the Entente Cordiale among Russia and Great Britain that stood behind it, was a victory for