Agaja was a king of the Kingdom of Dahomey, in present-day Benin, who ruled from 1718 until 1740. He came to the throne after his brother King Akaba. During his reign, Dahomey expanded and took control of key trade routes for the Atlantic slave trade by conquering Allada and Whydah. Wars with the powerful Oyo Empire to the east of Dahomey resulted in Agaja accepting tributary status to that empire and providing yearly gifts. After this, Agaja attempted to control the new territory of the kingdom of Dahomey through militarily suppressing revolts and creating administrative and ceremonial systems. Agaja died in 1740 after another war with his son Tegbessou became the new king. Agaja is credited with creating many of the key government structures of Dahomey, including the Yovogan and the Mehu; the motivations of Agaja and his involvement with the slave trade remain an active dispute among historians of Dahomey with some arguing that he was resistant to the slave trade but agreed to it because of the need to defend his kingdom, while others argue that no such motivation existed and the wars against Allada and Whydah were for economic control.
Agaja served a crucial role in the early development of the Kingdom of Dahomey. The kingdom had been founded by Agaja's father Houegbadja who ruled from 1645 until 1685 on the Abomey plateau. Although there were some limited military operations outside of the plateau, the kingdom did not expand before the eighteenth century. Oral tradition says that Agaja was born around the second oldest son to Houegbadja. Houegbadja's first two children were Hangbe. Agaja was called Dosu, a traditional Fon name for the first son born after twins; when Houegbadja died, Akaba became the king and ruled from 1685 until about 1716. Akaba died during a war in the Ouémé River valley and since his oldest son, Agbo Sassa, was a minor, his twin sister Hangbe may have ruled for a brief period of time. Hangbe supported a faction that wanted Agbo Sassa to be the next king, but Agaja contested this and became the ruler in 1718 after a brief, violent struggle. Agaja led the most important expansions of the kingdom in the 1720s with the conquest of the Kingdom of Allada in 1724 and the Kingdom of Whydah in 1727.
Allada and Whydah, both Aja kingdoms, had become important coastal trading centers in the early 1700s, with trade connections to multiple European countries. The two powers made a 1705 agreement where both agreed not to interfere in the trade of the other kingdom; the King of Whydah, grew connected through trade with the British Royal African Company while the king of Allada, made his ports outposts for the Dutch West India Company. In 1712, a British ship attacked a Dutch ship in the harbor at Allada, triggering economic warfare between Allada and Whydah that lasted until 1720. Upon coming to the throne and Soso made an agreement to attack Whydah and remove Huffon from power. In 1724, Soso died and a contest for the throne in Allada followed. On March 30, 1724, Agaja's army entered Allada in support of the defeated candidate, named Hussar. After a three-day battle Agaja's army set the palace on fire. Rather than place Hussar on the throne, Agaja drove him out of the city after establishing his own power.
Agaja turned his forces against the other Aja kingdoms. In April 1724, Agaja conquered the town of Godomey and in 1726 the King of Gomè transferred his allegiance from the King of Whydah to Agaja. Agaja planned his attack on Whydah in February 1727, he conspired with his daughter, Na Gueze, married to Huffon, to pour water on the gunpowder stores in Whydah. He sent a letter to all of the European traders in the port of Whydah encouraging them to remain neutral in the conflict, in return for which he would provide favorable trade relations at the conclusion of the war. On February 26, 1727, Agaja attacked Whydah and burned the palace, causing the royal family to flee from the city. During the five-day battle, reports say that five thousand people in Whydah were killed and ten to eleven thousand were captured. In April, he burned all of the European factories in the Whydah capital. In the three years between 1724 and 1727, Agaja had more than doubled the territory of Dahomey, had secured access to the Atlantic coast, had made Dahomey a prominent power along the Slave Coast.
The Aja kingdoms had been tributaries to the Oyo Empire since the 1680s. After Agaja had conquered Allada, it appears that he sent a smaller tribute and so on April 14, 1726, the Oyo Empire sent its army against Dahomey; the Oyo conquered Abomey and burned the city while Agaja and his troops escaped into the marshes and hid until the Oyo armies returned home. Agaja rebuilt Abomey and when he conquered Whydah the next year he provided many gifts to the King of Oyo. Despite these gifts, tributary terms acceptable to Oyo were not agreed to and so the Oyo Empire returned on March 22, 1728; as part of a strategy, Agaja buried his treasure, burned food resources, made all the residents of Abomey abandon the city. The Oyo army found it difficult to remain in that situation and so they returned to Oyo in April; this strategy was repeated in 1729 and 1730, with Oyo sending larger armies and Agaja and his troops retreating into the marshes. The 1730 invasion was devastating as the Oyo feigned acceptance of gifts from Agaja but ambushed Dahomey's forces when they returned to Abomey.
With the regular destruction of Abomey, Agaja moved the capital to Allada and ruled from there (his son Tegbessou would move the
Kalmia microphylla, known as alpine laurel, bog laurel, swamp-laurel, western bog-laurel or western laurel, is a species of Kalmia of the family Ericaceae. It is native to North America and can be found throughout the western US and western and central Canada below the subarctic. Kalmia, the genus, is named after Swedish-Finn botanist Pehr Kalm, a student of Carl Linnaeus, while microphylla derives from Ancient Greek meaning "small leaves". Kalmia microphylla are characterized as being short, shrubs that have a maximum height of 24 inches and their growth surpasses 6 ft; this plant is mistaken for the K. polifolia "bog-laurel" because of the similar characteristics of their flowers. K. microphylla can be distinguished by their clusters of pink or purple bell shaped flowers. The flowers are held within five fused petals; the stamens held within the petals react to insects that land on them by covering them with pollen. The plant produces green fruits, which are hard in form. Fruits are five parted capsules.
The leaves of this plant are not deciduous. Leaves are distinctly lanceolate in shape with rolled leaf edges, a leathery texture, dark green color; the plant's branches and twigs are fuzzy in early growth and during maturity become smooth and reddish brown to grayish in color. This has active growth during spring and summer; these plants can be found in alpine meadows, open wet areas and bogs. The habitat in which it optimally grows in open heath or shrublands with moist soil; the soil must have low levels of calcium carbonate because the plant is intolerant of alkaline conditions. Distribution of Kalmia microphylla ranges from Alaska to California and now has expanded through much of northern Canada; the kalmias are poisonous plants. Kalmia microphylla has been used for medicinal purposes in creating external washes for skin diseases; some people boil the leaves and use it to help open sores
The Frederickcross was instituted in 1914 by the ruling Duke of Anhalt, Frederick II of Anhalt as a decoration not unlike the Iron Cross for merit in time of war. There are three versions of the Frederickcross A bronze cross on a green ribbon with red borders for combatants. A bronze cross on a green ribbon with white borders for non-combatants. A cross as a brooch, worn without a ribbon; this cross pattée bore a crown on the date "1914" on the lower arm. In the central medallion is the monogram of the duke, two intertwined "F"'s; the reverse is flat but the central medallion bears the text "Für Verdienst" In 1918 the Anhalt monarchy fell and the decoration was abolished. William II of Germany and Fieldmarshall Paul von Hindenburg wore this cross
WWZY is a classic rock music formatted radio station licensed to Long Branch, New Jersey. The station is simulcast on New Jersey. WWYZ first went on the air on June 1, 1960 as WRLB "Radio Long Branch". At the time, the station's owner was afforded the possibility of broadcasting with 50,000 watts, but he declined, thinking that FM radio had limited potential. Therefore, the station signed on with 3,000 watts from a tower located in New Jersey; the studios were located adjacent to the tower. WWZY still uses the tower site, although the studios are now in New Jersey; when the Long Branch 107.1 did not utilize 50,000 watts, the Federal Communications Commission subsequently assigned 107.1s to Briarcliff Manor, New York. These area 107.1s would haunt the Long Branch allocation with interference in fringe areas. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, WRLB was a "full-service" station, broadcasting big-band music, high school sports and local news. An Italian program aired on Sunday. Competition was from the Asbury Park Press' radio station, WJLK-AM-FM, which aired similar full-service programming.
In 1969, WRLB revamped its programming continuing with adult "middle of the road" music from 6 a.m. until midnight when it switched to rock/top40 music hosted and pioneered by Charlie Roberts, the first disk jockey in New Jersey to play rock on a commercial FM radio station. His first song selection was "Road Runner" by the All Stars. On occasion, he would have live in-studio guests including the progressive rock band Vanilla Fudge. In 1981, WRLB was sold to Monmouth Broadcasting and became contemporary hit radio, WWUU; the station was programmed as contemporary hit radio, but without a strong local presence due to automation. The station was sold again to Jonathan and Elizabeth Hoffman, in 1982 became WMJY, featuring live local talent playing the hits. Liners for the rechristened station highlighted the station's local presence by touting "The New Live Y-107". Radio personality Sean "Hollywood" Hamilton spent a short time doing afternoon drive at Y-107 in early 1982 before moving onto WKTU in New York City.
At first, Y-107 maintained You 107's CHR format, but within a few years, Y-107 was a rock station, using the slogan "Rock Hits Home", with special programming on Sundays spotlighting new-age music, psychedelic music, The Beatles. Disc jockeys at Y-107 in its rock days included John Ford, Linda Jordan, T. J. Brustowicz, Bobbi Stewart, Garrick Hart, Lauren Pressley and Thom Morrera. Ian Case hosted a morning show that combined comedy bits. Newscasters included Rhonda Schaffler and Matt Ward. In late 1988, Mammoth sold WMJY to K&K Broadcasting. At the time of its purchase, K&K operated two radio stations in Pennsylvania. Word had gotten out. On January 19, 1989, mention had been made on the air of a rally to be held the following afternoon at the station's studios in downtown Long Branch to save Y-107's rock format. In the early morning hours of January 20, 1989, K&K sent a security guard to remove overnight announcer T. J. Brustowicz from the premises and padlock the doors; the entire staff was fired, though some announcers and support personnel were hired back.
K&K temporarily instituted a satellite-driven hard rock format called "Z-Rock." Many of WMJY's listeners objected to the firing of the local DJs and the hard-rock format, petitioned K&K to change it back to classic rock. The new owners refused. In May 1989, WMJY changed to a local, soft-adult contemporary format called "SeaView 107 FM." The new format featured soft-rock artists with a heavy dose of 1970s oldies. Call letters changed to WZVU in June 1989. WZVU "SeaView 107" was a ratings success in the Monmouth-Ocean ratings, beating longtime rival WJLK-FM within the first year; the station began to lean on oldies, first featuring "all-oldies weekends." WZVU's corporate parent, K&K Broadcasting began to encounter financial problems. In 1992, all of the local DJs were terminated, the station switched to a satellite-delivered oldies format. Curiously, this was the same satellite format, aired on WJLK/1310 in Asbury Park. By this time, the Asbury Park Press had sold WJLK-AM-FM to D&F Broadcasting. In early 1994, GM Jim Davis launched Oldies 107.1.
Bob Steele was the second program director. Airstaff included Rocky D, Jersey Judi Franco, Big Joe Henry, Tommy Dean, Bobby Ryan, Captain Jack Aponte, Mark Lee and Ed Healy. Innovative specialty shows were on weekends such as All Request Radio and the Sunday Night Train with Tommy Dean and Bobby Ryan. In mid-1996 the station was sold to Big City Radio. On December 7, 1996, the station became part of the Big City Radio trimulcast with other 107.1 stations, WRGX in Briarcliff Manor, New York and WWHB Hampton Bays, New York. WZVU and the other two multicast stations switched formats to country known as "New Country Y-107." Call letters of the Long Branch station were changed to WWZY. WRNJ-FM the 107.1 in Belvidere, New Jersey was added to make Y-107 a four-station "quadcast." On May 7, 2002, the "Y-107" quadcast ended the country format, after a day of stunting with cons
N. Gopalaswami, served as 15th Chief Election Commissioner of India, awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2015, he is a 1966 batch Indian Administrative Services officer belonging to Gujarat cadre. He took over the charge of CEC on 30 June 2006 and retired in April 2009, he is the president of Vivekananda Educational Society which runs a group of schools in and around Chennai. He was appointed as the Chairman of Kalakshetra for a term of five years starting from 22 October 2014, until 2019. Gopalaswami, who hails from Needamangalam, a village in Tamil Nadu did his schooling in Mannargudi and his graduation in Chemistry from St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirappalli. Gopalaswamy is a gold medallist post-graduate in Chemistry from Delhi University and is a diploma holder in Urban Development Planning from University of London. Gopalaswami joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1966 and worked in various capacities in Gujarat. During 1967 to 1992, he held various top level posts including that of the managing director, Gujarat Communication and Electronics Limited.
Earlier he was district magistrate in the districts of Kheda. Gopalaswami served the Government of India between 1992 and 2004. Prior to his appointment in the Election Commission of India, he was the Union Home Secretary and prior to that, he held the posts of Secretary in the Department of Culture and Secretary General in the National Human Rights Commission. Gopalaswami had worked as adviser in the Planning Commission of India, joint secretary, department of electronics, in charge of software development and industry promotion division and the head of Software Technology Park of India Society and SATCOMM India Society. Gopalaswami was appointed as a Chancellor for Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha, Deemed University, Tirupati on 21 October 2015 for a term of five years. During his tenure as the Chief Election Commissioner N Gopalaswami on 31 January 2009 sent his recommendation for removal of Election Commissioner Navin Chawla to the President of India, he alleged that Chawla had discharged his duties as Election Commissioner in a partisan manner, seeking to further the interests of "one party."
The CEC report contended that Chawla would take breaks during crucial meetings and secretly talk to functionaries of the Congress party and leak confidential details of the Election Commission. Chawla is reported to have opposed the Election Commission's notice to Sonia Gandhi for her accepting foreign honours from Belgium. N Gopalaswami's recommendation against Chawla has been politically controversial. However, the Indian government led by Congress Party, rejected the CEC recommendation against Chawla on 1 March 2009. Thereafter, Navin Chawla took over as CEC of India on 20 April 2009 and concluded the 2009 General Elections to the Parliament of India. N Gopalaswami moved to Supreme Court in April 2012 alleging a "communal conspiracy" behind the rejection of Army chief General VK Singh's claim for revision of his date of birth; the PIL, filed by retired Navy chief L Ramdas, former chief election commissioner N Gopalaswami, three senior former Army officials and others, said that ex-Army chief JJ Singh the governor of Arunachal Pradesh, masterminded "Operation Moses" to clear the way for Lieutenant Gen Bikram Singh to succeed Gen Vijay Kumar Singh.
Gopalaswami is sticking to principles and rules. He is a Vaishnavaite with a keen interest in astrology; when the Election Commission started the process of delimitations of constituencies, he suggested that Google maps be used for the arduous exercise. Gopalaswami played a key role in obtaining a grant of Rs 5 crore from UNESCO for the preservation of Vedas, the ancient Hindu scriptures. Chief Election Commissioner of India He lives by the give-nothing-take-nothing principle New article dated 30 June 2006 The Hindu – Saturday, 31 January 2009 - Chief Election Commissioner Gopalaswami ‘recommends’ removal of Navin Chawla-Suo motu act is constitutionally and democratically out of line, will damage institution - N. Ram N Gopalaswami's response to N. Ram and more Thursday, 12 February 2009 Exclusive podcast interview on his values, post retirement plans, etc
The Jacksonville Daily Record the Financial News & Daily Record, is a daily newspaper, published in Jacksonville, Florida since 1912. The Daily Record publishes urban development and legal related news and profiles, it is the official newspaper of The Jacksonville Bar Association, Duval County Court, the U. S. Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Florida; the paper is the primary publisher of legal notices in Duval County. Synopses from documents filed by The Clerk of the Circuit Court are published. Founded in 1912, The Daily Record is published by Observer Media Group, which bought the newspaper from third-generation owner James F. Bailey Jr. in January 2017. Bailey was publisher for 41 years, his family owned the newspaper for 104 years. Official website