click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Agostino Chigi

Agostino Andrea Chigi was an Italian banker and patron of the Renaissance. Born in Siena, he was the son of the prominent banker Mariano Chigi, a member of an ancient and illustrious house, he moved to Rome around 1487. The heir of a rich fund of capital, enriched further after lending huge amounts of money to Pope Alexander VI, he strayed from common mercantile practice by obtaining lucrative monopolies like the salt monopoly of the Papal States and the Kingdom of Naples, as well as that of the alum excavated in Tolfa and Ischia di Castro. Alum was an essential mordant in the textile industry. After the death of the Borgia pope Alexander VI and his short-lived Sienese successor Pius III Piccolomini, he helped Pope Julius II in the expenses attendant upon his election; the latter rewarded him, linking Chigi to the della Rovere family, creating him treasurer and notary of the Apostolic Camera. The personal bond between the Pope and his banker remained close: Agostino accompanied Julius in the field in both his great military campaigns of 1506 and 1510.

In 1511 Agostino was sent to Venice to buy Venetian support for the papal forces in the War of the League of Cambrai. Agostino established economic ties with the whole of Western Europe, at one time having up to 20,000 employees, receiving from Siena the title of Il Magnifico. Chigi, "indisputably the richest man in Rome", became a rich patron of art and literature, the protector of Pietro Aretino among others, though his own education suffered many lacunae, notably his lack of Latin, his Venetian mistress Francesca Ordeaschi was the toast of Rome. His artistic protégés included all the main figures of the early 16th century: Perugino, Sebastiano del Piombo, Giovanni da Udine, Giulio Romano and Raphael. In Rome, Chigi's three artistic commissions involving Raphael remain the most prominent monuments of his contemporary fame: a chapel in Santa Maria della Pace, his splendid villa that he built on the shore of the Tiber, in Trastevere, bears the name of its owners: Villa Farnesina. For its design, Chigi employed the Sienese painter Baldassare Peruzzi untried as an architect.

Sebastiano del Piombo, Giovanni da Udine, Giulio Romano and Raphael were called upon to provide the decoration. Here Raphael frescoed his Triumph of Galatea. Here Chigi held. In order to show his contempt of money, he was said to have all the silver dishes thrown into the river after the end of the parties; the villa called the Viridario in Chigi's time served as banking facility as well as residence, setting Chigi apart from the ordinary run of bankers in Rome, who resided in a piano nobile directly above but unconnected to their street-level botteghe. Media related to Agostino Chigi at Wikimedia Commons

George Albert Smith Jr.

George Albert Smith Jr. was a professor at Harvard Business School who wrote several books on management practice and other issues. Smith was the only son and third child of George Albert Smith, who would become the eighth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, his wife Lucy Woodruff. Lucy was the daughter of Wilford Woodruff Jr. a son of Wilford Woodruff, the fourth president of the LDS Church. At the time of George Albert Smith Jr.'s birth his father was a member of the Quorum of the 12 apostles. As a young man, Smith was a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Switzerland and Germany. Smith received his bachelor's degree from the University of Utah and a graduate degree in business administration from Harvard University, he served as student body President of the Harvard Business School Association from 1933-1934. In 1934 he was appointed a member of the editorial board of the Harvard Business Review. From 1934, he was a professor at the Harvard Business School.

During the 1950s, he was one of the main proponents of sizing a business's competitive strategy in light of the general trends in its specific market. Smith is credited as one of the principal developers of SWOT analysis. In July 1935, Smith married Ruth Nowell in the Salt Lake Temple, they had 3 sons. Smith wrote three books: Policy Formulation and Administration, Managing Geographically Decentralized Companies, Business and the Individual. Albiris listing of books by George Albert Smith Jr. Francis M. Gibbons. George Albert Smith: Kind and Caring Christian: Prophet of God. P.p. 35, 160 Biographical Note connected with Harvard's collection of Smith's papers Harvard Magazine article discussing Smith

Tragopogon dubius

Tragopogon dubius is a species of salsify native to southern and central Europe and western Asia and found as far north and west as northern France. Although it has been reported from Kashmir and India, recent evidence suggests that specimens from these areas may be a different species. Western salsify has been introduced into North America where it has become widespread, being reported from all the continental United States except for a few in the far south-east, all provinces of Canada except Newfoundland and the northern territories. Like most salsifies, the western salsify grows as an annual or biennial forb, reaching a height of 20–60 cm but sometimes a metre, it grows in warm, sheltered spots with moist soil. Its yellow flower head is 4–6 cm in diameter and is to be seen in late spring or early summer. Buds are blue-green and tapered; the inflorescence opens early in the morning and closes up by late afternoon. The plant forms a seed head that resembles that of the dandelions but is distinctly larger.

The seeds themselves are 2 -- 4 cm weighing about 8 mg each on average. There is some natural variation between the central and peripheral achenes in the seedhead, with the peripheral ones being darker and heavier, having a higher concentration of phenolic compounds. Western salsify is quite similar to the commoner meadow salsify, T. pratensis, but the bracts which show behind the flower head, a distinctive feature of salsifies, are longer and more noticeable. Although not closely related to meadow salsify or the common salsify or oyster plant, the western salsify hybridises with both, in North America its hybrids have given rise to the new alloploid hybrid species T. mirus and T. miscellus. Because western salsify is a widespread plant, it has a large number of alternative common names, they include western goat's beard, wild oysterplant, yellow salsify, yellow goat's beard, meadow goat's beard, goat's beard, common salsify, or salsify. Some of these are or more used for other species, are better avoided.

A synonym, Tragopogon major, may be encountered. The basal leaves can be cooked. Mavrodiev, E. V. Nawchoo, I. Soltis, D. E. & Soltis, P. S.. Molecular data reveal that the allotetraploid Tragopogon kashmirianus Singh, a narrow endemic of Kashmir, is distinct from the North American T. mirus. Poster presented at the conference of the Botanical Society of America. Mavrodiev, E. V. Tancig, M. Sherwood, A. M. et al.. Phylogeny of Tragopogon L. based on external transcribed spacer sequence data. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 166, 117-133. Maxwell, C. D. Zobel, A. & Woodfine, D.. Somatic polymorphism in the achenes of Tragopogon dubius. Canadian Journal of Botany, 72, 1282-1288. Soltis, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Pires, J. C. Kovarik, A. Tate, J. A. & Mavrodiev, E.. Recent and recurrent polyploidy in Tragopogon: cytogenetic and genetic comparisons. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 82, 485-501. Jepson Manual treatment of the species Pictures from the CalPhotos archive Plants for a Future database entry for the species

New Delhi–Amritsar Intercity Express

The 12459 / 60 New Delhi Amritsar Express is a Superfast express train belonging to Indian Railways - Northern Railway zone that runs between New Delhi and Amritsar Junction in India. It operates as train number 12459 from New Delhi to Amritsar Junction and as train number 12460 in the reverse direction serving the states of Delhi, Haryana & Punjab; the 12459 / 60 New Delhi Amritsar Express has 2 AC Car, 13 Second Class seating, 3 General Unreserved & 2 SLR Coaches. It does not carry a Pantry car coach; as is customary with most train services in India, Coach Composition may be amended at the discretion of Indian Railways depending on demand. The 12459 New Delhi Amritsar Express covers the distance of 448 km in 8 hours 15 mins & in 8 hours 00 mins as 12460 Amritsar New Delhi Express; as the average speed of the train is above 55 km/h, as per Indian Railway rules, its fare includes a Superfast surcharge. The 12459 / 60 New Delhi Amritsar Express runs from New Delhi via Ambala Cant Junction, Ludhiana Junction, Jalandhar City to Amritsar Junction.

As the route is electrified, a Ghaziabad based WAP 4 or WAP 5 locomotive powers the train for its entire journey. 12459 New Delhi Amritsar Express leaves New Delhi on a daily basis at 13:30 hrs IST and reaches Amritsar Junction at 21:45 hrs IST the same day. 12460 Amritsar New Delhi Express leaves Amritsar Junction on a daily basis at 06:15 hrs IST and reaches New Delhi at 14:15 hrs IST the same day. Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M97uQ-8nSUk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OuiPqEaAQNc https://www.flickr.com/photos/50628848@N07/6301846029/ http://www.railnews.co.in/railway-traffic-disrupted-on-ludhiana-phillaur-section/ "Welcome to Indian Railway Passenger reservation Enquiry". Indianrail.gov.in. Retrieved 5 April 2014. "IRCTC Online Passenger Reservation System". Irctc.co.in. Retrieved 5 April 2014. " Welcome to IRFCA.org, the home of IRFCA on the internet". Irfca.org. Retrieved 5 April 2014

Village East Cinema

The Village East Cinema is a movie theater in the East Village of Manhattan, New York City. One of New York's last remaining Yiddish theatre buildings, it is a New York City designated landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Named the Louis N. Jaffe Theater, the structure was built in 1925-26 by Louis Jaffe, a developer and prominent Jewish community leader, at 12th Street and Second Avenue in the Yiddish Theatre District. Jaffe built the theatre to house Maurice Schwartz's Yiddish Art Theatre, which Schwartz had founded 1918 to present serious Yiddish drama and works from world literature in Yiddish; the theatre was designed in the Moorish Revival style by Harrison Wiseman. The design incorporated Moorish motifs with Judaic references. In his new theatre, Schwartz continued to produce shows, including a production of "Yoshe Kalb" which ran for 300 performances. According to legend, Walter Matthau worked at the theatre's concession stand as a youth; the Yiddish Arts Theatre continued at least into 1936, but by the late 1930s the building was a movie theatre, the Century Theatre.

It closed for a while in the 1940s, reopening as the Stuyvesant Theatre. Around 1953 Norris Houghton and Edward Hambleton bought the theatre and renamed it the Phoenix Theatre; the Phoenix Theatre was a pioneering project in the development of off-Broadway, with a different approach to legitimate theatre than found on Broadway. The first production was Sidney Howard's play "Madam, Will You Walk?", which opened on December 1, 1953, starring Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy. In the following years, the Phoenix Theatre mounted more productions featuring notable figures of the theatre both on stage and behind it; the Phoenix Theatre moved to a new location in 1961. Ann Corio mounted her successful nostalgic review This Was Burlesque at the theatre, beginning in 1962. Corio took her show on the road. From 1965 to 1969, the building was the Gayety Theatre, a more raunchy burlesque house, the only one in Manhattan at that time; the Gayety Theatre was used for the interior theatre shots in the film The Night They Raided Minsky's.

After this, the theatre operated as the Eden Theatre and hosted off-Broadway shows, including Grease and Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat before those musicals went on to Broadway, the controversial Oh! Calcutta!. From 1978 to 1984 the theatre operated as the Entermedia Theater. In 1991 the theatre was converted back to a movie theatre, the Village East Cinema, which shows a mixture of Hollywood productions and indie films; the main auditorium seats 1,200, there are four small screening rooms in the basement, each seating under 200 people, two other screens in the former backstage area. The Village East Cinema shows films which opened at the Angelika Film Center, an arthouse chain, an arm of Reading International; the theatre was extensively renovated and restored in 2015. Village East Cinema website

Manoj Kumar (film director)

Manoj Kumar is an Indian film director and television actor who has directed Tamil and Kannada language films and Tamil serials. He is the brother-in-law of Bharathiraja. Manoj Kumar was born on September 23, 1955, in Allinagaram, Theni district to Mr. Veerana Thevar and Ms. Veeramal, he is married to Ms. Selvi, they have two children, daughter – Dr. Lakshmi Priya, MBBS and son – Mr. Buvaneswaran, B. E. mech. He completed his DME in Nachimuthu Polytechnic after completing his Diploma he worked as Assistant Engineer in Everest Engineering works for 2 years. After assisting Bharathiraja in various films, he made his directorial debut with Mannukkul Vairam, he directed several films in 1990s such as. He went on to make medium budget action films including Vaanavil and Jaisurya featuring Arjun, as well as Raajjiyam which had Vijayakanth and Dileep in the lead cast, he ventured into production in the mid 2000s and made the Madhavan-starrer Arya, before launching a directorial project titled Utharavu with Seeman, which did not progress.

Manoj Kumar resurfaced in 2013, when it was revealed that he was working with producer Kovai Thambi on a venture titled Uyirukku Uyiraga. The script of the film was reported to be about the relationship between parents and their grown-up children, while the cast was composed of newcomers, he is into acting both in Tamil cinema and Tamil serials as character artist most notably in Thirumanam from Colours tamil. He appears in a negative role in Rasathi serial from Sun TV. Television Serials I Love You Daa Arya FilmsKedi Billa Killadi Ranga as Aachivardham Annakodi as Sanguni Paayum Puli as Albert's father Pasanga 2 as School Principal Enga Amma Rani as Hero's Father Padaiveeran as Vijay Jesuthas's Father Vanangamudi as Chief SecretarySerials Manoj Kumar on IMDb