The Agricultural Adjustment Act was a United States federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The Government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land; the money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies which processed farm products. The Act created a new agency, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, an agency of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, to oversee the distribution of the subsidies; the Agriculture Marketing Act, which established the Federal Farm Board in 1929, was seen as a strong precursor to this act. The AAA, along with other New Deal programs, represented the federal government's first substantial effort to address economic welfare in the United States; when President Franklin D. Roosevelt took office in March 1933, the United States was in the midst of the Great Depression. "Farmers faced the most severe economic situation and lowest agricultural prices since the 1890s."
"Overproduction and a shrinking international market had driven down agricultural prices." Soon after his inauguration, Roosevelt called the Hundred Days Congress into session to address the crumbling economy. From this Congress came the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, to replace the Federal Farm Board; the Roosevelt Administration was tasked with decreasing agricultural surpluses. Wheat, field corn, rice and milk and its products were designated as basic commodities in the original legislation. Subsequent amendments in 1934 and 1935 expanded the list of basic commodities to include rye, barley, grain sorghum, peanuts, sugar beets, sugar cane, potatoes; the administration targeted these commodities for the following reasons: Changes in the prices of these commodities had a strong effect on the prices of other important commodities. These commodities were running a surplus at the time; these items each required some amount of processing. "The goal of the Agricultural Adjustment Act, restoring farm purchasing power of agricultural commodities or the fair exchange value of a commodity based upon price relative to the prewar 1909–14 level, was to be accomplished through a number of methods.
These included the authorization by the Secretary of Agriculture to secure voluntary reduction of the acreage in basic crops through agreements with producers and use of direct payments for participation in acreage control programs. This was to be done by readjusting farm production at a level that would not increase the percentage of consumers' retail expenditures above the percentage returned to the farmer in the prewar base period."The juxtaposition of huge agricultural surpluses and the many deaths due to insufficient food shocked many, as well as some of the administrative decisions that happened under the Agricultural Adjustment Act. For example, in an effort to reduce agricultural surpluses, the government paid farmers to reduce crop production and to sell pregnant sows as well as young pigs. Oranges were being soaked with kerosene to prevent their consumption and corn was being burned as fuel because it was so cheap. There were many people, however, as well as livestock in different places starving to death.
Farmers slaughtered livestock because feed prices were rising, they could not afford to feed their own animals. Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, "plowing under" of pigs was common to prevent them reaching a reproductive age, as well as donating pigs to the Red Cross. In 1935, the income generated by farms was 50 percent higher than it was in 1932, due to farm programs such as the AAA; the Agricultural Adjustment Act affected nearly all of the farmers in this time period. Tenant farming characterized the tobacco production in the post-Civil War South; as the agricultural economy plummeted in the early 1930s, all farmers were badly hurt but the tenant farmers and sharecroppers experienced the worst of it. To accomplish its goal of parity, the Act reduced crop production; the Act accomplished this by offering landowners acreage reduction contracts, by which they agreed not to grow cotton on a portion of their land. By law, they were required to pay the tenant farmers and sharecroppers on their land a portion of the money.
The farm wage workers who worked directly for the landowner suffered the greatest unemployment as a result of the Act. There are few people gullible enough to believe that the acreage devoted to cotton can be reduced one-third without an accompanying decrease in the laborers engaged in its production. Researchers concluded that the statistics after the Act took effect "... indicate a consistent and widespread tendency for cotton croppers and, to a considerable extent, tenants to decrease in numbers between 1930 and 1935. The decreases among Negroes were greater than those among whites." Another consequence was that the
Tellers Organ Company was a manufacturer of pipe organs in Erie, Pennsylvania. From 1906 to 1973, the company produced over 1,100 organs throughout the United States and Puerto Rico; the company was founded by two brothers and Ignatius Tellers, William Sommerhof. Prior to this, the two Tellers brothers worked at Milwaukee, Wisconsin based Schuelke Organ Company until 1892, they moved to Erie and went to work for the Felgemaker Organ Company for the next 14 years, where they met Sommerhof. In 1906, the three men established Tellers Organ Company. In 1911, the company changed its name to Tellers-Sommerhof Organ Company. Sommerhof would sell his interest in the company to A. E. Kent, another former Felgemaker employee, in 1918; the company's name was changed to Tellers-Kent Organ Company. Felgemaker ceased operations that year. Tellers-Kent assumed service agreement work from Felgemaker; the company was known as Tellers-Kent for a number of years until the name changed back to Tellers Organ Company.
The company would become a pioneer in the combination pipe/electronic organ fields and would come to produce the Conn-Tellers Electro-Pipe Combination Organ. The company became an authorized Rodgers Instruments dealer. Lawrence Phelps purchased the Tellers factory in 1973 and established the Lawrence Phelps & Associates organ building firm. Phelps would produce organs in Erie until the company went out of business in 1981. St. Alban's Episcopal Chapel, Maryland, installed 1969 St. John's United Church of Christ, Pennsylvania, installed 1961 Ninth Street Christian Church, Indiana, installed 1952 St. Paul Lutheran Church, Michigan, purchased 1965
Timothy Nehemiah Castille is an American football coach and former fullback. He was signed by the Arizona Cardinals as an undrafted free agent in 2007, he played college football at Alabama. Castille was signed by the Arizona Cardinals as an undrafted free agent in 2007, he played in all 14 of the Cardinals games in 2008. He was released on September 4, 2009. Castille signed with the Kansas City Chiefs on November 17, 2009, he participated in 17 Chiefs games from 2009-2010 scoring one touchdown by reception in 2009. He was declared a free agent on July 25, 2011, he spent 2012 as a graduate assistant football coach under Nick Saban at Alabama. In 2015, he joined Thompson High School as a running backs coach and strength and conditioning coordinator. Castille's father, Jeremiah played college football at Alabama before spending six seasons in the NFL with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Denver Broncos. Castille's brother, was a cornerback in the NFL and United Football League between 2008 and 2014. Simeon played college football at Alabama.
Kansas City Chiefs bio
The Adult Use of Marijuana Act was a 2016 voter initiative to legalize cannabis in California. The full name is the Control and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Act; the initiative passed with 57% voter approval and became law on November 9, 2016, leading to recreational cannabis sales in California by January 2018. Possession or sale of cannabis in the United States is prohibited by federal law. In 1970, President Richard Nixon signed the Controlled Substances Act, establishing marijuana as a Schedule I drug, the strictest level of prohibition. Voters rejected California Proposition 19, which sought to remove the criminalization of marijuana under California law. In 1976, Governor Jerry Brown signed the Moscone Act, which reduced the penalty for possession of marijuana from a felony to a misdemeanor. Voters passed California Proposition 215, making California the first state to legalize medical cannabis in the United States. In United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative, the Supreme Court of the United States found that California's medical prescription providers were still subject to criminal prosecution.
In Gonzales v. Raich, the U. S. Supreme Court found that Congress's interstate commerce clause power allowed it to prohibit an Oroville, California woman, following California law, from growing and consuming marijuana inside her home. In September 2010, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed legislation reducing possession of marijuana from a criminal misdemeanor to a civil infraction. In November voters rejected California Proposition 19, which would have legalized recreational marijuana use, imposed no state taxes, allowed employers to fire an employee for workplace use of marijuana only after showing it had caused impaired work. In 2012, voters passed Washington Initiative 502 and Colorado Amendment 64, which legalized recreational marijuana use in those states. Two other states followed in 2014, when voters passed Oregon Ballot Measure 91 and Alaska Measure 2. In July 2015, Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom, the American Civil Liberties Union, Stanford University faculty released the final report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on Marijuana Policy, which recommended regulations for recreational marijuana use in California.
On May 4, 2016, the group sponsoring the initiative announced that it had collected over 600,000 signatures for the proposal. On June 28, the measure was certified by the Secretary of State for the November ballot. On July 1, the Secretary of State released a list of propositions with AUMA listed as Proposition 64 later in the day renumbered it to 63. According to California Legislative Analyst's Office, the measure changes California law to legalize the possession and sale of marijuana. Individuals over age 21 are allowed to possess and sell marijuana; the Adult Use of Marijuana Act provides an array of opportunities ranging from economic stimulation of several markets and industries to financial relief of the criminal justice system, which are over-burdened with backlogged and pending cases for non-violent cannabis offenders. Revenue paid into the new California Marijuana Tax Fund will allocate 60% of outflows to youth programs, 20% to environmental damage cleanup, 20% to public safety. Under Prop 64, new state regulation laws will require stringent product development systems to establish distributional industry standards regarding testing and labeling.
Prop 64's new state regulations provide a platform for a transparent efficient seed-to-sale tracking system through the newly created State Regulatory Agency—the Bureau of Marijuana Control—formerly known as the Bureau of Medical Cannabis Regulation. Additionally, the Medical Marijuana Industry will be regulated by several other state agencies: the California Department of Food and Agriculture. AUMA allows adults to possess up to an ounce of marijuana. Adults are allowed to cultivate up to six marijuana plants inside their homes. Marijuana packaging is now required to provide the net weight, origin and type of the product, as well as the milligram amount per serving of tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids, if any pesticides were used during cultivation. Smoking marijuana in public is subject to a $100 fine. Driving under the influence of marijuana remains illegal, although some California Highway Patrol officers are concerned that they will be unable to identify intoxicated drivers; the penalty for unlicensed sale of marijuana is now reduced from four years in state prison to six months in county jail.
Businesses selling marijuana require a license from the state-level Bureau of Marijuana Control, local governments decide permits for businesses to allow on-site consumption. Marijuana shops are prohibited from the consumption of alcohol or tobacco. Local governments ar
Oviemuno Dominic Ejaria is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for English club Reading on loan from Liverpool. He is a current England U21 international. Born in London to Nigerian parents, Ejaria grew up supporting Arsenal for whom he played for nine years before signing for Liverpool in summer 2014, his first senior appearance was in a pre-season friendly prior to the 2016–17 season against Tranmere Rovers on 8 July 2016. Despite being unknown prior to the game he performed exceptionally well and caught the eye of first team manager Jürgen Klopp who selected him for four more friendlies over the summer, his first competitive call-up came on 16 September in a Premier League match against Chelsea. He was an unused substitute in Liverpool's 2–1 victory. Four days he made his first team debut against Derby County in the League Cup replacing Roberto Firmino in the 3–0 victory. On 25 October, Ejaria made his full debut in the fourth round of the EFL Cup in a 2–1 win over against Tottenham at Anfield.
On 6 November 2016, he debuted in the Premier League, coming on as a substitute in Liverpool's 6–1 home win over Watford. On 31 January 2018, Ejaria made a deadline day switch to Sunderland, signing on loan for the remainder of the season, he made 11 appearances in total. His only goal, his first in senior football, came in the final match of the regular season when he opened the scoring in a 3–0 win over the eventual league champions, Wolves. In June 2018, Ejaria moved on loan to Scottish Premiership club Rangers, managed by former Liverpool captain and academy coach Steven Gerrard, after signing a new long-term contract with Liverpool, he made his debut on 12 July, coming on as a second-half substitute in Rangers' 2–0 UEFA Europa League win over Macedonian side Shkupi. He scored his first goal for the club in a Scottish Premiership match against Motherwell on 26 August. Four days on 30 August he scored against Russian Premier League side FC Ufa in the away leg of the Europa League Play-Off Round, the 1–1 result sent Rangers into the Group Stage 2–1 on aggregate.
In December 2018 his loan was curtailed earlier than planned and he returned to training with Liverpool. On 7 January 2019, Ejaria joined Championship side Reading on loan until the end of the 2018–19 season. On 8 August 2019 Ejaria rejoined Reading on loan for the 2019–20 season, with Reading having an obligation to sign Ejaria permanently at the end of the season. Ejaria is eligible to represent Nigeria internationally, he trained with the Nigeria Under-17s team in 2013 and stated that his international allegiance lay with the country in 2014. However, despite rumours of a senior Nigeria call up being in the offing, Ejaria accepted a call up to the England U20 team on 30 September 2016, he made his debut for the Under-20 team on 7 October, in a 3–1 win against Germany, playing the whole match. Ejaria was selected for the England under-20 team in the 2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup, he made his first start in a game in the first round match against South Korea, came on as a substitute the quarter-final against Mexico, but was an unused substitute in the final where England beat Venezuela 1–0.
He was called up for the England under-21 team in March 2018, making his debut in a friendly against Romania. He was called up again in May 2018 for the Toulon Tournament but had to withdraw from the squad due to an injury. In December 2019, Nigeria national team coach, Gernot Rohr urged the Nigeria Football Federation to get Ejaria to switch allegiance to Nigeria; as of match played 29 February 2020 England U20 FIFA U-20 World Cup: 2017 Liverpool F. C. profile Ovie Ejaria at Soccerbase Ovie Ejaria at Soccerway England profile at The Football Association
Valió la Pena is an album by Marc Anthony. The album contains seven songs from Anthony's previous album, Amar Sin Mentiras, in a salsa arrangement and adds Rafael Hernández's classic "Lamento Borincano." Like the previous album, Valió la Pena peaked #1 at Top Latin Albums. The album was awarded Best Salsa Album at the 2005 Latin Grammy Awards and "Tropical Album of the Year" at the Premio Lo Nuestro 2005 awards. Valió la Pena Escapémonos Ahora Quien Tu Amor Me Hace Bien Volando Entre Tus Brazos Amigo Se Esfuma Tu Amor Lamento Borincano List of number-one Billboard Top Latin Albums of 2004 List of number-one Billboard Tropical Albums from the 2000s