Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. The three terms are confused. However, they cover different concepts: Agriculture is the set of activities that transform the environment for the production of animals and plants for human use. Agriculture concerns techniques, including the application of agronomic research. Agronomy is development related to studying and improving plant-based crops. Agricultural sciences include research and development on: Plant breeding and genetics Plant pathology Horticulture Soil science Entomology Production techniques Improving agricultural productivity in terms of quantity and quality Minimizing the effects of pests on crop or animal production systems. Transformation of primary products into end-consumer products Prevention and correction of adverse environmental effects Theoretical production ecology, relating to crop production modeling Traditional agricultural systems, sometimes termed subsistence agriculture, which feed most of the poorest people in the world.
These systems are of interest as they sometimes retain a level of integration with natural ecological systems greater than that of industrial agriculture, which may be more sustainable than some modern agricultural systems. Food production and demand on a global basis, with special attention paid to the major producers, such as China, Brazil, the US and the EU. Various sciences relating to agricultural resources and the environment. Agricultural biotechnology is a specific area of agricultural science involving the use of scientific tools and techniques, including genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics and tissue culture, to modify living organisms: plants and microorganisms. One of the most common yield reducers is because of fertilizer not being applied in higher quantities during transition period, the time it takes the soil to rebuild its aggregates and organic matter. Yields will decrease temporarily because of nitrogen being immobilized in the crop residue, which can take a few months to several years to decompose, depending on the crop's C to N ratio and the local environment.
In the 18th century, Johann Friedrich Mayer conducted experiments on the use of gypsum as a fertilizer. In 1843, John Lawes and Joseph Henry Gilbert began a set of long-term field experiments at Rothamsted Research Station in England. In the United States, a scientific revolution in agriculture began with the Hatch Act of 1887, which used the term "agricultural science"; the Hatch Act was driven by farmers' interest in knowing the constituents of early artificial fertilizer. The Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 shifted agricultural education back to its vocational roots, but the scientific foundation had been built. After 1906, public expenditures on agricultural research in the US exceeded private expenditures for the next 44 years. Robert Bakewell Norman Borlaug Luther Burbank George Washington Carver Carl Henry Clerk George C. Clerk René Dumont Sir Albert Howard Kailas Nath Kaul Justus von Liebig Jay Lush Gregor Mendel Louis Pasteur M. S. Swaminathan Jethro Tull Artturi Ilmari Virtanen Eli Whitney Sewall Wright Wilbur Olin Atwater Agricultural Research Council Agricultural sciences basic topics Agriculture ministry Agroecology American Society of Agronomy Genomics of domestication History of agricultural science Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development International Food Policy Research Institute, IFPRI List of agriculture topics National FFA Organization Research Institute of Crop Production University of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Poverty: Studies of Economic and Social Impacts in Six Countries Edited by Michelle Adato and Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Johns Hopkins University Press Food Policy Report Claude Bourguignon, Regenerating the Soil: From Agronomy to Agrology, Other India Press, 2005 Pimentel David, Pimentel Marcia, Computer les kilocalories, Cérès, n.
59, sept-oct. 1977 Russell E. Walter, Soil conditions and plant growth, Longman group, New York 1973 Salamini, Francesco. "Genetics and geography of wild cereal domestication in the near east". Nature Reviews Genetics. 3: 429–441. Doi:10.1038/nrg817. PMID 12042770. Saltini Antonio, Storia delle scienze agrarie, 4 vols, Bologna 1984-89, ISBN 88-206-2412-5, ISBN 88-206-2413-3, ISBN 88-206-2414-1, ISBN 88-206-2415-X Vavilov Nicolai I; the Origin, Variation and Breeding of Cultivated Plants. Selected Writings, in Chronica botanica, 13: 1-6, Mass. 1949–50 Vavilov Nicolai I. World Resources of Cereals, Leguminous Seed Crops and Flax, Academy of Sciences of Urss, National Science Foundation, Washington, I
Man with the Broken Nose is a sculpture by Auguste Rodin created between 1863 and 1864 and approved by the Salon in 1875. It is considered the first by Rodin in which life is represented over the grace pervading the academic circles and aesthetic of the time. Rodin lost the back of the bust. In 1880, a second model, this time in bronze, was cast and is the surviving cast of the piece. A marble copy was made by Léon Fourquet. In 1863, Rodin adapted a stable to become his atelier, where he worked with an amateur model by the name of "Bibi" to make his first model of the mask. According to Rainer Maria face, it had the face of a live man which, when explored, was full of agitation and disorder". The sculpture was cast on bronze with black and green patina, it has a 12.5 x 15.1 x 15.3 cm base. Though there is a clear influence by other works at the Louvre, this mask represents the fidelity on contours, characteristic of Rodin, made clear in the profound wrinkles and severe facial expression; this work was crucial in Rodin's unique aesthetical development.
According to the artist himself: "That mask determined all my future work. Since, I've tried to see my works from all possible points of view and to draw them in every one of their aspects; that mask has been on my mind in every thing I have done". His portraits have a singular life and individuality because Rodin stayed on his contour modeling principles; the mask was titled Portrait of M. *** and was rejected because it presented a man with a broken nose and strong, sharp facial features.
Naomi Watts is a British actress and producer who has appeared in films, television series, video games. She emigrated with her family to Australia from the United Kingdom at the age of 14. Watts made her debut in the 1986 Australian film For Love Alone, she pursued a brief career in the fashion industry including as a model and as a fashion editor. After attending a drama workshop, she pursued acting as a career, she appeared in the sitcom Hey Dad..!, the soap opera Home and Away. Her first lead role was in the 1993 thriller Gross Misconduct, where she played a student who seduces her teacher, accuses him of rape, she transitioned to Hollywood productions in the mid to late 1990s starring in the science fiction film Tank Girl, horror film Children of the Corn IV: The Gathering, biographical drama Dangerous Beauty. Watts played an aspiring actress in David Lynch's neo-noir film Mulholland Drive in 2001, it garnered her international recognition. She starred as journalist Rachel Keller in the horror remake The Ring, reprised the role in its sequel The Ring Two.
Watts portrayed a grief-stricken mother with a history of substance abuse in Alejandro González Iñárritu-directed 21 Grams. For the role she garnered a nomination for Best Actress at the Academy Awards, British Academy Film Awards, Screen Actors Guild Awards. Watts played Ann Darrow in Peter Jackson's monster film remake King Kong, for which she won the Saturn Award for Best Actress. In the same year she voiced Darrow in her only video game role to date, the video game adaptation to King Kong. For the role, she was nominated for Best Performance by a Female at the 2005 Spike Video Game Awards. Five years she portrayed CIA officer Valerie Plame in biographical drama Fair Game with Sean Penn. In 2011, Watts played FBI director J. Edgar Hoover's secretary Helen Gandy in the biographical drama J. Edgar with Leonardo DiCaprio; the following year, she starred as a doctor, caught up by the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami with her family in The Impossible. For her performance, Watts received nominations for Best Actress at the Oscars and Golden Globe Awards.
She reteamed with Iñárritu on the 2014 black comedy Birdman. In 2017, Watts starred in the third season of Lynch's television series Twin Peaks and as a psychologist in psychological thriller series Gypsy which she was executive producer of, she played Queen Mechthild in the romantic drama Ophelia. Two years Watts portrayed Fox News journalist Gretchen Carlson in the miniseries The Loudest Voice. List of awards and nominations received by Naomi Watts Naomi Watts on IMDb
Ten Little Wizards is a novel by Michael Kurland featuring Randall Garrett's alternate history detective Lord Darcy. It was first published in paperback by Ace Books in 1988; the Lord Darcy stories are set in an alternate world whose history diverged from our own during the reign of King Richard the Lionheart, in which King John never reigned and most of western Europe and the Americas are united in an Angevin Empire whose continental possessions were never lost by that king. In this world a magic-based technology has developed in place of the science of our own world; the title is an allusion to Agatha Christie's Ten Little Niggers, a classic of detective literature, now always referred to by its US title, And Then There Were None. Someone is killing wizards, doing so without the use of magic. Lord Darcy is sent to investigate, he must uncover the murderer and ascertain whether the whole business is a ploy to kill the king himself. To complicate matters Darcy must investigate during the preparations for the investiture of Gwiliam, Duke of Lancaster, as Prince of Gaul.
To add international tension, the Crown Prince of Poland, His Majesty the King of Courland, will attend the ceremony.. Michael Kurland Ten Little Wizards title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
John Bayless Tabor "J. B." was a 49er who crossed the plains to California shortly after the discovery of gold. He settled in the Washington Territory and was one of the founders of Whitman County where he served as a County Commissioner, he had large holdings of fruit orchards and wheat ranches. Congressman William La Follette was his son-in-law. John Tabor crossed the plains to California along with thousands of others during the gold rush of 1849, he soon instead shot game which he sold to the miners. He headed north where he married a young widow, Mary Taylor Hamilton, they settled on a farm in the Willamette Valley in the Oregon Territory, he fought with General Cornelias in the Indian Wars, whose skirmishes took him all over the Inland Empire. When the land, off limits to settlers after the Whitman massacre opened up, John Tabor moved his family to the Palouse in the Washington Territory; when he first arrived in the Palouse only a few other settlers were in the area. The town of Colfax was formed, he was elected one of the first County Commissioners of the newly established Whitman County as a Democrat.
After serving one term, he concentrated on his fruit orchards and wheat ranches. He was one of the first to bring apples to the region which were planted on his ranch in Wawaiwai on the Snake River; this ranch, which he sold to his son-in-law William La Follette became one of the largest in the region, producing a wide variety of fruit which were shipped to market via steamboats on the Snake River and by rail with the coming of the railroad. John Tabor's family had been moving westward since the American Revolutionary War, he was descended from one of the last British governors of Georgia. His wife's family, the Taylors, had crossed from Virginia into the Oregon Territory in 1848, his daughter, Mary Tabor, married William La Follette in 1886, shortly after the young homesteader from Indiana had begun his own farming and ranching ventures and more that twenty-five years before he took his seat in the United States Congress. John Tabor lived to see many changes come to the land, he was struck by a passing train.
He was eighty-five years old
The Way to Fight is a 1996 Japanese film directed by Takashi Miike. The film is based on Seijun Ninomiya's novel of the same name, a fictionalized account on the lifes of Hidekazu Akai and Akira Maeda; the film opens in the Tokyo Dome in the 1990s, on the eve of a anticipated match between two fighters from Osaka with a past together: boxing champion Kazuyoshi Tamai and professional wrestling champion Takeshi Hamada. The narration jumps 20 years back to show how they met each other. In Osaka in the 1970s, a teenaged Kazuyoshi builds a reputation as the toughest street fighter in Naniwa West High School, he lives a troubled home life with his senile grandmother and spends the days on the streets with his friend Toshio and his schoolmate Ritsuko. Toshio, a shy, insecure boy who fears he might inherit his father's mental illness, is secretly in love with Ritsuko, who in turn loves Kazuyoshi, but the latter only has eyes for fighting, his only way to express himself, he crosses paths with Takeshi Hamada, a student at a rival high school and an excellent fighter in his own right, who introduces himself beating down the gang of bullies that are Kazuyoshi's usual enemies.
Takeshi is shown to have his own troubled life, living alone with an abusive father and only seeing his divorced mother and sister. Kazuyoshi is determined to challenge Takeshi one on one, but because of a series of unforeseen circumstances, his ambition for a final battle is and comically thwarted. At the same time, Takeshi meets Kurata, a young karate master who humiliates him in a street fight and takes him under his wing. Takeshi forms a bond with Kurata upon discovering the latter ran away from his own abusive father, by training with him he learns to control his aggression. Meanwhile, Toshio is assaulted by a patron in the decrepit restaurant he and Kazuyoshi work part-time in, in a moment of freeing his repressed anger, he stabs the patron, he goes to confess his feelings to Ritsuko, but he is rejected. Ritsuko herself is urged by her mother to study hard and leave Osaka for good, meaning she will not go out with Kazuyoshi either. By the time Kazuyoshi and Takeshi meet and are ready for a fight, Takeshi has given up on street fighting altogether.
From there, both of them decide to start careers in fighting sports, Kazuyoshi becoming a bantamweight boxer and Takeshi a shoot-style professional wrestler, both achieve a great success until becoming champions of their respective styles. The film ends with both forward in the 1990s, getting ready to fight their match and settle their old dispute. Kyôsuke Yabe as Kazuyoshi Tamai Kazuki Kitamura as Takeshi Hamada Ryoko Imamura as Ritsuko Rynosuke Sakai as Karate Kurata Takashi Miike as patron Takeshi Caesar Tomohiko Okuda Jirô Watanabe The Way to Fight on IMDb