click links in text for more info


Ahimelech, the son of Ahitub and father of Abiathar, but described as the son of Abiathar in 2 Samuel 8:17 and in four places in 1 Chronicles. He descended from the High Priest of Israel Eli. In 1 Chronicles 18:16 his name is Abimelech according to the Masoretic Text, is the same as Ahiah, he was the twelfth High Priest, officiated at Nob, where he was visited by David when David fled from Saul. He was summoned into Saul's presence, accused of disloyalty for assisting David, on the information of Doeg the Edomite; the king commanded that he, with the other priests who stood beside him, 86 in all, should be slain with his family. This sentence was carried into execution by Doeg in the most cruel manner. Abiathar had a son called Ahimelech, or the two names, as some think, may have been accidentally transposed in 2 Samuel 8:17. Ahimelech's death was seen as a partial fulfilment of the curse on the House of Eli – that none of Eli's male descendants would live to old age. Rabbinical literature linked the extermination of the male descendants of David with the extermination of the priests of Nob by Saul - deeming it divine retribution because David's action had provoked Saul's outburst - and linked the survival of David's descendant Joash with that of Ahimelech's son Abiathar.

Levite List of High Priests of Israel This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George. "article name needed". Easton's Bible Dictionary. T. Nelson and Sons


The Pukkŭksŏng-1 or Bukgeukseong-1, alternatively KN-11 in intelligence communities outside North Korea, is a North Korean, submarine-launched ballistic missile, flight tested on 24 August 2016. As of 2019, there have been no flight tests since. Pukkŭksŏng-1 is recognized by North Korea, South Korea and the United States as a missile that went through a complete, successful test on 24 August 2016. North Korea has never announced the actual operational range and payload, as this technical information is considered classified. Most countries do this: e.g. the United States considers the exact operational range of its current SLBM, UGM-133 Trident II, as classified information as well. As of 2019, there have been no further flight tests; the Pukkuksong-1 is the first sign of a North Korean sea-based nuclear deterrent, which complicates the U. S. and South Korean ability to preemptively destroy the country's nuclear capabilities by threatening a second strike. While there is a chance to take out land-based nuclear sites, ballistic missile submarines ensure that a retaliatory strike could still be launched before it can be found and neutralized.

North Korea's unique circumstances limit the ways. The Korean People's Navy has no nuclear submarines, no diesel-electric submarines equipped with air independent propulsion, so the launch submarine's range is limited and assuredly prevents it from threatening America's western seaboard. Given their submarines' insufficient power to outrun U. S. Navy nuclear attack submarines and lack of aerial and surface coverage to protect them out to long distances, they cannot venture far out to sea, although a scenario where a missile-equipped sub travels into the Sea of Japan on a "suicide mission" to fire the Pukkuksong-1 before it expects to get destroyed is not implausible given the loyalty of the elite crewmen of the submarine force. A more scenario would be deployment along the Korean coastline within North Korean local air and surface cover and silent movement into or out of various hiding spots like bays and outer isles before achievement of a pre-designated position, with quiet submerged operation on battery power.

A land based, mobile derivative of the Pukkuksong-1 would complicate U. S, Japan and South Korean defenses. Unlike the liquid fueled Rodong or SCUD derivatives, the solid fueled Pukkuksong-1 can be fired at a much shorter notification time; the North Korean have since achieved this Pukkuksong-2 land-based, mobile derivative of the Pukkuksong-1 milestone in their 12th test of the missile on 12 February 2017. On 24 August 2016 at around 5:30am, North Korea tested the Pukkuksong-1 as the missile flew 500 km into Japan's ADIZ without issue. Unlike the recent successful Musudan flight, KCNA did not announce the test until a day calling it a great success on the part of Kim Jong Un; the entire development has since been published worldwide. In light of recent development of the Pukkuksong-1, South Korean military sources concluded that the first successful Pukkuksong-1 test was in fact launched in lofted trajectory; this is without confirmation of the actual apogee, therefore the range could have been at least 1,000 km or more had the missile launched in normal trajectory and could be operationally deployed as early as 2017.

Hawkish forces in South Korea have renewed calls for South Korea to construct nuclear submarines to counter North Korea's'provocation'. However, the US-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins University rejected South Korean claims that the Pukkuksong-1 could be operationally deployed before 2017, suggesting its initial operational capability will not be achieved before June 2018. North Korea still faces significant technological challenges, including building a new class of submarine to carry 3 such missiles at once. On 30 August 2016, David Wright, a missile expert and co-director of the Union of Concerned Scientists' Global Security Program, suggested that the apogee achieved by this test was 550 km and the range would have been 1,250 km, assuming the same payload on standard trajectory. On the same day, the South Korean media reported that Jeffrey Lewis, director of the East Asia Nonproliferation Program at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, since recommends that South Korea deploy 2 batteries of THAAD instead of 1 in order to counter the possibility of North Korea's firing a Pukkuksong-1 outside its 120-degree field of vision.

However, Lewis stressed that it does little to address the possibility of lofted attack, because the missile's reentry in lofted trajectory will be at high speeds and at a steep angle, the ability of THAAD interception depending on the missile range. He noted that THAAD was never field tested against an intermediate-range target or on an unusual angle of attack. With this in mind, he ended by suggesting it is time to use diplomatic measures for dissuading North Korea from enhancing such capabilities and defense measures; this is a ineffective strategy, since North Korea has the ability to use numerous counter-measures for every measures the US and South Korea have. On 3 September 2016, US expert Bruce Bechtol, a North Korea expert at Angelo State University, another South Korean national security researcher, Shin Jong-woo, claimed that China must have provided North Korea with the relevant SLBM technologies, since it took a mere 4 months

Harvard Centennial Medal

The Harvard Centennial Medal is an honor given by the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences to recipients of graduate degrees from the School for their "contributions to society." The Medal was established in 1989 on the 100th anniversary of the Graduate School's founding. Seven individuals were recognized for their achievements that year, between two and four graduate degree recipients have been honored every year since then. Nominees are evaluated by university officials and alumni, the winners are selected by the Harvard Corporation. 2014 Anand Mahindra, J. Louis Newell, Emily Pulitzer 2012 Daniel Aaron, Karl Eikenberry, Nancy Hopkins, Robert Keohane 2011 Heisuke Hironaka, Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, Richard Wall Lyman, Nell Irvin Painter 2010 David Bevington, Stephen Fischer-Galati, Eric Maskin, Martha Nussbaum 2009 Svetlana Leontief Alpers, David Brion Davis, Thomas Crombie Schelling, Joseph Taylor 2008 Susan Lindquist, Earl Powell III, Frank Shu, Ezra Vogel 2007 Frederick P. Brooks Jr.

Sarah Blaffer Hrdy, Neil L. Rudenstine, Jeffrey D. Sachs 2006 Daniel Callahan, Sandra Faber, Robert Solow, Kevin Starr 2005 Michael Artin, H. Robert Horvitz, Elaine Pagels, Michael Spence 2004 John Adams, Susan Fiske, Richard Hunt, George Rupp 2003 Agnes Gund, Amy Gutmann, Leon Kass, William Schneider 2002 Lewis Branscomb, Madhav Gadgil, Joanne Martin, Allen Puckett 2001 Bernard Bailyn, Carolyn Bynum, Elliott Carter, Walter Kohn 2000 Harold Amos, Stanley Cavell, Jill Ker Conway 1999 Frances Fergusson, Nguyen Xuan Oanh, Carl Schorske, Edward Wilson 1998 Sissela Bok, I. Bernard Cohen, Richard Zare 1997 Richard Karp, Stuart Rice, Henry Rosovsky, Ruth Simmons 1996 Leon Botstein, Victor Fung, Paul Guyer, Maxine Kumin 1995 Philip Anderson and Zbigniew Brzezinski 1994 Hanna H. Gray, Roald Hoffmann, Rosalind Krauss 1993 Renee Fox, Marilyn French, Rolf Landauer 1992 Edward Bernstein, Stanley Kunitz, Alice Rivlin, Saul Cohen 1991 Eleanor Lansing Dulles, Caryl Haskins, Wesley Posvar, Susan Sontag 1990 Margaret Atwood, Samuel H. Beer, Leo Kadanoff 1989 Thomas Eisner, Jesse Greenstein, Robert Motherwell, David Woodley Packard, Reginald Phelps, James Tobin, Margaret Wilson Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Harvard Centennial Medal page at the Harvard Graduate School

Estúpido Cupido

Estúpido Cupido is a Brazilian telenovela produced by Rede Globo. It aired from 25 August 1976 to 26 February 1977 at 7pm. Written by Mário Prata and directed by Régis Cardoso, it was the last Globo telenovela recorded in black-and-white, with the exception of the last two chapters, directed by Walter Avancini using the new color technology, it was the first telenovela written by Mário Prata. Due to the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal, Estúpido Cupido debuted exceptionally on a Wednesday; the telenovela was re-aired in Brazil at 2 pm. The story takes place in the fictional city of Albuquerque, São Paulo, in the beginning of the 1960s, it revolves around the loves of youth, having as background the American music of the time: rock ballads and rock and roll. The teenagers study in the Catholic school Colégio Normal de Albuquerque, many Sisters and Fathers take part in the plot. Other subjects covered are: the prejudice suffered by a divorced woman; the external scenes were recorded in Rio de Janeiro.

With the success of the telenovela, there was a revival of the music style of the 50s and 60s, with twist dance competitions happening in several places across the country. The soundtrack album, produced by Som Livre, sold more than one million copies. In 1995, Chilean TVN produced a remake called Estúpido Cupido, in which the city of Albuquerque was renamed to San Andrés. "Banho de Lua" – Celly Campello "Quem É?" – Osmar Navarro "Diana" – Carlos Gonzaga "Meu Mundo Caiu" – Maysa "Broto Legal" – Sérgio Murilo "Alguém é Bobo de Alguém" – Wilson Miranda "Por Uma Noite" – Stradivarius "Ritmo da Chuva" – Demétrius "Boogie do Bebê" – Tony Campello "Sereno" – Paulo Molin "Neurastênico" – Betinho & Seu Conjunto "Biquíni Amarelo" – Ronnie Cord "Tetê" – Sylvia Telles "Bata Baby" – Wilson Miranda "Ela é Carioca" – Os Cariocas "Estúpido Cupido" – Celly Campello "Breaking Up Is Hard to Do" – Neil Sedaka "Love Me Forever" – The Playing's "Be-Bop-A-Lula" – Gene Vincent "Tutti Frutti" – Little Richard "Ruby" – Ray Charles "Twilight Time" – The Platters "America" – Trini Lopez "The Twist" – Chubby Checker "Secretly" – Jimmy Rodgers "Tears on My Pillow" – Little Anthony & The Imperials "Misty" – Johnny Mathis "April Love" – Pat Boone "Multiplication" – Bobby Darin "Don't Be Cruel" – Elvis Presley "Petit Fleur" – Bob Crosby "The Green Leaves of Summer" – The Brothers Four "Puppy Love" – Paul Anka "Al di là" – Emilio Pericoli "Everybody Loves Somebody" – Dean Martin "Bye Bye Love" – The Everly Brothers Estúpido Cupido on IMDb


Wireshark is a free and open-source packet analyzer. It is used for network troubleshooting, analysis and communications protocol development, education. Named Ethereal, the project was renamed Wireshark in May 2006 due to trademark issues. Wireshark is cross-platform, using the Qt widget toolkit in current releases to implement its user interface, using pcap to capture packets. There is a terminal-based version called TShark. Wireshark, the other programs distributed with it such as TShark, are free software, released under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Wireshark is similar to tcpdump, but has a graphical front-end, plus some integrated sorting and filtering options. Wireshark lets the user put network interface controllers into promiscuous mode, so they can see all the traffic visible on that interface including unicast traffic not sent to that network interface controller's MAC address. However, when capturing with a packet analyzer in promiscuous mode on a port on a network switch, not all traffic through the switch is sent to the port where the capture is done, so capturing in promiscuous mode is not sufficient to see all network traffic.

Port mirroring or various network taps extend capture to any point on the network. Simple passive taps are resistant to tampering. On GNU/Linux, BSD, macOS, with libpcap 1.0.0 or Wireshark 1.4 and can put wireless network interface controllers into monitor mode. If a remote machine captures packets and sends the captured packets to a machine running Wireshark using the TZSP protocol or the protocol used by OmniPeek, Wireshark dissects those packets, so it can analyze packets captured on a remote machine at the time that they are captured. In the late 1990s, Gerald Combs, a computer science graduate of the University of Missouri–Kansas City, was working for a small Internet service provider; the commercial protocol analysis products at the time were priced around $1500 and did not run on the company's primary platforms, so Gerald began writing Ethereal and released the first version around 1998. The Ethereal trademark is owned by Network Integration Services. In May 2006, Combs accepted a job with CACE Technologies.

Combs still held copyright on most of Ethereal's source code, so he used the contents of the Ethereal Subversion repository as the basis for the Wireshark repository. However, he did not own the Ethereal trademark, so he changed the name to Wireshark. In 2010 Riverbed Technology took over as the primary sponsor of Wireshark. Ethereal development has ceased, an Ethereal security advisory recommended switching to Wireshark. Wireshark has won several industry awards over the years, including eWeek, InfoWorld, PC Magazine, it is the top-rated packet sniffer in the Insecure. Org network security tools survey and was the SourceForge Project of the Month in August 2010. Combs continues to maintain the overall code of Wireshark and issue releases of new versions of the software; the product website lists over 600 additional contributing authors. Wireshark is a data capturing program that "understands" the structure of different networking protocols, it can parse and display the fields, along with their meanings as specified by different networking protocols.

Wireshark uses pcap to capture packets, so it can only capture packets on the types of networks that pcap supports. Data can be captured "from the wire" from a live network connection or read from a file of already-captured packets. Live data can be read from different types of networks, including Ethernet, IEEE 802.11, PPP, loopback. Captured network data can be browsed via the terminal version of the utility, TShark. Captured files can be programmatically edited or converted via command-line switches to the "editcap" program. Data display can be refined using a display filter. Plug-ins can be created for dissecting new protocols. VoIP calls in the captured traffic can be detected. If encoded in a compatible encoding, the media flow can be played. Raw USB traffic can be captured. Wireless connections can be filtered as long as they traverse the monitored Ethernet. Various settings and filters can be set to provide the facility of filtering the output of the captured traffic. Wireshark's native network trace file format is the libpcap format supported by libpcap and WinPcap, so it can exchange captured network traces with other applications that use the same format, including tcpdump and CA NetMaster.

It can read captures from other network analyzers, such as snoop, Network General's Sniffer, Microsoft Network Monitor. Capturing raw network traffic from an interface requires elevated privileges on some platforms. For this reason, older versions of Ethereal/Wireshark and tethereal/TShark ran with superuser privileges. Considering the huge number of protocol dissectors that are called when traffic is captured and recognizing the possibility of a bug in a dissector, a serious security risk can be posed. Due to the rather large number of vulnerabilities in the past and developers' doubts for better future development, OpenBSD removed Ethereal from its ports tree prior to OpenBSD 3.6. Elevated privileges are not needed for all operations. For example, an alternative is to run tcpdump or the dumpcap utility that comes with Wireshark with superuser privileges to capture packets into a file, analyze the packets by running Wireshark with restricted privileges. To emulate near realtime anal

Reza Moghadam

Reza Moghadam is a British-Iranian economist, Vice-Chairman for Global Capital Markets at Morgan Stanley since October 2014. Until July 2014, he was the International Monetary Fund’s front man for dealing with European policy makers and institutions during the eurozone crisis. During his twenty-year career at the IMF he dealt first-hand with many crises—in emerging markets, in the advanced countries of the Eurozone and with the Fund’s own restructuring; the eldest of three children, Reza Moghadam was born in Borojerd in Western Iran on 4 May 1962 and raised in Tehran. His family moved to London when the Islamic revolution broke out in 1979. In 1982 he was admitted to Oxford University. While there, he was elected president of the student union and created and ran the first Magdalen College Arts Festival. Following a master's degree at the London School of Economics and Political Science, he went on to the University of Warwick for his PhD in Economics, he is a supporter of the Chelsea Football Club.

While studying for his PhD, Moghadam taught economics at the Universities of Warwick as well as in London and Bristol. During this time he worked with Colin Carter on the renovation of the LSE’s Phillips Machine, a 60-year-old hydraulic model of the British economy used to demonstrate visually the workings of open economy macroeconomic theory; the machine is now on permanent display at the London Science Museum. From 1990 to 1992, he worked as an Economist for Coopers and Lybrand, focusing on labor market and privatization issues. Moghadam joined the IMF in 1992 in its elite Economist Program. Moghadam started in the European Department, where he got to deal with the fall-out from the collapse of the communist states, German reunification, the implosion of the exchange-rate mechanism, he transferred to the Asia and Pacific Department in 1997 just as Thailand devalued its currency, the first domino of the Asian Crisis. As the IMF resident representative in Bangkok, he was the IMF’s man on the ground helping ensure the flow of international assistance to Thailand and advising the government.

Returning to IMF headquarters in Washington in 2000, Moghadam headed the missions to Thailand and Indonesia before turning to new crises in Argentina and Turkey – in his capacity as adviser to Anne Krueger the IMF’s First Deputy Managing Director. In 2003, Moghadam became Turkey mission chief at a time when its program was off track, inflation out of control and a newly- elected government was trying to find its feet in the build-up to war in Iraq. Moghadam’s re-making of the programme laid the foundation for the country’s subsequent economic success. Recalling those years, Kemal Dervis, the finance minister of Turkey referred to Reza Moghadam as "one of the top economists in the world" and a "sometimes tough negotiator". In 2005, Moghadam was picked by Managing Director Rodrigo de Rato as chief of staff; when de Rato quit in 2007, incoming boss Dominique Strauss-Kahn, asked Moghadam to stay on. In September 2008, just as the Lehman crisis was gathering steam, Moghadam was appointed head of the pivotal Policy Development and Review Department, turned by Strauss Kahn into the Strategy and Review department tasked with spearheading the modernization of the institution.

"Dominique Strauss-Kahn is publicly portrayed as the man. But inside the Fund they say that it was Reza Moghadam, who experienced the street rioting during the Asian crisis, who transformed the organization." "Moghadam's job is to make sure that everything remains structured and yet in flux to suit the crisis of the day. Moghadam is a sort of secretary general for the Fund, he introduces internal and external reforms and proposes new groups and strategies."In November 2011, with the euro-area crisis deepening, Christine Lagarde who had taken over the helm of the IMF in July, asked Moghadam to become the Director of the European Department. The change garnered praise from many analysts who saw it as a move to heighten the IMF’s profile in dealing with the worsening crisis in Europe. "He is seen as a credible and powerful insider," Eswar Prasad, a former IMF official and a senior fellow at Brookings Institution in Washington, told the Reuters news agency. "It shows that the IMF intends to be much more assertive in playing a prominent role in Europe and Reza Moghadam is somebody, seen as being able to move the Fund to that more aggressive position."

From on, he was the key architect of the Fund’s strategy in dealing with crises in Greece, Portugal and Ukraine. Commenting on his tenure, Benoit Coeuré, the European Central Bank executive board member responsible for Brussels policy said "He did not tell us Europeans what we wanted to hear but what we needed to hear, fund’s role.""Reza’s departure is indeed a pity, as he always steered a straight course. And he does not blink," added Thomas Wieser, the head of the EU’s powerful euro working group, who tangled with Moghadam. "Deflation" versus "Lowflation" in the Euro Area, 4 March 2014: Europe on the Mend? 25 September 2013: More traditional video-interviews are available here: Euro Area- Q&A on QE Euro Area — "deflation" versus "lowflation" How Real Is The Recovery In The Euro Area How Real Is The Recovery In The Euro Area?

Other blogs are available he