Ahmad Shah of Pahang

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Ahmad Shah
Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII
Sultan of Pahang
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Reign 26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984
Installation 10 July 1980
Predecessor Yahya Petra of Kelantan
Successor Iskandar of Johor
Sultan of Pahang
Reign 8 May 1974 – present
Installation 6 May 1975
Predecessor Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah
Born (1930-10-24) 24 October 1930 (age 87)
Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Tengku Ampuan Afzan
(m. 1954; d. 1988)

Sultanah Kalsom (m. 1991)
Issue Tengku Meriam
Tengku Muhaini
Tengku Aishah Marcella
Tengku Abdullah
Tengku Abdul Rahman
Tengku Nong Fatimah
Tengku Shahariah
Tengku Fahad Mu'adzam Shah
Full name
Tengku Ahmad Shah ibni Tengku Abu Bakar
Regnal name
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah[1]
House House of Bendahara
Father Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Muazzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu'tasim Billah Shah
Mother Raja Fatimah Binti Al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah[2] (born 24 October 1930) is the fifth Sultan of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1979 to 25 April 1984.


Born 24 October 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang. he was the only son of Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah (reigned 1932–1974) by his official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Besar Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Sir Alang Iskandar Shah II Kaddasullah, a princess of Perak royal family.

A student of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, he received diplomas in public administration from Worcester College, Oxford and the University of Exeter. He succeeded his father as sultan in 1974.

His election as the 7th Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1979 was marked with controversy as he was said to be at odds with the incoming prime minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. However, the rumours proved to be untrue and he proved to be a keen admirer of the prime minister. Twenty-two years earlier, his father Abu Bakar had failed five times to be elected as the first Agong.

A controversial, headstrong personality, he has often forced his chief ministers in Pahang to resign over minor differences.

His favourite hobby was playing football, golf, polo, and equestrian.

Sultan Ahmad Shah is a keen sportsman and was the President of the Malaysian Football Association (FAM) from 1984 until 2014,[3] the President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011.

His official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad, a member of the Terengganu royal family, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong but died of cancer on her return to Pahang on 29 June 1988. Sultan Ahmad Shah's second wife Kalsom binti Abdullah (nee Anita), was designated as the Sultanah of Pahang in 1991.


Building of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang

As the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1979 to 1984, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah was automatically designated under constitutional provisions as the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces, holding the rank of the Field Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy and Field Marshal of the Army.[4]

He is today the RMAF's Colonel in Chief and appears in RMAF ceremonies.

He has been awarded :[5]

Honours of Pahang[edit]

National and Sultanal Honours[edit]

Foreign Honours[edit]


Several projects and institutions were named after the Sultan, including:

Educational institutions[edit]

Buildings, Bridges and Roads[edit]




  1. ^ The Europa Year Book 91984), pg 1991
  2. ^ Information Malaysia (1989), pg 123
  3. ^ High noon at FAM Congress as TM Pahang takes over, Eric Samuel, 2014/05/25, The Star Online
  4. ^ Alagappa, pg 267
  5. ^ The Royal Ark, Pahang genealogical details, p.10
  6. ^ DECRETO NACIONAL 1.256/2006
  7. ^ Pahang
  8. ^ Royal Ark


  • Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia, Muthiah Alagappa, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-4227-8
  • Information Malaysia, Published by Berita Publ. Sdn. Bhd., 1989
  • The Europa Year Book, Europa Publications Limited, 1984, ISBN 0-905118-96-0

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Yahya Petra
(Sultan of Kelantan)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)

Succeeded by
Sultan Iskandar
(Sultan of Johor)
Preceded by
Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah
Sultan of Pahang
Succeeded by
Tengku Abdullah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah
Civic offices
Preceded by
Hamzah Abu Samah
President of Asian Football Confederation
Succeeded by
Mohamed bin Hammam