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Ahmad Tajuddin

Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Sir Ahmad Tajuddin Akhazul Khairi Waddien ibn Sultan Sir Muhammad Jamalul Alam II, KBE, CMG was the 27th Sultan of Brunei from 11 September 1924 until his death. His reign represented the start of a new era in Brunei; the discovery of oil changed the whole course of Brunei's history and enabled faster development in all sectors of the country. The expansion and improvement of formal education and his encouragement of religious education were some of his additional contributions to Brunei Darussalam. Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin was born on 22 August 1913 at Istana Pekan in Brunei Town, he was the surviving eldest son to Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II and his wife, Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Siti Fatimah, after his older brother, Pengiran Muda Bongsu had died in 1910. His younger brother, Pengiran Muda Tengah Omar Ali Saifuddien succeeded him after his death. Before becoming the sultan, he was known as Pengiran Muda Besar Ahmad Tajuddin, he received his early education in the palace.

One of the teachers, assigned to teach him was Cikgu Salleh Haji Masri. Salleh Haji Masri was one of the famous freedom fighters with anti-colonial sentiments; the Sultan's relationship with Salleh was close. He was not the only one learning, as there were the sons of the chiefs of state who accompanied him. In those days, it had become tradition that the royal family would receive their early education at the Palace to adapt themselves to the knowledge of modern education before they step into the realm of a more formal schooling. In contrast to him, he did not enter formal schooling because of the influence of the royal custom, still strong at that time, which did not allow him to learn along with the common people despite the fact that the system of modern education was started in Brunei since 1914. In terms of religious education, since early childhood, he was educated in a variety of knowledge about the religion of Islam, his parents had invited scholars and intellectuals in the Palace of religious knowledge to teach the royal family in reading the Quran and everything related to religion.

Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin ascended the throne on 11 September 1924, after the death of his father, Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II. Due to his young age of 11, the reign was temporarily held by a Council of Regency which consisted of Pengiran Bendahara Pengiran Anak Abdul Rahman and Pengiran Pemancha Pengiran Anak Haji Mohammad Yassin from 11 September 1924 to 19 September 1931; the ceremony was attended by the British Resident in Brunei at that time, Mr. E. E. F. Pretty, he sailed for England in 1932. Before that, he had learned English from Mr. H. F. Stalley, he was in England for a year to learn the English language and a description of the western civilisation. He was the first Sultan in history to explore the western world more than his father, who had only sailed to Singapore and Labuan. Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin was married to Tengku Raihani, the eldest daughter of Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah of Selangor on 30 April 1934, when he was 20 years old. Tengku Raihani was crowned as Tengku Ampuan of Brunei on 17 March 1940.

In conjunction with his wedding ceremony, he has ordered a new palace to be built and named Istana Mahkota Khairani, where he and his wife lived. He intended to change the name of Brunei Mosque to Ahmedia Mosque. However, upon completion of his wedding ceremony, a new palace was named Istana Mahkota and Brunei Mosque retained its name, his marriage to Tengku Ampuan Raihani, saw them welcome a daughter, named Pengiran Anak Puteri Noor Ehsani, born on 15 October 1935. According to her husband, Tengku Pengiran Abdul Aziz, the actual name given by Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin to his eldest daughter was Pengiran Anak Puteri Niswanil Ehsanil Burniah. Before he married Tengku Ampuan Raihani, he was married with Kadayang Amas binti Ampuan Salleh, who came from an ordinary family, from Kampong Sultan Lama, they were blessed with 3 daughters, Pengiran Anak Datin Seri Setia Siti Saerah, born in 1928, died in November 2013. Pengiran Anak Datin Seri Setia Siti Zubaidah Pengiran Anak Datin Seri Setia Siti Halimah, born in 1935, died in 2009.

As he did not have a son, he had taken two adopted sons. They were. Awangku Bakar. Pengiran Anak Datin Seri Setia Siti Halimah was married to Pengiran Haji Mohd Ya'akub bin Pengiran Temenggong Sahibul Bahar Pengiran Haji Mohammad; the grandsons and granddaughters of Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin from this marriage.

HMS Arrogant (1848)

HMS Arrogant was an early wood screw frigate of the Royal Navy, launched in 1848 and sold in 1867. During the period of 1848–1850 she was commanded by Captain Robert FitzRoy. In 1854 Arrogant was part of the fleet deployed to the Baltic Sea on the outbreak of the Crimean War, served in that theatre until 1855. On 15 April 1854 Arrogant was one of a number of Royal Navy ships that captured the Russian brig Patrioten. Three of the ship's company, Lieutenant John Bythesea, Captain of the Mast George Ingouville and stoker William Johnstone won Victoria Crosses. Bythesea and Johnstone won theirs after they went ashore in one of the ship's boats on 9 August 1854, intercepted Russian soldiers carrying mailbags, forced the soldiers back to the ship along with the mailbags. Ingouville won his VC after heroically saving Arrogant's second cutter under heavy enemy fire off Viborg on 13 July 1855. In the Crimean War, four vessels of the Royal Navy—Arrogant, Cossack and Ruby—silenced the Russian batteries at a fort on Gogland on 21 July 1855, while the Anglo-French fleet went on to attack Sveaborg before returning home.

Arrogant was taken out of active service and fitted for Coast Guard duties in 1857. She was decommissioned in 1862 and was sold to be broken up in March 1867. Lyon, David & Winfield, Rif: The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815-1889 Chatham Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-86176-032-9

The Fly II

The Fly II is a 1989 American science fiction horror film directed by Chris Walas. The film stars Eric Stoltz and Daphne Zuniga, is a sequel to the 1986 film The Fly, itself a remake of the 1958 film of the same name. Stoltz's character in this sequel is the adult son of Veronica Quaife and Seth Brundle, a scientist who became a human-fly hybrid as a result of an experiment gone awry, played by Jeff Goldblum in the 1986 remake. With the exception of stock footage of Goldblum from the first film, John Getz was the only actor to reprise his role, with another actress filling the Geena Davis role as Quaife in the opening birth scene. Several months after the events of The Fly, Veronica Quaife gives birth to a larval sac and dies from shock; the sac splits open to reveal a normal baby boy. Anton Bartok, the owner of the company that financed Seth Brundle's teleportation experiments, adopts the child and names him Martin. Martin grows up in a clinical environment, his physical and mental maturity is accelerated, he possesses a genius-level intellect, incredible reflexes, no need for sleep.

He knows he is aging faster than a normal human, but is unaware of the true cause, having been told his father died from the same rapid aging disease. At age three, Martin has the physique of a 10-year-old and sneaks around to explores the Bartok complex, he befriends a dog. The next night, he finds it missing, he enters an observation booth overlooking Bay 17. There, scientists have reassembled Brundle's Telepods, but not to duplicate the programming that enabled them to teleport living subjects. An attempt to teleport the dog fails, it maims one of horrifying young Martin. Two years Martin's body has matured to that of a 25-year-old. On his fifth birthday, Bartok presents Martin with a bungalow on the Bartok facility's property, he offers Martin a job: repair his father's Telepods. He apologizes about assures Martin that its suffering was brief; when Martin is uneasy about the proposition, Bartok shows him Veronica Quaife's videotapes, which documented Seth Brundle's progress with the Telepods. Seeing his father describe how the Telepods ostensibly improved and energized his body, Martin accepts Bartok's proposal.

As he works on the Telepods, Martin befriends Beth Logan. Beth invites Martin to a party at the specimens division, where learns that the mutated dog is still kept alive and studied. Thinking Beth is aware of the dog's imprisonment, Martin argues with her, leaves the party, goes to the animal's holding pen; the deformed dog, in terrible pain, still remembers Martin, he tearfully euthanizes it with chloroform. Martin reconciles with Beth and rearrives at his father's "eureka" moment when he realizes the Telepods' computer need to be creative to analyze living flesh. Martin shows Beth his perfected Telepods by teleporting a kitten without harm, they become lovers. Martin devises a potential cure for his condition, which involves swapping out his mutated genes for healthy human genes. Martin shelves this idea when he realizes the other person would be subject to a grotesque genetic disfigurement. Martin learns that Bartok has hidden cameras in his bungalow. Martin breaks into Bartok's records room.

Bartok explains that he has been waiting for his inevitable mutation. He reveals his plan to use Martin's body and the Telepods' potential for genetic manipulation for profit. Martin's insect genes awaken and his transformation into a human-insect hybrid begins, he escapes from Bartok Industries. Bartok is unable to use the Telepods. Martin installed a computer virus which will erase the Telepods' programming if the wrong password is entered. Bartok orders a search for Martin. Martin explains the situation; the two flee. They visit Veronica Quaife's old confidant, Stathis Borans, who confirms for Martin that the Telepods are his only chance for a cure, they keep running, but Martin's physical and emotional changes become too much for Beth to handle, she surrenders them both to Bartok. Without revealing the password, he becomes enveloped in a cocoon. Bartok interrogates Beth for the password. Shortly after, the transformed Martin emerges from his cocoon and breaks into Bay 17, he grabs Bartok, forces him to type in the password, drags Bartok and himself into a Telepod.

Martin gestures Beth to activate the gene-swapping sequence and, despite Bartok's protests, Beth complies. Martin is restored to a human form, Bartok is transformed into a freakish monster. In addition, Saffron Henderson appears, with her face covered, as Ronnie Quaife, the role played by Geena Davis in the original film, while archive footage of Jeff Goldblum, shows him in the Seth Brundle role from the original film. Geena Davis, who played Veronica Quaife in the first film, was replaced by Saffron Henderson for this sequel, as Davis refused to reprise her role due to her character's death in the first act disallowing the opportunity for character development; the Fly II is an early entry in the filmography of Frank Darabont. Tom Sullivan worked as a sculptor for the film's visual effects; the Fly II grossed $20,021,322 at the US box office and a further $18,881,857 abroad, resulting in worldwide total of $38,903,179. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 25% based on 16 reviews, with a weighted average rating of 4.42/10.

On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film has a weighted average score of 36