Ahmadu Bello University is a federal government research university in Zaria, Kaduna State Nigeria. ABU was founded on 4 October 1962, as the University of Northern Nigeria; the university operates two campuses: Kongo in Zaria. There is pre-degree school in Funtua; the Samaru campus houses the administrative offices and the faculties of physical sciences, life sciences, social sciences and languages, environmental design, medical sciences, agricultural sciences and research facilities. The Kongo campus hosts the faculties of Administration; the Faculty of Administration consists of Accounting, Business Administration, Local Government and Development Studies and Public Administration Departments. Additionally, the university is responsible for other institutions and programmes at other locations, it is named after the Sardauna of Sokoto, Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello, the first premier of Northern Nigeria. The university runs a wide variety of graduate programmes, it has a large medical programme with its own ABU Teaching Hospital, one of the largest teaching hospitals in Nigeria and Africa.
As Nigeria approached independence on October 1, 1960, it had only a single university: the University of Ibadan, established in 1948. The important Ashby Commission report recommended adding new universities in each of Nigeria's then-three regions and the capital, Lagos. Before the report, the regional governments had begun planning universities. In May 1960, the Northern Region had upgraded the School of Arabic Studies in Kano to become the Ahmadu Bello College for Arabic and Islamic Studies; the Ashby Commission report recommendations gave a new direction. It was decided to create a University of Northern Nigeria at Zaria; the university would take over the facilities of the Nigerian College of Arts and Technology at Samaru just outside Zaria, would incorporate the Ahmadu Bello College in Kano, the Agricultural Research Institute at Samaru, the Institute of Administration at Zaria, the Veterinary Research Institute at Vom on the Jos Plateau. The law establishing the new university was passed by the Northern Region legislature in 1961.
It was decided to name the university after Ahmadu Bello, the Kano college took the name of Abdullahi Bayero, a past Emir of Kano. At the opening on 4 October 1962, thanks in part to absorbing existing institutions, ABU claimed four faculties comprising 15 departments. Students in all programmes numbered only 426; the challenges were enormous. Over 60 years of British colonial rule, education in the Northern Region had lagged far behind that of the two southern regions. Few students from the north had qualifications for university entrance, fewer still northerners had qualifications for teaching appointments. Of the original student body, only 147 were from the north. ABU's first vice chancellor was British. Only two Nigerians — Dr. Iya Abubakar and Adamu Baikie — were among the earliest round of faculty appointments. Facilities on the main Samaru campus were inadequate, the administration and integration of the physically separated pre-existing institutions was difficult. Under the vice chancellorship of Dr. Norman Alexander and administrative staffing was developed, new departments and programmes were created, major building plans were undertaken, student enrollments grew rapidly.
By the end of Alexander's tenure 1,000 students were enrolled. The New Zealand-born Alexander, from 1966, became a kind of "freelance vice-chancellor", offering his expertise to help in the setting up of other Commonwealth universities in the West Indies and Africa. In 1966, Dr. Alexander was succeeded as ABU vice chancellor by Dr. Ishaya Shuaibu Audu, a pediatrician and associate professor at the University of Lagos. Audu had been born in Wusasa, near Zaria, in 1928. A native Hausa, he was a northerner. However, his membership in the Hausa Christian community of Wusasa had some impact on his tenure. ABU was affected by the coups and the anti-Igbo riots of 1966. But, under Dr. Audu's leadership, ABU was to grow and develop at an faster pace. Growth in student enrollments had been held hostage to growth and development of A-level training at the secondary school level. So beginning in 1968–69 ABU broke free from the British three-year heritage and established the School of Basic Studies to provide advanced secondary pre-degree training on campus.
Students who entered through the School of Basic Studies embarked on a four-year programme toward a bachelor's degree. Opposed by some, the school proved a great success and enrollments expanded more rapidly. By its tenth year ABU total enrollments including non- and pre-degree programmes were put at over 7,000 of which more than half were in degree programmes. In its first ten years, the University of Ibadan produced 615 graduates. At ABU the corresponding figure after 10 years was 2,333 first degrees, along with several advanced degrees. From the beginning, ABU was remarkable for the breadth of its ambition. In its institutions, but on or close by the main campus by Samaru, ABU was creating a range of programmes that only the most comprehensive of U. S. state universities could have matched. Ranging far beyond the standard fields of the arts, social science
Y. G. Srimati 20th century artist, born in Mysore, was an artist and musician. From a young age, she was trained in Indian classical music and painting. Y. G. Srimati became a accomplished vocalist and performer of Carnatic music and became a participant of the Indian Independence Movement from Chennai, she was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and at rallies addressed by him she would perform devotional songs in various Indian languages. She dedicated her art work to nationalist themes painting figures from Hindu mythology, her style being influenced by Nandalal Bose and the frescoes of the Ajanta Caves, her talent was recognized and in 1952 during her first solo exhibition Born in 1926 in Mysore in Karnataka, Srimati grew up in coastal Chennai in a Tamil Brahmin family. Her older brother, Y. G. Doraisami, mentored her in classical dance, instrumental music and painting, her grandfather was the chief astrologer in the court of the Maharaja of Mysore. The family initials of'Y. G.' was an honorific title granted by the Maharaja.
Her grandfather died when her father was a year old and her family's land was seized. Her father was disinherited. Following which he dedicated himself to the education of his children. Srimati danced as a child and her first solo performance happened, she started to paint. Her brother was an art collector and he sponsored various artists. In 1963, she got a scholarship to the Art Students League of New York, where she met fellow artist, Michael Pellettieri, they became partners and he went to contribute some of the paintings made by her to Metropolitan Museum of Art after she died. Y. G Srimati’s career started when she received training in four traditional South Indian arts, music and painting, she became devoted towards these arts. She kept her lifelong friendship with Carnatic vocalist M. S. Subbulakshmi, she got the opportunity to go on a tour in India, United States and in the United Kingdom with the classical dancer Ram Gopal. The theme of Y. G. Srimati's paintings is based on devotion, she did not sign her work.
Most of Srimati's work was inspired from religion. She pursued her musical career after shifting to New York, and the exhibition includes one of her Tamburas, the vestige of her musical career. Srimati was intrigued by visions of rural culture, she had this nationalist sentiment, the subject matter of the conscious expression. The Met Collection featured 25 watercoloured paintings which expressed musical instruments, archival photographs and performance recordings; the art critic Holland Cotter said: "Ms. Srimati’s choreographic take on naturalism makes everyday subjects—a woman dressing, a family riding to market—look heroic, images of deities and saints look approachable human. In the end, she’s a devotional artist, in the religious or spiritual sense: Her 1947-48 painting of the Hindu goddess Saraswati was displayed on her family’s home altar."Being a trained classical dancer, a lot of her artwork was dedicated to the treatment of the physical form. Some of her more popular paintings comprise'The Bullock Cart' and'Parashurama'.
She died in 2007 in her hometown Chennai, at the age of 81. The first retrospective exhibition of her work An Artist of Her Time: Y. G. Srimati and the Indian Style opened at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York in 2016, her work was influenced by dance positions and mythological tales. When she was 26, she had her first exhibition, inaugurating the Centenary Hall Madras Museum in the year 1952. In 1950, profiled in the first major survey publications of painters in the post-Independence India, Present Day Painters of India In 1952 The Government of Museum, Organized her first solo Exhibition. In 1955 All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society, New Delhi, Solo Exhibition. 1959 Beryl de Zoete invited her to England. Her time in England entailed performances for BBC, teaching and exhibitions. 1960 New York publisher George Macy Companies offered her a commission to illustrate the Bhagavad Gita, upon completion of which, she was invited to New York. 1964-1969 she attended the Art Students League of New York after being provided with a Board of Control Scholarship to study printmaking.
In 1961, her work for the deluxe edition of Bhagvad Gita were 15 commissioned paintings. 1960s to 1980, she supported herself through teaching and exhibitions. Her time in America was spent on telling stories about religion and culture in India through the means of watercolours as well as classical music and dance. 1967, she was commissioned by the Smithsonian Institution to create an etching for the Geneva Peace Conference. She was a participant of the Vietnam War protests
Marie Cecilia Stegö Chilò was the Swedish Minister for Culture for ten days, from 6 to 16 October 2006. Prior to her appointment as a cabinet member she was Chief executive officer of the Swedish Free Enterprise Foundation, Director of Timbro, a neoliberal, free-market think-tank. A former journalist and editorialist, she is a member of the Moderate Party. From 2007 she is Chairman of the Advisory Board of the Permanent Platform of Atomium Culture. Cecilia Stegö was born in Linköping in Östergötland County, she has studied political science, economics and language. Cecilia Stegö Chilò lives with two children in Bromma in western Stockholm. In 1982 she was Secretary General of the European Democrat Students in London. From 1982 to 1983 she was Vice chairperson of the Confederation of Swedish Conservative and Liberal Students, she has worked as a reporter at Norrköpings Tidningar from 1982 to 1984, secretary in the Stockholm County Council from 1984 to 1985, press secretary in the Moderate Party's parliamentary group from 1985 to 1987, speech writer for the Moderate Party leadership from 1987 to 1988 and as a reporter and editorial journalist for the newspaper Svenska Dagbladet from 1989 to 1999.
From 2001 to 2002 she was a political commentator at Sveriges Radio. Cecilia Stegö Chilò left the Moderate Party in 1995 in protest after the expulsion of the EU-critic Björn von der Esch - this happened in connection with his being against the EMU and against the vision of a tighter federalism in EU affairs, she rejoined the Moderate Party in 2005. Following the 2006 general election on 17 September 2006 the Moderate Party together with three other parties in the Alliance for Sweden gained a majority of the seats in the parliament and were able to form a coalition government. On 6 October 2006 Stegö Chilò was selected by the newly elected Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt to hold the post of Minister for Culture with responsibility for culture, the media and sports in his cabinet. However, during the period 7 to 16 October 2006, a series of media revelations into the newly appointed minister led to her resignation after ten days in office. On 7 October 2006, the day after the Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt was announced two of the ministers, Cecilia Stegö Chilò and Maria Borelius, admitted that they had employed persons to take care of their children without paying the appropriate taxes.
Stegö Chilò stated: "It's just as well. If you want to remove me because of that, go ahead." Neither Stegö Chilò or Borelius face any criminal or administrative consequences since the events took place more than five years ago, outside of the statute of limitations. On 11 October 2006, it came to light that Stegö Chilò and her husband had not paid their television licence for at least 16 years, withholding more than 16,000 kronor from the public service broadcasters. In Sweden it is a crime for the owner of a television not to pay the TV-licence, punishable by a fine. However, it is possible to pay the fee retroactively, her husband registered ownership of a television five days before her appointment as minister. As Minister for Culture Stegö Chilò's responsibilities include oversight of the Swedish public service corporations. Stegö Chilò expressed an ambition to repay. However, on 12 October 2006 Radiotjänst i Kiruna AB, a private agency tasked with collecting the licence fees, filed criminal charges against Stegö Chilò together with two other ministers in the Reinfeldt Cabinet: Tobias Billström and Maria Borelius.
In November 2006, she sent a letter to Radiotjänst saying that she had just paid in SEK 22.656. In the letter she refers to an agreement made with the MD of Radiotjänst before the criminal charges were filed. According to the agreement the amount should equal unpaid license fees plus interest and that paying would close the issue. On 16 October 2006, Stegö Chilò tendered her resignation to Prime Minister Reinfeldt. Lars Leijonborg, Minister for Education and Research in the Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt, took over the responsibilities for Stegö Chilò's portfolio until her successor Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth was appointed on 24 October 2006. In November 2006, she sent a letter to the salary unit within the government, she clarified that though she might be entitled to keep her salary for some time after her resignation, she did not wish to receive any money. Systemskiftet - En 1800-talshistoria Cecilia Stegö Chilò at the Government Offices of Sweden Profile at Timbro
Bharathchandran I. P. S is a 2005 Indian Malayalam action film directed by Ranji Panicker, starring Suresh Gopi in the title role. Saikumar, Rajan P. Dev, Shreya Reddy, Lalu Alex appear in pivotal roles, it was a big success in Kerala like its prequel Commissioner, released 11 years ago. In this movie, Suresh Gopi plays the title role of Bharatchandran IPS, a righteous city police commissioner who does not mind assaulting his superior officers and powerful politicians while staging a one-man-fight against the corrupt political machinery prevailing in the state; this movie was the come back film for Suresh Gopi that gave him a break after numerous flops and made him prevail in the film industry. The movie begins with communal riots erupting in Malabar, after the murder of Mayambaram Baba, an iconic Muslim leader. Baba is murdered amidst tight security in the premises of a special court in Mangalore where he was supposed to give evidence about the foul play behind an earlier communal riot; the evil syndicate headed by'Janab' Hyderali Hassan which felt that their existence will be questioned if Baba were to reveal the truths about the communal violence riots incited by them, silences him using a hired killer, Kala Purohit Khan.
As a matter of fact, the communal violence following Baba's murder are triggered and intensified by Hyderali himself, to throw the region in a state of chaos. He has other sinister motives like having the huge amount of land left behind by the fleeing population to himself for building a private sea port through which he hopes to pump illicit money and weapons into the state. Bharatchandran makes a late entry into the film near the end of the first half; the Chief Minister of the state, Thomas Chacko entrusts the investigation of the Baba murder with Bharatchandran. He and his team of an assistant officer Anwar and Dy. SP Pookkoya report to IG of Police Habib Basheer. Bharatchandran works his way into the hierarchy of the Hyderali syndicate, starting with Shweta Nachappa, a Karnataka police officer, on duty on the day of the murder and who seemed to know about the murder beforehand. Hyderali silences Shweta after he finds out; this does not seem to deter him, he spits fire. Mentions are made about Bharatchandran's past during the nine years, supposed to have elapsed since he terminated Mohan Thomas.
Incidentally, this is the actual time-frame between the release of the two movies. He is told to have been under suspension for the major part of that time and served a term in jail for his actions, his love interest, the lawyer Indu became his wife and got him acquitted of his charges. She was shot dead by Mohan Thomas's goons on the day of Bharatchandran's acquittal. Bharatchandran has a daughter aged ten. I. G. Balachandran and guardian angel of Bharathchandran in the prequel, is said to have entrusted the guardianship of Bharatchandran to Habib Basheer on his death bed in an emotional way; the Chief Minister is shown to be part of the dark side. IG Habib Basheer, like an elder brother to Bharatchandran, is killed while trying to save him from the bullets of Kala Purohit's gang; the enraged Bharatchandran confronts Hyderali for the final showdown, flanked by Anwar and Pookkoya and flaunting a captured Kala Purohit. The final scene is worlds different from its predecessor which shows Bharatchandran shooting numerous henchmen and torching an entire warehouse to kill Mohan Thomas.
There is no unnecessary bloodshed here. He soon places a bullet on Hyderali, before the eyes of the scared-beyond-wits Chief Minister, witness to the entire scene. Suresh Gopi as Bharathchandran I. P. S. Lalu Alex as Habeeb Basheer I. P. S. Saikumar as Janab Hyderali Hassan Vijayaraghavan as Thomas Chacko Shreya Reddy as Hema Viswanath I. P. S. Subair as Mayin Kutty M. L. A. Madhu Warrier as Anwar I. P. S Rajan P. Dev as Pookkoya Kollam Ajith as Udayan shetty V. K. Sreeraman as Mayamparam Baba Kozhikode Narayanan Nair as Shekharji Mamukkoya as Kunjeeswaran Pillai Ravindran as Devan Menon T. P. Madhavan as Vakkalam Moosa Urmila Unni as Subhadra Habeeb Nivia Rebin as Habeeb's daughter Priyanka as Susheela Santhakumari Kundara Johny as Rajan Koshy Balachandran Chullikkadu as Mudoor Sidhan Niranjana as Indu Akhila as Swetha Nachappa IPS Prabha Dutt as Jasmine Mary Cherian Meghna Nair as Lekha Ratheesh as Mohan Thomas Shobhana as Indu Kurup M. G. Soman as I. G. Balachandran Story, Dialogues and Direction – Renji Panicker Camera – Sanjeev Shankar Associate Directors – Shaji Padoor, Babu Cherthala Costumes – Pazhani Make-up – Mani Music – raja mani Assistant Directors – Santhosh, Nithin Renji Panicker, Babu Iratti The film received a record distributor's share in Kerala.
In 8 days, it collection ₹1.04 crore in distributor's share from 50 screens, a record. The film turned out to be the second highest grosser behind Rajamanickyam. Bharathchandran I. P. S. on IMDb
Erika Trautmann-Nehring was a German archaeologist and illustrator, most noted for her work with Franz Altheim on the petroglyphs of Val Camonica, Italy. Trautmann was born to a wealthy family in West Prussia. After World War I Konitz was annexed by Poland and the family's estates were confiscated. Moving to Berlin, she trained as an illustrator at the Lettehaus and the Berlin University of the Arts. In 1925 she married a civil engineer. In 1933 she got a job at as an illustrator at the Forschungsinstitut fur Kulturmorphologie, led by Leo Frobenius, in Frankfurt. In 1934 she documented parietal art in France. In 1936, while illustrating the petroglyphs in Val Camonica, she met and fell in love with Franz Altheim, a Professor of Classical Philology at the University of Frankfurt. Trautmann and Altheim published a number of books on history and petroglyphs, the migration of Indo-Germanic peoples, they joined the Ahnenerbe and received funding for more research at Val Camonica and in the Middle East where they acted as agents for the Nazi intelligence service.
In 1940 Trautmann tried to get Ahnenerbe funding for an expedition to Brittany to study the megalithic monuments there, but was turned down in favor of a male researcher, Herbert Jankuhn. After World War II Trautmann's work for the Ahnenerbe prevented her from continuing her academic career, she co-authored, illustrated, or provided photos for a number of books, with Altheim and others, in the years surrounding World War II. Altheim, Franz. Vom Ursprung der Runen. Ahnenerbe. Altheim, Franz. Die Soldatenkaiser. Frankfurt/Main: Klostermann. Altheim, Franz. Amsterdam: Pantheon. Altheim, Franz. Pantheon Akademische Verlagsanstalt. Altheim, Franz. Kimbern und Runen: Untersuchungen zur Ursprungsfrage der Runen. Berlin: Ahnenerbe-Stiftung Verlag. Altheim, Franz. Die krise der alten welt im 3. Jahrhundert n. zw. und ihre ursachen. Berlin-Dahlem: Ahnenerbe-stiftung. Altheim, Franz. Berlin-Dahlem: Ahnenerbe-Stiftung. Altheim, Franz. Weltgeschichte Asiens im griechischen Zeitalter. Halle: M. Niemeyer. Trautmann-Nehring, Erika.
Aus Spätantike und Christentum. Altheim, Franz. Attila und die Hunnen. Baden-Baden: Verl. f. Kunst- u. Wissenschaft. Altheim, Franz. Ein asiatischer Staat: Feudalismus unter den Sasaniden und ihren Nachbarn. Erster Band. Wiesbaden: Limes. Altheim, Franz. Finanzgeschichte der Spätantike. Frankfurt/Main: Klostermann. Reena Perschke: Die Felsbildforscherin Erika Trautmann-Nehring, in: Sonja Häder/Ulrich Wiegmann: An der Seite gelehrter Männer. Frauen zwischen Emanzipation und Tradition, Klinkhardt 2017, pp. 225–269, ISBN 978-3-7815-2205-3. Reena Perschke: National-Socialist Researchers in Val Camonica - A short biography of the petroglyph draughtswoman Erika Trautmann-Nehring, Bollettino del Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici, vol. 43, 2019, pp. 5-31. Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Digging the Past: one hundred years of research on Valcamonica rock art Photo of Erika Trautmann copying images in the Cova dels Cavalls, Spain, 1934
The Bell 407 is a four-blade, single-engine, civil utility helicopter. The 407 uses the four-blade, soft-in-plane design rotor with composite hub developed for the United States Army's OH-58D Kiowa Warrior instead of the two-blade, semi-rigid, teetering rotor of the 206L-4. In 1993, Bell began the development of the New Light Aircraft as a replacement for its Model 206 series; the program resulted in a development of Bell's LongRanger. A 206L-3 LongRanger was modified to serve as the 407 demonstrator; the demonstrator used hardware for the 407 and added molded fairings to represent the 407's wider fuselage under development. The demonstrator was first flown on April 21, 1994, the 407 program was publicly announced at the Heli-Expo in Las Vegas, Nevada, in January 1995; the first 407 prototype accomplished its maiden flight on June 29, 1995, the second prototype followed on July 13, 1995. After a short development program, the first production 407 flew on November 10, 1995; the Bell 407 features the four-blade main rotor developed for the OH-58D.
The blades and hub use composite construction without life limits, provide better performance and a more comfortable ride. The 407's fuselage is 8 inches wider, increasing internal cabin space, includes 35% larger main cabin windows; the more powerful Rolls-Royce/Allison 250-C47 turboshaft allows an increase in Maximum Takeoff Weight and improves performance at hotter temperatures and/or higher altitudes. The 407's airframe is similar to the LongRanger, but includes a carbon fiber composite tailboom; the helicopter has standard seating for five cabin seats. The 407 was certificated by Transport Canada on February 9, 1996, with the FAA following shortly after on February 23. Full production began in 1996 at Bell's Mirabel, Canada plant and produced 140 airframes in 1997, to fill the initial orders. In 1995, Bell did not proceed with it. For a time, Bell studied developing the Model 407T twin-engine variant, but instead chose to develop the all-new twin-PW206D powered Bell 427. Bell began deliveries of the 407 in 1996.
The 1,000th helicopter was delivered on June 15, 2010. The ARH-70 armed reconnaissance helicopter, developed for the U. S. Army was based on the 407, but was canceled on October 16, 2008; the Bell 417 was a growth variant of the Bell 407, in essence a civil version of the Bell ARH-70. The 417 made its first flight on June 8, 2006; the 417 was to be powered by a Honeywell HTS900 turboshaft engine, producing 970 shp and includes full FADEC controls. The cabin sat five passengers in club-seating configuration, in addition to the crew of two; the civilian 417 was canceled at Heli-Expo 2007 in Orlando. On March 4, 2013, Bell unveiled a new armed version of the Bell 407GX, named the 407GT, it incorporates the Garmin G1000HTM flight deck to provide flight information. It can include infrared cameras, various armaments, equipment to perform different missions such as armed transport, search-and-rescue and medical evacuation; the GT version uses the universal weapons pylon, derived from the Bell OH-58 Kiowa, to carry different weapons including machine guns and anti-armor missiles.
Bell made delivery of the first production 407 at Heli-Expo, in Dallas, Texas in February 1996. Launch customers for the aircraft were Petroleum Helicopters, Niagara Helicopters, Greenland Air. On 23 May 2007, Colin Bodill and Jennifer Murray completed a record pole-to-pole around the world flight utilizing a standard Bell 407; the flight originated from Bell's facility at the Fort Worth Alliance Airport on December 5, 2006. The team flew through 34 different countries; the project, named Polar First, was performed in partnership with the Royal Geographical Society to provide educational outreach to 28 international schools, which were visited during the trip. The project served as a fundraiser for the SOS Children's Villages. In 2009 the Iraqi Air Force ordered three Bell 407 armed scout helicopters. A contract for 24 additional Bell 407s with an option for 26 more was awarded in April of that same year; the U. S. Army is installation of military equipment on the helicopters. Three training T-407s were delivered to the Iraqi Army in 2010.
Armed IA-407s were delivered in eight batches of three aircraft from August 2012 to April 2013. The final Bell 407 for Iraq was delivered on 3 April 2013. There are 30 in service. Iraq is using the IA-407 in operations against Islamic State militants. On October 8, 2014, militants shot down an IA-407 using a shoulder-fired ground-to-air missile, killing the pilot and co-pilot. In December 2017, more than 1,400 were operating. Bell 407 A civil utility helicopter, a derivative of the Bell 206L-4. ARH-70 An upgraded 407 version to serve as an armed reconnaissance helicopter. Bell 417 Planned civil version of the ARH-70, was canceled. Bell 407 Light Observation Helicopter A military reconnaissance version. Eagle 407 HP Version from Eagle Copter with a more powerful Honeywell HTS900 engine, rated at 1,021 shp. Northrop Grumman MQ-8C Fire Scout An unmanned aerial vehicle version being developed by Northrop Grumman and Bell Helicopter as a cargo resupply demonstrator; the test aircraft flew on 10 December 2010 at the Yuma Proving Ground.
In February 2011, the US Navy's budget request for 2012 included funds to buy 12 Fire-X helicopters under the designation MQ-8C. Bell 407AH An armed civil-certified version for use with government and security forces. Be