Aikido is a modern Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies and religious beliefs. Ueshiba's goal was to create an art that practitioners could use to defend themselves while protecting their attackers from injury. Aikido is translated as "the way of unifying life energy" or as "the way of harmonious spirit". Aikido's techniques include: irimi, tenkan movements, various types of throws and joint locks. Aikido derives from the martial art of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, but began to diverge from it in the late 1920s due to Ueshiba's involvement with the Ōmoto-kyō religion. Ueshiba's early students' documents bear the term aiki-jūjutsu. Ueshiba's senior students have different approaches to aikido, depending on when they studied with him. Today, aikido is found all over the world in a number of styles, with broad ranges of interpretation and emphasis. However, they all share techniques formulated by Ueshiba and most have concern for the well-being of the attacker.
The word "aikido" is formed of three kanji: 合 – ai – joining, combining, fitting 気 – ki – spirit, mood, morale 道 – dō – way, pathThe term aiki does not appear in the Japanese language outside the scope of budō. This has led to many possible interpretations of the word. 合 is used in compounds to mean'combine, join together, meet', examples being 合同, 合成, 結合, 連合, 統合, 合意. There is an idea of reciprocity, 知り合う, 話し合い, 待ち合わせる. 気 is used to describe a feeling, as in X気がする, 気持ち. The term dō is found in martial arts such as judo and kendo, in various non-martial arts, such as Japanese calligraphy, flower arranging and tea ceremony. Therefore, from a purely literal interpretation, aikido is the "Way of combining forces" or "Way of unifying energy", in which the term aiki refers to the martial arts principle or tactic of blending with an attacker's movements for the purpose of controlling their actions with minimal effort. One applies aiki by understanding the rhythm and intent of the attacker to find the optimal position and timing to apply a counter-technique.
Aikido was created by Morihei Ueshiba, referred to by some aikido practitioners as Ōsensei. The term aikido was coined in the twentieth century. Ueshiba envisioned aikido not only as the synthesis of his martial training, but as an expression of his personal philosophy of universal peace and reconciliation. During Ueshiba's lifetime and continuing today, aikido has evolved from the aiki that Ueshiba studied into a variety of expressions by martial artists throughout the world. Ueshiba developed aikido during the late 1920s through the 1930s through the synthesis of the older martial arts that he had studied; the core martial art from which aikido derives is Daitō-ryū aiki-jūjutsu, which Ueshiba studied directly with Takeda Sōkaku, the reviver of that art. Additionally, Ueshiba is known to have studied Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū with Tozawa Tokusaburō in Tokyo in 1901, Gotōha Yagyū Shingan-ryū under Nakai Masakatsu in Sakai from 1903 to 1908, judo with Kiyoichi Takagi in Tanabe in 1911; the art of Daitō-ryū is the primary technical influence on aikido.
Along with empty-handed throwing and joint-locking techniques, Ueshiba incorporated training movements with weapons, such as those for the spear, short staff, the bayonet. Aikido derives much of its technical structure from the art of swordsmanship. Ueshiba moved to Hokkaidō in 1912, began studying under Takeda Sokaku in 1915. However, during the latter part of that period, Ueshiba had begun to distance himself from Takeda and the Daitō-ryū. At that time Ueshiba referred to his martial art as "Aiki Budō", it is unclear when Ueshiba began using the name "aikido", but it became the official name of the art in 1942 when the Greater Japan Martial Virtue Society was engaged in a government sponsored reorganization and centralization of Japanese martial arts. After Ueshiba left Hokkaidō in 1919, he met and was profoundly influenced by Onisaburo Deguchi, the spiritual leader of the Ōmoto-kyō religion in Ayabe. One of the primary features of Ōmoto-kyō is its emphasis on the attainment of utopia during one's life.
This idea was a great influence on Ueshiba's martial arts philosophy of extending love and compassion to those who seek to harm others. Aikido demonstrates this philosophy in its emphasis on mastering martial arts so that one may receive an attack and harmlessly redirect it. In an ideal resolution, not only is the receiver unharmed, but so is the attacker. In addition to the effect on his spiritual growth, the connection with Deguchi gave Ueshiba entry to elite political and military circles as a martial artist; as a result of this exposure, he was able to attract not only financial backing but gifted students. Several of these students would found their own styles of aikido. Aikido was first introduced to the rest of the world in 1951
James Aloysius Farley was one of the first Irish Catholic politicians in American history to achieve success on a national level. He served as chairman of the New York State Democratic Committee, chairman of the Democratic National Committee, Postmaster General under the first two administrations of President Franklin Roosevelt. A business executive and dignitary and a Knight of Malta, Farley was referred to as a political kingmaker, he was responsible for Roosevelt's rise to the presidency. Farley was the campaign manager for New York State politician Alfred E. Smith's 1922 gubernatorial campaign and Roosevelt's 1928 and 1930 gubernatorial campaigns as well as Roosevelt's presidential campaigns of 1932 and 1936. Farley predicted large landslides in both, revolutionized the use of polling data, he was responsible for pulling together the New Deal Coalition of Catholics, labor unions, African Americans, farmers. Farley and the administration's patronage machine over which he presided helped to fuel the social and infrastructure programs of the New Deal.
He handled most mid-level and lower-level appointments, in consultation with state and local Democratic organizations. Farley helped to normalize diplomatic relations with the Holy See and in 1933, he was the first high-ranking government official to travel to Rome, where he had an audience with Pope Pius XI and dinner with Cardinal Pacelli. Farley opposed Roosevelt for breaking the two-term tradition of the presidency; as of 1942, Farley was considered the supreme Democratic Party boss of New York. In 1947, President Harry S. Truman appointed Farley to serve a senior post as a commissioner on the Hoover Commission known as the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government. Farley guided and remained at the helm of Coca-Cola International for over 30 years and was responsible for the company's global expansion as a quasi-government agency in World War II, it was used as a boost to the energy levels of the fighting men. Shipped with food and ammunition as a "war priority item," the deal spread Coke's market worldwide at government expense.
At US expense, after the war, 59 new Coke plants were installed to help rebuild Europe. The landmark James Farley Post Office in New York City is designated in his honor and as a monument to his career in public service, he was born in Grassy Point, New York, one of five sons whose grandparents were Irish Catholic immigrants. His father, James Farley, was involved in the brick-making industry, first as a laborer and as a part-owner of three small schooners engaged in the brick-carrying trade, his mother was the former Ellen Goldrick. After his father died Farley helped his mother tend a bar and grocery store that she purchased to support the family. After graduating from high school, he attended Packard Business College in New York City to study bookkeeping and other business skills. After his graduation, he was employed by the United States Gypsum Corporation. In 1911, Farley began his service as a politician, when he was elected town clerk of Stony Point, New York. Despite Stony Point's Republican leanings, Farley was reelected twice.
He was elected chairman of the Rockland County Democratic Party in 1918, he used the position to curry favor with Tammany Hall Boss Charles F. Murphy by convincing him that Alfred E. Smith would be the best choice for governor. Farley married the former Elizabeth A. Finnegan on April 28, 1920, they had two daughters and one son, Elizabeth and James Aloysius Farley, Jr. Farley managed to secured the upstate vote for Smith north of the Bronx line, when he ran for governor the same year; the Democrats could not win north of the Bronx line before Farley organized the Upstate New York Democratic organization. After helping Smith become Governor of New York State, Farley was awarded the post of Port Warden of New York City, he was the last Democrat to hold the post, taken over by the Port Authority of New York. Farley ran for the New York State Assembly in 1922 and won in Rockland County a solid Republican stronghold, he sat in the 146th New York State Legislature in 1923, but he lost it at the next election for having voted "wet," for the repeal of the Mullan–Gage Act, the state law to enforce Prohibition.
Farley was appointed to the New York State Athletic Commission at the suggestion of State Senator Jimmy Walker in 1923, Farley served as a delegate to the 1924 Democratic National Convention, where he befriended Roosevelt, who would give his famous "Happy Warrior" speech for Smith. Farley fought for civil rights for black Americans as chairman of the New York State Athletic Commission. In 1926, Farley threatened to resign his post as Athletic Commissioner if boxing champion Jack Dempsey did not fight the mandatory challenger, African-American fighter Harry Wills. Farley banned Dempsey from fighting Gene Tunney and publicly threatened to revoke Tex Rickard's Madison Square Garden license if he ignored the ruling of the commission. Farley's public stand for black rights proved to be a valuable asset to the Democratic Party for generations, it would sow the seeds of the black bloc of the New Deal. Wills was the most well known victim of the "color line" drawn by white heavyweight champions after the title reign of Jack Johnson.
Wills fought between 1911 and 1932 and was ranked as the number one challenger for the throne, but he was never given the opportunity to fight for the title. In 2003, he was named to Ring Magazine in its list of the 100 greatest punchers of all time. Meanwhile, Farley merged five small building supply companies to form General Builders Corporation, which would become the city's largest building supply company
Vakıf Museum is an ethnography museum in Ankara, Turkey exhibiting endowed articles. The museum is on Atatürk Boulevard in Ankara, it is to the south of Melike Hatun Mosque and to the east of Gençlik Parkı, the largest park of Ankara. Some of the other museums of Ankara such as Stamp Museum, Ethnography Museum of Ankara and State Art and Sculpture Museum are nearby; the museum building was built as a school building. It is an example of First national architectural movement of Turkey. Between 1928 and 1941 it was used by the School of Law and after 1941, it was used as the Girls’ vocational school. In 2004 it was restored and on 7 May 2007 it was opened as a museum. Vakıf means the museum is dedicated to ethnographic endowments. In the ground floor and carpets as well as various tools in carpet weaving are exhibited. In the upper floor, hand written books, tiles and wooden items are on display. More recent items such as clocks and 19th-century cameras are a part of the museum collection. 100+ pictures
Antony John Phillipson is a British diplomat. He was High Commissioner to Singapore from 2011 to April 2015, is from 2017 the British Consul-General in New York and Her Majesty's Trade Commissioner for North America. Phillipson was educated at Keble College, Oxford, he joined the Civil Service in 1993, working in the Department of Trade and Industry where he rose to be Principal Private Secretary to the Secretary of State. He transferred to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and served at Washington, D. C. 2002–04, as the Prime Minister's Private Secretary for Foreign Affairs 2004–07, as head of the Iran Co-ordination Group at the FCO 2007–10, as High Commissioner to Singapore from 2011 to April 2015 when he was replaced to transfer to another Diplomatic Service appointment. He was Director of Trade and Partnerships in the Department for Exiting the European Union until November 2017, when he was appointed HMs Consuls-General in New York and Director-General of International Trade North America.
In addition to his diplomacy-related career, Antony Phillipson is a keen supporter of arts and culture, was one of the patrons of the British Theatre Playhouse in Singapore from 2011 to 2015 PHILLIPSON, Antony John, Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, 2014 Antony Phillipson, gov.uk
Elettra Miura Lamborghini is an Italian singer, television personality and influencer. After gaining initial attention participating on reality shows, she released her debut single "Pem Pem" in early 2018, she subsequently released her debut studio album Twerking Queen in the summer of 2019. She served as a judge for the sixth season of The Voice of Italy in 2019, in 2020 is set to participate as a coach in the seventh season as well, she gained notoriety for appearing in a number of international reality shows such as Gran Hermano VIP and the MTV shows Super Shore and Geordie Shore. Her debut single "Pem Pem" was released in February 2018 and reached number six on the Italian charts, she released her first album Twerking Queen on 14 June 2019. In the same year she appeared as judge on the sixth edition of The Voice of Italy. Lamborghini participated at the Sanremo Music Festival 2020 with the song "Musica", she is the granddaughter of Ferruccio Lamborghini, founder of the sports car manufacturer Lamborghini.
Nicholas Theocarakis transcribed as Nikos Theocharakis, is a Greek economist and professor of economics at Athens University. He is the author of several books and contributions on economic theory and history of economic thought. In March 2015, he was appointed General Secretary of Fiscal Policy leading the technical negotiations of the Greek Ministry of Finance with the Eurogroup. At the end of April, PM Alexis Tsipras made changes in the negotiation team. Born 1956, Theocharakis visited the Varvakeio model high school in Athens, receiving his diploma in 1974, he studied Economics at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and at the Churchill College of Cambridge University, where he graduated in 1979. At Cambridge University he would also complete his doctoral thesis in economics. Since 1988 Theocharakis has been teaching political History of economic thought. An assistant professor, in 2013 he was promoted to the status of an associated professor at the Department of Economics of Athens University.
He has served twice as the director of the Political Economy division. Before his appointment as Secretary General he has served as director of UADPhilEcon, the doctoral program in economics of the University of Athens and as the Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences representative to the University of Athens Research Committee. Theocarakis had worked in the private sector and served as a board member at the Emporiki Bank, Egnatia Bank and Ethniki Asfalistiki. Before his appointment as assistant professor at the Department of Economics of the University of Athens he worked as Deputy Managing Director of Nic. J. Theocarakis S. A. An academic colleague, regular co-author and confidant of Greek ex-Minister of Finance Yanis Varoufakis, Theocharakis on 4 March 2015 was appointed the ministry's new Secretary General for Fiscal Policy; until the end of April 2015 he was in charge of the negotiations in the Brussels Group and the Ministry of Finance representative in the Eurogroup Working Group. He resigned from the position of Secretary General for Fiscal Policy in October 2015.
From late October 2015 he is the Scientific Director and Chairman of KEPE. He resigned his position in July 2019 and he was replaced by Prof. P. Liargovas in October 2019. In February 2016 he was appointed by the Ministry of Culture Chairman of the Board of Directors of Megaron-The Athens Concert Hall. English monographModern Political Economics: Making sense of the post-2008 world.. London and New York: Routledge. 2011. ISBN 978-0-415-42888-0. CS1 maint: others English contributions"Disparaging liberal economics in nineteenth-century Greece: The case of "The economist's duck""; the European Journal of the History of Economic Thought. 15 October 2015. Doi:10.1080/09672567.2015.1088879. "The dissemination of economic thought in South-Eastern Europe in the nineteenth century". In: Heinz-Dieter Kurz et al.: The Dissemination of Economic Ideas. Edward Elgar, 2011, ISBN 978-0-85793-557-1. Pp. 161–191. "The reception of Adam Smith in Greece: a most peculiar metakenosis". Adam Smith Review. 7. 13 June 2011. Pp. 148–165.
Doi:10.2139/ssrn.1864189. SSRN 1864189. "Metamorphoses: The Concept of Labour in the History of Political Economy". Economic and Labour Relations Review. 9. 2010. Pp. 7–38. Doi:10.1177/103530461002000202. "Antipeponthos and reciprocity: the concept of equivalent exchange from Aristotle to Turgot". International Review of Economics. 55. April 2008. Pp. 29–44. "Nicomachean Ethics Political Economy: The Trajectory of the Problem of Value". History of Economic Ideas. 14. 2006. Pp. 9–54. Greek monographsΗ νεοκλασική θεωρία της εργασίας. Athens: Typothito. 2005. ISBN 978-960-402-154-3. Μικροοικονομικά υποδείγματα μερικής και γενικής.. Athens: Typothito. 2005. ISBN 978-960-402-240-3. CS1 maint: others Publications at ResearchGate