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Ailsa Mellon Bruce

Ailsa Mellon Bruce was a prominent American socialite and philanthropist who established the Avalon Foundation. Ailsa was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on June 28, 1901, she was diplomat Andrew W. Mellon and Nora Mary Mellon, her parents divorced in 1912 and from 1921 to 1932, Ailsa served as her father's official hostess during his tenure as United States Secretary of the Treasury, again when he was U. S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1932–1933, her only sibling was brother Paul Mellon, a philanthropist and was known as a prominent owner/breeder of thoroughbred racehorses. Ailsa attended Miss Porter's School in Farmington and spent her summers as a teenager in Europe. Bruce established the Avalon Foundation in 1940, which made grants to colleges and universities, medical schools and hospitals, youth programs and community services, environmental projects, an array of cultural and arts organizations. In 1947, the Avalon Foundation was instrumental in the establishment of the Hampton National Historic Site in Maryland.

In 1957, when Fortune prepared its first list of the wealthiest Americans, it estimated that Ailsa Mellon Bruce, her brother and her cousins, Sarah Mellon and Richard King Mellon, were all among the richest eight people in the United States, with fortunes of between 400 and 700 million dollars each. In 1968, Ailsa and Paul donated $20 million to build an annex to the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D. C. At her death in 1969, Ailsa Bruce bequeathed 153 paintings by 19th-century French artists, to the National Gallery of Art, as well as establishing a fund for future acquisitions. Among the many works acquired by the Gallery through the Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund was the portrait of Ginevra de' Benci, the only painting by Leonardo da Vinci in the United States. In 1969, the assets of Paul Mellon’s Old Dominion Foundation were merged into his sister's Avalon Foundation, renamed the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in honor of their father, she dated Prince Otto Bismarck, the grandson of Otto von Bismarck, the "Iron Chancellor", was close to marrying him, but decided to marry David Bruce, an American, instead.

On May 23, 1926, she was married to David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce, a scion of a prominent Virginia family including his father William Cabell Bruce, a U. S. Senator from Maryland, brother James Cabell Bruce, the U. S. Ambassador to Argentina, their engagement and honeymoon were followed by the news media. In 1933, after seven years of marriage, Ailsa gave birth to her only child, they were the founders of the Taconic Foundation, a charitable giving organization, instrumental in the formation of the Council for United Civil Rights Leadership. She obtained a divorce from her husband in Palm Beach, Florida in April 1945 on the grounds of "desertion and mental cruelty", receiving sole custody of their 11 year old daughter. Following their divorce, her ex-husband would become the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1961 to 1969, the same position her father held. After her divorce, Mrs. Bruce was in a long rumored relationship with G. Lauder Greenway of the Lauder Greenway Family. In addition to their personal links, Greenway was a longtime trustee of Bruce's Avalon Foundation.

She died on August 1969 at Roosevelt Hospital in New York City. She had homes at 960 Fifth Avenue and a 121 acre estate in New York on Long Island, her obituary in The New York Times called her the "Richest Woman in U. S." When Audrey and her husband, Stephen Currier, died in a presumed plane crash in 1967, leaving three young children – Andrea Currier, Lavinia Currier, Michael Stephen Currier, she decided to bequeath her collection of 18th-century English furniture and ceramics to the Carnegie Institute of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Paintings acquired by the National Gallery of Art through the Ailsa Mellon Bruce Fund Wealthiest Americans The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation The National Gallery of Art Ailsa Mellon Bruce at Find a Grave

Power Rangers Ninja Steel

Power Rangers Ninja Steel is the twenty-fourth season of the American children's television program Power Rangers. The season was produced using footage and props from Japanese Super Sentai series Shuriken Sentai Ninninger with minimal costume and prop elements being recycled from Ressha Sentai ToQger; the show is produced by Saban Brands and premiered on Nickelodeon on January 21, 2017. The second season of Ninja Steel and twenty-fifth Power Rangers season overall, Power Rangers Super Ninja Steel premiered on January 27, 2018; as the twenty-fifth anniversary season of the franchise, Super Ninja Steel featured popular Rangers from past seasons. Ninja Steel was the last Power Rangers series to have toys manufactured and distributed by Bandai and Super Ninja Steel was the last season produced by Saban Brands. Galvanax is the reigning champion of Galaxy Warriors, the most popular intergalactic TV game show in the universe where contestants from all over the universe battle to prove, the galaxy's mightiest warrior.

He has become determined to make himself invincible by controlling the mythical Ninja Nexus Prism, which contains the supernatural Ninja Nexus Star. Meanwhile the Prism, flying though space, lands at the house of Master Dane Romero, who chips off old fragments of the Prism's metallic coating, creating the legendary Ninja Steel; when Galvanax came to Earth soon after, Master Dane Romero fought him to keep him from obtaining the Nexus Star and sacrificed himself to thwart Galvanax's plan, while in the process separating the Nexus Star into six separate Ninja Power Stars, though Galvanax and his minions Madame Odius and Ripcon made off with his son Brody. Ten years an enslaved Brody escapes from Galvanax's ship with the Prism, the Power Stars, fellow slaves Redbot and Mick Kanic and returns to Earth, descending into the city of Summer Cove where they meet high school students Preston Tien, Sarah Thompson, Calvin Maxwell and Hayley Foster who manage to retrieve the Power Stars from the Prism and morph into the Ninja Steel Power Rangers.

Furious at the outcome, Galvanax sends his warrior contestants down to Earth to steal the Prism where each epic battle against the Rangers is broadcast throughout the universe. Together, the Rangers must master their arsenal of Power Stars, Mega Morph Cycles, Zords, that are all made from the Ninja Steel, in order to stop this evil threat and save the Earth from destruction. During the final battle against Galvanax, the Ninja Nexus Prism restores Brody's broken Red Ninja Power Star where it not only turns Mick into an alternate Red Ranger, but restores Master Dane Romero; the Rangers are able to destroy Galvanax with the Ninja Nexus Prism going inactive, but Madame Odius survives the unexpected Ninja Steel meteor attack on Galvanax's ship. In Power Rangers Super Ninja Steel, the heroic teens find themselves face-to-face with an old enemy when they discover that Madame Odius is still alive and is more determined than to steal the Ninja Nexus Prism and revive its powers for her nefarious purposes with the assistance of Badonna and General Tynamon.

Now it is up to the Rangers and some unexpected help from new friends to use the power of teamwork to protect the Prism, defeat Madame Odius, save the world. Sledge and his crew from Power Rangers Dino Charge escape from a wormhole, thus arriving in the main dimension of the Power Rangers multiverse. After finding the wreckage of the Warrior Dome and the survivors of the asteroid collision, Sledge offers to fix the ship in exchange for the asteroid, covered in Ninja Super Steel, a metal stronger than Ninja Steel. Instead, Odius tricks him and gains the loyalty of a prisoner of his named Badonna, takes the Super Steel for herself, gets the ship fixed regardless. Putting Galaxy Warriors back on the air, Badonna, a new contestant named Smellephant attack Earth to revive the Ninja Nexus Prism and forge evil Ninja Stars from Super Steel. Thanks to prior warning from a returning Mick and using every trick up their sleeves, the former Rangers manage to claim the Super Steel and regain their powers, though much stronger than before.

With new and improved powers and gear, the Rangers protect the Ninja Power Stars from Odius and her Warrior contestants. In order to get an edge on them, Badonna books a ragtag team of Galactic Ninjas, intent on proving their superiority to the "Earth Ninjas". Odius hatches a plan to send the Galactic Ninjas into fatal battles in order to claim their Ninja Medallions for the creation of Foxatron, her own Zord. Foxatron destroys the Ninja Ultrazord, leaving the Rangers' Zord Stars burned and in no condition for use. Luckily, with the help of three mysterious cloaked figures, they are able to repair the Zord Stars and destroy Foxatron with their new Ninja Blaze Megazord, gained by proving to the Prism, that they're kind at heart enough to be worthy of such power; as revenge, Odius forms an alliance with Lord Draven, ruler of an evil dimension known as the Antiverse. The two plan to unite all dimensions into one and use an army of Robo Ranger clones to conquer them all; the Ninja Steel Rangers and a team of Legendary Rangers are able to destroy Draven and stop the merging of the dimensions.

After the fall of the Galactic Ninjas and Draven's demise, Odius continues to plot the Rangers' downfall as going as far as to trick

Break a leg

"Break a leg" is a typical English idiom used in theatre to wish a performer "good luck". An ironic or non-literal saying of uncertain origin, "break a leg" is said to actors and musicians before they go on stage to perform first used in this context in the United States in the 1920s or 1930s; the expression reflects a theatrical superstition in which directly wishing a person "good luck" would be considered bad luck, therefore an alternative way of wishing luck was developed. The expression is sometimes used outside the theatre as superstitions and customs travel through other professions and into common use. Among professional dancers, the traditional saying is not "break a leg", but the French word "merde". Alternately: It could be argued; the long narrow drapes, that hang in rows along the far stage left and far stage right, are referred to as "Legs". To enter onto the stage, you must "break" a leg. Therfore; that being said, "break a leg" is not so much another term for "Good Luck", as it is for "Go get em!"

Urbane Irish nationalist Robert Wilson Lynd published an article, "A Defence of Superstition", in the 1 October 1921 edition of the New Statesman, a British liberal political and cultural magazine, regarding the theatre as the second-most superstitious institution in England, after horse racing. In horse racing, Lynd asserted, to wish a man luck is considered unlucky, so "You should say something insulting such as,'May you break your leg!'" Lynd did not attribute the phrase in any way to theatre people, though he was familiar with many of them and mingled with actors backstage. Some etymologists believe it to be an adaptation from the similar German phrase Hals- und Beinbruch, itself borrowed from Yiddish: הצלחה און ברכה‎, romanized: hatsloche un broche, lit.'success and blessing', Hebrew: hatzlacha u-bracha, because of its similar pronunciation. This usage in German is not specific to the theatre; the autobiography of Manfred von Richthofen records pilots of the German air force during the First World War as using the phrase "Hals- und Beinbruch" to wish each other luck before a flight.

The earliest known theatrical example in print is from American writer Edna Ferber's 1939 A Peculiar Treasure, in which she writes about the fascination of the theatre, "...and all the understudies sitting in the back row politely wishing the various principals would break a leg". In Bernard Sobel's 1948 The Theatre Handbook and Digest of Plays, he writes about theatrical superstitions: "...before a performance actors never wish each other good luck, but say'I hope you break a leg.'" There is anecdotal evidence from personal letters as early as the 1920s. Alternatively, to "break a leg" may refer to bowing or curtsying, in the sense of bending one's leg to do so; the edge of a stage was traditionally, still is, marked with a line known as the "leg" or "leg line." This line marks the perimeter of the stage's performance area, separating it from the backstage area. Beyond this point, one enters the performance area and anyone not required on stage at a given time had to remain backstage, not crossing the "leg line," and in order to help hide the backstage area curtains known as "legs" have been hung along this perimeter in Proscenium theaters since the Renaissance.

In a time when performers would queue for an opportunity to perform and were only paid if they did perform, to "break a leg" meant the performer crossed the "leg line" onto the stage and would therefore get paid. So to tell a performer to "break a leg" was to wish them the luck to have the opportunity to perform and get paid; the sentiment remains the same today, "good luck, give a good performance". In the days of vaudeville, companies would book more performers than could make it onstage, but would only pay those who performed. Thus, to make it on stage, one had to enter the line of sight of the audience or "break a leg" of the curtains, to be paid; some attribute the line to a performance of Shakespeare's Richard III, where the famed 18th-century British actor, David Garrick, became so entranced in the performance that he was unaware of a fracture. One popular, but false, etymology derives the phrase from the 1865 assassination of Abraham Lincoln; the story goes that John Wilkes Booth, the actor turned assassin, claimed in his diary that he broke his leg leaping to the stage of Ford's Theatre after murdering the President.

While Booth's roles as an actor are not well remembered, wishing an actor to "break a leg" is to wish them a performance worthy of remembrance. However, the fact that actors did not start wishing each other to "break a leg" until the 1920s makes this an unlikely source. Furthermore, the phrase has distinct origins in other languages that well predate the late 19th century; some historians contend that he broke his leg when he fell from his horse trying to escape. They cite that Booth exaggerated and falsified his diary entries to make them more dramatic. There is an older meaning of "break a leg" going back to the 17th and 18th Century that refers to having "a bastard / natural child". There are other non-literal references too, such as the meaning "To get a leg up, catch your big / lucky break". Professional dancers do not wish each other good luck by saying "break a leg".

Tucson Estates, Arizona

Tucson Estates is a census-designated place in Pima County, United States. The population was 9,755 at the 2000 census. Tucson Estates is located at 32°10′51″N 111°6′35″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 35.1 square miles, all of it land. The census area is made up of several housing developments; the primary ones are Tucson Estates Property Owners Association Tucson Estates II Other smaller housing communities As of the census of 2000, there were 9,755 people, 4,222 households, 2,883 families living in the CDP. The population density was 278.0 people per square mile. There were 4,891 housing units at an average density of 139.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 83.83% White, 0.69% Black or African American, 1.66% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 11.49% from other races, 2.02% from two or more races. 23.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,222 households out of which 19.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families.

27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.77. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 19.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 30.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $36,183, the median income for a family was $40,212. Males had a median income of $30,833 versus $24,071 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $18,771. About 6.2% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over

Link River Dam

The Link River Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Link River in the city of Klamath Falls, United States. It was built in 1921 by the California Oregon Power Company, the predecessor of PacifiCorp, which continues to operate the dam; the dam is owned by the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation. Link River Dam's reservoir, Klamath Lake, has a capacity of 873,000 acre feet; the project provides flood control, generates hydro power, stores most of the water used for irrigation in the Klamath Reclamation Project. The dam is 435 feet long, its two channels can allow one outflow of 3,000 ft³/s with 1,000 ft³/s through the Ankeny Canal, another outflow of 290 ft³/s through the Keno Canal. Those channels feed PacifiCorp's two hydroelectric turbines located downstream and generate 151 MW. All the flow is diverted down the Link River into Lake Ewauna. In 2004 PacifiCorp announced the Link River power projects would be abandoned, as the cost to repair the canal and pipeline supplying the power turbines is too high to be economically viable.

As of 2014 the company intends to continue to run the plant, in the short term and at reduced output. In 1878, five years after the Modoc Wars, residents of Linkville formed the "Linkville Water Ditch Company." They dug a low capacity canal. A William Steele extended the ditch by 15 miles in 1884. After his death in 1888 the Klamath Falls Irrigation Company took over the canal, it is now known as the Ankeny Canal. Charles and Rufus Moore dug a canal on the other side of the Link River in 1877 to power a sawmill and transport logs from Upper Klamath Lake; this became known as the Keno Canal. On February 24, 1917, officials from the USBR and COPCO reached an agreement to lease the Keno Canal for ten years at a rate of $1,000 per annum; the agreement allowed the power company to regulate the outflows of Klamath Lake. In 1919, COPCO placed a temporary low-crib dam near what is now Putnam's Point in 1919. Construction began on the dam on July 29, 1920. Senator George E. Chamberlain of Oregon telegraphed Secretary of the Interior John B.

Payne on August 20, 1920, requesting he halt dam construction long enough to determine the legality of the 1917 contract. Payne issued a supplemental contract on December 10, California-Oregon Power restarted construction on May 15, 1921, finishing it on October 29; as a 50-year contract between the USBR and PacifiCorp reached its expiration in 2006, the company proposed closing down hydroelectric generation at Link River. It cited the high costs of complying with fish passage remediation; this proposal would have left the dam in place for flood control. As of 2014 the company intends to continue to generate electricity at Link River, in the short term and at reduced output. PacifiCorp implemented changes of operation are intended to reduce the destruction of two endangered species, the Lost River sucker and Shortnose sucker, by some 90%. Further decommissioning discussion remain pending with the governing agency, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Klamath Waters Digital Library

Tromba Lontana

Tromba Lontana is an orchestral fanfare written by the American minimalist composer John Adams in 1986. The work was commissioned by the Houston Symphony in commemoration of the 150th anniversary of Texas's declaration of independence from Mexico, it was given its world premiere by the Houston Symphony under the conductor Sergiu Comissiona in on April 4, 1986. The piece contains the voices of two trumpets that are separated from the orchestra, from each other performing in the balconies of the concert hall. Tromba Lontana appears in the Modern Era soundtrack of Civilization IV, along with several other pieces by Adams. A typical performance lasts just over four minutes. John Adams wrote of the pieceTromba lontana, was written at the request of the Houston Symphony, part of a fanfare commissioning project initiated by the composer Tobias Picker, who wrote his own well-known Old and Lost Rivers for the same series. Taking a subversive point of view on the idea of the generic loud, extrovert archetype of the fanfare, I composed a four-minute work that rises above mezzo piano and that features two stereophonically placed solo trumpets, who intone insistent calls, each marked by a sustained note followed by a soft staccato tattoo.

The orchestra provides a pulsing continuum of serene ticking in the pianos and percussion. In the furthest background is a long disembodied melody for strings that passes by unnoticed like nocturnal clouds; the work is scored for an orchestra comprising two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, four horns, two trumpets, piano and strings