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Air Canada Express

Air Canada Express is a brand name under which four regional airlines operate feeder flights for Air Canada. They connect smaller cities with Air Canada's domestic hub airports and focus cities, although they offer some point-to-point and international service. On April 26, 2011, it was reported that Air Canada decided to retire the Air Canada Jazz brand and created the Air Canada Express brand. Prior to establishing the Express name, the flights operated under the Air Canada Jazz or Air Canada Alliance banners; as of January 2020 Air Georgian no longer provides services under the capacity purchase agreement. Those services were transferred back to Jazz; as of May 2019, the combined fleet consists of the following aircraft operated by these regional air carriers: Central Mountain Air ceased operations under the Air Canada Express banner in October 2011 after Air Georgian was awarded the Alberta and B. C. destinations operated by Central Mountain Air. Sky Regional Airlines now operates all 15 of Air Canada's former Embraer E175 aircraft.

Air Georgian ceased Beechcraft 1900D operation out of Toronto YYZ in November of 2018, out of Calgary YYC in May of 2019 and ceased operating as Air Canada Express January 2020. List of Air Canada destinations Air Canada website fleet

1940 NCAA Cross Country Championships

The 1940 NCAA Cross Country Championships were the third annual cross country meet to determine the team and individual national champions of men's collegiate cross country running in the United States. Since the current multi-division format for NCAA championship did not begin until 1973, all NCAA members were eligible. In total, 21 teams and 90 individual runners contested this championship; the meet was hosted by Michigan State College at the Forest Akers East Golf Course in East Lansing, Michigan for the third consecutive time. Additionally, the distance for the race was 4 miles; the team national championship was won by the Indiana Hoosiers, their second, while the individual championship was won by Gil Dodds, from Ashland, with a time of 20:30.2. Distance: 4 miles

French special retirement plan

In France employees of some government-owned corporations enjoy a special retirement plan, collectively known as régimes spéciaux de retraite. These professions include employees of the SNCF, the RATP, the electrical and gas companies which used to be government-owned; the main differences between the special retirement plan and the usual private sector retirement plans are the retirement age and the number of years a worker must contribute to the fund before being allowed a full pension. In the private sector the minimum retirement age is 62 and the minimum number of quarters of contribution to the retirement fund in order to receive a full pension is between 166 and 172 quarters depending on date of birth. Employees who are enrolled in the special retirement plan can retire earlier. According to the Conseil d'Orientation des Retraites, a governmental organism created to study the French retirement funds, the statistics for special retirement plans must be considered with caution for the following reasons: The population affected is different from the average population.

The special retirement plans have the same purpose as early retirement plans in the private sector. In the private sector the average retirement age is 57.5 whereas the average age at which employees are eligible for full retirement is 61.3. The difference is paid for by the State in the form of early retirement funds or exemption from the usual obligation of searching for employment; the comparison with the private sector is difficult due to the differences in retirement allowances, the rate of employee replacement, the differences in contribution to the retirement funds. The advantages offered by the special retirement plan are funded by the employer and form a part of the workers employment contract. For example, 5 years in a career of 40 years represents 12%, however at the SNCF there is no 13th month payment (unlike in the private sector where a minority of employees receive between one and three extra months pay, the average salary is 10% lower than the national average. There are 15 special retirement plans.

Most suffer from an imbalance in regards to the number of workers relative to the number of pensioners, in total there are 500,000 workers contributing to the funds and 1,100,000 pensioners. In comparison, in the private sector there are 18 million workers versus 15 million pensioners; because of this discrepancy the special retirement plan is financed by the State, or by the employees of the government-owned companies that are on the standard retirement plan. There have been several plans by conservative governments to abolish the special deal and replace it with the standard retirement plan for government-owned companies and civil servants; these efforts have been controversial and have caused large strikes such as those of 1995 and November, 2007. Before the welfare state came into being, some companies decided to give their employees a pension in order to attract workers to strenuous or dangerous jobs. Starting from 1679 sailors were allowed a pension if an injury stopped them from working and in 1709 all fishing and merchant sailors were granted a retirement pension.

During the 19th century, various other professions were granted pensions, including employees of the Banque de France, employees of the Comédie-Française, civil servants, national rail employees, miners. Some professions were given health insurance funds. In 1930 and 1945 general public welfare funds were introduced; the employees of the companies, granted pension schemes decided to keep them instead of participating in the new plans. The ordonnance of October 4, 1945, now incorporated into the set of laws regulating social securities measures permitted these older pension plans to subsist and they became known as the régimes spéciaux; the French military: the average retirement age is 45.7, if the employee has achieved 40 years of payments he is entitled to a pension equal to 75% of the salary of the last 6 months. If the 40 years have not been achieved, there is a system to calculate the allowance based on the numbers of annuities paid. However, military pension cannot fall beneath a certain minimum.

In 2007: Because of the diminishing number of workers in many of the sectors using special retirement plans, most noticeably in mining and railway employment, the contributions of these workers alone would not be sufficient to