Frankfurt am Main Airport is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, the fifth-largest city of Germany and one of the world's leading financial centres. It is operated by Fraport and serves as the main hub for Lufthansa including Lufthansa CityLine and Lufthansa Cargo as well as Condor and AeroLogic; the airport covers an area of 2,300 hectares of land and features two passenger terminals with a capacity of 65 million passengers per year, four runways and extensive logistics and maintenance facilities. Frankfurt Airport is the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany as well as the 4th busiest in Europe after London Heathrow Airport, Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol; the airport is the 13th busiest worldwide by total number of passengers in 2016, with 60.786 million passengers using the airport in 2016. In 2017 Frankfurt Airport handled in 2018 nearly 70 million, it had a freight throughput of 2.076 million metric tonnes in 2015 and is the busiest airport in Europe by cargo traffic.
As of summer 2017, Frankfurt Airport serves more than 300 destinations in 5 continents, making it the airport with the most direct routes in the world. The southern side of the airport ground was home to the Rhein-Main Air Base, a major air base for the United States from 1947 until 2005, when the air base was closed and the property was acquired by Fraport. In 2017, passengers at the airport increased by 6.1% to 64,500,386 compared to 2016. The airport celebrated its 80th anniversary in July 2016. Frankfurt Airport lies 12 km southwest of central Frankfurt, near the Autobahn intersection Frankfurter Kreuz, where two of the most used motorways in Europe meet; the airport grounds, which form a city district of Frankfurt named Frankfurt-Flughafen, are surrounded by the Frankfurt City Forest. The southern portion of the airport grounds extend into the cities of Rüsselsheim am Main and Mörfelden-Walldorf, a western portion of the grounds lie within the city of Kelsterbach; the airport is centrally located in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region, which itself has a central location in the densely populated region of the west-central European megalopolis.
Thereby, along with a strong rail and motorway connection, the airport serves as a major transport for the greater region, less than two hours by ground to Cologne, the Ruhr Area, Stuttgart. The base opened as a German commercial airport in 1936, with the northern part of the base used as a field for fixed-wing aircraft and the extreme southern part near Zeppelinheim serving as a base for rigid airships; that section of Rhein-Main became the base for the Graf Zeppelin, its sister ship LZ-130, until 6 May 1937, for the ill-fated Hindenburg. The airships were dismantled and their huge hangars demolished on 6 May 1940 during conversion of the base to military use. Luftwaffe engineers subsequently extended the single runway and erected hangars and other facilities for German military aircraft. During World War II the Luftwaffe used the field sporadically as a fighter base and as an experimental station for jet aircraft. On 16 November 1909, the world's first airline was founded in Frankfurt am Main: The Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft.
DELAG built the first airport in Frankfurt, called Airship Base at Rebstock, located in Bockenheim in the western part of the city and was used for airships in the beginning. It opened in 1912 and was extended after World War I, but in 1924 an expert's report questioned the possibility of further expansions at this location. With the foundation of Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926 a rapid boom of civilian air travel started and soon the airship base became too small to handle the demand. Plans for a new and larger airport located in the Frankfurt City Forest south-west of Schwanheim were approved in 1930, but were not realised due to the Great Depression. After the Machtergreifung in 1933 the government revived the plans and started the construction of the new airport. On the northern part of the airport originated in 1935 a two-storey station building with a six-storey tower, other operating and outbuildings for maintenance and storage of aircraft; the 100 hectares runway received a grass cover. The official opening of the new Flug- und Luftschiffhafen Rhein-Main took place on 8 July 1936.
The first plane that landed was a Ju 52/3m, Six days on 14 July 1936 LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin landed at the airport. 1936 800 tons of cargo and 58,000 passengers were transported, in 1937 70,000 passengers and 966 tons of cargo. In the coming years, the new airport was home base of the two largest German airships LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin and LZ 129 Hindenburg. In 1938 Frankfurt was a central distribution point for the transport of airmail to North America. On 6 May 1937, it came to a serious accident: The Hindenburg, on the way from Frankfurt to New York, exploded shortly before application in the landing area of Lakehurst, 36 people died; the accident marked the end of the era of airships. After the beginning of World War II in 1939 all foreign airlines left the airport and control of air traffic was transferred to the Luftwaffe. On 9 May 1940, the first bombers took off to attack France. From August to November 1944 a concentration camp was established in Walldorf, close to the airport site, where Jewish female prisoners were forced to work for the airport.
The Allies of World War II destroyed the runway system with airstrikes in 1944 and the Wehrmacht blew up buildings and fu
Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport is an international airport in the eastern United States, located in Loudoun and Fairfax counties in Virginia, 26 miles west of downtown Washington, D. C. Opened in 1962, it is named after John Foster Dulles, the 52nd Secretary of State who served under President Dwight D. Eisenhower; the Dulles main terminal is a well-known landmark designed by Eero Saarinen. Operated by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority, Dulles Airport occupies 13,000 acres straddling the Loudoun-Fairfax line. Most of the airport is in the unincorporated community of Dulles in Loudoun County, with a small portion in the unincorporated community of Chantilly in Fairfax County; the airport serves the Washington metropolitan area. Dulles is one of the three major airports in the larger Baltimore–Washington metropolitan area with more than 21 million passengers a year. Dulles has the most international passenger traffic of any airport in the Mid-Atlantic outside the New York metropolitan area, including 90% of the international passenger traffic in the Baltimore-Washington region.
On a typical day, more than 60,000 passengers pass through Dulles to and from more than 125 destinations around the world. Dulles Airport in 2018 surpassed Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in yearly passenger boardings after having fewer passengers since 2015. However, Dulles Airport still ranks behind Baltimore–Washington International Airport in total annual passenger boardings, despite being a larger facility with more gates. Prior to World War II, Hoover Field was the main commercial airport serving Washington, on the site now occupied by The Pentagon and its parking lots, it was replaced by Washington National Airport in a short distance southeast. After the war, in 1948, the Civil Aeronautics Administration began to consider sites for a second major airport to serve the nation's capital. Congress passed the Washington Airport Act in 1950 to provide funding for a new airport in the region; the initial CAA proposal in 1951 called for the airport to be built in Fairfax County near what is now Burke Lake Park, but protests from residents, as well as the rapid expansion of Washington's suburbs during the time, led to reconsideration of this plan.
One competing plan called for the airport to be built in the Pender area of Fairfax County, while another called for the conversion of Andrews Air Force Base in Prince George's County, Maryland into an airport. The current site was selected by President Eisenhower in 1958; as a result of the site selection, the unincorporated African-American community of Willard, which once stood in the airport's current footprint, was demolished, 87 property owners had their holdings condemned. Dulles was built over a lesser known airport named Blue Ridge Airport, chartered in 1938 by the U. S.. The airport was Loudoun County's first official airport consisting of two grass intersecting runways in the shape of an "X"; the location of the former Blue Ridge Airport sits where the Dulles Air Freight complex and Washington Dulles Airport Marriott now sit today. The civil engineering firm Ammann and Whitney was named lead contractor; the airport was dedicated by President John F. Kennedy and Eisenhower on November 17, 1962.
As opened, the airport had three runways. Its original name, Dulles International Airport, was changed in 1984 to Washington Dulles International Airport; the main terminal was designed in 1958 by famed Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen, it is regarded for its graceful beauty, suggestive of flight. In the 1990s, the main terminal at Dulles was reconfigured to allow more space between the front of the building and the ticket counters. Additions at both ends of the main terminal more than doubled the structure's length; the original terminal at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in Taoyuan, Taiwan was modeled after the Saarinen terminal at Dulles. The design included a landscaped man-made lake to collect rainwater, a low-rise hotel, a row of office buildings along the north side of the main parking lot; the design included a two-level road in front of the terminal to separate arrival and departure traffic and a federally owned limited access highway connecting the terminal to the Capital Beltway about 17 miles to the east..
The access road had a wide median strip to allow the construction of a passenger rail line, which will be in the form of an extension of the Washington Metro's Silver Line and is expected to be completed in 2020. The first scheduled flight at Dulles was an Eastern Air Lines Super Electra from Newark International Airport in New Jersey on November 19, 1962. Dulles was considered a white elephant, being far out of town with few flights. Airport operations grew along with the Dulles Technology Corridor. In 1969, Dulles had 2.01 million passengers. The era of jumbo jets began on January 15, 1970 when First Lady Pat Nixon christened a Pan Am Boeing 747 at Dulles in the presence of Pan Am chairman Najeeb Halaby. Rather than a traditional champagne bottle, red and blue water
John F. Kennedy International Airport
John F. Kennedy International Airport, colloquially referred to as Kennedy Airport, New York JFK Airport, JFK Airport, New York-JFK, or JFK or Kennedy, is the primary international airport serving New York City, it is the busiest international air passenger gateway into North America, the 22nd-busiest airport in the world, the sixth-busiest airport in the United States, the busiest airport in the New York airport system. More than ninety airlines operate from the airport, with nonstop or direct flights to destinations in all six inhabited continents. JFK is located in the Jamaica neighborhood of Queens in New York City, 16 miles southeast of Midtown Manhattan; the airport features four runways. It serves as a hub for both American Airlines and Delta Air Lines, it is the primary operating base for JetBlue Airways. JFK was formerly a hub for Pan Am, TWA, Eastern and Tower Air; the facility opened in 1948 as New York International Airport and was known as Idlewild Airport. Following John F. Kennedy's assassination in 1963, the airport was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport as a tribute to the 35th President.
John F. Kennedy International Airport was called Idlewild Airport after the Idlewild Beach Golf Course that it displaced, it was built to relieve LaGuardia Airport. Construction began in 1943, about US$60 million was spent with governmental funding, but only 1,000 acres of the Idlewild Golf Course site were earmarked for use. In 1943, the project was renamed Major General Alexander E. Anderson Airport, after a Queens resident who had commanded a Federalized National Guard unit in the southern United States and died in late 1942. In March 1948, the New York City Council changed the name to New York International Airport, Anderson Field, but the common name was "Idlewild" until the end of 1963; the Port of New York Authority leased the Idlewild property from the City of New York in 1947 and maintains this lease today. The first flight from Idlewild was on July 1, 1948. S. President Harry S. Truman; the Port Authority canceled foreign airlines' permits to use LaGuardia, forcing them to move to Idlewild during the next couple of years.
Idlewild opened with a seventh under construction. Runway 31R is still in use. Runway 4 opened June 1949 and runway 4R was added ten years later. A smaller runway 14/32 was built after runway 7R closed and was used until 1990 by general aviation, STOL, smaller commuter flights; the Avro Jetliner was the first jet airliner to land at Idlewild on April 16, 1950. A Sud Aviation Caravelle prototype was the next airliner to land at Idlewild, on May 2, 1957. In 1957, the USSR sought approval for two Tupolev Tu-104 flights carrying diplomats to Idlewild; the airport was renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport on December 24, 1963, a month and two days after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy; the IDL and KIDL codes have since been reassigned to Indianola Municipal Airport in Mississippi. The Port of New York Authority planned a single 55-gate terminal, but the major airlines did not agree with this plan, arguing that the terminal would be far too small for future traffic. Architect Wallace Harrison designed a plan for each major airline at the airport to be given its own space to develop its own terminal.
This scheme made construction more practical, made terminals more navigable, introduced incentives for airlines to compete with each other for the best design. The revised plan met airline approval in 1955, with seven terminals planned. Five terminals were for individual airlines, one was for three airlines, one was for international arrivals; the airport was designed for aircraft up to 300,000-pound gross weight The airport had to be modified in the late 1960s to accommodate the Boeing 747's weight. The International Arrivals Building, or IAB, was the first new terminal at the airport, opening in December 1957; the building was designed by Skidmore and Merrill. The terminal stretched nearly 700 meters and was parallel to runway 7R; the terminal had "finger" piers at right-angles to the main building allowing more aircraft to park, an innovation at the time. The building was expanded in 1970 to accommodate jetways. However, by the 1990s the overcrowded building was showing its age and it did not provide adequate space for security checkpoints.
It was demolished in 2000 and replaced with Terminal 4. United Airlines and Delta Air Lines opened Terminal 7, a Skidmore design similar to the IAB, in October 1959, it was demolished in 2008. Eastern Airlines opened their Chester L. Churchill-designed Terminal 1 in November 1959; the terminal was demolished in 1995 and replaced with the current Terminal 1. American Airlines opened Terminal 8 in 1960, it was designed by Kahn and Jacobs and had a 317-foot stained-glass façade designed by Robert Sowers, the largest stained-glass installation in the world until 197
Denver International Airport
Denver International Airport, locally referred to as DIA, is an international airport in the western United States serving metropolitan Denver, Colorado, as well as the greater Front Range Urban Corridor. At 33,531 acres, it is the largest airport in North America by total land area and the second largest in the world. Runway 16R/34L, with a length of 16,000 feet, is the longest public use runway in North America and the seventh longest in the world. With over 35,000 employees, the airport is the largest employer in Colorado. Opened in 1995, Denver International has non-stop service to 205 destinations throughout North America, Latin America and Asia. S. to exceed 200 destinations. It has the second-largest domestic network, with 185 U. S. destinations. As of 2018, DIA is the 20th busiest airport in the world, fifth busiest in the U. S. and the largest in the Interior-Western United States. The airport is a major hub for Frontier Airlines, United Airlines, is a main operating base for Southwest Airlines.
These three airlines' combined operations made up about 85% of the total passenger traffic at DIA as of December 2018. Denver has traditionally been home to one of the busier airports in the nation because of its location. Many airlines including United Airlines, Western Airlines, the old Frontier Airlines and People Express were hubbed at the old Stapleton International Airport, there was a significant Southwest Airlines operation. In addition, Stapleton had transatlantic charter services from Martinair and Monarch Airlines among others at the time of closure, followed by Korean Air and LTU International once DIA opened. At times, Stapleton was a hub for four airlines; the main reasons that justified the construction of the new DIA included the fact that gate space was limited at Stapleton. From 1980 to 1983, the Denver Regional Council of Governments investigated six areas for a new metro area airport that were north and east of Denver. In September 1989, under the leadership of Denver Mayor Federico Peña, federal officials authorized the outlay of the first $60 million for the construction of DIA.
Two years Mayor Wellington Webb inherited the megaproject, scheduled to open on October 29, 1993. Delays caused by poor planning and repeated design changes due to changing requirements from United Airlines caused Mayor Webb to push opening day back, first to December 1993 to March 1994. By September 1993, delays due to a millwright strike and other events meant opening day was pushed back again, to May 15, 1994. In April 1994, the city invited reporters to observe the first test of the new automated baggage system. Reporters were treated to scenes of clothing and other personal effects scattered beneath the system's tracks, while the actuators that moved luggage from belt to belt would toss the luggage right off the system instead; the mayor cancelled the planned May 15 opening. The baggage system continued to be a maintenance hassle and was terminated in September 2005, with traditional baggage handlers manually handling cargo and passenger luggage. On September 25, 1994, the airport hosted a fly-in that drew several hundred general aviation aircraft, providing pilots with a unique opportunity to operate in and out of the new airport, to wander around on foot looking at the ground-side facilities—including the baggage system, still under testing.
FAA controllers took advantage of the event to test procedures, to check for holes in radio coverage as planes taxied around and among the buildings. DIA replaced Stapleton on February 28, 1995, 16 months behind schedule and at a cost of $4.8 billion, nearly $2 billion over budget. The construction employed 11,000 workers. United Airlines Flight 1062 to Kansas City International Airport was the first to depart and United Flight 1474 from Colorado Springs Airport was the first to arrive. After the airport's runways were completed but before it opened, the airport used the codes. DIA took over as its codes from Stapleton when the latter airport closed. During the blizzard of March 17–19, 2003, the weight of heavy snow tore a hole in the terminal's white fabric roof. Over two feet of snow on the paved areas closed the airport for two days. Several thousand people were stranded at DIA. In 2004, DIA was ranked first in major airports for on-time arrivals according to the FAA. Another blizzard on December 20 and 21, 2006 dumped over 20 inches of snow in about 24 hours.
The airport was closed for more than 45 hours. Following that blizzard, the airport invested in new snow-removal equipment that has led to a dramatic reduction in runway occupancy times to clear snow, down from an average of 45 minutes in 2006 to just 15 minutes in 2014; as part of the original design of the airport the city specified passenger volume "triggers" that would lead to a redevelopment of the master plan and possible new construction to make sure the airport is able to meet Denver's needs. The city hit its first-phase capacity threshold in 2008, DIA is revising the master plan; as part of the master plan update, the airport announced selection of Parsons Corporation to design a new hotel, rail station and two bridges leading into the main terminal. The airport has the ability to add up to six additional ru
FedEx Express Federal Express, is a cargo airline based in Memphis, United States. It is the world's largest airline in terms of freight tons flown and the world's ninth largest in terms of fleet size, it is a subsidiary of FedEx Corporation, delivering packages and freight to more than 375 destinations in nearly every country each day. Its headquarters are in Memphis with its global "SuperHub" located at Memphis International Airport. In the United States, FedEx Express has a national hub at Indianapolis International Airport. Regional hubs are located at Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, Oakland International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, Fort Worth Alliance Airport, Piedmont Triad International Airport, Miami International Airport. International regional hubs are located at Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Kansai International Airport, Toronto Pearson International Airport, Cologne Bonn Airport. There are a total of 12 air hubs in the company's worldwide network.
The concept for what became Federal Express came to Fred Smith in the mid-1960s, while an undergraduate student at Yale. For an economics class, he submitted a paper which argued that in modern technological society time meant money more than before and with the advent of miniaturized electronic circuitry small components had become valuable, he argued that the consumer society was becoming hungry for mass-produced electronic items, but the decentralizing effect induced by these devices gave manufacturers tremendous logistic problems in delivering the items. Smith felt, but he believed that the U. S. air cargo system was so inflexible and bound by regulations at that time that it was incapable of making sufficiently fast deliveries. Plus, the U. S. air cargo industry was unsuited to the role. Its system depended on cooperation between companies, as interlining was necessary to get a consignment from point A to point B, the industry relied on cargo forwarders to fill hold space and perform doorstep deliveries.
In his paper, Smith proposed a new concept—have one carrier be responsible for a piece of cargo from local pick-up right through to ultimate delivery, operating its own aircraft, posting stations, delivery vans. To ensure accurate sorting and dispatching of every item of freight, the carrier would fly it from all of its pickup stations to a central clearinghouse, from where the entire operation would be controlled. For years it has been misreported that the professor teaching the course gave the paper the grade of "C", but Fred clarified in a 2004 interview that the grade is not known and the reports of a "C" grade were due to his response to a reporter who asked him what grade he received and his reply was, "I don't know made my usual C." Despite the professor's opinion, Smith held on to the idea. Smith founded Federal Express Corporation in 1971 in Little Rock, where Smith was operating Little Rock Airmotive. After a lack of support from the Little Rock National Airport, Smith moved the company to Memphis and Memphis International Airport in 1973.
The company started overnight operations on April 17, 1973, with fourteen Dassault Falcon 20s that connected twenty-five cities in the United States. Fred Smith's childhood friend, John Fry of Ardent Studios, sent Ardent partner Terry Manning to the Federal Express home office on Democrat Road near the Memphis Airport with the first package to be put into the system; that night, 186 packages were carried. Services included both overnight and two-day package and envelope delivery services, as well as Courier Pak. Federal Express began to market itself as "the freight service company with 550-mile-per-hour delivery trucks". However, the company began losing up to a million USD a month. While waiting for a flight home to Memphis from Chicago after being turned down for capital by General Dynamics, Smith impulsively hopped a flight to Las Vegas, where he won $27,000 playing blackjack; the winnings enabled the cash-strapped company to meet payroll the following Monday. "The $27,000 wasn’t decisive, but it was an omen that things would get better," Smith says.
In the end, he raised somewhere between $50 and $70 million, from twenty of the USA's leading risk venture speculators, including such companies as the First National City Bank of New York and the Bank of America in California. At the time, Federal Express was the most financed new company in U. S. history, in terms of venture capital. Federal Express installed its first drop box in 1975 which allowed customers to drop off packages without going to a company local branch. In 1976, the company became profitable with an average volume of 19,000 parcels per day. A 1977 legislative change removed restrictions on the routes operated by all-cargo airlines, enabled Federal Express to purchase its first large aircraft: seven Boeing 727-100s. In 1978, the company was listed on The New York Stock Exchange; the following year, it became the first shipping company to use a computer to manage packages when it launched "COSMOS", a centralized computer system to manage people, packages and weather scenarios in real time.
In 1980, the company implemented "DADS" to coordinate on-call pickups for customers. In 1980, Federal Express began service to a further 90 cities in the United States; the following year, the company introduced its overnight letter to compete with the U. S. Postal Service's Express Mail, a
JetBlue Airways Corporation, stylized as jetBlue, is an American low-cost airline headquartered in New York City. A major air carrier and the sixth-largest airline in the United States. JetBlue is headquartered in the Long Island City neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens, with its main base at John F. Kennedy International Airport, it maintains corporate offices in Cottonwood Heights and Orlando, Florida. As of 2018 it ranked No. 402 financially on the Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. JetBlue Airways operates over 1,000 flights daily and serves 102 domestic and international network destinations in the U. S. Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and South America. JetBlue is not a member of any of the three major airline alliances, but it has codeshare agreements with 21 airlines, including member airlines of oneworld, SkyTeam, Star Alliance, unaffiliated airlines. JetBlue was incorporated in Delaware in August 1998. David Neeleman founded the company in February 1999, under the name "NewAir".
JetBlue started by following Southwest's approach of offering low-cost travel, but sought to distinguish itself by its amenities, such as in-flight entertainment, TV at every seat, Sirius XM satellite radio. In September 1999, the airline was awarded 75 initial take off/landing slots at John F. Kennedy International Airport and received it's USDOT CPCN authorization in February 2000, it commenced operations on February 2000, with services to Buffalo and Fort Lauderdale. JetBlue's founders had set out to call the airline "Taxi" and therefore have a yellow livery to associate the airline with New York; the idea was dropped, for several reasons: the negative connotation behind New York City taxis. JetBlue was one of only a few U. S. airlines that made a profit during the sharp downturn in airline travel following the September 11, 2001 attacks. The airline sector responded to JetBlue's market presence by starting mini-rival carriers: Delta Air Lines started Song and United Airlines launched another rival called Ted.
Song was reabsorbed by Delta Air Lines and Ted reabsorbed by United. In October 2005, JetBlue's quarterly profit had plunged from US$8.1 million to $2.7 million due to rising fuel costs. Operational issues, fuel prices, low fares, JetBlue's hallmark, were bringing its financial performance down. In addition, with higher costs related to the airline's numerous amenities, JetBlue was becoming less competitive. For many years, analysts had predicted. Despite this, the airline continued to add routes to the fleet at a brisk pace. In addition in 2006, the IAM attempted to unionize JetBlue's "ramp service workers", in a move, described by JetBlue's COO Dave Barger as "pretty hypocritical", as the IAM opposed JetBlue's creation when it was founded as New Air in 1998; the union organizing petition was dismissed by the National Mediation Board because fewer than 35 percent of eligible employees supported an election. JetBlue experienced its first quarterly loss during the fourth quarter of 2005, when the airline lost $42.4 million, enough to make them unprofitable for the entire year of 2005.
The loss was the airline's first since going public in 2002. JetBlue reported a loss in the first quarter of 2006. In addition to that, JetBlue forecasted a loss for 2006, citing high fuel prices, operating inefficiency, fleet costs. During the first quarter report, CEO David Neeleman, President Dave Barger, then-CFO John Owen released JetBlue's "Return to Profitability" plan, stating in detail how they would curtail costs and improve revenue to regain profitability; the plan called for $50 million in a push to boost revenue by $30 million. JetBlue Airways moved out of the red during the second quarter of 2006, beating Wall Street expectations by announcing a net profit of $14 million; that result was flat when compared to JetBlue's results from the same quarter a year before, but it was double Wall Street forecasts of a $7 million profit, Reuters reports. The carrier said stronger revenue helped it offset higher jet fuel costs. In October 2006, JetBlue announced a net loss of $500,000 for Quarter 3, a plan to regain that loss by deferring some of their E190 deliveries and by selling 5 of their A320s.
In December 2006, JetBlue, as part of their RTP plan, removed a row of seats from their A320s to lighten the aircraft by 904 lb and reduce the cabin crew size from four to three, thus offsetting the lost revenue from the removal of seats, further lightening the aircraft, resulting in less fuel burned. In January 2007, JetBlue returned to profitability with a fourth quarter profit in 2006, reversing a quarterly loss in the year-earlier period; as part of the RTP plan, 2006's full year loss was $1 million compared to 2005's full year loss of $20 million. JetBlue was one of the few major airlines to post a profit in that quarter. While its financial performance started showing signs of improvement, in February 2007, JetBlue faced a crisis, when a snowstorm hit the Northeast and Midwest, throwing the airline's operations into chaos; because JetBlue followed the practice of never canceling flights, it desisted from calling flights off when the ice storm hit and the airline was forced to keep several planes on the ground.
Because of this, passengers were kept waiting at the airports f
An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities for commercial air transport. Airports have facilities to store and maintain aircraft, a control tower. An airport consists of a landing area, which comprises an aerially accessible open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane to take off or a helipad, includes adjacent utility buildings such as control towers and terminals. Larger airports may have airport aprons, taxiway bridges, air traffic control centres, passenger facilities such as restaurants and lounges, emergency services. In some countries, the US in particular, they typically have one or more fixed-base operators, serving general aviation. An airport serving helicopters is called a heliport. An airport for use by seaplanes and amphibious aircraft is called a seaplane base; such a base includes a stretch of open water for takeoffs and landings, seaplane docks for tying-up. An international airport has additional facilities for customs and passport control as well as incorporating all of the aforementioned elements.
Such airports rank among the most complex and largest of all built typologies with 15 of the top 50 buildings by floor area being airport terminals. The terms aerodrome and airstrip may be used to refer to airports, the terms heliport, seaplane base, STOLport refer to airports dedicated to helicopters, seaplanes, or short take-off and landing aircraft. In colloquial use in certain environments, the terms airport and aerodrome are interchanged. However, in general, the term airport may imply or confer a certain stature upon the aviation facility that other aerodromes may not have achieved. In some jurisdictions, airport is a legal term of art reserved for those aerodromes certified or licensed as airports by the relevant national aviation authority after meeting specified certification criteria or regulatory requirements; that is to say, all airports are aerodromes, but not all aerodromes are airports. In jurisdictions where there is no legal distinction between aerodrome and airport, which term to use in the name of an aerodrome may be a commercial decision.
In United States technical/legal usage, landing area is used instead of aerodrome, airport means "a landing area used by aircraft for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo". Smaller or less-developed airfields, which represent the vast majority have a single runway shorter than 1,000 m. Larger airports for airline flights have paved runways of 2,000 m or longer. Skyline Airport in Inkom, Idaho has a runway, only 122 m long. In the United States, the minimum dimensions for dry, hard landing fields are defined by the FAR Landing And Takeoff Field Lengths; these include considerations for safety margins during takeoff. The longest public-use runway in the world is at Qamdo Bamda Airport in China, it has a length of 5,500 m. The world's widest paved runway is 105 m wide; as of 2009, the CIA stated that there were 44,000 "... airports or airfields recognizable from the air" around the world, including 15,095 in the US, the US having the most in the world. Most of the world's large airports are owned by local, regional, or national government bodies who lease the airport to private corporations who oversee the airport's operation.
For example, in the United Kingdom the state-owned British Airports Authority operated eight of the nation's major commercial airports – it was subsequently privatized in the late 1980s, following its takeover by the Spanish Ferrovial consortium in 2006, has been further divested and downsized to operating just Heathrow now. Germany's Frankfurt Airport is managed by the quasi-private firm Fraport. While in India GMR Group operates, through joint ventures, Indira Gandhi International Airport and Rajiv Gandhi International Airport. Bengaluru International Airport and Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport are controlled by GVK Group; the rest of India's airports are managed by the Airports Authority of India. In Pakistan nearly all civilian airports are owned and operated by the Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority except for Sialkot International Airport which has the distinction of being the first owned public airport in Pakistan and South Asia. In the United States, commercial airports are operated directly by government entities or government-created airport authorities, such as the Los Angeles World Airports authority that oversees several airports in the Greater Los Angeles area, including Los Angeles International Airport.
In Canada, the federal authority, Transport Canada, divested itself of all but the remotest airports in 1999/2000. Now most airports in Canada are owned and operated by individual legal authorities or are municipally owned. Many U. S. airports still lease part or all of their facilities to outside firms, who operate functions such as retail management and parking. In the U. S. all commercial airport runways are certified by the FAA under the Code of Federal Regulations Title 14 Part 139, "Certification of Commercial Service Airports" but maintained by the local airport under the regulatory authority of the FAA. Despite the reluctance to privatize airports in the US, the government-owned, contractor-operated arrangement is the standard for the operation of commercial airports in the rest of the world. Airports are divided into airside areas; the landside area is open to the public, while access to the airside area is controlled. The airside area includes all parts of the airpo