Akademisk Boldklub

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AB
Akademisk Boldklub transparent background.svg
Full name Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe
Nickname(s) Akademikerne (The Academics)
Short name AB
Founded 1889; 129 years ago (1889)
Ground Gladsaxe Stadium,
Gladsaxe
Ground Capacity 13,507 (7,707 seated)
Chairman Torben Oldenborg
Manager Michael Madsen
League Danish 2nd Division P1
2016–17 Danish 1st Division, 12th (relegated)

Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe (or AB, AB Gladsaxe) is a Danish professional football club from Gladsaxe north of Copenhagen, currently playing at the 3rd highest level of Danish domestic football in the Danish 2nd Division group 1.

The club was established on February 26, 1889 through a merger of Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub and Polyteknisk Boldklub. AB is nine time Danish Champions, eight time Copenhagen Champions, one time Danish Cup Champions and six times Copenhagen Cup Champions, and the club is thus one of the most successful in Danish football.

The club has training and club facilities in Bagsværd north of Copenhagen and plays its home matches at Gladsaxe Stadium, also called Stade de Lundberg", named after one of the club's pioneers, Knud Lundberg.

Since the foundation, AB has played in a green and white kit and had an owl as mascot. The club's official fan club is named AB Forever and was founded in 1995.

AB is one of the oldest football clubs in Denmark and is originally from Copenhagen. Here the club had training facilities on Østerbro from 1903–1922. From 1923–1965 the club had training facilities on Nørrebro. In 1965, AB moved to Gladsaxe where the club belongs today. Most of the club's titles were won in the time in Copenhagen, especially in the 1890s and the 1940s.

The club participated in the foundation of the Danish Football Association in 1889 and has over the years developed many football players who have played on the Danish national team, including Harald Bohr, Karl Aage Hansen, Knud Lundberg, Kresten Bjerre and René Henriksen.

History[edit]

The foundation[edit]

Akademisk Boldklub was founded on February 26, 1889 through a merger of the two academic sports clubs Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub and Polyteknisk Boldklub. Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub was a cricket club founded in 1884 by graduating students from the Latin School in Fredericia. When they became students in 1883, they moved to Copenhagen to study at the University of Copenhagen. The following year, they founded the club so that they could play cricket again.[1]

Like most other clubs at the time, Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub originally only had cricket on the program. However, from around 1887, football became more popular in Denmark as Frederik Markmann, chairman of the board of Københavns Boldklub, took the initiative to translate the laws of the English Football Association to Danish in collaboration with three clubmates and Holger Forchhammer from Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub. The club got football on the program from then on and participated in Københavns Boldklub's Medal Football Competition.

Holger Forchhammer and his brother Johannes Forchhammer were key people in Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub at that time. Holger Forchhammer took initiative to start a collaboration with Herlufsholm Kostskole, where Holger's father was the rector, to recruit talented players to the team. Holger also became board member of AB's first board and chairman of the National Olympic Committee and Sports Confederation of Denmark from 1897–1899, while Johannes became chairman of the Danish Football Association from 1894–1897.[1]

With the introduction of football on the program, the club opened for admission from other schools than Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub. Eventually, the number of Copenhageners in the club grew larger and the name of the club became unrepresentative of its member. Therefore, members of Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub and Polyteknisk Boldklub were convened on February 26, 1889, for a joint meeting between the two clubs in order to arrange a merger. Polyteknisk Boldklub was a somewhat younger club from 1885 which consisted of students and graduates from Technical University of Denmark. The result of the meeting was a merger between the two clubs and the foundation of Akademisk Boldklub.[1]

In relation to the merger, new requirements for becoming a member of AB were introduced. The admission requirement was that one had an entrance examination from a Scandinavian university or from the Technical University of Denmark. However, an exemption could be granted for this requirement if the board decided unanimously to register a member or if 15 members of the club recommended a person.[1]

At the establishment of AB, the club got a new logo with an owl as a mascot. The owl is a symbol of wisdom and learning[2] and has been the club's mascot since the foundation. The newly established club played in a green and white kit, as did the Fredericia Studenternes Kricketklub.[1]

The early years[edit]

Shortly after the foundation, on April 1, 1889, AB moved to new premises on Østerbro in Copenhagen[3] where the club during the year grew to have 104 active members and 15 passive members.[1]

On March 5, 1889, AB played its first official football match. The match was played at Blegdamsfælleden in Copenhagen, and AB won 2-0 against the opponent BK Frem.[1]

In 1889, AB participated in the establishment of the Danish Football Association together with 21 football clubs from Copenhagen and five from the province. On April 27, 1889, AB won the Danish Football Association's first tournament, defeating the until then invincible club Københavns Boldklub. In the period 1890–1900, AB had great success and won the Copenhagen Football Championship eight times.[1]

In 1890 AB played the first Danish-Swedish football match in the history when Halmstads BK was defeated 3-0 away from home.[1]

Football was not yet played at schools at the time, and AB therefore started a junior department with the intention of recruiting talented young players. However, the department had to close again in 1897 due to the bad behavior of its members. In 1899, the club tried again and this time it had more success as the department's member count rose to 70 during the first year. The first two members of the new junior department were brothers Niels Bohr and Harald Bohr, who both later came to play on AB's first-team squad. Harald Bohr already debuted at AB's first-team squad at the age of 16, where he became known as the first dribble in Danish football and was dubbed Lille Bohr by the press. He always played with a white handkerchief in the pocket, which he used to measure the wind direction and strength before and during matches. Harald played four international matches with the Danish national team during his career. Niels Bohr became more famous outside the football field as a Nobel Prize winner and in his work as a professor, which was illustrated in a match against German football team Mittweida Tecnicum. In the match, Niels Bohr played as a goalkeeper, and as the ball rarely came near AB's goal, he spent the time leaning against one of the goal posts. Suddenly, a long ball was kicked toward AB's goal, which the crowd expected Niels Bohr to collect. However, he did not respond before a spectator shouted at him and the ball had already gone into the goal. After the game, he admitted that his thoughts were on a mathematical problem that he had attempted to solve by making calculations on the inside of the post.[4]

Getting a pitch on Østerbro[edit]

In 1902, AB set up a work committee aimed at making AB a pitch owning club like neighboring club Københavns Boldklub and B93 had just become. The committee collected DKK 60,000 for the financing of the facilities, which came primarily from interest free bond loans from supporters of the club. In autumn 1902, the club rented six acres of land at Lammefælleden on Østerbro in Copenhagen by Copenhagen Municipality for the establishment of the new training facilities, which was put into service already in 1903.[4]

Shortly after the establishment of the new training facilities, AB also got a new home ground. Interest in sports was increasing in the early 19th century, and for this reason, the mayor of Copenhagen Jens Jensen in 1906 presented a proposal for the establishment of a sports park, which was granted DKK 1,264,450 for the construction of. In 1911, Københavns Idrætspark was completed and the facility became home to the Danish national team and several Copenhagen football clubs, including AB.[1]

AB's football game developed drastically as the club went from the uneven grounds they had played on so far to good fields on the new facilities. The good results AB had achieved so far in the Copenhagen Football Championship, however, did not survive in the period after the move to Østerbro. A highlight in the period after moving to Østerbro was when the team played 2-2 against professional Middlesbrough F.C. from England. In 1912, the poor results reached a new low point when AB ended last in the domestic tournament and had to play a relegation match against Østerbros Boldklub. AB won the relegation match 3-1 and was thus rescued from relegation.[1]

In the 1910s, the results began to improve again, and in 1914, AB participated in its first Copenhagen Cup final, but lost 3-4 to KB. In 1919, the luck eventually turned when AB won its first Danish Championship after defeating B 1901 3-0 in the final. KBU's tournament, which led to the final of the Danish domestic football tournament, was won in a convincing way with 11 wins and only one defeat and a goal score of 46-16. In 1921, AB again won the Danish Championship when AGF was defeated 3-0 by a team consisting of many of the same players who had won the championship two years earlier.[1]

During the years on Østerbro, AB and BK Frem collaborated on arranging so-called "English matches", as KB and B93 had also done it where professional foreign clubs were invited to a football tournament in Copenhagen. The English matches generated large spectator revenues for the arranging clubs due to the great interest in seeing the professional English teams.[1]

Moving to Nørrebro[edit]

AB-KB
Match between AB and KB on March 18, 1928 in Københavns Idrætspark.

In 1919, the Copenhagen Magistrate terminated the lease of the ground of AB's training facilities as of October 1, 1919. AB was therefore seized to suddenly be completely without a training facility after having had training facilities on Østerbro for 16 years. AB did however negotiate an amendment to the agreement, which meant that the club could use the facility until the ground was taken into service but had to accept a reduction of notice for the termination of the ground to one month. On January 1, 1922, the magistrate finally terminated the lease as construction was planned. AB was then again referred to play on uneven fields without any facilities.[4]

With police chief J. Parker as new chairman of AB from 1922, AB managed to find new training facilities in 1923. The Danish state's gymnastics institute was opened at Nørre Allé on Nørrebro in Copenhagen on March 10, 1923. At the institute, training facilities were to be set up, which AB was allowed to manage for an area of 10 barrels of land. To fund the new facilities, AB set up a funding committee. The committee experienced great support from many well-known people in the academic world, which helped raise awareness about the need for funding. Copenhagen Municipality supported with a loan of DKK 40,000 and AB had itself saved DKK 40,000 through a lending fund. DKK 20,000 was missing, which was generously granted as a loan by neighbor club BK Frem. Work on the new facilities began in June 1923, and on September 13, 1924, the facilities, designed by architect Carl Brummer, were officially opened.[4]

On the sports front, AB's football team did mediocre in the years following the move to Nørrebro, as the team for many years ended in the middle and bottom of the row. In the mid-1930s, the luck began to return to the football team. In 1936, AB was runner-up in the Danish Championship and won its first Copenhagen Cup when KB was defeated 3-1 in the final. The cup championship gave the players a will to get even better, and the team practiced hard over the winter to improve. The practice helped as the club won its third Danish Championship in 1937.[1]

At the end of the 1920s, the number of members in the youth department increased steadily, and AB began to level divide the teams. With a strong coach team led by Carl "Skomager" Hansen, the youth department achieved great success in this period and won the juniors tournament in 1928, 1929, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1937 and 1938.[1]

Golden era[edit]

AB-BK Frem
Match between AB and BK Frem around 1940.

In 1939, AB celebrated the club's 50th anniversary on restaurant Nimb in Copenhagen. At the same time, the club began a period of great success. In 1939, the advent of the World War II could be felt in Europe. On the sports front, the war meant that much international sports cooperation was interrupted, but also that interest in sports increased as the offer of leisure activities was limited. Membership in AB increased to over 1,000 during the war period. The attendance to AB's matches was about 30,000 during this period, and in 1944, a total of 43,000 spectators saw AB play the final in the Danish Championships against BK Frem.[1]

During the 1940s, a new generation of talented players such as Knud Bastrup-Birk, Georg Dahlfeldt and Karl Aage Hansen were raised, which helped ensure AB great success in the following years. The team already had a strong base of established players, consisting of among others Eyolf Kleven and Knud Lundberg who were in the national team in three sports (football, handball and basketball). With the former AB player Arne Kleven as coach, AB won several Copenhagen Cup finals and Danish Championships in the 1940s. The club won the Danish Championship in 1943, 1945 and 1947, silver medals in 1942, 1944 and 1949, and bronze medals in 1946 and 1948. AB won the Danish Cup final in 1942, 1944, 1945 and 1949, and were furthermore in the final in 1946. At the Olympic Games in London in 1948 where the Danish national football team won bronze, AB had six players on the team: Karl Aage Hansen, Knud Bastrup-Birk, Knud Lundberg, Poul Petersen, Ivan Jensen and Holger Seebach.[1]

AB's success continued into the 1950s where a new generation of players ensured that AB between 1950–1958 each year was ranked top 4. The club became Danish Champions in 1951 and 1952, and the Copenhagen Cup was won in 1950, while the club participated in the Cup final in 1953 and 1956. In 1960, Knud Lundberg ended his career as 40-year-old after 340 matches for AB's first-team squad. AB was relegated to the second tier for the first time ever in 1960 but got promoted back to the first tier the following year.[1]

Moving out to Gladsaxe[edit]

In 1958 the Danish Ministry of Education terminated the lease of the ground of AB's training facilities. This happened despite the fact that the ministry had previously stated that AB did not have to fear a resignation. In spite of protests from AB's board of directors and the fact that AB through the club's contribution to student sport throughout the previous 70 years had exempted the university from carrying out this task, the Ministry chose to terminate the lease for the entire area as of April 1, 1962 The ministry could not relocate AB to another area in Copenhagen.[4]

The club was allowed to use the facilities for a period of time despite the termination of the lease, but the prospect of being left without training facilities pushed the club to negotiate a move of the club with communes in Copenhagen's suburbs. Gladsaxe Municipality met the club with both goodwill and realism and thus became AB's new base. The move to Gladsaxe was helped by the mayor of the city Erhard Jacobsen who wanted to make Gladsaxe a pioneer municipality, which involved getting an elite sports club to the municipality. At the same time, there was a great deal of support for the move from the municipal council, the sports committee, the engineers of the municipality and Bagsværd Idrætsforening, which offered to join an association with AB.[4]

After pulling and opposition among both the members of AB and Bagsværd Idrætsforening, the two clubs held a founding general assembly on January 17, 1962, where the association became a reality. For AB, the association and relocation involved a union change from DBU Copenhagen to DBU Zealand. At the same time, the association meant that university affiliation was no longer required to become a member of the club. The association with Bagsværd Idrætsforening also meant that AB got handball on the program so that the club offered four sports – football, cricket, tennis and handball.[4]

When the negotiations about moving AB to Gladsaxe finally went through, the construction of new training facilities began in Bagsværd. The facilities included eight football pitches and an indoor hall, which was the largest in Northern Europe at the time. In 1965 the new facilities were ready, and AB's relocation from Nørrebro to Gladsaxe was a reality. From then on, AB had training facilities at Skovdiget in Bagsværd and the first-team squad's home matches were played on Gladsaxe Stadium.[4]

The relocation to Gladsaxe quickly came to create challenges for AB. On the social level, a new community had to be built. Economically, AB became indebted due to the high costs of establishing the new training facilities as well as falling revenues due to low attendance rates at home matches and a slowdown in member-uptake.[1]

On the sports front, the relocation to Gladsaxe offered both ups and downs. AB's youth team won the Danish Championship in 1963 for the first time in the club's history. A large part of the team later went on to play on the club's first-team squad, which won AB's latest Danish Championship in 1967 under the leadership of Mario Astorri. The team played technical and forward-playing football, which they had learnt in their youth years in AB. In 1970, AB was one goal of winning the club's 10th Danish Championship.[1]

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, AB participated in European football in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League. In 1968, AB achieved its best results in European football in the history of the club when the team qualified for the 2nd round of Champions League after having defeated the Swiss football club FC Zürich 4-3 overall in the tournament's 1st round. The opponent in the 2nd round was Greek AEK Athens. AB lost 0-2 overall after having played 0-0 away in the first match. The home match was interrupted by protesters who ran on the field to demonstrate against the Military Junta in Greece.[1]

In the following years, AB experienced a prolonged downturn. From 1974-1985, AB was stuck in the second tier, and in 1985 AB was relegated even further to the third tier of Danish football for the first time ever in the history of the club. The decision to introduce professional football in Denmark in 1978 became tough for AB, as the club struggled to adapt to the new reality.[1]

Success in the 1990s[edit]

ugle
AB's mascot the owl.

In the early 1990s, AB again experienced success as a team of talented players who had been in AB for many years, helped promote AB to the best Danish league. These players remained in AB even though they had offers from many other clubs. Among these players were René Henriksen who later became the Danish national team's captain, Peter Rasmussen who has the match club record with 394 matches and today is the club's CEO and Peter Frandsen who played 392 matches for AB and later became coach for the first-team squad. This team of strong AB players helped promote AB to the second tier in 1993 under the leadership of former Danish champion with AB Johnny Petersen. The team ended as number three in 2nd division East, thus qualifying for two playoff matches against Nørresundby Boldklub. The matches ended 3-3 in the away and 2-2 at home, and AB was thus promoted to a better row for the first time since 1972.[1]

After a couple of seasons in 1st Division, Tonni Nielsen was appointed as new coach in AB in 1996, and he helped lead the team to the cup final. AB had previously knocked out Brøndby IF in the quarterfinals, but the club lost to F.C. Copenhagen in the final. AB also got promoted to the best Danish row Superligaen in 1996 – just two years after having promoted to the second tier. AB was thus back in the best Danish series for the first time since 1973. In 1997, Christian Andersen became the new head coach. Christian Andersen represented forward-playing and technically based football, which AB became known for in the late 1990s. The success of the team culminated in 1999 when AB ended on a third place in the league and became Danish Cup Champions after having won 2-1 against AaB.[1][5]

In 2000, AB won bronze medals again, and in 2001, AB participated in the cup final but lost to Silkeborg IF.[3] At the end of the 1990s, AB had a team consisting of many young talented players, many of whom won the Danish Football Association's talent prize. Peter Løvenkrands won in 1998, Martin Albrechtsen won in 2000 and Stephan Andersen won in 2003.[6]

After a few years of mediocre results, AB was relegated to the second tier in 2004.

Economic crisis[edit]

AB's latest upturn was started by talented players who helped AB advance through the rows, but the sustained success was also sparked by the transformation of AB from an amateur union into a professional football business. This process was initiated by the three new board members Bent Jakobsen, Denis Jørgen Flemming Holmark and Torben Mærsk who in short time raised large capital sums through a stock exchange introduction of the club.[7]

In the 1997/98 season, the board introduced full-time professionalism in AB, and great efforts were made to achieve success in the league with the appointment of Christian Andersen as head coach and with the purchase of several profiles. The board wanted to make AB a power factor in Danish football again through a business plan based on buying and selling players, sporting success, TV revenues, entrance fees, merchandise sales and talent development.[8]

On November 24, 1997, AB was transformed from a private limited company to a limited company, and the share capital was also expanded to DKK 36,700,000. The money was invested in significant upgrades of the team, staff and facilities. At the same time, a drastic expansion of Gladsaxe Stadium, which was intended to create a foundation for a modern football business, was initiated.[9]

In 1998, the new board members pushed the CEO for six years, Henrik Mostrup, out of the management and instead appointed the former AB profile Per Frimann as new CEO.[7] Shortly after – in November 1998 – AB was introduced on Copenhagen Stock Exchange where the club brought DKK 93,000,000 to course 115.[10] In the following years, huge amounts of money were invested in new players. At the same time, many profiles were sold to balance the accounts.[11][12][13] However, AB had bought too many players too expensive, which meant that no money was earned. Despite the large equity from the IPO in 1998 and several large million sales to international top clubs, there were nevertheless blood-red numbers in the annual accounts, especially in the early years of the 2000s. In the 2000/2001 annual account, the deficit was DKK 36,392,000. The same year, measures to reduce operating expenses were therefore initiated.[12] At the same time, rumors came up about possible bankruptcy and a merger with FCK, but this was however rejected.[14] In 2001, Per Frimann resigned as CEO of AB and moved to a role as sports director.[12] In 2002, the deficit was still high at DKK 21,472,000. Per Frimann chose to resign as sports director on April 19, 2002.[13]

Despite further efforts to balance the economy, AB continued to have a major deficit of DKK 15,941,000 in 2003. During this period, the chairman of the board Mogens Trygve Lied Flagstad and vice-chairman of the board Allan Kim Pedersen initiated an investigation of the possibilities of a merger with Farum Boldklub to improve the club's future economic basis. However, both left the board after the amateur club's main board had informed the professional club's board and the public that it was critical of the investigation.[15]

In the following years, a slimming of the company was initiated, which was necessary after the overuse of capital in the previous years. The slimming meant, however, that the club had to sell the last profiles such as Nicolai Stokholm, Rasmus Daugaard, Mohamed Zidan and Stephan Andersen. As a consequence, the results got worse and in 2004, AB was relegated to the second tier.[16]

AB in recent times[edit]

AB players
AB players after a match on Gladsaxe Stadium.

While again playing in the Danish 1st Division, AB launched Vision 2010 with the goal of returning to the best Danish league by 2010. At that time AB had a talented team of many players from the club's academy, which in 2008 had won the Danish Championship for youth players. The vision was close to be realized with a third place in 2009 and a fourth place in 2010, but it failed and left AB again in financial problems. In subsequent years, AB experienced poorer results, and for three consecutive years – from 2012–2014 – the existence in the second tier was saved in the final round of the tournament. In 2012, AB was rescued from relegation by defeating Hobro IK 3-1. In 2013 the club saved its existence by defeating Lyngby FC 4-2. In 2014, the rescue was secured by playing 3-3 with HB Køge. In 2015, AB finally relegated and moved down to the third tier for the first time since 1994.

The 2015-16 season was a successful one for the club as it bounced back from relegation to win promotion back to the Danish 1st Division at the first time of asking under the dutiful charge of manager Per Frandsen.[17] Despite this, however, the beginning of the season proved challenging with the club suffering a heavy defeat in the first round of the Danish Cup at the hands of rivals Lyngby Boldklub and only finishing third in its group behind Hvidovre IF and Hellerup IK to progress to the Spring promotion group.[18]

Concerns remained after a 1-0 defeat to Aarhus Fremad in the opening game of the Spring promotion round, although they quickly dissipated over the following months as AB strolled to the Danish 2nd Division title with promotion finally confirmed after a 2-1 win over Aarhus Fremad.

The season came to a close following a remarkable 6-4 home victory over second placed Fremad Amager.[19] Whilst the game saw AB lift the Danish 2nd Division trophy after the final whistle, it also proved a poignant moment for the club with a number of well regarded players, including cult hero Simon Bræmer, saying their farewells.

The next season, AB could not sustain the succes and ended last in 1st Division, thus relegating back to 2nd Division.

In June 2012, AB was rescued from bankruptcy by a majority in Gladsaxe Municipality Council.[20] As a result of the cooperation with Gladsaxe Municipality, the club changed its name in September 2012 to Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe to mark the club's association with the local area.[21]

AB currently has about 1,500 members and a profiled youth division which has raised talents such as Nicolai Jørgensen, Oliver Lund, Klaus Lykke and Lukas Lerager.[22]

AB operates Copenhagen Sport & Event Park centered around the facilities on Gladsaxe Stadium.[23]

Stadium[edit]

Gladsaxe Stadium
Gladsaxe Stadium where AB plays their home matches.

AB plays their home matches at Gladsaxe Stadium (Danish: Gladsaxe Stadion). The stadium is located on Gladsaxevej 200, Søborg, Gladsaxe Municipality, in Copenhagen, and is primarily used for football matches. The stadium has a capacity of 13,507, of which 7,707 are covered seats. The rail size is 105 x 68 meters, and the lighting is 700 lux.

The construction of the stadium was started in 1938, and the stadium was inaugurated on May 26, 1940, under the name Gladsaxe Idrætspark Marielyst. The stadium was expanded and renovated beginning on November 16, 1998. This renewal of the stadium included constructing a new long side with both upper and lower grandstand, a sponsor lounge and two end stands with only standing room without a roof. At the same time, the running course around the pitch was removed. The stadium was subsequently inaugurated under its new name, Gladsaxe Stadium, on September 12, 1999. The opposite stand of the newly constructed stand is from the 1960s. Gladsaxe Stadium is also called Stade de Lundberg", named after one of the club's pioneers, Knud Lundberg.[1]

The stadium spectator record was set on April 18, 2004 with 10,039 spectators in the Superliga match between AB and FC Copenhagen.[24]

Honours[edit]

Simon Bræmer
Simon Bræmer scores against Brønshøj Boldklub on May 24, 2014.

Results[edit]

The table below is an overview of AB's seasons in the Danish domestic football tournament since it was established in 1927.

Season Division Level Position Note
2017–18 2. division, nedrykningsspil 3rd tier 2
2016–17 1. division 2nd tier 12 ↓ Relegation
2015–16 2. division, oprykningsspil 3rd tier 1 ↑ Promotion
2014–15 1. division 2nd tier 11 ↓ Relegation
2013–14 1. division 2nd tier 10
2012–13 1. division 2nd tier 10
2011–12 1. division 2nd tier 11
2010–11 1. division 2nd tier 9
2009–10 1. division 2nd tier 4
2008–09 1. division 2nd tier 3
2007–08 1. division 2nd tier 6
2006–07 1. division 2nd tier 10
2005–06 1. division 2nd tier 12
2004–05 1. division 2nd tier 11
2003–04 Superligaen 1st tier 12 ↓ Relegation
2002–03 Superligaen 1st tier 9
2001–02 Superligaen 1st tier 5
2000–01 Superligaen 1st tier 10
1999–2000 Superligaen 1st tier 3 Bronze
1998–99 Superligaen 1st tier 3 Bronze
1997–98 Superligaen 1st tier 5
1996–97 Superligaen 1st tier 10
1995–96 1. division 2nd tier 2 ↑ Promotion
1994–95 1. division, kvalifikationsligaen 2nd tier 7
1993–94 1. division 2nd tier 6
1992–93 2. division 3rd tier 3 ↑ Promotion
1991–92 2. division vest, slutspil 3rd tier 2
1991–92 2. division øst, grundspil 3rd tier 5
1991 2. division øst 3rd tier 3
1990 3. division øst 3rd tier 2
1989 3. division øst 3rd tier 5
1988 3. division øst 3rd tier 12
1987 3. division øst 3rd tier 7
1986 3. division øst 3rd tier 3
1985 2. division 2nd tier 13 ↓ Relegation
1984 2. division 2nd tier 4
1983 2. division 2nd tier 6
1982 2. division 2nd tier 5
1981 2. division 2nd tier 8
1980 2. division 2nd tier 5
1979 2. division 2nd tier 4
1978 2. division 2nd tier 10
1977 2. division 2nd tier 13
1976 2. division 2nd tier 9
1975 2. division 2nd tier 10
1974 2. division 2nd tier 6
Season Division name Row Position Note
1973 1. division 1st tier 11 ↓ Relegation
1972 2. division 2nd tier 1 ↑ Promotion
1971 1. division 1st tier 12 ↓ Relegation
1970 1. division 1st tier 2 Silver
1969 1. division 1st tier 6
1968 1. division 1st tier 9
1967 1. division 1st tier 1 Gold
1966 1. division 1st tier 6
1965 2. division 2nd tier 1 ↑ Promotion
1964 1. division 1st tier 11 ↓ Relegation
1963 1. division 1st tier 9
1962 1. division 1st tier 7
1961 2. division 2nd tier 2 ↑ Promotion
1960 1. division 1st tier 11 ↓ Relegation
1959 1. division 1st tier 7
1958 1. division 1st tier 8
1956–57 1. division 1st tier 2 Silver
1955–56 1. division 1st tier 3 Bronze
1954–55 1. division 1st tier 2 Silver
1953–54 1. division 1st tier 3 Bronze
1952–53 1. division 1st tier 4
1951–52 1. division 1st tier 1 Gold
1950–51 1. division 1st tier 1 Gold
1949–50 1. division 1st tier 2 Silver
1948–49 1. division 1st tier 2 Silver
1947–48 1. division 1st tier 3 Bronze
1946–47 1. division 1st tier 1 Gold
1945–46 1. division 1st tier 3 Bronze
1944–45 Kreds III, slutrunden 1st tier 1 Gold
1943–44 Kreds III, slutrunden 1st tier 2 Silver
1942–43 Kreds III, slutrunden 1st tier 1 Gold
1941–42 Kreds III, slutrunden 1st tier 2 Silver
1940–41 Kreds III 1st tier 7
1939–40 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 8
1938–39 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 3 Bronze
1937–38 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 5
1936–37 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 1 Gold
1935–36 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 2 Silver
1934–35 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 4
1933–34 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 5
1932–33 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 6
1931–32 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 2 Silver
1930–31 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 4
1929–30 Mesterskabsserien 1st tier 5
1928–29 Slutrunden 1st tier 3 Bronze
1927–28 2. kreds 1st tier 4

Table last updated: 14 August 2018.[28]

International appearances[edit]

UEFA Champions League / European Champion Clubs' Cup
Season Round Opponent Nation Home Away W D L Goals Ref.
1968–1969 1. FC Zürich Switzerland 1-2 3-1 1 0 1 4-3 [29]
2. AEK Athens F.C. Greece 0-2 0-0 0 1 1 0-2
Total - 1-4 3-1 1 1 2 4-5 -
UEFA Europa League / UEFA Cup
Season Round Opponent Nation Home Away W D L Goals Ref.
1971–1972 1. Dundee F.C. Scotland 0-1 2-4 0 0 2 2-5 [30]
1999–2000 1. Grasshopper Club Zürich Switzerland 0-2 1-1 0 1 1 1-3 [31]
2000–2001 Qual. B36 Tórshavn Faroe Islands 8-0 1-0 2 0 0 9-0 [32]
1. SK Slavia Prague Czech Republic 0-2 0-3 0 0 2 0-5
Total - 9-6 4-8 2 1 5 13-14 -
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
Season Round Opponent Nation Home Away W D L Goals Ref.
1970–1971 1. Sliema Wanderers Malta 7-0 3-2 2 0 0 10-2 [33]
2. RSC Anderlecht Belgium 1-3 0-4 0 0 2 1-7
Total - 8-3 3-7 2 0 2 11-9 -
UEFA Intertoto Cup
Season Round Opponent Nation Home Away W D L Goals Ref.
1968 Group Stage FC Tirol Innsbruck Austria 1-0 0-2 1 0 1 1-2 [34]
FC Lausanne-Sport Switzerland 2-2 0-1 0 1 1 2-3
Eintracht Braunschweig Germany 0-2 0-0 0 1 1 0-2
1971 Group Stage Hertha BSC Germany 0-4 1-3 0 0 2 1-7 [35]
FC Zürich Switzerland 1-2 1-4 0 0 2 2-6
FK AS Trenčín Slovakia 0-4 1-3 0 0 2 1-7
2002 1. BATE Borisov Belarus 0-2 0-1 0 0 2 0-3 [36]
Total - 4-16 3-14 1 2 11 7-30 -

Table last updated: 14 August 2018.

Players[edit]

As of 14 August 2018[37]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Denmark GK Mark Fabricius Jensen
2 Denmark DF Sebastian Lassen
3 Denmark DF Philip Nzeyimana Oslev
4 Denmark DF Philip Olsen
5 Denmark DF Adnan Curovic
6 Denmark MF Daniel Warmbach
7 Denmark FW Daniel Elly Pedersen
8 Denmark DF Tobias Noer
9 Denmark MF Armend Aslani
10 Denmark FW Rasmus Tangvig
No. Position Player
11 Denmark FW Yonas Nielsen
13 Denmark DF Matti Olsen
14 Denmark FW Nichlas Rohde
15 Denmark MF Rasmus Nielsen (captain)
17 Denmark MF Lucas Petersen
18 Denmark MF Sylvester Seeger-Hansen
19 Denmark MF Albert Nørager
20 Denmark DF Marcus Hørbye
21 Denmark FW Frederik Ellegaard Christensen
25 Denmark GK Oliver Børner Thorup

Coaching staff[edit]

Table last updated: 7 August 2018.[38]

National team players[edit]

The table below is an overview of current and previous AB players who have represented their national team.

Name Born Position Matches Nationality Ref.
Jabar Sharza 06-04-1994 Midtbane 2  Afghanistan [39]
Lukas Lerager 12-07-1993 Midfielder 5  Denmark [40]
Nicolai Jørgensen 15-01-1991 Striker 34  Denmark [40]
Danny Olsen 11-06-1985 Midfielder 1  Denmark [40]
Stephan Andersen 26-11-1981 Goalkeeper 30  Denmark [40]
Emmanuel Ake 11-06-1980 Angreb 8  Kenya [41]
Christian Høgni Jacobsen 12-05-1980 Angreb 50  Faroe Islands [42]
Martin Albrechtsen 31-03-1980 Defence 4  Denmark [40]
Peter Løvenkrands 29-01-1980 Striker 22  Denmark [40]
Abdul Sule 20-01-1975 Striker 6  Nigeria [43]
Michael Johansen 22-07-1972 Midfielder 2  Denmark [40]
Steven Lustü 13-04-1971 Defence 9  Denmark [40]
Jan Michaelsen 28-11-1970 Midfielder 19  Denmark [40]
Claus Thomsen 31-05-1970 Midfielder 20  Denmark [40]
René Henriksen 27-08-1969 Defence 66  Denmark [40]
Brian Steen Nielsen 28-12-1968 Midfielder 66  Denmark [40]
Per Frimann 04-06-1962 Striker 17  Denmark [40]
Flemming Christensen 10-04-1958 Striker 11  Denmark [40]
Benny Nielsen 17-03-1951 Striker 28  Denmark [40]
Johnny Petersen 27-11-1947 Midfielder 3  Denmark [40]
Henrik Bernburg 09-04-1947 Striker 2  Denmark [40]
Kresten Bjerre 22-02-1946 Midfielder 22  Denmark [40]
Max Rasmussen 11-12-1945 Midfielder 5  Denmark [40]
Flemming Kjærsgaard 12-07-1945 Striker 6  Denmark [40]
Jan Larsen 22-03-1945 Defence 29  Denmark [40]
Erik Sandvad 27-01-1945 Midfielder 22  Denmark [40]
Niels Yde 02-10-1944 Defence 6  Denmark [40]
Finn Wiberg 07-05-1943 Striker 14  Denmark [40]
Flemming Nielsen 24-02-1934 Midfielder 26  Denmark [40]
Jens-Carl Kristensen 02-03-1933 Striker 1  Denmark [40]
Ove Bech Nielsen 03-08-1932 Striker 8  Denmark [40]
Verner Nielsen 14-05-1931 Defence 26  Denmark [40]
Erik Jensen 06-12-1930 Midfielder 20  Denmark [40]
Frank Reckendorff 23-10-1928 Striker 4  Denmark [40]
Kaj Jørgensen 11-10-1925 Goalkeeper 11  Denmark [40]
Christen Brøgger 29-08-1925 Defence 20  Denmark [40]
James Rønvang 17-07-1925 Striker 2  Denmark [40]
Dan Ohland-Andersen 15-05-1924 Defence 7  Denmark [40]
Hartvig Møller 27-03-1924 Striker 1  Denmark [40]
Steen Blicher 22-11-1923 Midfielder 8  Denmark [40]
Ivan Jensen 10-11-1922 Midfielder 25  Denmark [40]
Holger Seebach 17-03-1922 Striker 17  Denmark [40]
Karl Aage Hansen 04-07-1921 Striker 22  Denmark [40]
Poul Petersen 11-04-1921 Defence 34  Denmark [40]
Knud Lundberg 14-05-1920 Striker 39  Denmark [40]
Knud Bastrup-Birk 12-12-1919 Defence 18  Denmark [40]
Georg Dahlfelt 12-04-1919 Midfielder 4  Denmark [40]
Svend Albrechtsen 27-02-1917 Striker 3  Denmark [40]
Adolph Mølsgaard 06-11-1914 Defence 1  Denmark [40]
Willy Larsson 30-10-1914 Defence 6  Denmark [40]
Eigil Thielsen 17-08-1914 Striker 18  Denmark [40]
Poul Toft Jensen 14-08-1912 Midfielder 13  Denmark [40]
Carl Larsen 25-03-1911 Midfielder 1  Denmark [40]
Poul Sørensen 04-09-1910 Defence 1  Denmark [40]
Svend Sanvig 05-12-1909 Midfielder 4  Denmark [40]
Sigfred Jensen 06-03-1909 Midfielder 6  Denmark [40]
Eyolf Kleven 27-02-1908 Striker 30  Denmark [40]
Palle Christensen 27-12-1902 Defence 8  Denmark [40]
Harry Bendixen 13-10-1901 Defence 16  Denmark [40]
Arne Kleven 08-01-1900 Midfielder 2  Denmark [40]
Edvin Frigast Larsen 20-12-1899 Goalkeeper 22  Denmark [40]
Otto Moltke 10-07-1897 Defence 1  Denmark [40]
Svend Knudsen 18-01-1896 Midfielder 6  Denmark [40]
Svend Holm 25-10-1895 Striker 1  Denmark [40]
Gunnar Aaby 09-07-1895 Midfielder 7  Denmark [40]
Henrik Andersen 11-02-1894 Midfielder 2  Denmark [40]
Svend Ringsted 30-08-1893 Defence 5  Denmark [40]
Holger Teilmann 20-07-1893 Midfielder 1  Denmark [40]
Samuel Thorsteinsson 01-01-1893 Midfielder 7  Denmark [40]
Sven V. Knudsen 22-02-1892 Striker 8  Denmark [40]
Ernst Petersen 16-08-1890 Midfielder 3  Denmark [40]
Paul Berth 07-04-1890 Midfielder 26  Denmark [40]
Harald Bohr 22-04-1887 Midfielder 4  Denmark [40]
Charles Buchwald 22-10-1880 Defence 7  Denmark [40]

Table last updated: 10 August 2018

Previous coaches[edit]

Period Name Nationality Ref.
1963–1965 Ivan Jensen  Denmark [1]
1965 Frank Soo  England [1]
1966–1968 Mario Astorri  Italy [1]
1968–1969 Ernst Netuka  Denmark [1]
1970 Karl Aage Hansen  Denmark [1]
1970–1971 Jørgen Hvidemose  Denmark [1]
1972 Karl Aage Hansen  Denmark [1]
1973–1975 Jack Cummings  Northern Ireland [1]
1975–1976 Niels Erik Rasmussen  Denmark [1]
1977 Arne Borsdal  Denmark [1]
1978–1983 Christian Andersen  Denmark [1]
1983 Jan Andersen  Denmark [1]
1984 Peter Dahl  Denmark [1]
1985–1986 Christian Andersen  Denmark [1]
1986 Henning Kurland  Denmark [1]
1987 Kresten Bjerre  Denmark [1]
1988–1990 Claus Bo Hansen  Denmark [1]
1990 Henning Kurland  Denmark [1]
1990 Jan Larsen  Denmark [1]
1991 Peter Jensen  Denmark [1]
1992–1995 Johnny Petersen  Denmark [1]
1995 Christian Andersen  Denmark [44]
1996 Tonni Nielsen  Denmark [1]
1997–1998 Christian Andersen  Denmark [8]
1999–2000 Ole Mørch  Denmark [1]
2000 Peter Frandsen / Flemming Christensen  Denmark [1]
2001–2002 Ove Christensen  Denmark [1]
2003–2005 Henrik Jensen  Denmark [1]
2005–2007 Christian Andersen / Allan Michaelsen  Denmark [44]
2007 Johnny Petersen  Denmark [1]
2007–2010 Flemming Christensen  Denmark [1]
2010–2012 Kasper Kurland  Denmark [1]
2012 Henrik Lehm  Denmark [1]
2013–2015 Thomas Nørgaard  Denmark [1]
2015–2016 Per Frandsen  Denmark [1]
2017 Søren Bjerg  Denmark [1]
2017– Michael Madsen  Denmark [1]

Table last updated: 10 August 2018

Supporters[edit]

Fan club[edit]

AB Forever
AB Forever at Gladsaxe Stadium's section E.

AB's official fan club is called AB Forever and was founded on August 17, 1995. During home matches, the fan club stands on Gladsaxe Stadium's section E. The work on founding fan club started already in the spring of 1993 when a group of youth coaches increasingly felt frustrated over the fact that AB's youth players did not come to the stadium when AB's first team played matches. AB played in the 3rd tier under the leadership of Johnny Petersen and had great players such as René Henriksen and Peter Rasmussen on the team. The football was entertaining but there was no atmosphere on the stadium when the team played. The group of youth coaches therefore began organizing themselves with the aim of getting more supporters to the stadium. The group who later established the fan club got its name from the first team's most dangerous player, the striker Finn Buchardt who is also the holder of the goal record in AB with 62 goals. In a match against Herlev IF on June 6, 1993, Finn Buchardt scored four goals in the last 15 minutes of the match, meaning that a potential 2-2 draw was turned to a 6-3 victory. The last 15 minutes of a football match were from then on called "Boogie time" with reference to Finn Buchardt, and the group of fans around the youth coaches subsequently called themselves for "Boogie's friends".[1]

As more supporters joined, the need for a more formal organization became apparent, and the group held a founding general assembly on August 17, 1995. The general meeting named AB's first fan club AB Forever and appointed Thomas Gram as the fan club's first president. The vision for the fan club was to take distance from violence and to give support to the team in an unconventional way, which were reflected in a variety of humorous songs and a friendly approach to supporting the team.[1]

In the following years, the fan club took the initiative to produce and sell merchandise in the form of caps, scarves and T-shirts. However, AB bought the inventory and took over the merchandise sales in 1997.[45]

Rivalries[edit]

Mosederby
AB supporters at a "Bog Derby" against Brønshøj Boldklub.

AB’s supporters are known for their rivalries with the neighboring clubs of Lyngby Boldklub and Brønshøj Boldklub.

AB’s matches against Brønshøj Boldklub are known as Bog Derbies. A victory in the match gives the winning team the "right" to the nearby bog Utterslev Mose. The Bog Derby has been played 56 times, with 27 wins to AB, 18 draws and 11 wins to Brønshøj, and a goal score of 111-61 in AB's favor.[46]

Spectators[edit]

The table below shows the development of spectators at AB’s home matches since the season 1996/1997.

Season League Matches Total Average Highest Lowest
2017/2018 3rd tier 15 6.152 410 789 100
2016/2017 2nd tier 16 9.374 586 755 415
2015/2016 3rd tier 15 10.894 726 1.308 412
2014/2015 2nd tier 16 14.971 936 1.795 571
2013/2014 2nd tier 16 15.505 969 2.520 583
2012/2013 2nd tier 15[a] 13.300 887 2.057 377
2011/2012 2nd tier 13 11.807 908 1.409 621
2010/2011 2nd tier 15 14.873 992 1.646 478
2009/2010 2nd tier 15 18.519 1.235 2.366 785
2008/2009 2nd tier 13[b] 16.555 1.273 3.804 781
2007/2008 2nd tier 15 12.519 835 1.096 584
2006/2007 2nd tier 15 16.307 1.087 2.120 609
2005/2006 2nd tier 15 15.146 1.010 2.271 644
2004/2005 2nd tier 15 13.397 893 1.225 426
2003/2004 1st tier 16 46.158 2.885 10.039 1.133
2002/2003 1st tier 17 52.259 3.074 7.321 1.421
2001/2002 1st tier 16 42.042 2.628 6.017 1.224
2000/2001 1st tier 17 52.044 3.061 5.346 1.395
1999/2000 1st tier 17 78.507 4.618 9.125 2.218
1998/1999 1st tier 17 54.427 3.202 7.115 1.352
1997/1998 1st tier 16 48.943 3.059 9.304 1.184
1996/1997 1st tier 16 33.770 2.111 6.119 585

Table last updated: 14 August 2018.[50]

Management[edit]

Chairmen[edit]

The table below is an overview of chairmen of AB's board throughout time.

Period Person
?–12/09-1988 Swen Nielsen
20/11-1986–12/09-1988 Allan Gramkow Bidsted
12/09-1988–11/11-1998 Erik Neergaard
11/11-1998–03/03-2000 Denis Jørgen Flemming Holmark
03/03-2000–04/11-2002 Mogens Trygve Lied Flagstad
27/11-2002–28/05-2009 Jens Hjortskov
28/05-2009–30/05-2011 Erik Hovgaard
30/05-2011–15/08-2013 Ronny Saul
15/08-2013–22/05-2014 Pernille Ørskov
22/05-2014–24/11-2014 Ronny Saul
24/11-2014–05/05-2015 Torben Oldenborg
05/05-2015–06/06-2017 Steen Kristensen
06/06-2017–today Torben Oldenborg

Table last updated: 14 August 2018.[51][52]

CEOs[edit]

The table below is an overview of CEO’s of AB throughout time.

Period Person
?–10/08-1989 Sven Erik Hansen
10/08-1989–09/07-1992 Jan Sørensen
09/07-1992–12/08-1998 Henrik Mostrup
12/08-1998–03/10-2001 Per Frimann
03/10-2001–05/03-2003 Henrik Stephansen Vestergaard
05/03-2003–11/12-2003 Steen Andersen
11/12-2003–01/03-2005 Torben Oldenborg
01/03-2005–30/05-2011 Ronny Saul
30/05-2011–01/08-2011 Alex Thyge Rasmussen
01/08-2011–19/10-2011 Lenni Skov Lindegaard
19/10-2011–01/11-2012 Liselotte Bisbjerg
01/11-2012–today Peter Rasmussen

Table last updated: 14 August 2018.[51][52]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The home match against FC Fyn is not included as it was not played due to the bankruptcy of the club.[47]
  2. ^ The home matches against FC Amager og Køge BK are not included as they were not played because of the bankruptcy of FC Amager[48] and the forced relegation of Køge BK due to their merger with Herfølge Boldklub.[49]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi Thomsen, Allan M. & Dalgaard, Karl Aage (2014). AB 125 years – 1889-2014. Bagsværd: Academic Boldklub. ISBN 9788792772053. 
  2. ^ Gyldendal (July 9, 2012). "Owl". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe. "Historie". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Provis, Thomas (1989). 100 års leg med bolden – fra Niels Bohr til Per Frimann. Bagsværd: Akademisk Boldklub. ISBN 8798318802. 
  5. ^ Carlsen, Søren H. (2016). Superligaen i 25 år. Aarhus: Turbine. ISBN 9788740607420. 
  6. ^ DBU. "DBU's Talentpris". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  7. ^ a b Jensen, Jan B. (April 9, 1998). "Akademikere i en brydningstid". Jyllands-Posten. Copenhagen. 
  8. ^ a b Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldanpartsselskab (1997). "Årsregnskab 1996/97 (18. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  9. ^ Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldaktieselskab (1998). "Årsregnskab 1997/98 (19. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  10. ^ Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldaktieselskab (1999). "Årsregnskab 1998/99 (20. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  11. ^ Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldaktieselskab (2000). "Årsregnskab 1999/2000 (21. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  12. ^ a b c Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldaktieselskab (2001). "Årsregnskab 2000/01 (22. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  13. ^ a b Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldaktieselskab (2002). "Årsregnskab 2001/02 (23. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  14. ^ bold.dk (October 5, 2001). "AB afviser konkurs og fusion". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  15. ^ Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldaktieselskab (2003). "Årsregnskab 2002/03 (24. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  16. ^ Akademisk Boldklubs Fodboldaktieselskab (2004). "Årsregnskab 2003/04 (25. regnskabsår)". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  17. ^ bold.dk. "AB tilbage i næstbedste række". bold.dk. Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
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  19. ^ bold.dk. "AB tilbage i næstbedste række". bold.dk. Retrieved 2017-04-15. 
  20. ^ Jørgensen, Uffe O. & Sorgenfri, Søren (December 20, 2013). "Afsløring: Ulovlig støtte reddede AB fra konkurs". BT. Retrieved August 13, 2018. 
  21. ^ Jensen, Mike K. (September 28, 2012). "Dansk traditionsklub skifter navn". TV2. Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  22. ^ Akademisk Boldklub. "AB's historie". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  23. ^ Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe. "Copenhagen Sport & Eventpark". Retrieved August 15, 2018. 
  24. ^ bold.dk. "AB - FCK". Retrieved 16. august 2018.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  25. ^ danskfodbold.com. "Medaljefordelingen i Danmarksmesterskabet". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  26. ^ DBU. "Pokalvindere". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  27. ^ RSSSF. "Denmark – List of Super Cup Finals". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  28. ^ haslund.info. "Deltagelse i Denmarksturneringen – AB". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  29. ^ RSSSF. "Champions' Cup 1968-69". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  30. ^ RSSSF. "UEFA Cup 1971-72". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  31. ^ RSSSF. "UEFA Cup 1999-2000". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  32. ^ RSSSF. "UEFA Cup 2000-01". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  33. ^ RSSSF. "Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1970-71". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  34. ^ RSSSF. "Intertoto Cup 1968". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  35. ^ RSSSF. "Intertoto Cup 1971". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  36. ^ RSSSF. "UEFA Intertoto Cup 2002". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  37. ^ Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe. "Førsteholdstrup". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  38. ^ Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe. "Organisation". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  39. ^ National Football Teams. "Sharza, Jabar". Retrieved August 20, 2018. 
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br DBU. "Landsholdsdatabasen – AB". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  41. ^ National Football Teams. "Ake, Emmanuel". Retrieved August 20, 2018. 
  42. ^ FSF. "Landsliðsleikarar 1988 - 2018". Retrieved August 20, 2018. 
  43. ^ National Football Teams. "Abdul Sule". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  44. ^ a b Akademisk Boldklub Gladsaxe. "Christian Andersen". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  45. ^ AB Forever. "History". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  46. ^ Brønshøj Boldklub. "Optakt: AB - Brønshøj". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  47. ^ Tipsbladet. "FC Fyn er gået konkurs". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  48. ^ bold.dk (March 28, 2003). "FC Amager konkurs". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  49. ^ DBU. "Køge Boldklub suspenderet". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  50. ^ SuperStats. "Tilskuerstatistik". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  51. ^ a b virk.dk. "UDVIKLINGSSELSKABET AF 01.08. 1975 A/S under konkurs". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 
  52. ^ a b virk.dk. "AB A/S". Retrieved August 14, 2018. 

External links[edit]