Al Jazeera English

Al Jazeera English is the Qatari pay television news channel owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network, headquartered in Doha, Qatar. It is the first English-language news channel. Instead of being run centrally, news management rotates between broadcasting centres in Doha and London; the channel was launched on November 15 2006, at 12:00 GMT. It had aimed to begin broadcasting in June 2006 but had to postpone its launch because its HDTV technology was not ready; the channel was due to be called Al Jazeera International, but the name was changed nine months before the launch because "one of the Qatar-based channel's backers decided that the broadcaster had an international scope with its original Arabic outlet". The channel was anticipated to reach around 40 million households, but it far exceeded that launch target, reaching 80 million homes; as of 2009, Al Jazeera's English-language service can be viewed in every major European market and is available to 130 million homes in over 100 countries via cable and satellite, according to Molly Conroy, a spokeswoman for the network in Washington.

The channel, however, is noted for its poor penetration in the American market, where it has been carried by only one satellite service and a small number of cable networks. Al Jazeera English began a campaign to enter the North American market, including a dedicated website, it became available to some cable subscribers in New York in August 2011, having been available as an option for some viewers in Washington, D. C. Ohio and Los Angeles; the channel reaches the United States via its live online streaming. It is available on most major Canadian television providers including Rogers and Bell TV after the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approved the channel for distribution in Canada on 26 November 2009. Al Jazeera English and Iran's state-run Press TV were the only international English-language television broadcasters with journalists reporting from inside both Gaza and Israel during the 2008–2009 Israel-Gaza conflict. Foreign press access to Gaza has been limited via either Israel.

However, Al Jazeera's reporters Ayman Mohyeldin and Sherine Tadros were inside Gaza when the conflict began and the network's coverage was compared to CNN's initial coverage from inside Baghdad in the early days of the 1991 Gulf War. The channel may be viewed online, it recommends online viewing at its channel on YouTube. Al Jazeera English HD launched in the United Kingdom on Freeview on 26 November 2013, began streaming in HD on YouTube in 2015. On 1 January 2020, Al Jazeera English debuted a new major graphics package for the first time since the channel launched and a remodeled main Doha studio, the last main studio of the channel's three in Doha and Washington D. C. to receive an upgrade since the channel's launch in 2006. On January 3, 2013, Al Jazeera Media Network announced that it had purchased Current TV in the United States and would be launching an American news channel. 60% of the channel's programming would be produced in America while 40% would be from Al Jazeera English. That was changed at the request of pay-television providers to 100% American programing.

Regardless Al Jazeera America maintained a close working relationship with Al Jazeera English. The channel aired Newshour in the morning and midday hours and cut to live Al Jazeera English coverage of large breaking international news stories outside of that. Al Jazeera English programmes Witness, Listening Post, Talk To Al Jazeera Al Jazeera Correspondent and 101 East along with Al Jazeera Investigates aired on Al Jazeera America. On 13 January 2016, Al Jazeera America announced that the network would be terminated on 12 April 2016, citing the "economic landscape". In 2014, Al Jazeera moved its UK London operations including its newsroom and shows from Knightsbridge to its new space on floor 16 of The Shard; the last day of broadcasting from the Knightsbridge studios was September, 12th 2014. The space was opened on 3 November 2014, with the first Newshour broadcast on 10 October 2014; the new facility is capable of running an entire channel, independently of the Doha hub. In 2013 Al Jazeera Media Network began planning a new channel called Al Jazeera UK.

If launched, the British channel would broadcast for five hours during prime time as cut-in UK content aired on Al Jazeera English. It would in effect function much like RT UK and RT America does in the United States. In addition to those listed below, Al Jazeera English runs various programmes that are either non-recurrent or consist of just a limited number of parts. All programmes, including former shows are shown in their entirety on Al Jazeera's website and YouTube. Current programmes on the channel are: 101 East — the weekly documentary series for issues of particular importance in Asia. Presenters or hosts have included Teymoor Nabili and Fauziah Ibrahim Al Jazeera Investigates — documentaries arising from the work of the Al Jazeera Investigative Unit. Counting the Cost |Counting the Cost — the weekly look at business and finance. Hosted by Kamahl Santamaria. Empire — a monthly programme exploring global powers and their policies. A discussion with host Marwan Bishara and his guests Fault Lines — the documentary series focused on the forgotten and the unreported aspects of life in the United States.

Presented by: Josh Rushing, Sebastian Walker, Wab Kinew and by Zeina Awad. Head To Head – A debate programme hosted by Mehdi Hasan. Inside Story — the daily investigation and analysis of a topical issue, with the aid of three guests from within and outside of the country in question. Jane Dutton

St Andrew's Church, Waterloo Street, Hove

St Andrew's Church is a former Anglican church in the Brunswick Town area of Hove, part of the English city of Brighton and Hove. It is in the care of The Churches Conservation Church, the national charity protecting historic churches at risk. Although declared redundant in 1990, it was one of the area's most fashionable places of worship in the 19th century, when it was built to serve the wealthy residents of the Brunswick estate and surrounding areas, it is listed at Grade I, a designation used for buildings "of outstanding architectural or historic interest". The area between Brighton, to the east, the ancient centre of Hove, to the west, was farmland until the 1820s, when Brunswick Town was developed in response to the success of the Kemp Town estate in Brighton—a planned estate of high-class houses, servants' quarters and other buildings, all in the Regency style. Architect Charles Busby planned and built the Brunswick Town estate, which helped the population of Hove to rise from 100 in 1801 to 2,500 in 1841.

The only church nearby was the ancient parish church. The curate of the St Margaret's Church in Cannon Place, Rev. Edward Everard, owned some land near the former Wick Farm, on which the Brunswick Town estate had been built, he was aware that there was no plan to build a church in the estate, so he decided to build a proprietary chapel on his land. Rev. Everard knew Charles Busby, but they had fallen out after a disagreement in 1824 over the commission for the Sussex County Hospital in Brighton: Everard was overruled by other members of the planning committee and had to break his promise that Busby would be allowed to design it. Therefore, Everard looked for a different architect to design and build the church, Charles Barry—who had built the hospital and St Peter's Church in Brighton—was chosen; the church has a blue plaque commemorating Barry. Construction started in April 1827. Everard was granted an Act of Parliament on 3 April 1828 giving him and his successors ownership of the church, the right to appoint a curate for the next 40 years, two-thirds of income from pew rents and other sources.

Everard himself acted as the first curate, from the church's consecration on 5 July 1828 until 1838, one year before his death. St Andrew's became popular with the fashionable set, helped by the regular presence of members of the Royal Family and the aristocracy. Among the many Dukes and Duchesses to worship there in the mid-19th century was the elderly Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, who made loud and sometimes eccentric comments and remarks during services. Between 300 and 350 people worshipped at the church in 1851 according to a census taken during that year; the interior was reordered with new open benches installed in place of individual seats. A more radical change took place in 1882, when the church was extended at a cost of £7,000. Although the organ is no longer in place, its case has been retained. A pulpit had been donated in 1918, more additions were made in the 1920s, including enlargements to the altar case, a pedimented baldacchino above the altar, a marble font with its own baldacchino, new stained glass windows and new, clearer Venetian glass surrounding these.

The changes cost £4,000. The stated intention was to brighten the interior of the church and "create a little piece of Italy" within the Italianate building; the church remained in use until the late 20th century, but was declared redundant on 14 February 1990 because of declining attendance at services. The decline had set in several decades earlier, the Diocese were considering demolition; the Churches Conservation Trust now maintains the building. Squatters caused damage during the 1990s, but restoration work in 2001 and 2002, costing more than £100,000, allowed the building to be reopened for occasional services, special events and community activities; the church was always unparished, having been built as a chapel of ease to St Andrew's in Church Road. Starting September 22, 2013 the Church has been used monthly as the venue for the Brighton and Hove Chapter of The Sunday Assembly; the exterior, facing west, is the first example in England of the Italianate style being used on a church. The interior was less grand, with no chancel, simple pulpits and a single gallery, making it a plain, box-like preaching-house.

The building materials used for the exterior are ashlar. The entrance door is set beneath a round-headed arched opening between twin pilasters, the outer pair of which serve as quoins for the adjacent recessed walls. There is a small domed bell tower with a lead roof and clock faces, containing a bell cast in 1930 as a replacement for an early 19th-century predecessor. In its present form, the interior consists of a gallery at the west end, transepts on two sides, a chancel, a side chapel in the southeast corner and a vestry in the northeast, with Italianate top-lighting and domes; the narthex, from where a stone staircase leads up to the gallery, is top-lit, now contains most of the church's memorial stones. Five, including memorials commemorating Lord Charles Somerset and Sir George Dallas


Trichovirus is a genus of viruses in the order Tymovirales, in the family Betaflexiviridae. Plants angiosperms such as pome fruits and pear, serve as natural hosts for this plant pathogen. There are seven species in this genus including the type species Apple chlorotic leaf spot virus. Group: ssRNA Viruses in Trichovirus are non-enveloped, with flexuous and filamentous geometries; the diameter is with a length of 640-760 nm. Genomes are linear, around 7.5-8.0kb in length. The genome codes for 3 proteins. Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded RNA virus transcription is the method of transcription; the virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement. Plants, pome fruits and pear serve as the natural host. Transmission routes are grafting, it is transmitted by mites of the family Eriophyidae. Viralzone: Trichovirus ICTV