Gainesville High School (Florida)
Gainesville High School is a high school in Gainesville, United States. The first public high school in Gainesville was established in 1905 in what is now known as the Kirby Smith Building on East University Avenue; the school consisted of grades 9-12 and was known as the "Gainesville graded high school." Today the high school is operated by the Alachua County School District. The current principal is David Shellnut, who joined the GHS staff in December 2011. In 2006, Gainesville High School was re-accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools; the construction for the first school to be explicitly known as Gainesville High School was completed in 1922 near the intersection of SW 7th Street and West University Avenue. The school lasted at this location for over thirty years with Rhodes Scholar Principal F. W. Buchholz at the helm for all of this period. With the construction of the present campus at 1900 NW 13th Street in 1955, the former high school building served as Buchholz Junior High School until 1965 when it became home to Santa Fe Junior College.
In 1972 Santa Fe Junior moved. The old school building was torn down to make room for a parking lot for the Hospital Professional Building. From 1900 until 1970 Gainesville High School was the main public high school serving the city of Gainesville, in addition to the segregated Lincoln High School. However, because of large growth in the city throughout the 60s, the capacity of GHS became strained, forcing the district to plan for a new high school; because of the complications surrounding integration in the 1969-1970 school year, Lincoln High School was closed midyear and the student body was reassigned to GHS while two new high schools were constructed and phased in beginning with the 1970-1971 school year. These two schools, F. W. Buchholz and Eastside, continue to be arch-rivals of Gainesville High to this day. In the mid-1990s, construction of a new wing on the northwest corner of the campus was undertaken to ease further over-crowding and foster better integration of incoming 9th-grade students.
The new wing, referred to as the "9th Grade Center", houses four full-service computer labs, nearly 20 classrooms and science labs, a large multipurpose room which functions as a meeting place and a cafeteria. The new facility helped to bolster the school's new magnet program, the Academy of Health Professions, housed in the building. In 2004, the school took on a new magnet program, the Cambridge Advanced International Certificate of Education, aimed at attracting top academic talent from the county's middle schools; the Cambridge Program offers academically capable students an international, pre-university curriculum and examination system, emphasizing the value of broad and balanced studies. The Cambridge curriculum aims to encourage the skills of independent research and investigation, the use of initiative and creativity, the application of knowledge and skills. A range of assessment techniques is used; the first GHS Cambridge graduates were awarded their diplomas in 2008. GHS is the only high school in the district teaching the Cambridge curriculum.
The band director of GHS is Bill Pirzer, band director since 2005. In 2005, the Purple Hurricane Marching Band won two Florida Marching Band Coalition regional competitions, they received the highest finals score out of any FMBC competition during the 2005 season with a 92.5. That year, they received second place in Class AAA at the FMBC State Championships, with scores of 89.00 for their preliminary performance and 83.55 for their finals performance. They concluded their season by attending the ABC Channel 6 Boscov's Thanksgiving Day Parade in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the 2006 Purple Hurricane Marching Band won the Grand Championship at the "Southern Showcase of Champions" for the second year in a row. A website was launched at the beginning of the 2006-2007 school year; the highest score in their history was achieved with their 2007 show, "One Hand, One Heart: The Music of Romeo and Juliet and West Side Story." With this show, they became Grand Champions of the Southern Showcase of Champions for the third year in a row, won the Panhandle Marching Invitational.
In 2008 they won at the Southern Showcase of Champions for the fourth year in a row. At the State FMBC Finals they earned second place in class AAA at Tropicana Field, earning a 93.30, the highest score in GHS history. In 2008, the Hurricane Band won the Class AAA Grand Championship at Tropicana Dome. In 2011, the band finished first in the 3A class with its show, "Illusions". In 2015, the Hurricane Marching Band won another 3A state championship with their show "Finding My Way Back Home", receiving an 88.2. Dependent child residents of the University of Florida family housing properties Corry Village, Diamond Village, Maguire Village, University Village South, as well as the UF affiliate complex the Continuum, are within the attendance boundary of Gainesville High. Gainesville High School competes under the name "The Purple Hurricanes." In 1980, the football team won the state championship. In the 1970s games were played at nearby Florida Field, home of the Florida Gators; the Hurricanes play their home games at Citizen's Field, used for home games by other Gainesville schools Eastside High School and Buchholz High School.
The basketball program won its first state championship in 1969 won again in 1999, 2000, 2009. The purpose of the Navy Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps pro
The bobcat is a North American cat that appeared during the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years ago. Containing 2 recognized subspecies, it ranges from southern Canada to central Mexico, including most of the contiguous United States; the bobcat is an adaptable predator that inhabits wooded areas, as well as semidesert, urban edge, forest edge, swampland environments. It remains in some of its original range, but populations are vulnerable to local extinction by coyotes and domestic animals. With a gray to brown coat, whiskered face, black-tufted ears, the bobcat resembles the other species of the midsized genus Lynx, it is smaller on average than the Canada lynx, with which it shares parts of its range, but is about twice as large as the domestic cat. It has distinctive black bars on its forelegs and a black-tipped, stubby tail, from which it derives its name. Though the bobcat prefers rabbits and hares, it hunts insects, chickens and other birds, small rodents, deer. Prey selection depends on location and habitat and abundance.
Like most cats, the bobcat is territorial and solitary, although with some overlap in home ranges. It uses several methods to mark its territorial boundaries, including claw marks and deposits of urine or feces; the bobcat has a gestation period of about two months. Although bobcats have been hunted extensively by humans, both for sport and fur, their population has proven resilient though declining in some areas; the elusive predator features in the folklore of European settlers. There had been debate over whether to classify this species as Lynx rufus or Felis rufus as part of a wider issue regarding whether the four species of Lynx should be given their own genus, or be placed as a subgenus of Felis; the genus Lynx is now accepted, the bobcat is listed as Lynx rufus in modern taxonomic sources. Johnson et al. reported Lynx shared a clade with the puma, leopard cat, domestic cat lineages, dated to 7.15 million years ago. The bobcat is believed to have evolved from the Eurasian lynx, which crossed into North America by way of the Bering Land Bridge during the Pleistocene, with progenitors arriving as early as 2.6 million years ago.
The first wave moved into the southern portion of North America, soon cut off from the north by glaciers. This population evolved into modern bobcats around 20,000 years ago. A second population arrived from Asia and settled in the north, developing into the modern Canada lynx. Hybridization between the bobcat and the Canada lynx may sometimes occur. Thirteen bobcat subspecies have been recognized based on morphological characteristics: L. rufus rufus – eastern and midwestern United States L. r. gigas – northern New York to Nova Scotia and New Brunswick L. r. floridanus – southeastern United States and inland to the Mississippi valley, up to southwestern Missouri and southern Illinois L. r. superiorensis – western Great Lakes area, including upper Michigan, southern Ontario, most of Minnesota L. r. baileyi – southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico L. r. californicus – California west of the Sierra Nevada L. r. mohavensis – Mojave Desert of California L. r. escuinapae – central Mexico, with a northern extension along the west coast to southern Sonora L. r. fasciatus – Oregon, Washington west of the Cascade Range, northwestern California, southwestern British Columbia L. r. oaxacensis – Oaxaca L. r. pallescens – northwestern United States and southern British Columbia and Saskatchewan L. r. peninsularis – Baja California L. r. texensis – western Louisiana, south central Oklahoma, south into Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, CoahuilaThis subspecies division has been challenged, given a lack of clear geographic breaks in their ranges and the minor differences between subspecies.
The latest revision of cat taxonomy in 2017, by the Cat Classification Taskforce of the Cat Specialist Group recognises only two subspecies, based on phylogeographic and genetic studies, although the status of Mexican bobcats remains under review: Lynx rufus rufus – east of the Great Plains, North America Lynx rufus fasciatus – west of the Great Plains, North America The bobcat resembles other species of the genus Lynx, but is on average the smallest of the four. Its coat is variable, though tan to grayish-brown, with black streaks on the body and dark bars on the forelegs and tail, its spotted patterning acts as camouflage. The ears are pointed, with short, black tufts. An off-white color is seen on the lips and underparts. Bobcats in the desert regions of the southwest have the lightest-colored coats, while those in the northern, forested regions are darkest. Kittens are born well-furred and have their spots. A few melanistic bobcats have been captured in Florida, they may still exhibit a spot pattern.
The face appears wide due to ruffs of extended hair beneath the ears. Bobcat eyes are yellow with black pupils; the nose of the bobcat is pinkish-red, it has a base color of gray or yellowish- or brownish-red on its face and back. The pupils are round, black circles and will widen during nocturnal activity to maximize light reception; the cat has sharp hearing and vision, a good sense of smell. It is an excellent climber, swims when it needs to, but avoids water. However, cases of bobcats swimming long distances across lakes have been rec
The Florida panther is a North American cougar P. c. couguar population. In South Florida, it lives in pinelands, hardwood hammocks, mixed swamp forests. Males can weigh up to 160 lb and live within a range that includes the Big Cypress National Preserve, Everglades National Park, the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge, Picayune Strand State Forest, rural communities of Collier County, Florida including Golden Gate Estates, Hendry County, Lee County, Miami-Dade County and Monroe County, Florida; this population, the only unequivocal cougar representative in the eastern United States occupies 5% of its historic range. In the 1970s, an estimated 20 Florida panthers remained in the wild, but their numbers had increased to an estimated 230 by 2017. In 1982, the Florida panther was chosen as the Florida state animal, it was classified as a distinct puma subspecies. Florida panthers are spotted at birth and have blue eyes; as the panther grows, the spots fade and the coat becomes tan, while the eyes take on a yellow hue.
The panther's underbelly is a creamy white, it has black tips on the tail and ears. Florida panthers lack the ability to roar, instead make distinct sounds that include whistles, growls and purrs. Florida panthers are midsized for the species, being smaller than cougars from Northern and Southern climes, but larger than cougars from the neotropics. Adult female Florida panthers weigh 29 -- 45.5 kg. Total length is from 1.8 to 2.2 m and shoulder height is 60–70 cm. Male panthers, on average, are 9.4% longer and 33.2% heavier than females because males grow at a faster rate than females and for a longer time. The Florida panther has long been considered a unique subspecies of cougar, under the trinomial Puma concolor coryi, one of 32 subspecies once recognized; the Florida panther has been protected from legal hunting since 1958, in 1967, it was listed as endangered by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. A genetic study of cougar mitochondrial DNA has reported that many of the supposed subspecies are too similar to be recognized as distinct, suggesting a reclassification of the Florida panther and numerous other subspecies into a single North American cougar.
Following the research, the canonical Mammal Species of the World ceased to recognize the Florida panther as a unique subspecies, collapsing it and others into the North American cougar. Despite these findings, it is still listed as subspecies Puma concolor coryi in research works, including those directly concerned with its conservation. Responding to the research that suggested removing its subspecies status, the Florida Panther Recovery Team noted in 2007, "the degree to which the scientific community has accepted the results of Culver et al. and the proposed change in taxonomy is not resolved at this time."In 2017, the Cat Classification Taskforce of the Cat Specialist Group revised the taxonomy of cats, now recognises all populations of the cougar in North America as P. c. couguar. The Florida panther is a large carnivore whose diet consists both of small animals, such as hares and waterfowl, larger prey such as storks, white-tailed deer, feral pigs, American alligators; the Florida panther is an opportunistic hunter and has been known to prey on livestock and domesticated animals, including cattle, horses, sheep and cats.
When hunting, panthers shift their hunting environment based on. Female panthers shift both their home range and movement behavior due to their reproductive rates. Panther kittens are born in dens created by their mothers in dense scrub; the dens are chosen based on a variety of factors, including prey availability, have been observed in a range of habitats. Kittens will spend the first 6–8 weeks of life in those dens, dependent on their mother. In the first 2–3 weeks, the mother spends most of her time nursing the kittens. Once they are old enough to leave the den, they hunt in the company of their mother. Male panthers are not encountered during this time, as female and male panthers avoid each other outside of breeding. Kittens are 2 months old when they begin hunting with their mothers, 2 years old when they begin to hunt and live on their own; the Florida panther has the American alligator. Humans threaten it through poaching and wildlife control measures. Besides predation, the biggest threat to their survival is human encroachment.
Historical persecution reduced this large carnivore to a small area of south Florida. This created a isolated population that became inbred; the two highest causes of mortality for individual Florida panthers are automobile collisions and territorial aggression between panthers. When these incidents injure the panthers and Florida wildlife officials take them to White Oak Conservation in Yulee, for recovery and rehabilitation until they are well enough to be reintroduced. Additionally, White Oak has done so for 12 individuals. Most an orphaned brother and sister were brought to the center at 5 months old in 2011 after their mother was found dead in Collier County, Florida. After being raised, the male and female were released in early 2013 to the Rotenberger Wildlife Management Area and Collier County, respect
A tropical cyclone is a rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain. Depending on its location and strength, a tropical cyclone is referred to by different names, including hurricane, tropical storm, cyclonic storm, tropical depression, cyclone. A hurricane is a tropical cyclone that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and northeastern Pacific Ocean, a typhoon occurs in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. "Cyclone" refers to their winds moving in a circle, whirling round their central clear eye, with their winds blowing counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. The opposite direction of circulation is due to the Coriolis effect. Tropical cyclones form over large bodies of warm water, they derive their energy through the evaporation of water from the ocean surface, which recondenses into clouds and rain when moist air rises and cools to saturation.
This energy source differs from that of mid-latitude cyclonic storms, such as nor'easters and European windstorms, which are fueled by horizontal temperature contrasts. Tropical cyclones are between 100 and 2,000 km in diameter; the strong rotating winds of a tropical cyclone are a result of the conservation of angular momentum imparted by the Earth's rotation as air flows inwards toward the axis of rotation. As a result, they form within 5° of the equator. Tropical cyclones are unknown in the South Atlantic due to a strong wind shear and a weak Intertropical Convergence Zone; the African easterly jet and areas of atmospheric instability which give rise to cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea, along with the Asian monsoon and Western Pacific Warm Pool, are features of the Northern Hemisphere and Australia. Coastal regions are vulnerable to the impact of a tropical cyclone, compared to inland regions; the primary energy source for these storms is warm ocean waters, therefore these forms are strongest when over or near water, weaken quite over land.
Coastal damage may be caused by strong winds and rain, high waves, storm surges, the potential of spawning tornadoes. Tropical cyclones draw in air from a large area—which can be a vast area for the most severe cyclones—and concentrate the precipitation of the water content in that air into a much smaller area; this continual replacement of moisture-bearing air by new moisture-bearing air after its moisture has fallen as rain, which may cause heavy rain and river flooding up to 40 kilometres from the coastline, far beyond the amount of water that the local atmosphere holds at any one time. Though their effects on human populations are devastating, tropical cyclones can relieve drought conditions, they carry heat energy away from the tropics and transport it toward temperate latitudes, which may play an important role in modulating regional and global climate. Tropical cyclones are areas of low pressure in the troposphere, with the largest pressure perturbations occurring at low altitudes near the surface.
On Earth, the pressures recorded at the centers of tropical cyclones are among the lowest observed at sea level. The environment near the center of tropical cyclones is warmer than the surroundings at all altitudes, thus they are characterized as "warm core" systems; the near-surface wind field of a tropical cyclone is characterized by air rotating around a center of circulation while flowing radially inwards. At the outer edge of the storm, air may be nearly calm; as air flows radially inward, it begins to rotate cyclonically in order to conserve angular momentum. At an inner radius, air begins to ascend to the top of the troposphere; this radius is coincident with the inner radius of the eyewall, has the strongest near-surface winds of the storm. Once aloft, air flows away from the storm's center; the mentioned processes result in a wind field, nearly axisymmetric: Wind speeds are low at the center, increase moving outwards to the radius of maximum winds, decay more with radius to large radii.
However, the wind field exhibits additional spatial and temporal variability due to the effects of localized processes, such as thunderstorm activity and horizontal flow instabilities. In the vertical direction, winds are strongest near the surface and decay with height within the troposphere. At the center of a mature tropical cyclone, air sinks rather than rises. For a sufficiently strong storm, air may sink over a layer deep enough to suppress cloud formation, thereby creating a clear "eye". Weather in the eye is calm and free of clouds, although the sea may be violent; the eye is circular in shape, is 30–65 km in diameter, though eyes as small as 3 km and as large as 370 km have been observed. The cloudy outer edge of the eye is called the "eyewall"; the eyewall expands outward with height, resembling an arena foo
Santa Fe High School (Florida)
Santa Fe High School is a high school serving grades 9–12 in the Alachua-High Springs area in northwestern Alachua County, Florida. It is part of the Alachua County Public Schools; the school mascot was the Rebels, but was changed to the Raiders in 1970 when integration was implemented. The school colors are gray. Beth LeClearis the principal. Santa Fe offers 19 Advanced Placement courses leading to college credit, it has a unique program in the Academy of Agriscience. By completing a four-year program in veterinary assisting, students may earn professional certification through the Florida Veterinary Medical Association; the Santa Fe varsity football team won the Florida High School Athletic Association's Class 3A State Championship in 1991 and the Class 4A State Championship in 1994. In 1975, the baseball won the Class B State Championship. Boys' weightlifting and boys' track have won state championships; the "Raider Regiment" marching band has won eight state championships, five consecutively from 1999 to 2003 again in 2005, 2009 and 2010.
Santa Fe High School has a unique agriculture program that attracts many students across North Florida. Professional certification as an Agriscience Technician and/or Veterinary Assistant may be earned by completing coursework and passing certification exams. Santa Fe High School has started a biotechnology program, the first of its kind in Florida and a role model for schools wishing to start their own such programs, it focuses on DNA and protein, as well as biotechnology careers, features a wide range of unique technology. Gina Crews, graduated in 1991.
Alachua County, Florida
Alachua County is a county in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 247,336; the county seat is Gainesville, the home of the University of Florida since 1906, when the campus opened with 106 students. Alachua County is included in FL Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county is known for its diverse culture, local music, artisans. Much of its economy revolves around the university, which had nearly 55,000 students in fall 2016; the first people known to have entered the area of Alachua County were Paleo-Indians, who left artifacts in the Santa Fe River basin prior to 8000 BCE. Artifacts from the Archaic period have been found at several sites in Alachua County. Permanent settlements appeared in what is now Alachua County around 100 CE, as people of the wide-ranging Deptford culture developed the local Cades Pond culture; the Cades Pond culture gave way to the Alachua culture around 600 CE. The Timucua-speaking Potano tribe lived in the Alachua culture area in the 16th century, when the Spanish entered Florida.
The Potano were incorporated by the colonists in the Spanish mission system, but new infectious diseases and raids by tribes backed by the English led to severe population declines. What is now Alachua County had lost much of its indigenous population by the early 18th century. In the 17th century Francisco Menéndez Márquez, Royal Treasurer for Spanish Florida, established the La Chua ranch on the northern side of what is now known as Payne's Prairie, on a bluff overlooking the Alachua Sink. Chua may have been the Timucua language word for sinkhole. Lieutenant Diego Peña reported in 1716 that he passed by springs named Aquilachua, Usichua and Afanochua while traveling through what is now Suwannee County. In the twentieth-century, anthropologist J. Clarence Simpson assumed that the named springs were in fact sinkholes; the Spanish called the interior of Florida west of the St. Johns River Tierras de la Chua, which became "Alachua Country" in English. Around 1740 a band of Oconee people led by Ahaya, called "Cowkeeper" by the English, settled on what is now Payne's Prairie.
Ahaya's band became known as the Alachua Seminole. In 1774 botanist William Bartram visited Ahaya's town, near what Bartram called the Alachua Savanna. King Payne, who succeeded Ahaya as chief of the Alachua Seminole, established a new town known as Payne's Town. In 1812, during the Patriot War of East Florida, an attempt by American adventurers to seize Spanish Florida, a force of more than 100 volunteers from Georgia led by Colonel Daniel Newnan ran into a band of Alachua Seminole led by King Payne near Newnans Lake. After several days of intermittent fighting, Colonel Newnan's force withdrew. King Payne died two months later; the Alachua Seminole left Payne's Town and moved further west and south, but other bands of Seminole moved in. A second American expedition in 1813 of U. S. Army troops and militia from Tennessee, led by Lt. Colonel Thomas Adams Smith, found some Seminoles, killing about 20, burned every Seminole village they could find in the area. In 1814 a group of more than 100 American settlers moved to a point believed to be near the abandoned Payne's Town and declared the establishment of the District of Elotchaway of the Republic of East Florida.
The settlement collapsed a few months after its leader, Colonel Buckner Harris, was killed by Seminole. In 1817 F. M. Arredondo received the 20-mile square Arredondo Grant in the southern part of what is Alachua County. By the time Florida was formally transferred from Spain to the United States, people from the United States and from Europe were settling in the area. Wanton's Store, near the site of the abandoned King Payne's Town, attracted settlers from Europe, who founded Micanopy; the 1823 Treaty of Moultrie Creek required the Seminole to move a reservation south of what is now Ocala, the flow of settlers into the area increased. Many occupied former Seminole towns, such as Hogtown. Alachua County was created by the Florida territorial legislature in 1824; the new county stretched from the border with Georgia south to Charlotte Harbor. The original county seat was Wanton's. In 1828 the county seat was moved to Newnansville, located near the current site of the city of Alachua; as population increased in the area, Alachua County was soon reduced in size to organize new counties.
In 1832 the county's northern part, including Newnansville was separated to create Columbia County, forcing the county seat to be moved to various temporary locations. In 1834 Hillsborough County was created, which included the area around Tampa Bay down to Charlotte Harbor. In 1839 that part of Columbia County south of the Santa Fe River was returned to Alachua County, Newnansville was restored as the county seat. Hernando County was created in 1843 from that part of Alachua County south of the Withlacoochee River, it would be another 80 years. In 1854, the new railroad from Fernandina to Cedar Key bypassed Newnansville, Gainesville, a new town on the railroad, began to draw business and residents away from Newnansville. Gainesville was designated that year as the new county seat. During the post-Reconstruction period, white Democrats regained control of the state legislature and worked to restore white supremacy. Violence against blacks, including lynchings, rose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as whites imposed Jim Crow and discriminatory laws, disenfranchising most blacks, which forced them
Eastside High School (Gainesville, Florida)
Eastside High School is a public school in east Gainesville, United States. It is managed by the Alachua County School District. Eastside harbors two magnet programs: the Institute of Culinary Arts and an International Baccalaureate program; the school has been served by the following principals: John Dukes, Mae Islar, Ron Nelson, Robert Schenck, Bill Herschleb, Sandra Hollinger, Michael Thorne, Jeff Charbonnet, Shane Andrew. Eastside was ranked by Newsweek as the 4th best high school in the United States in 2005, 6th in 2006, making it the top-rated public high school in the country two years in a row. In 2010 the school was ranked 17th overall, again in High School Challenge 2011. Eastside has hosted an International Baccalaureate program, which focuses on the classical liberal arts and sciences, since 1987. In 2006 the boys' basketball team won the 5A State Championship, the first state championship in Eastside basketball history. In 2007, the Eastside team at the Florida State Spanish Conference won the state championship.
Eastside placed first in le Congrès de la Culture Francaise en Floride 37 times from 1991 to 2018. In 2013-2014, Eastside's Florida Student Astronaut Challenge team placed first in Florida at the state competition in Cape Canaveral. Gator Hoskins - NFL player Kenyatta Jones - NFL player Allison Wagner - swimmer Eastside High School homepage Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test School Level Report for Eastside High School