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Alamance County, North Carolina

Alamance County is a county in the U. S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 151,131, its county seat is Graham. Formed in 1849 from Orange County to the east, Alamance County has been the site of significant historical events, textile manufacturing, agriculture. Alamance County comprises the Burlington Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point Combined Statistical Area; the 2018 estimated population of the metropolitan area was 166,436. Before being formed as a county, the region had at least one known small Southeastern tribe of Native American in the 18th century, the Sissipahaw, who lived in the area bounded by modern Saxapahaw, the area known as the Hawfields, the Haw River. European settlers entered the region in the late 17th century chiefly following Native American trading paths, set up their farms in what they called the "Haw Old Fields", fertile ground tilled by the Sissipahaw; the paths became the basis of the railroad and interstate highway routes.

Alamance County was named after Great Alamance Creek, site of the Battle of Alamance, a pre-Revolutionary War battle in which militia under the command of Governor William Tryon crushed the Regulator movement. Great Alamance Creek, in turn Little Alamance Creek, according to legend, were named after a local Native American word to describe the blue mud found at the bottom of the creeks. Other legends say the name came from another local Native American word meaning "noisy river", or for the Alamanni region of Rhineland, where many of the early settlers came from. During the American Revolution, several small battles and skirmishes occurred in the area that became Alamance County, several of them during the lead-up to the Battle of Guilford Court House, including Pyle's Massacre, the Battle of Lindley's Mill, the Battle of Clapp's Mill. In the 1780s, the Occaneechi Native Americans returned to North Carolina from Virginia, this time settling in what is now Alamance County rather than their first location near Hillsborough.

In 2002, the modern Occaneechi tribe bought 25 acres of their ancestral land in Alamance County and began a Homeland Preservation Project that includes a village reconstructed as it would have been in 1701 and a 1930s farming village. During the early 19th century, the textile industry grew in the area, so the need for better transportation grew. By the 1840s, several mills were set up along the Haw River and near Great Alamance Creek and other major tributaries of the Haw. Between 1832 and 1880, at least 14 major mills streams. Mills were built by the Trollinger, Newlin and Rosenthal families, among others. One of them, built in 1832 by Ben Trollinger, is still in operation, it is owned by Copland Industries, sits in the unincorporated community of Carolina and is the oldest continuously operating mill in North Carolina. One notable textile produced in the area was the "Alamance plaids" or "Glencoe plaids" used in everything from clothing to tablecloths; the Alamance Plaids manufactured by textile pioneer Edwin M. Holt were the first colored cotton goods produced on power looms in the South, paved the way for the region's textile boom.

But by the late 20th century, most of the plants and mills had gone out of business, including the mills operated by Burlington Industries, a company based in Burlington. By the 1840s, the textile industry was booming, the railroad was being built through the area as a convenient link between Raleigh and Greensboro; the county was formed on January 1849 from Orange County. In March 1861, Alamance County residents voted overwhelmingly against North Carolina's secession from the Union, 1,114 to 254. Two delegates were sent to the State Secession Convention, Thomas Ruffin and Giles Mebane, who both opposed secession, as did most of the delegates sent to the convention. At the time of the convention, around 30% of Alamance County's population were slaves. North Carolina was reluctant to join other Southern states in secession until the Battle of Fort Sumter in April 1861; when Lincoln called up troops, Governor John Ellis replied, "I can be no party to this wicked violation of the laws of the country and to this war upon the liberties of a free people.

You can get no troops from North Carolina." After a special legislative session, North Carolina's legislature unanimously voted for secession on May 20, 1861. No battles took place in Alamance County. In July 1861, for the first time in American history, soldiers were sent in to combat by rail; the 6th North Carolina was loaded onto railroad cars at Company Shops and transferred to the battlefront at Manassas, Virginia. Although the citizens of Alamance County were not directly affected throughout much of the war, in April 1865, they witnessed firsthand their sons and fathers marching through the county just days before the war ended with the surrender at Bennett Place near Durham. At Company Shops, General Joseph E. Johnston stopped to say farewell to his soldiers for the last time. By the end of the war, 236 people from Alamance County had been killed in the course of the war, more than any other war since the county's founding; some of the Civil War's most significant effects were seen. Alamance County became a center of national attention when in 1870 Wyatt Outlaw, an African-American town commissioner in Graham, was lynched by the "White Brotherhood", the Ku Klux Klan.

He was president of the Alamance County Union League of America, he

Psoas major muscle

The psoas major is a long fusiform muscle located in the lateral lumbar region between the vertebral column and the brim of the lesser pelvis. It joins the iliacus muscle to form the iliopsoas. In animals, this muscle is equivalent to the tenderloin, its name derives from Greek ψόας, psóās, meaning'of the loins'. The psoas major is divided into a deep part; the deep part originates from the transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae I-V. The superficial part originates from the lateral surfaces of the last thoracic vertebra, lumbar vertebrae I-IV, from the neighboring intervertebral discs; the lumbar plexus lies between the two layers. The iliacus and psoas major form the iliopsoas, surrounded by the iliac fascia; the iliopsoas runs across the iliopubic eminence through the muscular lacuna to its insertion on the lesser trochanter of the femur. The iliopectineal bursa separates the tendon of the iliopsoas muscle from the external surface of the hip joint capsule at the level of the iliopubic eminence.

The iliac subtendinous bursa lies between the attachment of the iliopsoas. Innervation of the psoas major is through the anterior rami of L1 to L3 nerves. In less than 50 percent of human subjects, the psoas major is accompanied by the psoas minor. One study using autopsy data found that the psoas major muscle is thicker in men of African descent than in Caucasian men, that the occurrence of the psoas minor is ethnically variant, being present in most of the white subjects and absent in most of the black subjects. In mice, it is a fast-twitching, type II muscle, while in human it combines slow and fast-twitching fibers; the psoas major joins the upper body and the lower body, the axial to the appendicular skeleton, the inside to the outside, the back to the front. As part of the iliopsoas, psoas major contributes to flexion in the hip joint. On the lumbar spine, unilateral contraction bends the trunk laterally, while bilateral contraction raises the trunk from its supine position. In addition, attachment to the lesser trochanter, located on the postero-medial aspect of the femur, causes lateral rotation and weak adduction of the hip.

It forms part of a group of muscles called the hip flexors, whose action is to lift the upper leg towards the body when the body is fixed or to pull the body towards the leg when the leg is fixed. For example, when doing a sit-up that brings the torso away from the ground and towards the front of the leg, the hip flexors will flex the spine upon the pelvis. Owing to the frontal attachment on the vertebrae, rotation of the spine will stretch the psoas. Tightness of the psoas can lower back pain by compressing the lumbar discs. A hypertonic and inflamed psoas can lead to irritation and entrapment of the ilioinguinal and the iliohypogastric nerves, resulting in a sensation of heat or water running down the front of the thigh. Psoas can be palpated with active flexion of the hip. A positive psoas contracture test and pain with palpation reported by the patient indicate clinical significance. Care should be taken around the abdominal organs the colon when palpating deeply; the appearance of a protruding belly can visually indicate a hypertonic psoas, which pulls the spine forward while pushing the abdominal contents outward.

The psoas lies postero-lateral to the lumbar sympathetic ganglia, the needle tip will pass through the psoas major during a lumbar sympathetic block. Iliopsoas Iliacus Hip flexor Psoas minor muscle Iliopsoas tendinitis Tenderloin This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 467 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy Platzer, Werner. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 1: Locomotor System. Thieme. ISBN 3-13-533305-1. Thieme Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme. 2006. ISBN 1-58890-419-9. Akuthota, Venu. "Core Stability Exercise Principles". Current Sports Medicine Reports. American College of Sports Medicine. 7: 39–44. Doi:10.1097/01. CSMR.0000308663.13278.69. PMID 18296944. Retrieved 26 March 2011

Ecto (album)

Ecto is the fourth album by American singer-songwriter Happy Rhodes, released in 1987. Rhodes' first four albums were not conceived and recorded as album releases, but were a gathering together of songs recorded at Cathedral Sound Studios from 1984 to 1986; when fellow musician Kevin Bartlett offered to release Rhodes' songs on his cassette-only personal label Aural Gratification, Rhodes culled through the songs she had recorded and ordered them to her satisfaction. Released as a cassette tape, each copy sold was a 1 to 1 real-time dub. Ecto was released on CD in 1992 with additional tracks; the bonus track When The Rain Came Down was uploaded to the file sharing network Napster by an unknown person, misidentified as a duet between Kate Bush and Annie Lennox, two singers who have never worked together. All music, voices and arrangements by Happy Rhodes. "I'm Going Back" – 4:18 "If Love Is A Game, I Win" – 5:32 "Would That I Could" – 4:11 "Off From Out From Under Me" – 3:53 "Project 499" – 2:13 "I Won't Break Down" – 3:28 "If So" – 3:36 "Ecto" – 4:40 "I Cannot Go On" – 4:07 "Ode" – 4:10 "Don't Want To Hear It" – 4:56 "Poetic Justice" – 2:59 "To Be E. Mortal" – 8:15 "Look For The Child" – 5:54 "When The Rain Came Down" – 5:44 Happy Rhodes: vocals, keyboards