Alan Wolf Arkin is an American actor and screenwriter. With a film career spanning eight decades, Arkin is known for his performances in The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming, Wait Until Dark, The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, Catch-22, The In-Laws, Edward Scissorhands, The Rocketeer, Glengarry Glen Ross, Thirteen Conversations About One Thing, Little Miss Sunshine, Get Smart, Sunshine Cleaning and Argo, he has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor twice, for his performances in The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming and The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter. He won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Little Miss Sunshine and received a Best Supporting Actor nomination for his performance in Argo. Arkin was born in Brooklyn, New York City, on March 26, 1934, the son of David I. Arkin, a painter and writer, his wife, Beatrice, a teacher, he was raised in a Jewish family with "no emphasis on religion". His grandparents were Jewish immigrants from Ukraine and Germany.
His parents moved to Los Angeles when Alan was 11, but an 8-month Hollywood strike cost his father his job as a set designer. During the 1950s Red Scare, Arkin's parents were accused of being Communists, his father was fired when he refused to answer questions about his political ideology. David Arkin challenged the dismissal. Arkin, taking acting lessons since age 10, became a scholarship student at various drama academies, including one run by the Stanislavsky student Benjamin Zemach, who taught Arkin a psychological approach to acting. Arkin attended Los Angeles City College from 1951 to 1953, he attended Bennington College. With two friends, he formed the folk music group The Tarriers, in which Arkin sang and played guitar; the band members co-composed the group's 1956 hit "The Banana Boat Song", a reworking, with some new lyrics, of a traditional, Jamaican calypso folk song of the same name, combined with another titled "Hill and Gully Rider". It reached #4 on the Billboard magazine chart the same year as Harry Belafonte's better-known hit version.
The group appeared in the 1957 Calypso-exploitation film Calypso Heat Wave, singing "Banana Boat Song" and "Choucoune". From 1958 to 1968, Arkin recorded with the children's folk group, The Baby Sitters, he performed the role of Dr. Pangloss in a concert staging of Leonard Bernstein's operetta Candide, alongside Madeline Kahn's Cunegonde. Arkin was an early member of the Second City comedy troupe in the 1960s. Arkin is one of only six actors to receive an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor for his first screen appearance. Two years he was again nominated, for The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter. In 1968, he appeared in the title role of Inspector Clouseau after Peter Sellers dissociated himself from the role, but the film was not well received by Sellers' fans. Arkin and his second wife Barbara Dana appeared together on the 1970–1971 season of Sesame Street as a comical couple named Larry and Phyllis who resolve their conflicts when they remember how to pronounce the word "cooperate." Arkin and Dana appeared together again in 1987 on the ABC sitcom Harry, canceled after four low-rated episodes.
His best known films include Wait Until Dark as the erudite killer stalking Audrey Hepburn. His portrayal of Dr. Oatman, a scared and conflicted psychiatrist treating John Cusack's hit man character Martin Q. Blank in Grosse Point Blank was well received, his role in Little Miss Sunshine, as Grandfather Edwin, foul-mouthed and had a taste for snorting heroin, won him the BAFTA Film Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role and the Academy Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. On receiving his Academy Award on February 25, 2007, Arkin said, "More than anything, I'm moved by the open-hearted appreciation our small film has received, which in these fragmented times speaks so of the possibility of innocence and connection". At 72 years old, Arkin was the sixth oldest winner of the Best Supporting Actor Oscar. In 2006–2007, Arkin was cast in supporting roles in Rendition as a U. S. senator and The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause as Bud Newman. On Broadway, Arkin starred in Enter Luv, he directed The Sunshine Boys, among others.
In 1969, Arkin's directorial debut was the Oscar-nominated 12-minute children's film titled People Soup, starring his sons Adam and Matthew Arkin. Based on a story of the same name he published in Galaxy Science Fiction in 1958, People Soup is a fantasy about two boys who experiment with various kitchen ingredients until they concoct a magical soup which transforms them into different animals and objects, his most acclaimed directorial effort is Little Murders, released in 1971. Written by cartoonist Jules Feiffer, it is a black comedy film starring Elliott Gould and Marcia Rodd about a girl, who brings home her boyfriend, Alfred, to meet her dysfunctional family amidst a series of random shootings, garbage strikes and electrical outages ravaging the neighborhood; the film opened to a lukewarm review by Roger Greenspan, a more positive one by Vincent Canby in the New York Times. Roger Ebert's review in the Chi
Abol Hasan Sabā was a renowned Iranian composer and setar player. He was born in Tehran to Abul Qasim Khan Kamal ol-Saltaneh, son of Mohammad Jafar Khan Sadr ol-Hekma, son of Mahmud Khan Kashi Malak ol-Shoara Sadr ol-Shoara Saba ol-Shoara, son of Mohammad Hossain Khan Malak ol-Shoara, he studied several of Iranian and non Iranian musical instruments and became an Ostad in Radif, but selected violin and setar as his specific instruments. He was a student of Mirza Abdollah as well as Darvish Khan. Saba is considered one of Iran's most influential figures in traditional and instrumental Persian music. Amongst his many students who went on to become great masters of Persian traditional music were Faramarz Payvar, Manoochehr Sadeghi, Habibollah Badiei, Rahmatollah Badiyi, Abbas Emadi, Ali Tajvidi, Mahmoud Tajbakhsh, Sassan Sepanta, Saeid Gharachorloo, Parviz Yahaghi, Dariush Safvat, Gholam-Hossein Banan and Hossein Tehrani, he was buried in Tehran's Zahir o-dowleh Cemetery of artists and musicians.
Fakhereh Saba Separ, Mohammad Taqi Lesan ol-Mamalek. Tarikh-e Qajarieh. A Chronicle of the Qajar Period from Shah Quli Khan Qajar to Naser ed-din Shah's first six years. BBC Article on his 50th memorial www.setar.info Photograph of Abolhasan Saba
Verbesina encelioides is a flowering plant in the family Asteraceae. The species is native to many parts of the United States and Mexico, it is naturalized in other parts of North America, the Middle East, Argentina and the Pacific islands. Common names include golden crownbeard, gold weed, wild sunflower, cowpen daisy, butter daisy, crown-beard, American dogweed and South African daisy; the species responds to disturbances on suitable sites and retards the development of other local species. Research has identified an allelopathic effect on radishes which may explain its ability to dominate other species in some locations, it is a larval host for the bordered patch. Everitt, J. H.. L.. R.. Weeds in South Texas and Northern Mexico. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press. ISBN 0-89672-614-2