Edinburgh International Film Festival
The Edinburgh International Film Festival is an annual fortnight of cinema screenings and related events taking place each June. Established in 1947, it is the world's oldest continually running film festival. EIFF presents international films, in all genres and lengths, it presents themed retrospectives and other specialised programming strands. The 2016 edition was the Festival's 70th. Spain will be the country focus in 2019; the 73rd edition of EIFF runs from 19 – 30 June 2019. The full programme will be announced on 29 May 2019; the International Festival of Documentary Films, a programme of documentaries, was presented by the Edinburgh Film Guild alongside the 1947 Edinburgh International Festival. At the time and Venice were the most significant annual film festivals. Over the subsequent years, the programme expanded to include fiction films and experimental work in addition to documentary. In 2008, the film festival moved from its traditional August slot to June; the film festival shows a range of feature-length films and documentaries as well as short films and music videos.
A jury awards The Michael Powell Award for Best New British Feature Film while the audience can vote for the Audience Award, a panel of judges adjudicates the Best International Feature Award. There are several awards given for short films; the artistic director from September 2006 to 2010 was Hannah McGill a film critic and cinema columnist for The Herald newspaper. Her predecessor, Shane Danielsen, served from 2002-2006. Tilda Swinton, Robert Carlyle and Seamus McGarvey are honorary patrons. In December 2009 Hannah McGill collected the prestigious Talkback Thames New Talent Award at the Women in Film and Television Awards. Following McGill's departure a new format was announced with no artistic director and a series of guest curators led by producer James Mullighan; the Festival returned to a more conventional format in 2012 under artistic director Chris Fujiwara, who stepped down in 2014. In 2014, the film critic Mark Adams was announced as Fujiwara's successor. Other key figures are Deputy Artistic Director Diane Henderson.
Edinburgh International Film Festival is delighted to announce its latest collaboration with world-renowned jazz musician Tommy Smith OBE and the Scottish National Jazz Orchestra. Edinburgh Filmhouse is the festival's home; the festival uses a range of other cinemas and venues across the city including Fountainpark Cineworld, Edinburgh Festival Theatre and the Odeon. Opening and Closing Galas American Dreams - Cutting-edge new works from American independent cinema Animation - From the family-friendly to the dark, the lo-fi to the super-sophisticated: all that's new in animation Black Box - Daring experiments in the film form, from out innovators of the visual art world Directors' Showcase - The latest works by the world's great auteur directors Films on Film - Explore the world of filmmaking and the lives of those who made film history For the Family - Films from around the world that children and adults can enjoy together New Perspectives - A global array of exciting new work by emerging directors No Limits - Films that challenge convention and stimulate the mind Shorts - Discover the world of short films - a universe with no laws, bounded only by the imagination Special Events - Exciting events, insightful discussions and chances to get up close and personal with some of cinema's greatest names Special Screenings - Classics from the archives and premieres of unique importance The Young and The Wild - A diverse selection of films hand-picked by EIFF's Young Programmer Team Wicker and Wild - Unpredictable journeys into imagination and terrorThe 68th edition of the festival in 2014 contained the following country focus and retrospective strands: Border Warfare: John McGrath's Work in Television and Film Focus on Germany Focus on Iran Interrupted Revolution: Iranian Cinema, 1962 to 1978 Secret Master: Dominik Graf and the Hidden History of German Cinema The Michael Powell Award for Best British Feature Film, with a £20,000 cash prize The Award for Best Performance in a British Feature Film The Award for Best International Feature Film, with a £10,000 cash prize The Award for Best Documentary Feature Film, with a £10,000 cash prize The Student Critics Jury Award The McLaren Award for Best New British Animation The Award for Best Short Film The Award for Creative Innovation in a Short Film The Award for Outstanding Individual Contribution to a Short Film The Audience Award Official website
Glen Village is a village in the Falkirk council area of Scotland. It is a settlement at the southern end of Callendar Park, 0.9 miles south of Falkirk. Glen Village is a small settlement containing around 180 homes, situated 0.25 miles from Falkirk High train station and around 1 mile from Falkirk town centre. The post office in Glen Village serves neighbouring estate of Hallglen. Adjacent to the village is the Union Canal where there is a 690 yard long tunnel, locally known as the "Dark Tunnel". At the 2001 census Glen Village and Hallglen was recorded as having a population of 3,488 residents. Many local amateur football clubs most notable the old Cottages team and the former Chequers team played their home matches at Glen Park. List of places in Falkirk council area Scottish Brick History - Callendar Canmore - Union Canal, Bridge No. 60 site record Canmore - Union Canal, Bridge No. 61 site record
Bretton Hall College of Education
Bretton Hall College of Education was a higher education college in West Bretton in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. It opened as a teacher training college in 1949 with awards from the university of Leeds; the college merged with the University of Leeds in 2001 and the campus closed in 2007. In 1949 Bretton Hall College, a teacher training college founded by Alec Clegg specialising in innovative courses in design and the visual and performance arts, opened in the historic Bretton Hall in West Bretton, Yorkshire, it became an affiliated college of the University of Leeds. The college had financial difficulties, with the support of the Higher Education Funding Council for England, merged with the University of Leeds in August 2001. Most of the music, fine art and teacher training courses were moved to the Leeds campus, but visual and performing arts education and creative writing remained at the Bretton site, which became home to the University's School of Performance and Cultural Industries.
In December 2004 the university's governing body reversed an earlier decision and decided that the Bretton Hall site was not financially viable, the School of Performance and Cultural Industries should move to the main university campus in summer 2007, allowing all existing Bretton-based students to complete their studies there. The closure was documented on the BBC website by student Clair Parker. In June 2006 it was announced. On May 3, 2007, John Godber presented Final Curtain, a documentary on Bretton Hall, broadcast on BBC Radio 4. On 5 and 6 May 2007, a reunion was organised for the alumni and students of Bretton Hall between 1947 and 2007 as a celebration of the school's contribution to the arts industry and the academic excellence it produced over sixty years. On the Saturday, Mike Levon staged a concert in the Music Salon. In November 2007 it was announced that Bretton Hall would be developed as spa; the Yorkshire Sculpture Park was founded in the college parkland by Bretton Hall lecturer Peter Murray CBE.
YSP has become a leading international art centre renowned for performance in the landscape. When the college closed, Yorkshire Sculpture Park took over the estate lakes. In May 2013 a series of special visits to the former hostels was co-organised by Wakefield Council, YSP, the developer Rushbond and Bretton Hall alumni. Photographs were taken of every hostel room. A further event was organised in September 2013 to visit the mansion. Rushbond will ensure that a complete photographic record will be taken of the building before refurbishment. Graduates include Richard O'Brien, Louisa Leaman, Kay Mellor, Colin Welland, John Godber, Comedian Ray Peacock, Sir Ken Robinson, David Rappaport, Mark Thomas, Jonathan Kerrigan, Esther Hall, the comedian and actress Emma Fryer, Queer as Folk actress Carla Henry, the pop band The Research, three of the four League of Gentlemen creators/performers, Mark Gatiss, Steve Pemberton and Reece Shearsmith, choreographer Wayne McGregor, Emmerdale's Kate McGregor, performer Hayli Clifton, actor Tom Lorcan, Shelley Conn and educationalist Wil Edmunds.
University of Leeds press release on the proposed closure of Bretton Hall Campus BBC news item about the sale to Wakefield Council The Bretton Estate Archive website, - information on the history of the House and grounds "YSP Archive". Yorkshire Sculpture Park. Information about location of Bretton Estate archives, with contact details "Bretton Hall 1947-2007". Alumni-driven website
The British Council is a British organisation specialising in international cultural and educational opportunities. It works in over 100 countries: promoting a wider knowledge of the United Kingdom and the English language; the British Council is governed by a Royal Charter. It is a public corporation and an executive nondepartmental public body, sponsored by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, its headquarters are near Trafalgar Square. Its chairman is Christopher Rodrigues, its CEO is Sir Ciarán Devane and its chief operating officer is Adrian Greer. 1934: British Foreign Office officials created the "British Committee for Relations with Other Countries" to support English education abroad, promote British culture and fight the rise of fascism. The name became British Council for Relations with Other Countries. 1936: The organisation’s name was shortened to the British Council. 1938: The British Council opens its first four offices in Bucharest, Cairo and Warsaw. The offices in Portugal are the oldest in continuous operation in the world.
1940: King George VI granted the British Council a Royal Charter for promoting "a wider knowledge of and the English language abroad and developing closer cultural relations between and other countries". 1942: The British Council undertook a promotion of British culture overseas. The music section of the project was a recording of significant recent compositions by British composers: E. J. Moeran's Symphony in G minor was the first work to be recorded under this initiative, followed by recordings of Walton's Belshazzar's Feast, Bliss's Piano Concerto, Bax's Third Symphony, Elgar's The Dream of Gerontius. 1944: In August, after the liberation of Paris, Austin Gill was sent by the council to reestablish the Paris office, which soon had tours by the Old Vic company, Julian Huxley and T. S. Eliot. 2007: The Russian Foreign Ministry ordered the British Council to close its offices outside Moscow. The Ministry alleged that it had violated Russian tax regulations, a move that British officials claimed was a retaliation over the British expulsion of Russian diplomats involved with the poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko.
This caused the British Council to cease carrying out all English-language examinations in Russia from January 2008. In early 2009, a Russian arbitration court ruled that the majority of the tax claims, valued at $6.6 million, were unjustified. 2011: On 19 August, a group of armed men attacked the British Council office in the Afghanistan capital, killing at least 12 people – none of them British – and temporarily took over the compound. All the attackers were killed in counter-attacks by forces guarding the compound; the British Council office was relocated to the British Embassy compound, as the British Council compound was destroyed in the suicide attack. 2013: The British Council in Tripoli, was targeted by a car bomb on the morning of 23 April. Diplomatic sources were reported as saying that "the bombers were foiled as they were preparing to park a rigged vehicle in front of the compound gate"; the attempted attack was simultaneous with the attack on the French Embassy in Tripoli on the same day that injured two French security guards and wounded several residents in neighbouring houses.
A jihadist group calling itself the Mujahedeen Brigade was suspected linked to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb. The British Council is organised into seven Regions; the British Council has offices in: Argentina, Canada, Colombia, Jamaica, Peru, The United States of America, Uruguay and Costa Rica. The British Council has offices in: Nepal, Brunei, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand and New Zealand; the British Council has offices in: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Ireland, Latvia, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Spain. The British Council has offices in: Egypt, Bahrain, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen; the British Council has offices in: Afghanistan, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. The British Council has offices in: Botswana, Eritrea, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, South Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Uganda; the British Council has offices in: Albania, Azerbaijan and Herzegovina, Israel, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, Turkey and Uzbekistan.
The British Council is a charity governed by Royal Charter. It is a public corporation and an executive nondepartmental public body, sponsored by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, its headquarters are off London. Its chair is Christopher Rodrigues, its CEO is Sir Ciarán Devane and chief operating officer Adrian Greer; the British Council’s total income in 2014–15 was £973 million principally made up of £154.9 million grant-in-aid received from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The British Council works in more than 100 countries: promoting a wider knowledge of the UK and the English language.
Stirling is a city in central Scotland, 26 miles north-east of Glasgow and 37 miles north-west of the Scottish capital, Edinburgh. The market town, surrounded by rich farmland, grew up connecting the royal citadel, the medieval old town with its merchants and tradesmen, the bridge and the port. Located on the River Forth, Stirling is the administrative centre for the Stirling council area, is traditionally the county town of Stirlingshire. Proverbially it is the strategically important "Gateway to the Highlands", it has been said that "Stirling, like a huge brooch clasps Highlands and Lowlands together". "he who holds Stirling, holds Scotland" is quoted. Stirling's key position as the lowest bridging point of the River Forth before it broadens towards the Firth of Forth, made it a focal point for travel north or south; when Stirling was temporarily under Anglo-Saxon sway, according to a 9th-century legend, it was attacked by Danish invaders. The sound of a wolf roused a sentry, who alerted his garrison, which forced a Viking retreat.
This led to the wolf being adopted as a symbol of the town. The area is today known as Wolfcraig. Today the wolf appears with a goshawk on the council's coat of arms along with the chosen motto: "Steadfast as the Rock". Once the capital of Scotland, Stirling is visually dominated by Stirling Castle. Stirling has a medieval parish church, the Church of the Holy Rude, where, on 29 July 1567, the infant James VI was anointed King of Scots by the Bishop of Orkney with the service concluding after a sermon by John Knox; the poet King grew up in Stirling. He was also crowned King of England and Ireland on 25 July 1603, bringing closer the countries of the United Kingdom. Modern Stirling is a centre for local government, higher education, tourism and industry; the mid-2012 census estimate for the population of the city is 36,440. One of the principal royal strongholds of the Kingdom of Scotland, Stirling was created a royal burgh by King David I in 1130. In 2002, as part of Queen Elizabeth's Golden Jubilee, Stirling was granted city status.
The origin of the name Stirling is uncertain, but folk etymology suggests that it originates in either a Scots or Gaelic term meaning the place of battle, struggle or strife. Other sources suggest that it originates in a Brythonic name meaning "dwelling place of Melyn", with the first element being connected to Middle Welsh ystre-, "a dwelling"; the name may have been a hydronym, connected to Brittonic *lïnn, "lake, pool". It is supposed that Stirling is the fortress of Iuddeu or Urbs Giudi where Oswiu of Northumbria was besieged by Penda of Mercia in 655, as recorded in Bede and contemporary annals. A stone cist, found in Coneypark Nursery in 1879, is Stirling's oldest catalogued artefact. Bones from the cist were radiocarbon dated and found to be over four millennia old, originating within the date range 2152 to 2021 BC. Nicknamed Torbrex Tam, the man, whose bones were discovered by workmen, died while still in his twenties. Other Bronze Age finds near the city come from the area around Cambusbarron.
It had been thought that the Randolphfield standing stones were more than 3000 years old but recent radiocarbon dating suggests they may date from the time of Bruce. The earliest known structures on Gillies Hill were built by Iron Age people over 2000 years ago. Two structures are known: what is called Wallstale Dun on the southern end of Touchadam Craig, Gillies Hill fort on the northwest end of the craig. South of the city, the King's Park prehistoric carvings can still be found. Whether the ancient Maeatae or Manaw Gododdin tribes settled in Stirling is not clear; the castle rock has been strategically significant since at least the Roman occupation of Britain, due to its defensible crag and tail hill: the bedrock on which Stirling Castle was built. However, if the Romans were on the current castle site they didn't leave more than a coin or two. Stirling enjoys a unique position on the border between the Lowlands and Highlands, its other notable geographic feature is its proximity to the lowest site of subjugation of the River Forth.
Control of the bridge brought military advantage in times of unrest and. Unsurprisingly excise men were installed in a covered booth in the centre of the bridge to collect tax from any entering the royal burgh with goods. Stirling remained the river's lowest reliable crossing point until the construction of the Alloa Swing Bridge between Throsk and Alloa in 1885; the city has two Latin mottoes, which appeared on the earliest burgh seal of which an impression of 1296 is on record. The first alludes to the story as recorded by Boece who relates that in 855 Scotland was invaded by two Northumbrian princes and Ella, they united their forces with the Cumbrian Britons. Having secured Stirling castle, they built the first stone bridge over the ForthOn the top they raised a crucifix with the inscription: "Anglos, a Scotis separat, crux ista remotis. Bellenden translated this loosely as "I am free marche, as passengers may ken, To Scottis, to Britonis, to Inglismen." It may be the stone cross was a tripoint for the three kingdom's marches.
"Angles and Scots here demarked, By this cross kept apart. Brits and Sco
Grangemouth Refinery is a mature oil refinery complex located on the Firth of Forth in Grangemouth, Scotland. Operated by Petroineos, it is the only crude oil refinery in Scotland and one of six in the UK, it is reputedly the UK's second-oldest refinery, it supplies refined products to customers in Scotland, northern England and Northern Ireland, as well as further afield. Grangemouth Refinery commenced operation in 1924 as Scottish Oils, its location at Grangemouth was selected due to the adjacent Grangemouth Docks which supported the import by ship of Middle East crude oils for feedstock, plus the cheap availability of large areas of reclaimed flat land. Another important factor was the abundant availability of skilled labour in shale oil refining: the first oil works in the world,'Young's Paraffin Light and Mineral Oil Company Limited', had opened in 1851 at Boghead near Bathgate, to produce oil from shale or coal using the process patented in 1850 by Glasgow scientist Dr James Young, for "treating bituminous coals to obtain paraffine therefrom".
With the world's first oil wells coming on-line in 1854 in Poland, the global price of oil dropped and many Scottish shale oil works became un-economical and had to either close or concentrate production on other materials. By 1910 only five major Scottish shale oil companies remained, fighting to remain competitive against cheaper imported American oil. During the First World War the British government helped to develop new fields in Arabia to provide cheap oil to sustain the war effort; this drove prices lower to a point where the shale oil industry was unable to compete, as a result in 1919 the six surviving companies came together under the management of the newly formed Scottish Oils. That same year Scottish Oils was purchased by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, a forerunner of the British Petroleum Company The Refinery operated from 1924 to 1939 at a throughput of 360,000 tonnes per year, it was forced to shut down between 1939 and 1946 by World War II and the resulting drying up of crude feedstock imports.
When operations recommenced in 1946, the refinery underwent a number of major expansion programmes. In the 1940s the Distiller’s Company Ltd were investigating synthetic processes for the production of alcohol, to replace the traditional fermentation process using molasses and so resolve issues with unreliability of supply and the associated cost fluctuations; this business need combined with BP's interest in petrochemical development resulted in 1947 in the formation of a joint company, British Hydrocarbon Chemicals Ltd. The new company located its site adjacent the existing BP Grangemouth Refinery, utilising available feedstock from the refinery byproduct streams; this petrochemical plant was commissioned in the first in Europe. In the 1950s the refinery was connected to the Finnart Oil Terminal at Loch Long on the west coast of Scotland by a 58-mile pipeline, to allow the import of crudes via deep-water jetty, which supported the use of larger oil tankers; the first crude oil import from Finnart was in 1952.
On in the century a second line was installed to allow the direct supply of finished refinery products to the Finnart terminal for export to markets in Northern Ireland and the republic. In the 1960s, a pilot "proteins-from-oil" production facility was built at the refinery, it used British Petroleum's technology for feeding n-paraffins to yeast, in order to produce single cell protein for poultry and cattle feed. BP’s operations at Grangemouth grew over the next twenty years to meet the growing demands for both petrochemicals and fuels. In 1975 the discovery of North Sea Oil brought the commissioning of the Kinneil Crude Oil Stabilisation terminal, which connected directly into the INEOS Forties pipeline system. In 2004 BP decided to divest its worldwide olefins and derivatives business: the sale included the Refinery and connected petrochemicals complex. In 2005 the new company created to run this business was named Innovene, that year it was purchased by Ineos, a owned UK-based chemicals company.
In 2011 the Ineos Refining business, which included both the Grangemouth and Lavera Refineries, entered into a 50%/50% joint venture with the Chinese state oil company Petrochina, to form the PetroIneos company. Grangemouth Refinery today employs over 1300 people over a 700 hectare site. Scenes from the 2013 film World War Z featuring Brad Pitt were filmed near the facility; the Grangemouth Refinery is a major landmark, with its numerous gas flares and cooling towers visible across a wide area of the Scottish Lowlands. The refinery has a'nameplate' capacity for processing 210,000 barrels of crude oil daily, it employs about 1,200 permanent staff, a further 1,000 contractors. It processed 400,000 tonnes of imported crude oil annually until the end of the Second World War, subsequent expansion programmes have increased refining capacity to an excess of 10 million tonnes per year; the INEOS-owned North Sea Forties pipeline system terminates at the Kinneil processing facility, surplus crude is exported via pipeline to the Dalmeny tank farm, subsequently shipped out from the Hound Point marine terminal onto oil tankers of up to 350,000 D.
W. T. which are able to navigate the shallow water of the Forth. Pet