The Alapaha River is a 202-mile-long river in southern Georgia and northern Florida in the United States. It is a tributary of the Suwannee River; the Hernando de Soto expedition narrative records mention a "Yupaha" village they encountered after they left Apalachee, "the sound of, suggestive of the Alapaha, a tributary of the Suwanee." Another reference to a village of "Atapaha" "so resembles Alapaha that it is reasonable to suppose they are the same, that the town was on the river of that name." John Reed Swanton's landmark Indian Tribes of North America places the Indian village of Alapaha near where the Alapaha River met the Suwanee, noted that an Indian village of "Arapaja" was 70 leagues from St. Augustine, Florida on the Alapaha River. In the 1840s a German travel writer, Friedrich Gerstäcker wrote a dime novel called Alapaha, or the Renegades of the Border, giving the name to a noble Cherokee "squaw." A translation of this novel was published in the 1870s as #67 in a series of American narratives published by Beadle.
During the American Civil War, the swamps along the Alapaha River in Berrien and Echols counties became a refuge for a number of gangs of Confederate deserters. The Alapaha River rises in southeastern Dooly County and flows southeastwardly through or along the boundaries of Crisp, Turner, Ben Hill, Tift, Atkinson, Lanier and Echols Counties in Georgia, Hamilton County in Florida, where it flows into the Suwannee River 10 miles southwest of Jasper. Along its course it passes the Georgia towns of Rebecca, Willacoochee and Statenville. Near Willacoochee, the Alapaha collects the Willacoochee River. In Florida, it collects the Alapahoochee River and the short Little Alapaha River, which rises in Echols County and flows southwestward; the Alapaha River is an intermittent river for part of its course. During periods of low volume, the river becomes a subterranean river. At 2.3 miles downstream from Jennings, Florida the Dead River enters the Alapaha River. It is a dry river bed with a number of sinkholes, including the Dead River Sink.
During periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River downstream from the confluence of the Dead River and the Alapaha River flows upstream into the Dead River. A few more miles downstream is a second sinkhole variously known as the Alapaha River Sink, Suck Hole, or the Devil's Den on the western bank of the river. At the latter point during the periods of low water flow, the Alapaha River disappears underground leaving a dry bank for much of the remainder of its course; the Alapaha River reappears at the Alapaha River Rise, about a half mile upstream from the confluence of the Alapaha River and the Suwanee River. During a period of low rainfall over 11 miles of the riverbed can be dry as the river goes underground; the United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Alapaha River" as the stream's name in 1891. According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has been known as: Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry DeLorme. Georgia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-253-6.
U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alapaha River U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Alapaha River Underground: The Alapaha River as an Intermittent River
Coronation Fund Managers is a South-African third-party fund management company, headquartered in Cape Town. The company has locations in all South African major centers and offices in, United Kingdom and in Namibia where it is represented by Namibia Asset Management a strategic partner; as of December 2019 the company had Assets under management of R578 billion. Coronation Fund Managers commenced operations in Cape Town in 1993, with 15 staff and no assets under management. In 1996 Coronation's unit trust business, Coronation Management Company, was launched, it launched South Africa's first international fund of hedge funds: Coronation Global Equity Fund. In 1997, Coronation launched the country's first retail international fund of hedge funds, the Coronation International Active Fund of Funds, was instrumental in the formation of Namibia Asset Management and Namibia Unit Trust Managers. In 1998 Coronation Fund Managers established in Dublin, Ireland and in 1999 opened an office in London; this was the year in which Coronation pioneered the launch of absolute return products to the South African market.
In June 2003, Coronation Fund Managers was listed separately on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange after it was unbundled from Coronation Holdings with a total staff complement of 133. It became the first asset manager in South Africa to gain Global Investment Performance Standards compliance. Since its formation, Coronation has developed a number of black-controlled enterprises in the asset management industry; this includes Namibia Asset Management and Namibia Unit Trust Managers in Namibia and African Harvest in 1997, Kagiso Asset Management in 2002, in 2005 launched Coronation Fund Managers Botswana. In 2007, Coronation became a signatory to the United Nations Principles of Responsible Investments and began formulating their global emerging markets product offering. Coronation's Africa unit was launched in 2008. Coronation is an owner-managed business specialising in emerging market, it is an active manager with a long-term valuation-driven investment approach. Product range: Emerging Market Equity.
Coronation engages with the following regulatory bodies in the various jurisdictions in which they operate on an ongoing basis: Financial Services Board Financial Conduct Authority Central Bank of Ireland Securities and Exchange Commission Coronation was an early signatory to the United Nations Principles for Responsible Investing in 2007. The business was an early adopter of the Code for Responsible Investing in South Africa and the UK Stewardship Code; the business incorporates environmental and governance factors into its investment decision-making process in a way, consistent with their long-term investment horizon. Coronation believes companies cannot achieve sustainable economic success while neglecting their social and environmental responsibilities. Social responsibility has the potential to increase the quality of a company's earnings stream and its long-term investment potential. For Coronation, ESG issues form an intrinsic part of the mosaic for any investment case. Poor ESG performance may not exclude investing in a company, but it does force them to consider the issues and engage management on these factors.
Coronation furthermore recognises the importance of focusing its attention and time on those ESG issues where it has expertise, that can have the most meaningful impact on a company's long-term prospects. To this end, Coronation spends large amounts of time studying the corporate governance of the companies they invest in. Coronation engages extensively with the board where needed; as a South African company, Coronation is committed to Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment. Coronation's approach to transformation is based on the ideal; this is reflected in their choice of a B-BBEE partner, the Imvula Trust, of which the beneficiaries comprise all black staff. Imvula was created in April 2005 and on 28 February 2013 acquired a direct ownership of 10% in the listed Coronation business. In terms of their procurement processes, Coronation applies strict consideration rules in order to create the opportunity for enhanced economic activity. Coronation Fund Managers Homepage
The Holbeck in Leeds is one of the United Kingdom's oldest working men's clubs, is thought to be the UK's oldest surviving working men's club. The Club was founded in 1871 at'5 Ebenezer-place, Holbeck' in 1871. By 1876 it boasted 83 members, assets of £81, receipts of £155. In 1877, the club moved to its present premises, whose address was then'Low Moorside, Leeds'. By 1907, the club had 501 members, funds of £1956. In 1913 it recorded 426 members, with funds of £1,758, rising in 1928 to 718 members and funds of £4,918. Among the people who frequented the Club in the post-war years was the local Labour politician Hugh Gaitskell, the Club was'one of the most important venues' for early performances by Ernie Wise alongside his father Harry. On 2 March 1959, the club voted to permit members' wives to become'lady members'; the club has long hosted sports teams, including bowls and football, winning the West Yorkshire Association Football League in 1989-90. It has undertaken collections for charity.
In the early twenty-first century, the Club faced a downturn associated with the Great Recession, compounded by delays in replacing demolished housing around the Club. The Club's membership base was affected by the rise of bars in Leeds city centre; the same forces led to the closure of at least four nearby pubs, as well as Holbeck's library, sports centre, many other amenities, by April 2013, as the Holbeck WMC's debts rose, it was feared that it too would fail. However, local activists, putting in volunteer labour, succeeded in turning the Club around by appealing to new audiences by providing space for community meetings and other events. By 2018 the volunteer-run club was thriving, its recovery was cemented in that year when the Holbeck-based theatre company Slung Low moved all their operations from their premises under the arches of a nearby railway viaduct, which were threatened by rising prices, to the Holbeck, clearing the Club's debts. On 12 September 2019, a blue plaque was unveiled to celebrate the fact that The Holbeck is the longest continuously running working men's club in the UK.
Holbeck Working Men's Club Centenary Brochure (Leeds Central Library, Local Studies, PLH69. Archival photographs at leodis.net