Craven Arms is a small town and civil parish in Shropshire, England, on the A49 road and the Welsh Marches railway line, which link it north and south to the larger towns of Shrewsbury and Ludlow respectively. The Heart of Wales railway line joins the Welsh Marches line at Craven Arms and the town is served by Craven Arms railway station; the town is enclosed to the north by the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, to the south is the fortified manor house of Stokesay Castle. Craven Arms is a market town for the surrounding rural area, with a number of shops, estate agents, a supermarket, an abattoir and many commercial/light industrial businesses, it is a visitor destination, being home or nearby to a number of attractions, being central for visitors to the area of outstanding natural beauty. It describes itself as the "Gateway to the Marches". Craven Arms is a new town, being only a small village called Newton on a map of 1695; the settlement grew when the railways came during the mid to late 19th century, making it a railway town.
Newton or Newtown is still the name for the southeastern part of the present day town, while the northern part is called Newington or New Inn. The town takes its name from the Craven Arms Hotel, situated on the junction of the A49 and B4368 roads, which in turn is named after the Lords Craven; the civil parish of Craven Arms was formed from the merging of two older parishes — Stokesay and Halford. These two older entities continued as parish wards, however a review of the governance of the parish in 2012 concluded that these two wards would be abolished from May 2013. Small parts of the settlement overlap into neighbouring Sibdon Carwood parishes. Nearby towns are Bishop's Castle, Church Stretton and Ludlow, of which the last is the most substantial; the River Onny flows to the town's east and just over the river. To the south is the small village of Stokesay, while to the north is the village of Wistanstow. Wenlock Edge is to the northeast of the town and runs in a northeasterly direction, towards Much Wenlock.
There are three main visitor attractions in the Craven Arms civil parish. In the town there is the Shropshire Hills Discovery Centre, a centre featuring exhibits about the county's geography. Stokesay Castle is a fortified manor house located within the parish, just south of the town; the town has gone through a phase of expansion and this looks set to continue with the South Shropshire District Council stating that they wished to see the town become the district's second main market town by 2026. Much of the recent housing development is on the west side of the town, whilst commercial development is taking place more on the northern end. Development potential towards the east is restricted by the floodplain of the River Onny, whilst to the south lies the important Stokesay Castle; the town centre itself has seen some notable developments in recent years, with new commercial buildings built on Dale Street by the A49 road. Additionally, to the immediate south of the town centre is the new Secret Hills Discovery Centre and some new housing.
Brian Farley an English professional footballer who played for Chelmsford City and Tottenham Hotspur Bruce Chatwin wrote On the Black Hill whilst staying at Cwm Hall near the town. The film Atonement was filmed in part near Stokesay. Listed buildings in Craven Arms
Market Drayton is a market town and electoral ward in north Shropshire, close to the Welsh and Staffordshire borders. It is on the River Tern, between Shrewsbury and Stoke-on-Trent, was known as "Drayton in Hales" and earlier as "Drayton". Market Drayton is on the Shropshire Union Canal and on Regional Cycle Route 75; the A53 road by-passes the town. The counties of Staffordshire and Cheshire are both close by. In 1245 King Henry III granted a charter for a weekly Wednesday market, giving the town its current name; the market is still held every Wednesday. Ancient local sites include Blore Heath and several Neolithic standing stones. "The Devil's Ring and Finger" is a notable site 3 miles from the town at Mucklestone. These are across the county boundary in neighbouring Staffordshire; the Old Grammar School, in St. Mary's Hall, directly to the east of the church, was founded in 1555 by Rowland Hill, the first Protestant Mayor of London. Former pupils include Robert Clive, a school desk with the initials "RC" may still be seen in the town.
The great fire of Drayton destroyed 70% of the town in 1651. It was started at a bakery, spread through the timber buildings; the buttercross in the centre of the town still has a bell at the top for people to ring if there was another fire. Other notable landmarks in the area include: Pell Wall Hall, Adderley Hall, Buntingsdale Hall, Salisbury Hill, Tyrley Locks on the Shropshire Union Canal and the Thomas Telford designed aqueduct. Fordhall Farm has 140 acres of community-owned organic farmland located off the A53 between the Müller and Tern Hill roundabouts; the farm trail is open to the public during farm shop opening hours, on the path is the site of Fordhall Castle, an ancient motte and bailey structure which overlooks the River Tern valley. To the south-east near the A529 an 18th-century farmhouse stands on the site of Tyrley Castle, built soon after 1066 and rebuilt in stone in the 13th century. Nantwich & Market Drayton Railway Society - Meeting in Market Drayton. Details http://www.the-gingerbread-line.co.uk/ In 1965, sausage maker Palethorpe's built a new factory employing 400 people in the town.
Purchased by Northern Foods in 1990, the company was merged with Bowyers of Trowbridge and Pork Farms of Nottingham to form Pork Farms Bowyers. The sausage brand was sold in 2001 to Kerry Group, but the factory remains open to this day as the town's largest employer, it produces various meat based and chilled food products, under both the Pork Farms brand and for third parties, including Asda. Müller Dairy have a factory making yogurts; the town is the home of Tern Press, a respected and collectible small press publisher of poetry. Image on Food makes local gingerbread. Recent developments in the local service industry include the retailers Argos, Wilko and B & M which have all brought new employment to the town, it is considered to be the "Home of Gingerbread". Supplied by a pure water source running under the town, two breweries operated in the town during the early 20th century. In 2000, Steve Nuttall started a microbrewery, Joule's Brewery Ltd, a revival of a previous Joule's Brewery at Stone, Staffordshire, discontinued in 1974.
The new company bought the 16th century Red Lion, a pub that belonged to the earlier company, where the brewery was built, completed in 2010. It produces three core ales on the site as well as a number of seasonal beers. Market Drayton has four schools: Longlands Primary School Market Drayton Infant School Market Drayton Junior School Grove School and sixth form collegeGrove School is a large secondary school of about 1,100 pupils, all of whom live within 12 miles of the town; the town has a active arts and culture scene organised through Drayton Festival Centre. This centre is run by volunteers. Over 30 years it has expanded and now includes a cinema and theatre, an art gallery and a range of meeting rooms, it hosts a wide range of events and has been the recipient of many awards. The Drayton Arts Festival is held every year in October. Market Drayton Town F. C. play on Greenfields Sports Ground in Market Drayton. Market Drayton Tennis Club is based at Greenfields and has three all weather floodlit courts.
Arriva provides a local bus service to Shrewsbury, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Hanley. Beginning on 7 September 2012 Bennett's Travel Cranberry Ltd run an evening service 164 to Hanley on Fridays and Saturdays with a day service to Newcastle under Lyme on Sunday. Arriva used to provide services 341/342 to Wellington from Monday to Saturday, but this was stopped in August 2016, due to the council withdrawing funds. Shropshire Council run a number of bus services under the'ShropshireLink' brand in addition to the 301 and 302 Market Drayton Town Services. Market Drayton had a railway station which opened in 1863 and closed during the Beeching cuts in 1963; the railway station was located on the Nantwich to Wellington line of the Great Western Railway network and was the terminus of the Newcastle-under-Lyme line of the North Staffordshire Railway network. Market Drayton was struck by an F1/T3 tornado on 23 November 1981, as part of the record-breaking nationwide tornado outbreak on that day; the town has five churches The largest is St. Mary's Anglican parish church which dates from 1150 although it was rebuilt in 1881-1889.
There is the RC Church of St. Thomas and St. Stephen which dates from 1886. There is a Methodist church, an Orthodox church and a church which meets in the community cen
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Alberbury is a village in Shropshire, England, 9 miles west of Shrewsbury on the B4393 road which travels from Ford to Lake Vyrnwy. It is on to the England-Wales border, marked by Prince's Oak; the River Severn runs just north of the village, most of the village is in a designated conservation area. Alberbury Castle is at the centre of the village as is the attached deer park. Alberbury is home to Loton Park, with the Loton Park Hill Climb run by the Hagley and District Light Car Club; the village has a cricket club. As part of the development of Central Ammunition Depot Nesscliffe in World War II, an ammunition depot was built beneath Loton Park; this was used for storage of Incendiary ammunition and chemical weapons shells and was operated in co-operation with and guarded by the United States Army Air Forces. The village hall hosts meetings of the Young Farmers' Club. In 2008, the village made regional news due to a spectacular Christmas lights display put on at a local farm. Listed buildings in Alberbury with Cardeston Media related to Alberbury at Wikimedia Commons Alberbury in the Domesday Book
Newport is a market town in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. It lies some 6 miles north of Telford and some 12 mi west of Stafford, is near the Shropshire/Staffordshire border; the 2001 census recorded 10,814 people living in the town's parish, making it the second-largest town in Telford and Wrekin and the fifth-largest in the ceremonial county of Shropshire. By the 2011 census, the population had risen to 11,387. Newport is a Britain in Bloom finalist and has been awarded the silver gilt award from the Heart of England regional, making it the first town in the country to win six gold awards in a row; the 2010 competition, wherein it won more points than any town in the United Kingdom gave Newport its seventh consecutive gold medal. The Normans planned a new town called Novus Burgus between the older settlements of Edgmond and Plesc, near the Old Quarry and Mere Park garden centre; the first market charter was granted by Henry I, over time the name changed from Novus Burgus, to Nova Porta, to Newborough and to Newport in about 1220.
The site was chosen because of its location near the Via Devana, because of the number of fisheries. The River Meese, which flows from Aqualate Mere, lies to the north of the town. Newport sits on a sandstone ridge on the eastern border of the Welsh Marches and west of the Aqualate Mere, the largest natural lake in the English Midlands The area around it at the end of the last Ice Age was part of Lake Lapworth. Formed from melting glaciers, it covered a vast area of north Shropshire. Early man fished here and two ancient log boats were uncovered 1 mi from Newport. One is kept at Harper Adams University at Edgmond; the villages of Church Aston and Longford are adjoined to the south of Newport, though they remain in separate parishes. The village of Edgmond is located just to the west, separated by Cheney Hill, Chetwynd Park and the truncated Shrewsbury and Newport Canal. Like many rural market towns, Newport was influenced by industry. Newport is located in the historic kingdom of Mercia, near where Wreocensæte, capital the Wrekin, was once situated.
Humans inhabited this area long before the creation of the town. Once established, Newport became a market town in the centre of the rural farming area between Stafford and Shrewsbury. In Saxon times there were two settlements in the location of the modern-day town; the first, has been identified as Church Aston and the second, lies to the east of the town, In AD963, Plaesc was described as having a High Street, a stone quarry, a religious community. The name Plaesc means a shallow pool. Few signs of the Saxon settlement exist today, apart from the Quarry, which has now been built around. At the time of the Norman Conquest, the land where Newport sits formed part of the manor of Edgmond, which William I gave as a gift along with the county of Shropshire to Roger, Earl of Shrewsbury. Henry I founded the borough, first called Newborough, after the manor came into his hands from Robert de Belesme. Newport was omitted from the Domesday Book. Other towns omitted include London, Tamworth and Ludlow, all boroughs since Saxon times.
The Normans planned the new town around the older one during the reign of Henry I. The wide main street was designed for its market, the narrow burgage plots running at right angles to it are typical of Norman architecture and planning, though today only Guildhall and Smallwood Lodge are clear signs of Norman buildings, due to the 1665 fire which destroyed most of the High Street. Medieval Newport flourished with trade in leather and fish. Novoportans possessed the right to provide fish for the Royal table; the many half-timbered buildings surviving from the late medieval and Tudor periods confirm Newport's success, leading to the first market charter, granted by Henry I. The town is mentioned once by John Leland in a list of castles, though now no visible remains of the castle exist; as regards the moat, nearly square, forming by measurement an area of 60 square yards, two sides have been filled with rubbish. Nothing is known about the occupants of the moated site, it could have pre-dated the town or more could have been the manor house of the Audleys, who were granted the manor in 1227.
By 1421, the manor house was in ruins. One of the main reasons for Newport's early wealth was the surrounding fisheries and the chief service of the burgesses, being that of taking fish to the Royal court wherever it might be; this custom was continued after Henry III had granted the borough, with the manor of Edgmond, to Henry de Audley. The burgesses received certain privileges from Henry I. Confirmation charters were granted by Edward I in 1287 and Edward II in 1311, while the town was incorporated in 1551 by Edward VI, whose charter was confirmed by James I in 1604. T
Oswestry is a market town and civil parish in Shropshire, close to the Welsh border. It is at the junction of the A5, A495 roads, it is one of the UK's oldest border settlements. The town was the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Oswestry until, abolished under local government reorganisation with effect from 1 April 2009. Oswestry is the third-largest town following Telford and Shrewsbury; the 2011 Census recorded the population of the civil parish as 17,105 and the urban area as 16,660. The town is five miles from the Welsh border, has a mixed English and Welsh heritage, it is the home of the Shropshire libraries' Welsh Collection. Oswestry is the largest settlement within the Oswestry Uplands, a designated natural area and national character area, it has been known as, or recorded in historical documents as: Album Monasterium. Oswestry's story began with the 3000-year-old settlement of Old Oswestry, one of the most spectacular and best preserved Iron Age hill forts in Britain, with evidence of construction and occupation between 800 BC and AD 43.
The site is named Caer Ogyrfan or The City of Gogyrfan, the father of Guinevere in legend. The Battle of Maserfield is thought to have been fought there in 642, between the Anglo-Saxon kings Penda of Mercia and Oswald of Northumbria. Oswald was dismembered, thus it is believed that the name of the site is derived from a reference to "Oswald's Tree". The spring, Oswald's Well, is supposed to have originated where the bird dropped the arm from the tree, though one historian suggested that it was to have been a pagan spring, in use long before the Saxon battle; the water from the well was believed to have healing properties for curing eye trouble. Offa's Dyke runs to the west; the Domesday Book records a castle being built by Rainald, a Norman Sheriff of Shropshire: L'oeuvre – see Oswestry Castle. Alan fitz Flaad, a Breton knight, was granted the feudal barony of Oswestry by King Henry I who, soon after his accession, invited Alan to England with other Breton friends, gave him forfeited lands in Norfolk and Shropshire, including some which had belonged to Ernulf de Hesdin and Robert of Bellême.
Alan's duties to the Crown included supervision of the Welsh border. He founded Sporle Priory in Norfolk, he married daughter of Ernulf de Hesdin. Their eldest son William FitzAlan was made High Sheriff of Shropshire by King Stephen in 1137, he married a niece of Robert of Gloucester. Alan's younger son, travelled to Scotland in the train of King David I, Walter becoming the first hereditary Steward of Scotland and ancestor of the Stewart Royal family; the town has some Welsh language street and place names and the town's name in Welsh is Croesoswallt, meaning "Oswald's Cross". The town changed the Welsh a number of times during the Middle Ages. In 1149 the castle was captured by Madog ap Maredudd during'The Anarchy', it remained in Welsh hands until 1157. In the 13th century it is referred to in official records as Blancmuster or Blancmostre, meaning "White Minster". Oswestry was attacked by the forces of Welsh rebel leader Owain Glyndŵr during the early years of his rebellion against the English King Henry IV in 1400.
The castle was reduced to a pile of rocks during the English Civil War. In 1190 the town was granted the right to hold a market each Wednesday. With the weekly influx of Welsh farmers the townsfolk were bilingual; the town built walls for protection, but these were torn down in the English Civil War by the Parliamentarians after they took the town from the Royalists after a brief siege on 22 June 1644, leaving only the Newgate Pillar visible today. After the foot and mouth outbreak in the late 1960s the animal market was moved out of the town centre. In the 1990s, a statue of a shepherd and sheep was installed in the market square as a memorial to the history of the market site. Park Hall, a mile east of the town, was one of the most impressive Tudor buildings in the country, it was taken over by the Army during World War I in 1915 and used as a training camp and military hospital. On 26 December 1918 it burnt to the ground following an electrical fault; the ruined hall and camp remained derelict between the wars, the camp hospital, was still in use.
One of the main uses of the land from the 1920s was for motorcycle racing and it became quite a well-known circuit. The camp was reactivated in July 1939 for Royal Artillery training and the Plotting Officers' School. Following World War II, Oswestry was a prominent military centre for Canadian troops for the British Royal Artillery, a training centre for 15 to 17-year-old Infantry Junior Leaders; the camp closed in 1975. During the 1970s some local licensed wildfowlers discharged their shotguns at some passing ducks and were shot themselves by a young military guard, who had mistaken them for an attacking IRA force; the area occupied by the Park Hall military camp is now residential and agricultural land, with a small number of light industrial units. P