In German heroic legend, Alberich is a dwarf. He features most prominently in the poems Ortnit, he features in the Old Norse collection of German legends called the Thidreksaga under the name Alfrikr. His name means "ruler of supernatural beings", is equivalent to Old French Auberon; the name was used for a character in Richard Wagner's opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen. Alberich plays a prominent role in the Nibelungenlied, where he is the guardian of the Nibelung's treasure and has the strength of twelve men. Siegfried overpowers him using his cloak of invisibility. Siegfried pulls his beard in mock combat when he arrives unannounced to claim the treasure. In the poem Ortnit, here described as having the form of a small child and visible only to the possessor of a magical ring, seduces the queen of Lombardy and sires the hero Ortnit; when Ortnit seeks to woo the daughter of the heathen king Machorel, Alberich reveals his paternity to Ortnit and aids him in his quest, playing tricks on the heathen king and impersonating the heathen god Mahmet.

When Ortnit sets out on his final fatal adventure against a plague of dragons, Alberich takes back the magic ring and warns Ortnit not to go on his quest. In the Thidrekssaga, Alfrikr makes the swords Eckisax and Nagelringr, giving this last sword to Thidrek. References to Alberich outside of heroic poetry are rare. In Wagner's opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen, Alberich is the chief of the Nibelungen race of dwarfs and the main antagonist driving events. In Das Rheingold, the first opera in the cycle, he gains the power to forge the ring after renouncing love and stealing the gold of the river Rhein, of which the ring is made, his brother, the smith Mime, creates the Tarnhelm for Alberich. News of the gold robbery and ring of power incites giants alike to action; the giants Fafner and Fasolt demand the ring in payment for building Valhalla, carry off Freia as a hostage. In Götterdämmerung, the murderer of the hero Siegfried, is the half-human half-dwarf son of Alberich by Grimhilde, a human woman.

This detail of Hagen's origin is Wagner's invention, not taken from the myth or epic poems, in which Hagen is an ordinary human being with human parents. Wagner's Alberich is a composite character based on Alberich from the Nibelungenlied, but on Andvari from Norse mythology, he has been described, most notably by Theodor Adorno, as a negative Jewish stereotype, with his race expressed through "distorted" music and "muttering" speech. In World War I, the German retreat to fortified positions in the Hindenburg Line, named after Siegfried despite its common name, was named Operation Alberich. During WWII, Germany developed anechoic tiles. Oberon Elegast/Elbegast/Alegast— elf guest, elf spirit Bulfinch, Thomas. 1834. Bulfinch's Mythology. Reprinted by New York: Harper & Row, 1970, p. 354–356, 903. ISBN 0-690-57260-3. Gillespie, George T.. Catalogue of Persons Named in German Heroic Literature, 700-1600: Including Named Animals and Objects and Ethnic Names. Oxford: Oxford University. ISBN 9780198157182.

Guerber, Helene A.. 1895. Myths of Northern Lands - Index. P. 218, p. 295 index. File retrieved 7/15/2007

New Zealand permanent residency

New Zealand Permanent Residents are residents of New Zealand, who hold a permanent resident visa, which – superficially seen – makes them equal to New Zealand citizens. A permanent resident visa must not be confused with a resident visa; this article refers to the terms “resident” and “permanent resident” only in the scope of immigration purposes and describes the current situation based on the Immigration Act 2009. There are other definitions for residents in tax or electoral affairs; the holder of any resident class visa is entitled: to stay in New Zealand indefinitely to work in New Zealand or in the exclusive economic zone of New Zealand to study in New Zealand to receive free or subsidised health care at publicly funded health services. To free education at state-run primary and secondary schools, subsidised fees for domestic students at private schools and tertiary institutions. To enrol and vote in elections. To receive a social security benefit. To sponsor a partner, parents or dependent children during their visa application A permanent resident visa holder is entitled to be granted entry permission at the border at any time, while the resident visa holder is only entitled to apply for entry permission.

All other rights become only effective. A resident visa is issued with travel conditions, which allow the holder to re-enter the country multiple times until these conditions expire. After that the holder may remain in the country but must not leave it or lose its resident status. An applicant for a permanent resident visa must hold or have held a resident visa in the last three months hold, or have held that resident visa for at least two years continuously be of good character have met any conditions that the resident visa was subject to Commitment to New Zealand can be met by spending enough time in the country, by becoming a tax resident, by owning a business, by investing in New Zealand or by establishing a base. In contrast to a New Zealand permanent resident, a New Zealand citizen is entitled to hold and travel on a New Zealand passport must never be deported from New Zealand can stand for public office does not need a visa for their return to New Zealand is entitled to New Zealand consular protection may represent New Zealand at international sport events is entitled to live and work in Australia indefinitely transmits their citizenship to their children The way to a permanent resident visa always leads through a two-year resident visa.

In any case you will need to be invited to apply for a resident visa by Immigration NZ. There are the following categories through one can obtain a resident visa: Skilled Migrant Category Residence from Work Category Business Category Investment Category Family Category Samoan Quota Category Pacific Access Quota Australian citizens and Australian permanent residents can enter New Zealand and live in New Zealand indefinitely without a visa, provided they meet the health and character requirements, they are assumed to hold a New Zealand resident visa while in New Zealand with a few key differences: Australian citizens and permanent residents who have lived in New Zealand for less than two years are not entitled to subsidised GP visits or ambulance costs. Australian citizens and permanent residents can count their time resident in Australia towards certain social security benefits, namely New Zealand Superannuation, Veteran's Pension and Supported Living Payment. Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement - Australian arrivals to New Zealand Immigration New Zealand Immigration New Zealand official website

Peter Samuelson

Peter Samuelson is an American and British TV and film producer and educator, founder of the Starlight Children's Foundation. Peter Samuelson is a serial pro-social entrepreneur, president of Film Associates, Inc a media consultancy and production company, he is a film and television producer, but has been a production manager, senior corporate executive, starred in The Return of the Pink Panther as the Clothing Thief. He was president of Spashlife and Chairman of the Executive Committee of Panavision, Inc. After serving as a production manager on films such as The Return of the Pink Panther, he emigrated from London to Los Angeles and produced Revenge of the Nerds, Tom & Viv, Arlington Road and other films. Samuelson served on the initial three-person advisory board for Jeff Skoll's Participant Productions, he was the first managing director of the Media Institute for Social Change at the University of Southern California. As a social entrepreneur, in 1982 Samuelson and his cousin, actress Emma Samms, were inspired by a boy battling an inoperable brain tumor, started the Starlight Children's Foundation, building it into a charity that now provides psycho-social services to six million ill children a year, in six countries.

In 1990, Samuelson brought together leaders including Steven Spielberg and General Norman Schwarzkopf to create the STARBRIGHT Foundation, a charity dedicated to developing media and technology-based programs to educate and empower children to cope with the medical and social challenges of their illnesses. Five years they launched the interactive social network Starbright World that helps ill children meet and develop relationships with peers through video, sound and avatar based communication. In 1999, Samuelson founded First Star Inc, a charity headquartered in Washington, D. C. that works to improve the public health safety and family life of America's abused and neglected children. First Star operates seven college prep Academies where high-school aged foster youth are educated and encouraged on college and university campuses. First Star Academies operate at UCLA, URI, UConn, GW in Washington DC, Loyola in Chicago, UCF in Florida and Rowan University in New Jersey. In 2004, Starlight and STARBRIGHT completed a formal merger and became the Starlight Starbright Children's Foundation, where Samuelson served for 7 years as the international chairman of the organization.

In 2005, he founded Everyone Deserves a Roof to develop and distribute mobile, single-user structures which in the daytime serve as purpose-built recycling vehicles while at night time transform into tented bed enclosures. In 2014, Samuelson founded ASPIRE, the Academy for Social Purpose in Responsible Entertainment, a national 501 charity that teaches media for social change to undergraduate and graduate students across the university, regardless of their Major. ASPIRE’s new kind of digital literacy was first piloted at UCLA, it is now expanding to other colleges. Samuelson was born in London and has a master's degree in English Literature from the University of Cambridge, he has two brothers. He lives in Los Angeles with his wife and two children, he is the fourth of five generations employed in the film industry. Samuelson has a career in the film industry. Man in the Chair The Last Time Stormbreaker aka Alex Rider: Operation Stormbreaker Things To Do Before You're 30 Chromophobia Need The Libertine The Pact The Gathering Gabriel & Me Guest House Paradiso Arlington Road The Commissioner aka Der Commissioner – Im Zentrum der Macht This Is The Sea Wilde aka Oscar Wilde Dog's Best Friend Tom & Viv Playmaker aka Private Teacher Turk 182!

Revenge of the Nerds A Man, a Woman and a Bank Shoot the Sun Down High Velocity The Return of the Pink Panther One by One aka Quick and the Dead Le Mans Peter Samuelson on IMDb Peter Samuelson – Interview