Vesoul is a commune in the Haute-Saône department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté located in eastern France. It is the most populated municipality of the department with 15,920 inhabitants in 2009, and is the seventh largest city in Franche-Comté. The same year, the Urban community of Vesoul which covers 19 municipalities together had 34,055 inhabitants while the Urban area of Vesoul which includes 78 municipalities, had 59,244 inhabitants and its urban area is the fifth largest Franche-Comté. Its inhabitants are known in French as Vésuliens, nicknamed the Nice of the East, the reputation of Vesoul-based primarily on the song Vesoul by Jacques Brel and the Vesoul International Film Festival of Asian Cinema. Its 16,000 inhabitants, account Vesoul 2000 students and 8000 licensed sport, the city has received many labels and names that reflect the investigation brings to life Vesoul common. At the end of the Middle Ages, the city experienced a period of difficulties as plagues, epidemics.
The town is the capital of the department, Vesoul is first mentioned in a document dated 899. That document speaks about an elevation with a fortified watchtower, the document speaks about Castrum Vesulium. Castrum is a fortification, and Vesulium has the syllable ves which meant hill or mountain in a language that was spoken before the Celts, there is a castle that forms the centre of the city. The first houses were built inside the walls of the castle, newcomers who found no place settled outside the city walls, on the flanks of the hill. In 1814, after the fall of the empire, a state was created. The principality was that of Free County, of the Vosges, one of the main factories of PSA Peugeot Citroën is near Vesoul. Vesoul is located in the center of the Haute-Saône and is equidistant from the cities of the department. It is located at the intersection of highways Road 19 and Road 57 and it is to 48 kilometres of Besançon,82 kilometres of Epinal,30 kilometres of Luxeuil-les-Bains,32 kilometres of Lure,64 kilometres of Belfort,59 kilometres of Gray and 105 kilometres of Dijon.
The largest city near Vesoul is Besançon, lac de Vesoul - Vaivre Vesoul International Film Festival of Asian Cinema The first public library of Vesoul opened in 1771. The abbé Bardenet, superior of the Saint-Esprit hospital in Besançon, the collections became a lot larger with the Revolution. At that time, the revolutionaries took the books from the monasteries of the town, around 20,000 books were added to the library this way, including some 11th century manuscripts. The Mayors office was responsible for keeping the books, in 1981, the municipality decided to build a new building to encourage the public to read
Pierre-Paul-Henri-Gaston Doumergue was a French politician of the Third Republic. Doumergue came from a Protestant family and was a freemason, beginning as a Radical, he turned more towards the political right in his old age. He served as Prime Minister from 9 December 1913 to 2 June 1914 and he was elected the thirteenth President of France on 13 June 1924, the only Protestant to hold that office. He served until 13 June 1931, and again was Prime Minister in a national unity government. This government lasted from 6 February to 8 November 1934 and he was widely regarded as one of the most popular French Presidents, particularly after highly controversial Alexandre Millerand, who was his predecessor. Doumergue was single when elected, and became the first President of France to marry in office, louis Malvy succeeds Renoult as Minister of the Interior. Raoul Péret succeeds Malvy as Minister of Commerce, Posts,20 March 1914 – Armand Gauthier de lAude succeeds Monis as Minister of Marine. Paul Marchandeau succeeds Sarraut as Minister of the Interior, louis Rollin succeeds Laval as Minister of Colonies.
15 October 1934 – Henri Lémery succeeds Chéron as Minister of Justice
Augustin Alfred Joseph Paul-Boncour was a French politician and diplomat of the Third Republic. He was a member of the Republican-Socialist Party and served as Prime Minister of France from December 1932 – January 1933 and he served in a number of other government positions during the 1930s. Additionally, he served as a Permeanent Delegate to the League of Nations in 1936, born in Saint-Aignan, Loir-et-Cher, Paul-Boncour received a law degree from the University of Paris and became active in the labor movement, organizing the legal council of the Bourses du Travail. He was private secretary to Premier Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau from 1898 to 1902, elected to the Chamber of Deputies as a Radical in 1909, he held his seat until 1914, briefly serving as Minister of Labour from March to June 1911. After serving in the military during World War I, he returned to the French National Assembly, in 1931, Paul-Boncour was elected to the Senate, and served in that capacity until the establishment of the Vichy régime in 1940.
During his time as a Senator, Paul-Boncour served in a variety of cabinet, as a member of the Consultative Assembly from 1944, he led the French delegation to the United Nations conference in San Francisco and signed the United Nations Charter on behalf of France. He once again served as a senator from 1946 to 1948 and he died in Paris in 28 March 1972 at the age of 98
Jules Émile Jeanneney was a French lawyer and politician. Jules Jeanneney was born in Besançon in the department of Doubs and his mother died soon after his birth, leaving his father, an auctioneer, to raise the child. Jeanneney said that he felt that his mothers death affected him greatly in life and he studied law at the Sorbonne and practised as a lawyer. At the urging of René Waldeck-Rousseau Jeanneney entered politics in 1896 when he was elected mayor of Rioz, in 1902 he stood in the elections to the Chamber of Deputies and was elected to represent Haute-Saône. In 1909 he was elected to the Senate where he supported the Democratic Republican Alliance and he would remain a Senator until 1944. Jeanneney was elected Vice-President in 1924, he headed the important Finance committee until 1932 when he was elected President of the Senate to replace Albert Lebrun. As President of the Senate, Jeanneney led the debate on 10 July 1940 which resulted in the granting of powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain.
Jeanneney accepted these results rather than seeking them and along with Édouard Daladier protested at the use Pétain made of his powers, Jeanneney served as Minister of State with responsibility for reforming the administration in Charles de Gaulles Provisional Government from 1944 to 1945. He died in Paris in 1957, jeanneneys son Jean-Marcel Jeanneney and his grandson Jean-Noël Jeanneney were active in French politics. Associations et syndicats de fonctionnaires, étude législative
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France. It has an area of 105 square kilometres and a population of 2,229,621 in 2013 within its administrative limits, the agglomeration has grown well beyond the citys administrative limits. By the 17th century, Paris was one of Europes major centres of finance, fashion and the arts, and it retains that position still today. The aire urbaine de Paris, a measure of area, spans most of the Île-de-France region and has a population of 12,405,426. It is therefore the second largest metropolitan area in the European Union after London, the Metropole of Grand Paris was created in 2016, combining the commune and its nearest suburbs into a single area for economic and environmental co-operation. Grand Paris covers 814 square kilometres and has a population of 7 million persons, the Paris Region had a GDP of €624 billion in 2012, accounting for 30.0 percent of the GDP of France and ranking it as one of the wealthiest regions in Europe. The city is a rail and air-transport hub served by two international airports, Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly.
Opened in 1900, the subway system, the Paris Métro. It is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro, Paris Gare du Nord is the busiest railway station in the world outside of Japan, with 262 millions passengers in 2015. In 2015, Paris received 22.2 million visitors, making it one of the top tourist destinations. The association football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris, the 80, 000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros, Paris hosted the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics and is bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics. The name Paris is derived from its inhabitants, the Celtic Parisii tribe. Thus, though written the same, the name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. In the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps, since the late 19th century, Paris has been known as Panam in French slang.
Inhabitants are known in English as Parisians and in French as Parisiens and they are pejoratively called Parigots. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. One of the areas major north-south trade routes crossed the Seine on the île de la Cité, this place of land and water trade routes gradually became a town
Pierre Laval was a French politician. During the time of the Third Republic, he served as Prime Minister of France from 27 January 1931 to 20 February 1932, Laval began his career as a socialist, but over time drifted far to the right. Following Frances surrender and armistice with Germany in 1940, he served in the Vichy Regime, after the liberation of France in 1944, Laval was arrested by the French government under General Charles de Gaulle. In what some consider a flawed trial, Laval was found guilty of high treason. His manifold political activities have left a complicated and controversial legacy, Laval was born 28 June 1883 at Châteldon, Puy-de-Dôme, in the northern part of Auvergne. His father worked in the village as a proprietor and postman, he owned a vineyard. Laval was educated at the school in Châteldon. At age 15, he was sent to a Paris lycée to study for his baccalauréat, returning south to Lyon, he spent the next year reading for a degree in zoology. Laval joined the Socialists in 1903, when he was living in Saint-Étienne,62 km southwest of Lyon, I was never a very orthodox socialist, he said in 1945, by which I mean that I was never much of a Marxist.
My socialism was much more a socialism of the heart than a doctrinal socialism, I was much more interested in men, their jobs, their misfortunes and their conflicts than in the digressions of the great German pontiff. Laval returned to Paris in 1907 at the age of 24 and he was called up for military service and, after serving in the ranks, was discharged for varicose veins. In April 1913 he said, Barrack-based armies are incapable of the slightest effort, because they are badly-trained and, above all and he favoured abolition of the army and replacement by a citizens militia. During this period, Laval became familiar with the doctrines of Georges Sorel. In 1909, he turned to the law, shortly after becoming a member of the Paris bar, he married the daughter of a Dr Joseph Claussat and set up a home in Paris with his new wife. Their only child, a daughter called Josée Laval, was born in 1911, Josée married René de Chambrun, whose uncle, Nicholas Longworth III, married Alice Roosevelt, daughter of United States President Theodore Roosevelt.
Although Lavals wife came from a family, she never participated in politics. Laval was generally considered to be devoted to his family, the years before the First World War were characterised by labour unrest, and Laval defended strikers, trade unionists, and left-wing agitators against government attempts to prosecute them. At a trade conference, Laval said, I am a comrade among comrades
MINES ParisTech, created in 1783 by King Louis XVI, is a most prominent and prestigious French engineering schools in France and a member of ParisTech and PSL*. Created by decree of the French Kings Counsel on March 19,1783, the school disappeared at the beginning of the French Revolution but was re-established by decree of the Committee of Public Safety in 1794, the 13th Messidor Year II. It moved to Savoie, after a decree of the consuls the 23rd Pluviôse Year X, after the Bourbon Restoration in 1814, the school moved to the Hôtel de Vendôme. From the 1960s onwards, it created research laboratories in Fontainebleau, Évry, the initial aim of the Ecole des mines de Paris, namely to train high-level mining engineers, evolved with time to adapt to the technological and structural transformations undergone by society. Mines ParisTech has now become one of the most prestigious French engineering schools with a variety of subjects. Its students are trained to have management positions, work in research and development departments, or as operations officers, the Corps of Mines, one of the greatest technical corps of the French state.
It is a third degree, lasting for three years, consisting in two long-term internships both in public and private economical institutions and courses in economics and public institutions. Every year, ten applications are accepted from students around the world according to their academic achievements. Admission in third year is open to one Ph. D graduate. mines-paristech. ensmp. fr ISIGE-MINES ParisTech