Albert Park (South) Air Raid Shelter
Albert Park air raid shelter is a heritage-listed former air raid shelter at Albert Park, Upper Albert Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was built c. 1942 by Brisbane City Council. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 31 May 2005; the Brisbane City Council built the concrete shelter at the southern end of Albert Park as an air raid shelter in 1942. On 7 December 1941, the United States of America entered World War Two following the bombing of the American fleet at Pearl Harbour in Hawaii by Japanese carrier-borne aircraft. England and its Commonwealth had been at war with Germany since September 1939, but now the war was global; the Japanese first bombed Darwin on 19 February 1942 and 14,000 Australians were taken prisoner following the fall of Singapore. Plans to defend Australia from an anticipated Japanese invasion and to use Queensland as a support base for the conduct of the Pacific war were implemented quickly. Australian and American personnel poured into Queensland and urgently required a wide range of new buildings and facilities.
The population of Brisbane swelled dramatically. As it was the major city in Queensland, the most northerly major population centre in Australia, military planning headquarters were set up in Brisbane, as were a number of important maintenance and supply facilities. General Douglas MacArthur, Commander in Chief of the Allied Forces, Southwest Pacific, was based in the AMP building at the corner of Queen Street and Edward Street in Brisbane, General Sir Thomas Blamey, Commander in Chief of the Australian Forces, used the constructed University of Queensland buildings at St Lucia. Brisbane was a strategic target for bombing, rapid action had to be taken to protect the population in the event of air raids; the demand on materials and labour was enormous and military projects took precedence in their allocation. Heavy Anti-Aircraft batteries were built at Victoria Park, Pinkenba, Fort Lytton and Balmoral, coastal artillery batteries were established on Bribie and Moreton Islands. Before the war, Queensland had no heavy manufacturing industries.
To help overcome these problems, some buildings were prefabricated and standard designs for many structures were used. Designs took into account the scarcity of skilled labour and of some materials; the Brisbane City Council took responsibility for Air Raid Precautions activities, including establishing an Air Raid Warden system, firefighting systems and constructing air raid shelters. Aboveground salt water pipes were laid along city streets to aid in firefighting. On Christmas Eve, 1941, each Australian State's Emergency Committee issued instructions for government, private employers and private households to start building shelters. Slit trenches were built in parks and schoolyards, windows were taped, brownouts were applied to buildings. In the Protection of Persons and Property Order No.1, gazetted 23 December 1941, Premier William Forgan Smith, with powers conferred by Regulation 35a, National Security Regulations, ordered the Brisbane City Council to construct 200 public surface shelters in the city area.
Work had started on 15 December, another 75 shelters were ordered. However, only 235 air raid shelters were constructed, the building programme being 90% complete by June 1942. In addition, around three kilometres of covered trenches were constructed in public parks, in 13 projects, including 315 metres of concrete-pipe covered trench in the City Botanic Gardens, 150 metres of the same in Victoria Park, it was believed. In addition to the public shelters, the Brisbane City Council constructed shelters for leased wharves and council properties, including at the Stanley Wharf, Circular Quay Wharves 2,3 and 4, Norman Wharf, Musgrave Wharf. Shelters were built under the Story Bridge, for Kangaroo Point shipbuilding workers, five shelters were constructed on behalf of the Bureau of Industry at the Howard Smith Wharves; the Protection of Persons and Property Order No.1 was applied statewide, outside Brisbane another 24 Local Authorities in Queensland's coastal areas were ordered to produce surface or trench shelters for the public, to be built according to the Air Raid Shelter Code laid down in the Second Schedule of Order No.1.
20 of the Local Authorities were expected to construct a minimum total of 133 surface shelters, which were supposed to be able to withstand the blast of a 500-pound bomb bursting 50 feet away. Four other Local Authorities would only build trenches. However, after plans were amended, 23 Local Authorities outside Brisbane, excluding Thursday Island, ended up possessing a total of 129 public shelters: 123 surface and six underground; this effort had cost £56,596. Where Local Authorities were unwilling or unable to build the required number of code-compliant shelters, in some cases because they had begun erecting other shelters, the Department of Public Works became responsible for the shelters' construction. However, this led to problems when the Department tried to recoup half of the cost from the Local Authorities in question. Townsville, Toowoomba and Ayr denied any liability for costs, a Bill had to be passed in December 1942 to force their compliance; the Ayr Shire Council had claimed. Of the 235 surface shelters built in Brisbane for the public, 21 survive and are still owned by the Brisbane City Council.
One of the shelters, on Queens Wharf Road, is a site-specific "special" variation of the standard pillbox design. It is listed in the Queensland Heritag
Albert Street Uniting Church
Albert Street Uniting Church is a heritage-listed church at 319 Albert Street, Brisbane City, City of Brisbane, Australia. It was built from 1888 to 1889 by Thomas Pearson & Sons, it was known as Albert Street Methodist Church and Central Methodist Mission. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992; the first Methodist church in Brisbane, a modest brick chapel, was constructed in 1849 on the corner of Albert Street and Burnett Lane. It was replaced in 1856 by a larger building. By the early 1880s the congregation had grown and in 1884 purchased a site on the corner of Albert and Ann Streets. A competition was held for the design of a new church, won by G H M Addison; the church was built for a cost of £ 10,000 by contractor Thomas Sons. Other tradespeople included Petrie & Son, Exton and Gough. In keeping with the importance placed on music in Methodism, a large pipe organ was installed, it was built by George Benson of Manchester for a cost of £1,000. Five foundation stones were laid by prominent congregation members on 18 August 1888 and the church was opened on 8 November 1889.
In the 1920s a marble honour board was erected in the front entrance vestibule commemorating the members of the congregation who served in World War I. Additional stained glass windows were installed as memorials in 1944 and 1947. Restoration work was involved the replacement of the slate roof. Further repair work on the building has been undertaken over the years. In 1907 the church became known as the Central Methodist Mission in recognition of its wider responsibilities as the main Methodist church in the city; the congregation has been involved in a variety of welfare activities and has developed an extensive network of accommodation and other services for aged people. The church served as the symbolic centre of Methodism in Queensland; the Annual Conference was opened each year in the church and significant occasions for Methodists were celebrated there. With the formation of the Uniting Church in 1977, the church was renamed Albert Street Uniting Church. Albert Street Uniting Church is built of red brick with trimmings in white Oamaru limestone, now painted, has a slate roof.
It is an example of a Victorian Gothic Revival church with its cruciform plan shape, steeply pitched roof forms, the imposing spire beside the entry, the heavy buttressing of the facades. The entry to the church is from an open porch with three Gothic arches at the end of the nave. Similar arcades exist down the sides of the church. A single large Gothic opening with fine tracery is located above the entry porch. To the right of the entry is a tower rising to the octagonal spire which has tall dormers on four of its faces and four pinnacles at the corners of its base; the top of the spire has a wrought iron finial. The roof on the nave has small dormer ventilators. A side entry is to the right of the base of the tower and has a broad Gothic arch with a steeply pitched parapet topped by a Christian cross; the end of each transept has a rose window in the gable end above a pair of Gothic arched windows that in turn are above groups of smaller openings. Internally, the nave floor slopes down towards the pulpit and the walls are rendered, with a timber boarded dado.
The galleries are supported on cast iron columns with ornate capitals. The main ceiling and gallery soffits are diagonally boarded and finely carved timberwork is incorporated into the gallery railings, roof structure and furnishings; the focus of the interior is the organ. The pulpit is raised several metres above the floor, reflects the importance in the Methodist tradition, given to preaching. Above and behind the pulpit is a large decoratively painted pipe organ which reflects the value placed by Methodists on music and singing. Albert Street Uniting Church was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992 having satisfied the following criteria; the place is important in demonstrating the pattern of Queensland's history. As an excellent example of a Victorian Gothic Revival church, climatically adapted with side colonnades and front porch. For its association with the Methodist Church in Queensland As a dominant element on the corner of Albert and Ann Streets, for its contribution to the townscape at King George Square As one of the major works of the architect G H M Addison.
The place is important in demonstrating the principal characteristics of a particular class of cultural places. The church is an excellent example of a Victorian Gothic Revival church, climatically adapted with side colonnades and front porch; as one of the major works of the architect G H M Addison. The place is important because of its aesthetic significance; as a dominant element on the corner of Albert and Ann Streets, for its contribution to the townscape at King George Square. The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons. For its association with the Methodist Church in Queensland; this Wikipedia article incorporates text from "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence. The geo-coordinates were computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence. Albert Street Uniting Church web site
The Bruce Highway is a major highway in Queensland, Australia. Commencing in the state capital, Brisbane, it passes through areas close to the eastern coast on its way to Cairns in Far North Queensland; the route is part of the Australian National Highway and part of Highway 1. Its length is 1,679 kilometres; the highway is named after Harry Bruce. Bruce was the state Minister for Works when the highway was named after him, in the mid-1930s, was considered to be a good bloke; the highway once passed through Brisbane, but was truncated at Bald Hills when the Gateway Motorway became National Highway 1 upon its opening in December 1986. The highway is the biggest traffic carrier in Queensland, it joined all the major coastal centres. As a result, the highway is being shortened; the road is a dual carriageway from Brisbane to Cooroy with some dual carriageway lengths at Gympie, many of these upgrades being completed in the 1980s and 1990s. The highway commences just south of the bridge over the Pine River at the Gateway Motorway interchange, 21 kilometres north of the Brisbane central business district.
The highway has changed its route numbering from National Highway 1 to the M1 or A1. Major cities along the route include Maryborough, Mackay and Cairns; the highway passes the Glasshouse Mountains and pastures in the Sunshine Coast, the Gunalda Range, Mount Larcom, the arid countryside north of Rockhampton. Commencing in Bald Hills at the junction of the Gateway Motorway and Gympie Arterial Road, the Bruce Highway is a motorway standard road for its first 136 kilometres to Kybong, where it becomes a two-lane sealed highway for most of its remainder; the first 2.5 kilometres to the Dohles Rocks Road interchange has eight lanes and a variable speed limit of up to 100 kilometres per hour. The next 22 kilometres to the Caboolture / Bribie Island interchange has six lanes and a maximum speed limit of 100 kilometres per hour. From there to Kybong the road has four lanes and, with one short exception, a speed limit of 110 kilometres per hour; this section of the Bruce Highway crosses the Pine River into the Moreton Bay Region, passing through urban areas before crossing the Caboolture River and reaching the Caboolture / Bribie Island interchange after 24.5 kilometres.
It runs past or through Murrumba Downs, Kallangur, Mango Hill, North Lakes, Narangba and Morayfield. On the way it is crossed by the Redcliffe Peninsula railway line and passes the Caboolture BP Travel Centre; the Caboolture / Bribie Island interchange provides access to the D'Aguilar Highway via a service road. After the D'Aguilar Highway interchange the Bruce passes through rural areas and the Beerburrum and Beerwah State Forests, entering the Sunshine Coast Region before reaching the Caloundra Road interchange after a further 36.1 kilometres. It passes the southern entry to Steve Irwin Way, a bypassed section of the highway, which provides access to Beerburrum, Glass House Mountains, Australia Zoo and Landsborough before terminating at the Caloundra Road interchange; the next 5.6 kilometres to the Sunshine Motorway interchange, providing access to the Sunshine Coast, has a speed limit of 100. The speed limit reverts to 110. After another 7.5 kilometres the Maroochydore Road interchange provides access to Maroochydore and Woombye.
The Bli Bli Road interchange, after a further 7 kilometres, provides access to Bli Nambour. The Yandina -- Coolum Road interchange, after 6.7 kilometres, provides access to Coolum. The Eumundi interchange, after 8.4 kilometres, provides access to Noosa. The Cooroy interchange, after 7.2 kilometres, provides access to Cooroy and Noosa. Total distance from Caloundra Road to this interchange is 42.4 kilometres. The 33 kilometres to the end of the M1 at Kybong includes three interchanges that provide access to the Old Bruce Highway. From Kybong the highway is designated A1, it has numerous parts with lower speed limits, including urban areas, high crash zones and roadwork sites. After 8 kilometres from Kybong the Mary Valley Road interchange provides access to the west of the Mary River; the highway passes through the Gympie urban fringe, with several at grade intersections providing access to various parts of the city. North of Gympie, 14.3 kilometres from the Mary Valley Road interchange, the Wide Bay Highway interchange is reached, providing access to Kilkivan.
Total distance from the Cooroy interchange is 55.4 kilometres. The 73.9 kilometres from the Wide Bay Highway interchange to the Maryborough–Biggenden Road interchange at Maryborough passes through Tiaro and the Gympie Road exit to Maryborough before crossing the Mary River. With the completion of Section C of the Bruce Highway - Cooroy to Curra upgrade project in February 2018 the M1 has now been extended to Kybong, 10 kilometres south of Gympie; the Bruce Highway from Kybong to Gympie remains signed as A1. Section D of the project (Wo
The M2 in Brisbane, Australia, is a major motorway route and southern bypass of Brisbane. It connects the Warrego Highway A2 at Brassall to the M1 at Eight Mile Plains via the following corridors: M2 Northern Ipswich Bypass from Brassall to Dinmore M2 Ipswich Motorway from Dinmore to Gailes M2 Logan Motorway from Gailes to Drewvale M2 Gateway Motorway from Drewvale to Eight Mile Plains Each of the articles on the component roads contains a road junction list. Australian Roads portal
Charlotte Street, Brisbane
Charlotte Street is a road in the central business district of Brisbane, Australia. The street is one of a number that were named after female queens and princesses of the royal family shortly after the penal colony was settled. Mary Street runs parallel to the south and Elizabeth Street is the next street to the north; the one-directional road begins at a T-intersection where Creek Street becomes Eagle Street, close to the Brisbane River. Charlotte Street ends at another T-intersection with George Street. Here lies the 111 George Street tower containing government offices. Charlotte Towers and Festival Towers are two tall residential buildings in Charlotte Street; the Elizabeth Arcade, St Stephens Cathedral, Comalco Place and The Pancake Manor are some of the other notable buildings located on Charlotte Street. A number of multi-storey car parks have been built on the road. A police station once located on the Queen Street Mall was transferred to Charlotte Street; the iconic Victory Hotel on Charlotte Street, closed on 27 July 2008 after a fire destroyed the premises.
It has since re-opened in its original form. Charlotte Street has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 10 Charlotte Street: former St Luke's Church of England, now The Pancake Manor 26 & 36 Charlotte Street: John Reid and Nephews Building facade 40 Charlotte Street: John Mills Himself Building 42 Charlotte Street: George Weston and Sons Workshop 120 Charlotte Street: Pan Australia House facade 139 - 145 Charlotte Street: Charlotte House 163 Charlotte Street: Walter Reid Building facade 168 Charlotte Street: F. H. Faulding Warehouse 172 Charlotte Street: St Stephens School Sections of Albert St, George St, William St, North Quay, Queen's Wharf Rd: Early Streets of Brisbane 110 George Street and 84 William Street: the former Queensland Government Printing OfficeLost heritage includes: Brisbane Festival Hall on the southern corner with Albert Street George Street Albert Street Edward Street Creek Street / Eagle Street 144 Edward Street, Brisbane Adelaide Street Alice Street Ann Street Elizabeth Street Margaret Street Mary Street Queen Street
Queen Street, Brisbane
Queen Street is the main street of Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia. It is named after Victoria of the United Kingdom; the western part of the street is covered by a new plaza at the base of Brisbane Square and underneath part of the western half is the Queen Street bus station. Queen Street is built up with arcades, hotels and apartment high-rises such as MacArthur Central, Brisbane Square, Central Plaza, Aurora Tower, Treasury Casino, Broadway on the Mall, The Myer Centre and QueensPlaza. Queen Street is the location of Brisbane's General Post Office. Queen Street is the city's central road covered by a pedestrian mall called the Queen Street Mall, it is bounded by two of the Brisbane River's central reaches. Uptown at the top of the mall is George Street; the next street parallel to the south is Elizabeth Street, while Adelaide Street is the next parallel street to the north. Before 1842 and free settlement, Queen Street was a track leading from the main section of the early Moreton Bay Penal Colony, crossing a stream known as Wheat Creek with a deviation going up to the Windmill.
In early 1840, a surveyor named Dixon drew up a survey for the central Brisbane streets with all streets 66 feet wide. Changes were made to this plan with square blocks flattened into a rectangular grid with streets becoming 1.4 chains. On Governor Gipps' visit to Brisbane Town in March 1842, Gipps remarked that Brisbane Town was "simply an ordinary provincial settlement", which would need no grand avenues; as a result, Gipps moved the planned width of Queen Street, along with other streets, back to 66 feet, arguing that this change would mean that buildings could be kept out of the sun. There was compromise with the main street that would be known as Queen Street, with the western boundary's width changed to 1.2 chains. The first sitting of Legislative Assembly of Queensland in May 1860 occurred in the old converted convict barracks on Queen Street. In 1864, there were two significant fires along the street; the September 1864 fire started in the Little Wonder store on Edward Street which destroyed 14 shops in Queen Street.
This event became known as Bulcock's Fire. On 1 December 1864, the Great Fire of Brisbane started within the cellar of a Queen Street drapery store which burnt down buildings bordering Queen Street, as well as Albert Street, Edward Street, George Street and Elizabeth Street. Brisbane Courier described the fire as "the whole of the business premises and private residences...were, in a couple of hours, reduced to a heap of ruins". On 9 December 1882, a demonstration of electricity was conducted with eight arc lights along Queen Street. Power was supplied by a 10 hp generator driven by a small engine in a foundry in Adelaide Street; this was Australia's first recorded use of electricity for public purposes. In 1902, part of Queen Street was not paved or sealed although stormwater drainage was well maintained. Queen Street is significant as it contains MacArthur Central, the building in which the American General Douglas MacArthur had his South West Pacific headquarters during World War II and directed the Allied Forces campaign.
The former AMP building was renamed MacArthur Central as a tribute to General MacArthur. Tram services along Queen Street were converted to buses on 14 April 1969. There are many heritage-listed buildings in Queen Street, including: 21 Queen Street: Treasury Building 33 Queen Street: Bank of New South Wales Building 43 Queen Street: Trustees Chambers 62 Queen Street: Colonial Mutual Chambers 86 Queen Street: Palings Building 110 Queen Street: Allan and Stark Building 114 Queen Street: Gardams Building 116 Queen Street: Hardy Brothers Building 120 Queen Street: Edwards and Chapman Building 160 Queen Street: Brisbane Arcade 167 Queen Street: Regent Theatre 180 Queen Street: National Australia Bank 196 Queen Street: Finney Isles & Co Building 229 Queen Street: MacArthur Chambers 270 Queen Street: Sir William Glasgow Memorial 289 Queen Street: Newspaper House 299 Queen Street: National Mutual Life Building 308 Queen Street: National Australia Bank and its First World War Honour Board 424–426 Queen Street: Queensland Country Life Building facade 427 Queen Street: former Brisbane Customs House 443–501 Queen Street: Petrie Bight Retaining Wall 560 Queen Street: Orient Hotel North Quay / William Street George Street Albert Street Edward Street Creek Street Wharf Street / Eagle Street Adelaide Street Ann Street Road transport in Brisbane Media related to Queen Street, Brisbane at Wikimedia Commons
123 Albert Street
123 Albert Street known as Rio Tinto Tower, is a commercial office development in Brisbane, Australia. The modern style office building is located in the Brisbane central business district at 123 Albert Street; the building was completed in July 2011 and opened in October 2011. The Premium grade office tower is owned by Dexus; the tower consists of 26 levels of office space and eight levels of car parking which provide 388 car park spaces. The building has a two design ratings: a 6 Green Star rating and a 5 Star Australian Building Greenhouse Rating which are pending assessment. Rio Tinto is the major tenant of the building. On 25 August 2010 a worker was injured during the construction of the tower; the building was the first in Brisbane to employ a commercial concierge. List of tallest buildings in Brisbane Building website