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Albert the Bear

Albert the Bear was the first Margrave of Brandenburg from 1157 to his death and was Duke of Saxony between 1138 and 1142. Albert was the only son of Otto, Count of Ballenstedt, Eilika, daughter of Magnus Billung, Duke of Saxony, he inherited his father's valuable estates in northern Saxony in 1123, on his mother's death, in 1142, succeeded to one-half of the lands of the house of Billung. Albert was a loyal vassal of his relation, Lothar I, Duke of Saxony, from whom, about 1123, he received the Margraviate of Lusatia, to the east. Albert's entanglements in Saxony stemmed from his desire to expand his inherited estates there. After the death of his brother-in-law, Henry II, Margrave of the Nordmark, who controlled a small area on the Elbe called the Saxon Northern March, in 1128, disappointed at not receiving this fief himself, attacked Udo V, Count of Stade, the heir, was deprived of Lusatia by Lothar. Udo, was said to have been assassinated by servants of Albert on 15 March 1130 near Aschersleben.

In spite of this, he went to Italy in 1132 in the train of the king, his services there were rewarded in 1134 by the investiture of the Northern March, again without a ruler. In 1138 Conrad III, the Hohenstaufen King of the Germans, deprived Albert's cousin and nemesis, Henry the Proud of his Saxon duchy, awarded to Albert if he could take it. After some initial success in his efforts to take possession, Albert was driven from Saxony, from his Northern march by a combined force of Henry and Jaxa of Köpenick, compelled to take refuge in south Germany; when peace was made with Henry in 1142, Albert renounced the Saxon duchy and received the counties of Weimar and Orlamünde. It was at this time that Albert was made Archchamberlain of the Empire, an office which afterwards gave the Margraves of Brandenburg the rights of a prince-elector. Once he was established in the Northern March, Albert's covetous eye lay on the thinly populated lands to the north and east. For three years he was occupied in campaigns against the Slavic Wends, who as pagans were considered fair game, whose subjugation to Christianity was the aim of the Wendish Crusade of 1147 in which Albert took part.

Albert was a part of the army. And at the end of the war, recovered Havelberg, lost since 983. Diplomatic measures were more successful, by an arrangement made with the last of the Wendish princes of Brandenburg, Pribislav of the Hevelli, Albert secured this district when the prince died in 1150. Taking the title "Margrave in Brandenburg", he pressed the "crusade" against the Wends, extended the area of his mark, encouraged German migration, established bishoprics under his protection, so became the founder of the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1157, which his heirs — the House of Ascania — held until the line died out in 1320. In 1158 a feud with Henry's son, Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, was interrupted by a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. On his return in 1160, he, with the consent of his sons. In 1162 Albert accompanied Emperor Frederick Barbarossa to Italy, where he distinguished himself at the storming of Milan. In 1164 Albert joined a league of princes formed against Henry the Lion, peace being made in 1169, Albert divided his territories among his six sons.

He died on 13 November 1170 in Stendal, was buried at Ballenstedt. Albert's personal qualities won for him the cognomen of the Bear, "not from his looks or qualities, for he was a tall handsome man, but from the cognisance on his shield, an able man, had a quick eye as well as a strong hand, could pick what way was straightest among crooked things, was the shining figure and the great man of the North in his day, got much in the North and kept it, got Brandenburg for one there, a conspicuous country since," says Carlyle, who called Albert "a restless, much-managing, wide-warring man." He is called by writers "the Handsome." Albert was married in 1124 to Sophie of Winzenburg and they had the following children: Otto I, Margrave of Brandenburg Count Hermann I of Orlamünde Siegfried, Bishop of Brandenburg from 1173–1180, Prince-Archbishop of Bremen, the first ranked prince, from 1180–1184 Heinrich, a canon in Magdeburg Count Albert of Ballenstedt Count Dietrich of Werben Count Bernhard of Anhalt, Duke of Saxony from 1180-1212 as Bernard III Hedwig, married to Otto II, Margrave of Meissen Daughter, married c. 1152 to Vladislav of Bohemia Adelheid, a nun in Lamspringe Gertrude, married in 1155 to Duke Diepold of Moravia Sybille, Abbess of Quedlinburg Eilika Thomas Carlyle, History of Friedrich ii Chapter iv: Albert the Bear The History Files: Rulers of Brandenburg

The Great Phatsby

"The Great Phatsby" is the twelfth and thirteenth episode of the twenty-eighth season of the animated television series The Simpsons, the 608th and 609th episode of the series overall. The episode aired in the United States on Fox on January 15, 2017, it marked the first two part episode of the series since Who Shot Mr. Burns?. The episode is a spoof of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby, Baz Luhrmann's film version of the novel, the Fox program Empire. Mr. Burns is reminiscing about his past how he used to hold excessive parties at his estate at Middle Hampton, Lengthy Island. Smithers suggests he throw a new one to relive the past. Mr. Burns offers to organize the entire party himself, but relents and tasks Smithers to travel to Northern Canada to get a quarter ton of lake ice for the party. Smithers tells him about the party, handing him invitations to distribute. Homer decides to invite some random citizens of Springfield to Mr. Burns' party; the party ends up being a failure thanks to Mr. Burns planning it too cheaply.

While being consoled by Homer after the party, Mr. Burns spots another party across the bay, he gets the idea to crash it. At the party, Mr. Burns is impressed, he meets the host of the party, an elite hip hop artist named Jay G. Jay G is upset with the party crashers at first, but he recognizes Mr. Burns and is excited to meet him, telling him that Mr. Burns' advice book, "The Rungs of Ruthlessness", was a major influence on his life and helped shape his Golden Goose empire. Jay G allows Mr. Homer to crash the party; the following day, Homer's family explores Middle Hampton, while visiting an ice cream shop, a rich boy named Blake Black cuts in front of them. Upon being scolded for doing so, Blake offers to pay for everyone's cones. Lisa is at first put off by Blake's behavior, but when Blake becomes infatuated with her and wants to hang out with her, she reconsiders her judgement of him. Meanwhile, upset by these recent developments in his family's lives, meets a scented candle salesman, who offers to tell him about how Jay G ruined his chance at recognition if he buys one of his candles.

Bart declines. Lisa is once again put off by Blake when he commits unethical methods to enhance their whale watching experience, rejects him. Blake attempts to make up for Lisa by organizing a horse justice protest at a horse show, just as she appears to be won over, another boy appears to offer her a chance to groom the horses, she accepts, leaving Blake to lament that he redeemed himself for nothing and had to give up being a douche. Meanwhile, Mr. Burns and Jay G continue to bond, with Jay G giving Mr. Burns a special credit card with no spending limit as a gift for inspiring him. Encouraged by Jay G, Mr. Burns goes on a spending spree with his new card, until he learns that he has gone bankrupt, it turns out that Jay G had designed the card to con Mr. Burns out of his entire fortune and he joins Alicia Keys and his company mascot Goosius in laughing at his misfortune via a viral video. With all of Mr. Burns' assets absorbed into Jay G's empire, Mr. Burns finds himself at rock bottom. Having lost everything to Jay G, with Smithers still in Canada, Mr. Burns finds that the only person still loyal to him is Homer.

Homer consults with Marge if he should continue to work at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, now under Jay G's ownership, learns that life in the Springfield Hamptons has driven Marge to open a small store specializing in adorable items. Since the family can't live off the store, Homer has no choice but to betray Mr. Burns and resume working at the plant, where Jay G has him throw out the remaining items from Mr, Burns' office and dismantle the trap door in his office as the last remnant of Mr. Burns' power. Jay G says Homer plies him with an unending supply of delicious cobblers. Remorseful, Homer goes to Springfield Cemetery to vomit in an open grave and finds Mr. Burns commiserating at his family mausoleum. Homer vows never to return to the plant and help Mr. Burns get back at Jay G; the following night, Homer and Mr. Burns are plotting their scheme when they discover that Bart has been spying on them. Since Homer never told Marge what he has been up to, Homer gets the idea to let Bart help them get their revenge, Bart gets Milhouse to use his "white nerd" knowledge of rap history to research Jay G's background and find a way to ruin his reputation.

As Milhouse presents his findings, Bart recognizes the candle salesman he met earlier, Milhouse tells him that he is Jay's former writer, Jazzy James, who fell into obscurity after a falling-out. The group visits Jazzy, who explains that he wrote all the material for Jay G's first album, but couldn't make any money off it due to being forced to sign over all the rights. Jazzy is hired by the group to write a revenge rap directed at Jay G. Homer visits Marge's store again and finds that she has become unhinged from running the store. Homer and Bart learn that she has been affected by the "curse of the adorable little store", as stores like Marge's exist since rich people want a place for their friends to hang out after spin class. Meanwhile, during a break from recording sessions for the revenge rap, Mr. Burns and the group meet Jay G's ex-wife Praline who beats Homer savagely with a catering tray but helps them by bringing in Common, RZA, Snoop Dogg to form a group called Hate Squad, featuring the Rhyme Crime All-Stars.

At the night of the concert that

Fujisaki Hachimangū

Fujisaki Hachiman-gū is a Shinto shrine located in Chūō-ku, Kumamoto, Japan. It is dedicated to Empress Jingū and Sumiyoshi Sanjin. In 935, Fujisaki Hachimangu was established with the Bunrei of Iwashimizu Hachiman-gū Kyoto, at Chausuyama, Kumamoto Castle at the order of Emperor Suzaku; the word Fuji derives from a tale that at the time of establishment, sticking of fuji resulted in fuji Wisteria taking root and grew. Fujisaki Hachimangu has been respected as the defender of Kumamoto Prefecture. In 1542, Emperor Go-Nara presented a wooden frame 八幡藤崎宮, now engraved over the Torii. Rebuilding of the shrine, 20 years apart, had been made with the order of the Emperor. In 1877, the shrine was burnt amid the battle of Satsuma Rebellion and was reconstructed at Igawabuchi Machi, the present location. In the modern system of ranked Shinto Shrines, Fujisaki was listed in 1915 among the 3rd class of nationally significant shrines or Kokuhei Shōsha. In 1952, the shrine was designated a Religious corporation.

Of the events of the shrine, most known is the parade of Kami with horses in September. This had been called Boshita Festival because seko followed dancing horses, shouting Boshita Boshita. However, this reminded human-right nervous people of Horoboshita meaning that Korea was destroyed, the name of Boshita Festival disappeared because of too nervous people. Korea had never been defeated at the time of Katō Kiyomasa. Now they shout. Horse festival Horse festival autumn festival of Fujisaki Hachiman A wooden sitting Hachiman statue and a female god statue are designated as Important Cultural Properties of Japan. There are old documents and other weapons. Pamphlet of the Fujisaki Hachimanguu on Nov. 26, 2010. Katou Shrine List of Shinto shrines

The Ashram

The Ashram is a 2005 novel by Indian writer Sattar Memon. It deals with the plight of an oppressed young woman in India, it entails the subjects of the spirituality of life and death. Jonathan Kingsley, travelling to a Himalayan spiritual hermitage, tries to save himself from suicidal thoughts after the death of his wife; this hermitage, known as an Ashram, was meant to provide him peace as he sought to rehabilitate others through volunteer work. But he never expected the practices and rituals he would discover, or imagined himself trying to save one woman from her unwanted future; as the doctor searches for an excuse to keep on living, Seeta struggles to keep her own husband alive, not only out of love, but for her own safety. The townspeople of Baramedi, bowing to the wishes of a local landowner, have decided that when her husband dies, Seeta should climb atop a burning pyre to burn with his body; this practice of suttee, out of use for many years, brings Jonathan to her town in an effort to save her, but when he arrives at the pyre, he realizes there is more to his journey and that—unbeknownst to him—the woman’s safety is intricately tied with his own spiritual salvation.

A woman's emancipation from oppressive fear of men. The Ashram has won a top prize in the Writer's Digest International Self-Published Book Awards, under the “inspirational books” category; the Ashram won third place in the Pen/Nob Hill Soulmaking Contest. The Ashram's movie rights were acquired in 2008. Ashram Cancer specialist Memon wins award for “The Ashram” Book Review - The Ashram Readers' Reviews

Ahtanum Creek

Ahtanum Creek is a tributary of the Yakima River in the U. S. state of Washington. It starts at the confluence of the Middle and North Forks of Ahtanum Creek near Tampico, flows along the north base of Ahtanum Ridge, ends at the Yakima River near Union Gap and forms a portion of the northern boundary of the Yakama Indian Reservation; the name Ahtanum originates from the Sahaptin language, spoken by Native Americans in the region. The North Fork enters the Middle Fork just upstream from its confluence with the South Fork; these three forks have sources in the Cascade Mountains. The creek has had several different official names since Europeans settled the region, all of which have been variant spellings of Ahtanum; the current spelling has been in place since 1916. Seasonal flooding associated with snow melting in the spring is common. Native Americans, including the Yakama Tribe inhabited the region surrounding Ahtanum Creek long before the arrival of Europeans; the band living along the creek, known as Ahtanumlema, were considered to be one of the more important groups within the tribe.

While the creek still lied within Oregon Territory, Catholic Fathers Louis D'herbomez and Charles Pandosy were sent to the area by François Norbert Blanchet, Bishop of the Archdiocese of Oregon City at the request of native leaders. Father Pandosy first served in missions near Richland and Ellensburg before constructing St. Joseph's Mission in 1852 with Father D'herbomez along Ahtanum Creek near what is now Tampico; this location was chosen because of its location within the main summer camp of Chief Kamiakin. The missionaries and Yakamas worked together to build the first irrigation canals in the area; the relationship between the two groups was such that Kamiakin and others brought their children to the mission to be baptized. In 1854, Father D'herbomez was replaced by Father Pierre-Paul Durieu who would compile a dictionary of the Sahaptin language; the original mission was burned down in 1855 during the Yakima War by U. S. soldiers who believed the missionaries were conspiring with the Yakama Tribe.

The mission was rebuilt in 1867. Union Gap was established as Yakima City along Ahtanum Creek near its confluence with the Yakima River in the 1860s and became the county seat in 1870. In 1885, the Northern Pacific Railway established North Yakima four miles north of present-day Union Gap because the railroad considered the then-current settlement to be too swampy and too close to nearby ridges. North Yakima was incorporated and became the county seat in 1886. A wildfire burned 300 acres near the North Fork of Ahtanum Creek in 2009. Water is pulled from Ahtanum Creek to irrigate 9,000 acres of land upstream of the gauge in Union Gap. Fishing is popular along the creek, with fly fishing, spinning all being successful; the upper portion of the creek's watershed lies within Ahtanum State Forest, managed by the Washington State Department of Natural Resources. The forest has an area of 75,000 acres. Seasonal hunting and snowmobiling are popular. Being located in the rain shadow of the Cascade Range, Ahtanum Creek has a riparian zone that serves as an important habitat for animals living in the region.

Endangered species that utilize the creek include steelhead trout, bull trout, Chinook salmon, coho salmon. The Yakama Tribe completed a restoration project at La Salle High School; this project included strengthening three areas of the creek bank that were prone to erosion and reintroducing native plant species such as coyote willow. Along with this, two backwater channels were created and 8,500 cubic yards of soil were removed from the flood plain; these changes reconnected that stretch of the creek with its flood plain and provided areas for young fish to be reared. The North Yakima Conservation District installed fish screens on five water diversions between 2002 and 2006. Kamiakin's Gardens St. Joseph's Mission


Smikros was an ancient Greek vase painter who flourished in Athens between 510 and 500 BCE. He was active in the workshop of the Euphronios. Beside Euphronios, Euthymides and the Dikaios painter, Smikros was one of the most important representatives of the so-called Pioneer Group of Athenian red figure vase painting. There are three signed vases from Smikros. John Beazley called him an imitator of Euphronios, it is possible that Smikros cooperated in some late and not successful vases, which are assigned to Euphronios. On one psykter in the Hermitage, Euphronios has a female figure with the inscription Smikra provided, which could be understood to be a reference to his pupil. Another amphora seems to belong to Smikros, which suggests a co-operation between both artists. Smikros might have decorated another stamnos and two pelikai assigned to him. Beazley called Smikros a bad draughtsman; this is, only in comparison with the other members of the Pioneer Group. At that time, red figure vase painting was still in its infancy and the pioneers were still vigorously experimenting.

A lack of ingenuity with the picture composition can be seen. His designs are precise, yet become inaccurate in his representation of such details as ears and dress. A. A. Peredolskaja. "The Hermitage pelike by Smikros". In: Epitymbion Roman Haken, Prag 1958, p. 100-101. Adolf Greifenhagen. "Smikros. Lieblingsinschrift und Malersignatur". In: Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen, 9, p. 5-25. Adolf Greifenhagen. "Die Silene der Smikros-Amphora Berlin 1966.19". In: Archäologischer Anzeiger 1974, p. 238-240. Martha Ohly-Dumm. "Euphroniosschale und Smikrosscherbe". In: Münchner Jahrbuch, 25 p. 7-26. John Boardman. Athenian red figure vases; the archaic period. London: Thames and Hudson Publishing, 1975