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Alberto Ginastera

Alberto Evaristo Ginastera was an Argentinian composer of classical music. He is considered one of the most important 20th-century classical composers of the Americas. Ginastera was born in Buenos Aires to an Italian mother. During his years, he preferred to use the Catalan and Italian pronunciation of his surname – IPA:, with an initial soft'G' like that of English'George' – rather than with a Spanish'J' sound. Ginastera studied at the Williams Conservatory in Buenos Aires, graduating in 1938; as a young professor, he taught at the Liceo Militar General San Martín. After a visit to the United States in 1945–47, where he studied with Aaron Copland at Tanglewood, he returned to Buenos Aires and co-founded the League of Composers, he held a number of teaching posts. Among his notable students were Ástor Piazzolla, Alcides Lanza, Waldo de los Ríos, Jacqueline Nova and Rafael Aponte-Ledée. See: List of music students by teacher: G to J#Alberto Ginastera. In 1968 Ginastera moved back to the United States, in 1970 to Europe.

He was buried in the Cimetière des Rois there. Ginastera grouped his music into three periods: "Objective Nationalism", "Subjective Nationalism", "Neo-Expressionism". Among other distinguishing features, these periods vary in their use of traditional Argentine musical elements, his Objective Nationalistic works integrate Argentine folk themes in a straightforward fashion, while works in the periods incorporate traditional elements in abstracted forms. Many of Ginastera's works were inspired by the Gauchesco tradition; this tradition holds that the Gaucho, or landless native horseman of the plains, is a symbol of Argentina. His Cantata para América Mágica, for dramatic soprano and 53 percussion instruments, was based on ancient pre-Columbian legends, its West Coast premiere was performed by the Los Angeles Percussion Ensemble under Henri Temianka and William Kraft at UCLA in 1963. Don Rodrigo, Op. 31 Bomarzo, Op. 34, banned in Argentina until 1972 Beatrix Cenci, Op. 38, based on the play The Cenci by Percy Bysshe Shelley Panambí, Op. 1 Estancia, Op. 8 Obertura para el "Fausto" criollo, Op. 9 Ollantay: 3 Symphonic Movements, Op. 17 Variaciones concertantes, Op. 23 Pampeana No.

3, Op. 24 Concerto per corde, Op. 33 Estudios Sinfonicos, Op. 35 Popol Vuh, Op. 44 Glosses sobre temes de Pau Casals for string orchestra, Op. 46 Glosses sobre temes de Pau Casals for full orchestra, Op. 48 Iubilum, Op. 51 Harp Harp Concerto, Op. 25 Piano Piano Concerto No. 1, Op. 28 Piano Concerto No. 2, Op. 39 Concierto argentino Violin Violin Concerto, Op. 30 Cello Cello Concerto No. 1, Op. 36 Cello Concerto No. 2, Op. 50 Danzas argentinas, Op. 2 Tres piezas, Op. 6 Malambo, Op. 7 "Pequena Danza" 12 Preludios americanos, Op. 12 Suite de danzas criollas, Op. 15 Rondó sobre temas infantiles argentinos, Op. 19 Piano Sonata No. 1, Op. 22 Arrangement of an Organ Toccata by Domenico Zipoli Piano Sonata No. 2, Op. 53 Piano Sonata No. 3, Op. 54 Danzas argentinas para los ninos Moderato: para Alex Paisaje: para Georgina Toccata, Villancico y Fuga, Op. 18 Variazioni e Toccata sopra Aurora lucis rutilat, Op. 52 Variación 1: Maestoso Variación 2: Tempo giusto Variación 3: Impetuoso, l'istesso tempo Variación 4: Vivacissimo Variación 5: L'istesso tempo Variación 6: L'istesso tempo Variación 7: Sereno Variación 8: Estatico Variación 9: Quasi allegretto Variación 10: Pastorale Variación 11: Andantino poetico Variación 12: Lento Toccata – Finale: Tema 2 Songs, for voice and piano, Op. 3 Cantos del Tucumán, for voice, harp and violin, Op. 4 Psalm 150, for chorus, Op. 5 5 canciones populares argentinas, for voice and piano, Op. 10 Las horas de una estancia, for voice and piano, Op. 11 Lamentaciones de Jeremias Propheta, for chorus, Op. 14 Cantata para América mágica, for dramatic soprano and percussion orchestra, Op. 27 Cantata Bomarzo, for soloists and chamber orchestra, Op. 32 Milena, for soprano and orchestra, Op. 37 Serenata, for baritone, wind quintet, percussion and double bass, Op. 42 Turbae ad passionem gregorianam, for soloists, boy's chorus and orchestra, Op. 43 Canción del beso robado, for voice and piano Duo, for flute and oboe, Op. 13 Pampeana No.

1, for piano, Op. 16 String Quartet No. 1, Op. 20 Pampeana No. 2, for piano, Op. 21 String Quartet No. 2, Op. 26 Piano Quintet, Op. 29 String Quartet No. 3, for soprano and string quartet, Op. 40 Puneña No. 1, for flute, Op. 41 Puneña No. 2, for violoncello, Op. 45 Sonata for guitar, Op. 47 Sonata for cello and piano, Op. 49 Piezas Infantiles, for piano Impresiones de la Puna, for flute and string quartet Concierto argentino, for piano and orchestra El arriero canta, for chorus Sonatina, for harp Symphony No. 1 Symphony No. 2 Don Basilio malcasado Doña Clorinda la descontenta Malambo Rosa de América Las antiguas semillas Nace la liber

Thoreau, New Mexico

Thoreau is a census-designated place in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 1,863 at the 2000 census, it is majority Native American of the Navajo Nation, as this community is located within its boundaries. All residents pronounce the town's name like "thuh-ROO" and not like "thorough" or "throw." A history of the town was compiled by local author Roxanne Trout Heath in her book Thoreau, Where the Trails Cross!, published in 1982, where she states that the town was named for Henry David Thoreau. The ZIP code for Thoreau is 87323. Thoreau is located at 35°24′52″N 108°13′25″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 15.9 square miles, all of its land. Thoreau is located at an altitude of 2,200 meters above sea level, 8 kilometers east of the continental divide. Thoreau is located in a broad valley beneath a large escarpment of Entrada sandstone, which marks the southern boundary of the Colorado Plateau to the north. Mount Powell and Castle Rock are landmarks along this escarpment adjacent to Thoreau.

The Zuñi Mountains are to the south. Interstate 40 and the historic U. S. Route 66 pass through the community, respectively. New Mexico State highways 122, 371, 612 pass through or terminate here. Additionally, two natural gas pipelines and a major railway pass through the community; the climate in Thoreau is desert, with the sparse vegetation typical of the region. Common plants include pinyon pine and juniper trees, sagebrush and some short, sparse grasses; the four seasons are well pronounced. Summers are mild, due to Thoreau's high elevation and persistently low humidities. Maximum temperatures do not exceed about 33 °C; the Southwest monsoon brings thunderstorms with frequent lightning in August. Autumn is pleasant with cool nights. Winter is marked by frequent snowstorms, with minimum temperatures sometimes dropping to about −15 °C or colder. Cold, persistent high winds are common in Spring through much of the month of March; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,863 people, 532 households, 405 families residing in the CDP.

The population density was 117.1 people per square mile. There were 599 housing units at an average density of 37.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 23.19% White, 0.11% African American, 71.12% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 3.27% from other races, 2.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.34% of the population. There were 532 households out of which 49.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.7% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.50 and the average family size was 4.16. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 40.7% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $29,280, the median income for a family was $29,708. Males had a median income of $29,000 versus $23,092 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $10,516. About 23.3% of families and 30.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.5% of those under age 18 and 26.9% of those age 65 or over. Thoreau supports three public schools in the Gallup-McKinley County Public School District. Thoreau Elementary School, Thoreau Mid School, Thoreau High School serve the town as well as surrounding rural communities in eastern McKinley County; the public school mascot is the Hawks, the school colors are green and gold. Additionally, the Saint Bonaventure mission operates a parochial school, the Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Academy, named after the first Native American Catholic saint in North America; the majority-Native American population is Navajo. Many practice the Navajo traditional beliefs.

Thoreau is located within the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American tribe in the United States. Its culture and history are strong in Thoreau; the Navajo Nation operates a Chapter House here, many Navajo residents speak their native language. Thoreau is a local trading center for artisans, who create through rug weaving, silversmithing and making turquoise jewelry. Anasazi archaeological sites connecting with Chaco Canyon can be found around the town. Casamero Pueblo, northeast of Thoreau

1995–96 Philadelphia Flyers season

The 1995–96 Philadelphia Flyers season was the Philadelphia Flyers 29th season in the National Hockey League. In the Spectrum's final season the Flyers repeated as Atlantic Division champs and clinched the top seed in the Eastern Conference, but the Flyers lost in the Conference Semifinals to the Florida Panthers in six games. Building on the success of the lockout season, the Flyers began the year with a 7–1 rout in Montreal over the Canadiens. An early 5–0–1 stretch was derailed in a 5–4 loss to Chicago on October 22, in which Dominic Roussel turned in a poor performance in net, it would be one of several in the early going which forced head coach Terry Murray to favor Garth Snow as the backup to Ron Hextall. Lindros was hurt in early November, the club limped to a 2–4–1 record in his absence. However, after his return they ripped off eight straight wins as part of a 12–2–2 stretch which put them in contention in the Atlantic Division with the Florida Panthers. However, the momentum switched and the club struggled to a 3–6–7 record thereafter.

A 3–2 home overtime win over Montreal on February 1, in which defenseman Petr Svoboda was elbowed in the head by Marc Bureau lit a fire under the team. In addition, the trade-deadline acquisition of Dale Hawerchuk, needed in Mikael Renberg's absence, spurred a 13–3–0 charge at the end of the season. Thanks to a 6–5 Bruins win over the Penguins on the final day, the Flyers gained the top spot in the Eastern Conference following a 3–1 win over Tampa. Lindros hit the 100-point mark in a 3–0 win over Hartford on March 25, while LeClair netted his 50th goal of the season in a 5–1 win in New Jersey on April 10. In an ironic twist, Avalanche forward Claude Lemieux notched the game-winning goal on a fluke shot in a Colorado 5–3 win in Philly on February 11. With the Devils the previous June, Lemieux hit the net from 50 feet out to give his club a 3–2 win in Game 5 of the conference finals. On April 2, the Flyers scored three short-handed goals in a 6-2 win over the New York Islanders. On April 11, the Flyers organization celebrated the final regular-season game in the Spectrum.

The home team took care of their end, topping the Canadiens 3–2. After the game, an emotional torch-passing ceremony saw past and present team members skating alongside each other, with a symbolic transference of leadership from Bobby Clarke to Lindros. Divisions: ATL – Atlantic, NE – Northeast bold – Qualified for playoffs With the top spot in the Eastern Conference, the Flyers drew their division rival, the Tampa Bay Lightning, coached by former Flyer Terry Crisp. After a 7–3 Philly home rout in Game 1, Lightning goalie Daren Puppa was spectacular and Brian Bradley notched the OT winner in a 2–1 Game 2 triumph. Former draft pick. Hawerchuk and LeClair provided leadership and goals in a 4–1 road win in Game 4 the Flyers won 4–1 in Game 5 at the Spectrum; the Flyers closed out the series with a 6–1 score in Game 6 at the Thunderdome. Next up in the conference semifinals were the Florida Panthers, a team which relied on goaltender John Vanbiesbrouck and the neutral zone trap for success. Vanbiesbrouck posted a 2–0 shutout in Game 1, it took until midway through Game 2 for the Flyers to get rolling offensively in a narrow 3–2 win.

Game 3 saw Flyers veterans Dan Quinn, Hawerchuk and Hextall set the tone in a 3–1 victory. The Flyers were defeated in overtime in Game 4 and double-overtime in Game 5; the Panthers ended the Flyers' season in Game 6. Position abbreviations: C = Center. Stats reflect time with the Flyers only. = Left team via a transaction during the season. Stats reflect time with the Flyers only. = Joined team via a transaction during the season. Stats reflect time with the Flyers only. = Left team via a transaction during the season. Stats reflect time with the Flyers only. Tied for NHL record The Flyers were involved in the following transactions from June 25, 1995, the day after the deciding game of the 1995 Stanley Cup Finals, through June 11, 1996, the day of the deciding game of the 1996 Stanley Cup Finals; the following players were signed by the Flyers via free agency. Two-way contracts are marked with an asterisk; the following players were either re-signed by the Flyers or, in the case of the team's selections in the NHL Entry Draft, signed to entry level contracts.

Two-way contracts are marked with an asterisk. The Flyers were involved in the following waivers transactions, they were not involved in any selections during the 1995 NHL Waiver Draft, held on October 2, 1995. The Flyers left the following players unprotected: defensemen Darren Rumble and Todd Nelson, forwards Gilbert Dionne, Yanick Dupre, Tony Horacek, Shawn McCosh, Jim Montgomery, Clayton Norris, Russ Romaniuk, Anatoli Semenov; the following players left the team via release, or retirement. Players who were under contract and left the team during the season are marked with an asterisk. Philadelphia's picks at the 1995 NHL Entry Draft, held at Edmonton Coliseum in Edmonton, Alberta, on June 28, 1995; the Flyers traded their third-round pick, 74th overall, Mark Recchi to the Montreal Canadiens for Eric Desjardins, Gilbert Dionne and John LeClair on February 9, 1995. They traded their fifth-round pick, 126th overall, to the Detroit Red Wings for Stewart Malgunas on September 9, 1993; the Flyers were affiliated with the Hershey Bears of the AHL and the Mobile Mysticks of the ECHL. Roster and player statistics · Results and Schedule Roster and St

Battle of Revolax

The Battle of Revolax took place on 27 April 1808 at Revonlahti, in Northern Ostrobothnia, when the Swedish supreme commander Wilhelm Mauritz Klingspor and the Savolax brigade under Colonel Johan Adam Cronstedt, a total of about 2,250 Swedes surprised an isolated Russian column of about 1,700 men under Major General Michail Leontievich Bulatov. The Russians were surrounded and tried to cut their way through but failed and the Russian general Bulatov was taken prisoner by the Swedes. This, the preceding battle of Siikajoki nine days earlier, are considered important events since they are the first Swedish victories after about 2 months of planned retreat; the next battle took place at Pulkkila on 1 May. The Swedish commander Klingspor continued his retreat towards Oulu after the Swedish victory at the Battle of Siikajoki, they were followed by the Russians. A Russian fore, commanded by Bulatov, had set camp at the village of Revonlahti. Cronstedt prepared an assault to drive them away, he led a force of some 1,800 men through the night of 27 April.

The Swedes could hear the sound of musket fire to the north, where Adlercreutz were fighting against the forward Russian unit, advancing on him. However Adlercreutz managed to stop the advance. Cronstedt and his 4th Brigade prepared themselves for the battles that were to be fought the next day. Bulatov and his Russian troops were entrenched inside the village; the Russian units consisted of the Mogilev Regiment and the Perm Regiment. The Russians had three guns. In the morning of 27 April the Swedish attacked with two strong columns: the right column was led by Gustav Aminoff, it consisted of two battalions from the Savolax Infantry Regiment, the third battalion from the Savolax Jaeger Regiment, the second battalion of the Carelian Jaeger Corps and two 3-pound guns. The right column managed to sweep away all the Russian resistance and were advancing along the river, towards the village. At the same time, the left column prepared its troops to assault the vicarage, where Bulatov had set up his headquarters and gathered most of his troops.

The attack on the vicarage became a difficult operation, as the Russians defended themselves viciously. The Swedes stormed the building at 10 a.m. and a bloody close-combat battle ensued. More than 94 Swedes and 500 Russians had died, were wounded or captured when the violence ended; the Swedish victory at Revolax meant the end of the first Swedish retreat. Klingspor, known to be a cautious and sceptical man, acted against his temperament, ordered a counter-offensive towards the south; the Savolax Brigade, led by av Sandels, of whom Cronstedt's men were a part of, were to fight a bloody war in the southern parts of Finland. Sandel's newly formed 5th Brigade would soon take commence resistance fighting in the eastern parts of Finland; the Swedish counter offensive had begun and it would continue all the summer of 1808. Finnish War Media related to Battle of Revolax at Wikimedia Commons

Die Rote Fahne

Die Rote Fahne was a German newspaper founded in 1876 by Socialist Worker's party leader Wilhelm Hasselmann, and, since published on and off, at times underground, by German Socialists and Communists. Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg famously published it in 1918 as organ of the Spartacus League. Following the deaths of Liebknecht and Luxemburg during the chancellorship of the Social Democratic Party of Germany's Friedrich Ebert, the newspaper was published, with interruptions, by the Communist Party of Germany. Proscribed by the National Socialist Worker's Party government of Adolf Hitler after 1933, publication continued illegally, underground. Wilhelm Hasselmann of the Socialist Workers' Party of Germany and member of the German Reichstag founded a short-lived, weekly newspaper called Die rote Fahne. Using the newspaper's subtitle as indicator of its political allegiance, Die Rote Fahne was successively the central organ of: Spartacus League: 9 November 1918 to 30 December 1918 Communist Party of Germany": 1 January 1919 to 19 September 1920 (reflecting the KPD's submission to the Comintern on Communist Party of Germany: 19 September 1920 to 23 March 1933 (date of passage of the Nazi Enabling ActThe publication was proscribed from October 1923 to March 1924, as part of the ban on the German Communist Party.

The newspaper continued in illegal production and distribution, sometimes renamed "Rote Sturmfahne" or "Die Fahne der Revolution". In 1926, the newspaper moved into the Karl Liebknecht House, to which it added in July 1928 a rotary press. On 23 February 1933, Nazi police occupied Karl-Liebknecht-Haus and closed it the following day, anticipating the Nazi ban on all communist and socialist press after the Reichstag fire a few days later. Many prominent Germans and others worked on the newspaper: Founders included: Rosa Luxemburg, Karl Liebknecht, Paul Frölich Publishers included" Hans Marchwitza and Johannes R. Becher Editors included: Ernst Meyer, August Thalheimer, Julian Gumperz, Werner Scholem, Gerhart Eisler, Arkadi Maslow, Heinz Neumann, Max Matern, Hans Lorbeer, Erika Heymann, Albert Norden, Lutz Łask, Franz Koritschoner, György Lukács, Wolfgang Harich Contributors included: Emil Barth, Lilly Becher, Willi Schlamm, Albert Hotopp, Hanns Eisler, Erich Mielke, John Sieg, Jürgen Kuczynski, Max Zimmering Artists included: John Heartfield Outlawed after the end of the Weimar Republic and the Reichstag fire in 1933, it was illegally distributed during the National Socialist government by underground groups close to the Communist Party until 1942.

Wilhelm Guddorf was known to have been an editor of the newspaper in the late 1930s. Following the events of 1968, several projects of ideologically divergent groups of the so-called old and the new left arose in the Federal German Republic to build a new communist party. In addition to the German Communist Party, known as the West German KPD successor party and publishes the newspaper Unser Zeit as a party organ, various competing small communist parties, the so-called K groups, were founded, each of, associated with different ideological concepts of communism. Out of these groupings, there were several newspaper projects in the 1970s called Rote Fahne. Die rote Fahne - Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin Rote Fahne News Rote Fahne Magazine

1939 in South Africa

The following lists events that happened during 1939 in South Africa. Monarch: King George VI. Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: Sir Patrick Duncan. Prime Minister: James Barry Munnik Hertzog, Jan Christiaan Smuts. Chief Justice: James Stratford. September2 – J. B. M. Hertzog puts his case to the National Assembly for South Africa to remain neutral in the Second World War, against Jan Smuts who supports a Commonwealth alliance. 4 – Jan Smuts becomes the 4th Prime Minister of South Africa for the second time. 5 – The National Assembly votes on a motion whether or not to join the war and Jan Smuts wins by 13 votes. 6 – The Union of South Africa declares war on Germany. Unknown dateThe University of Pretoria's official university newspaper, Die Perdeby, is established. 18 March – John W. de Gruchy, academic. 4 April – Hugh Masekela, jazz musician. 21 June – Essop Pahad, politician. 7 July – Gilbert Ramano, military commander. 16 September – Breyten Breytenbach and painter. 26 October – Karel Schoeman, South African novelist 25 November – Janette Deacon, archaeologist specialising in rock art conservation 16 October – Charlotte Maxeke, religious leader and political activist.

The first two diesel-electric locomotive types enter service on the South African Railways: A single Class DS AEG shunting engine enters service at the Congella yards near Durban. A second shunting locomotive, the Class DS1, enters SAR service while another is delivered to the Electricity Supply Commission; the Hollandse Anneming Maatschappij, constructors of a new Table Bay harbour, imports a small 0-4-0T locomotive as on-site construction engine employed as SAR dock shunter. 3 March – In Durban, the Timeless Test begins between England and South Africa, the longest game of cricket played. It is abandoned twelve days when the English team has to catch the ship for home