Albi is a commune in southern France. It is the prefecture of the Tarn department, on the river Tarn, 85 km northeast of Toulouse, its inhabitants are called Albigensians. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Albi; the episcopal city, around the Cathedral Sainte-Cécile, was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 2010. Albi is the seat of four cantons, covering 16 communes, with a total population of 71,281; the first human settlement in Albi was in the Bronze Age. After the Roman conquest of Gaul in 51 BC, the town became Civitas Albigensium, the territory of the Albigeois, Albiga. Archaeological digs have not revealed any traces of Roman buildings, which seems to indicate that Albi was a modest Roman settlement. In 1040, Albi constructed the Pont Vieux. New quarters indicative of considerable urban growth; the city grew rich at this time, thanks to trade and commercial exchanges, to the tolls charged to travelers for using the Pont Vieux. In 1208, the Pope and the French king joined forces to combat the Cathars, who had developed their own version of ascetic Christian dualism, so a heresy considered dangerous by the dominant Catholic Church.
Repression was severe, many Cathars were burnt at the stake throughout the region. The area, until virtually independent, was reduced to such a condition that it was subsequently annexed by the French Crown. After the upheaval of the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars, the bishop Bernard de Castanet, in the late 13th century, completed work on the Palais de la Berbie, a Bishops' Palace with the look of a fortress, he ordered the building of the cathedral of Sainte-Cécile starting in 1282. The town enjoyed a period of commercial prosperity due to the cultivation of Isatis Tinctoria known as woad; the fine houses built during the Renaissance bear witness to the vast fortunes amassed by the pastel merchants. Albi had a small Jewish community during medieval times, until it was annihilated in the 1320s Shepherds' Crusade. Since, Jews were only allowed to transit the town by payment, without living in it. In 1967 70 Jews lived in Albi, most of them of North-African origin. Albi has conserved its rich architectural heritage which encapsulates the various brilliant periods of its history.
Considerable improvement and restoration work has been done, to embellish the old quarters and to give them a new look, in which brick reigns supreme. Albi was built around the original episcopal group of buildings; this historic area covers 63 hectares. Red brick and tiles are the main feature of most of the edifices. Along with Toulouse and Montauban, Albi is one of the main cities built in Languedoc-style red brick. Among the buildings of the town is the Sainte Cécile cathedral, a masterpiece of the Southern Gothic style, built between the 13th and 15th centuries, it is characterised by a strong contrast between its austere, defensive exterior and its sumptuous interior decoration. Built as a statement of the Christian faith after the upheavals of the Cathar heresy, this gigantic brick structure was embellished over the centuries: the Dominique de Florence Doorway, the 78 m high bell tower, the Baldaquin over the entrance; the rood screen is a filigree work in stone in the Flamboyant Gothic style.
It is decorated with a magnificent group of polychrome statuary carved by artists from the Burgundian workshops of Cluny and comprising over 200 statues, which have retained their original colours. Older than the Palais des Papes in Avignon, the Palais de la Berbie the Bishops' Palace of Albi, now the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum, is one of the oldest and best-preserved castles in France; this imposing fortress was completed at the end of the 13th century. Its name comes from the Occitan word Bisbia; the Old Bridge is still in use after a millennium. Built in stone clad with brick, it rests on eight arches and is 151 m long. In the 14th century, it was fortified and reinforced with a drawbridge, houses were built on the piers. Albi is a city known for its elite Lycée Lapérouse, a high school with 500 students situated inside an old monastery, it has several advanced literature classes. Furthermore, it is one of the few holding a full-scale music section with special high-tech rooms for this section.
The Pacific explorer Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse is commemorated in the museum. Located in an ancient mill, the Le LAIT Art Centre is a research laboratory dedicated to contemporary art; the Toulouse-Lautrec Museum houses more than 1000 works, including the 31 famous posters. This body of work forms the largest public collection in the world devoted to Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, born in Albi in 1864. UNESCO's World Heritage Centre notes the Old Bridge, the Saint-Salvi quarter, the quarter's church, the fortified cathedral in unique southern French Gothic style from local brick, the bishop's Palais de la Berbie, residential quarters, which help the Episcopal City of Albi form a "coherent and homogeneous ensemble of monuments and quarters that has remained unchanged over the centuries... a complete built ensemble representative of a type of urban development in Europe from the Middle Ages to the present day." Albi is served by two railway stations on the line from Toulouse to Rodez: Gare d'Albi-Ville Gare d'Albi-MadeleineThe A68 motorway connects Albi with Toulouse.
DemonFM is a student radio station based at De Montfort University in Leicester, England. The station broadcasts online during term time, it was established in 1995 by the Communications Officer of Rob Martin. The first licenced broadcast was on 106.4 FM from 29 September 1995 to 26 October 1995, the second broadcast on 106.2 FM from 22 April 1996 to 19 May 1996. DemonFM continued to broadcast on Restricted Service Licences until 2008 with the last of the RSL broadcasts taking place on 97.5FM. DemonFM finished their 26th and final RSL on 30 November 2008. DemonFM held a community radio licence between May 2009 and 2019 with broadcasts taking place 24/7/365, it broadcast on 107.5FM with coverage over the Greater Leicester Area. DemonFM had its community radio licence renewed for a further five years in 2014 with its last broadcast on FM taking place on Friday 3 May 2019; the station is part of De Montfort Students' Union's Demon Media group which comprises The Demon magazine and Demon TV. In 2018 a decision was made by the management board of the station to not apply for a second extension of its community radio licence.
While never publicly communicated, the station management told its members that it wished to focus on providing an experience for De Montfort University Students. The Chief Executive Officer of De Montfort University Students' Union Penni Robson cited undesirable administration burdens, costs and an unwillingness to service community broadcasters as the reason for not supporting the renewal of the licence.. Leicester Community Radio had indicated a strong willingness to take over the license with some support from Ofcom, but De Montford University Students' Union elected to hand back the license to Ofcom rather than transfer to a community organisation, leaving Leicester with one less community radio station and 107.5mhz vacant in the area. Ofcom has announced they have no plans for the foreseeable future to advertise any further FM community radio licences in Leicester, leaving this frequency vacant for the foreseeable future; the station now broadcasts from 8 AM to midnight during term time.
DemonFM broadcasts from the Creative Technology Studios within De Montfort University's'Queens Building'. It broadcast from the Students' Union's'Campus Centre' building. In addition to the studio, equipment hire and pre-production facilities are available to students so they can prepare material for their shows; the station runs several outside broadcasts per year including coverage of Varsity sports matches between De Montfort University and the University of Leicester. The current studio is the forth building; the original studio was a portable building behind the Students' Union building, with basic equipment. Around 2000 the station moved into what had been a small brick building, a campus branch of NatWest bank. With the construction of The Campus Centre and incorporation of De Montfort Students' Union they negotiated a dedicated area and this included a purpose-built floating room to house the studio facilities, with the station moving across in 2003; when the station began broadcasting under its community licence, a majority of the programming shifted to the Creative Technology Studios in DMU's Queen's Building, with the Campus Centre studio being decommissioned around 2012.
In 2016 De Montfort University funded renovation of the radio control room from which DemonFM broadcasts. The current setup includes bespoke radio furniture for DJ-led shows. Demon FM has a range of shows to cater for all music tastes; the schedule is built up with weekday daytime strands, evening and weekend specialist music shows. The station has a dedicated news team, broadcasting bulletins at the top of every hour from 8am to 6pm every weekday, with half-hour headline updates during breakfast and drive time shows; the service is presented by a separate team to the main show presenters and a variety of student, local and international stories are covered, alongside entertainment and weather, which are relevant to DemonFM's audience. Beginning October 2012, The News Show is an hour-long weekly show, covering stories from DMU, Leicester and around the world on a larger scale. Entertainment and Sports are covered by their respective teams. Other programmes on Demon FM include InFocus, hosted by Thom Chapman, Thomas Guyton-Day, Dan Bewley, Emily Fox, Tom Franklin, Nikki Le Fevre and Arif Rahman and produced by Toby Jeffrey and Matt Towlson.
The programme specialises on issues that affect young people in Leicester, but specialises in national politics. The day-to-day running of the station is performed by a student committee and appointed annually by members of Demon Media; this committee is overseen by a board consisting of senior officials from the university, students' union, members of industry, several students. Demon Media won'Best Student Media 2013' at the NUS Awards. DemonFM won national recognition at the annual Student Radio Awards in 2001 winning the Best Student Station award, following it up in 2007 by taking home the bronze award; the station has won the Best Marketing award in 1998, picked up the Best Specialist Music Award in consecutive years for'Future Innovations' in 2003 and'Street Beat' in 2004. Demon FM has seen award-winning talent within its member base with member Ali Moore just missing out on the Best Newcomer award to take home silver in 2006 and receiving a Best Male Presenter nomination in the 2007 awards.
Will Gavin was nominated for Best Male in 2010. In 2011 presenters Jon Jackson and Erica Dancer received Bronze Awards for Best Male
Epiphany Shanov was a Bulgarian Uniate priest. Shanov was born in Kazanlak on October 18, 1849, he received primary education there. At the age of 12, he began studying at the Uniate Gymnasium in Edirne. Shanov continued his education in 1873 was ordained as a priest. Afterwards, Epiphany served in Thessaloniki. After the recall of Lazar Mladenov on July 23, 1895, he became the Bishop of the Bulgarian Uniat Church in Macedonia and on September 8, 1895 in Istanbul he was granted the title Livadian Bishop and appointed as Apostolic vicar in Macedonia, his office was in Kilkis. Bishop Epiphany Shanov supported the activities of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization. In 1903 in Macedonia, under his leadership, over 10,000 Uniates lived in 20 villages, 10 churches, 30 priests, including 13 boys' and 9 girls' schools. In 1909, Shanov resigned. Shanov remained head of the Bulgarian Uniate Church during the Balkan wars. In 1913, Greek soldiers arrested him and he went into exile first to the island of Naxos and to Trikeri, where he remained until the First World War ended.
Shanov was retired to Kazanlak. In the late summer of 1921 he again asked the Pope in Rome to be released from his duties as Bishop of the Thessaloniki diocese; the Pope accepted his request and he retired to Kazanlak, where he died in 1940. Macedonian Apostolic Vicariate of the Bulgarians Католическа Апостолическа Екзархия София, Biography of Shanov on the webpage of the Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church
The Voice is an American singing competition television series broadcast on NBC. It premiered during the spring television cycle on April 26, 2011, expanded into the fall cycle with the premiere of the third season on September 10, 2012. Based on the original The Voice of Holland, part of The Voice franchise it has aired seventeen seasons and aims to find unsigned singing talent contested by aspiring singers, age 13 or over, drawn from public auditions; the winner is determined by television viewers voting by telephone, internet, SMS text, iTunes Store purchases of the audio-recorded artists' vocal performances. They receive a record deal with Universal Music Group for winning the competition; the winners of the seventeen seasons have been: Javier Colon, Jermaine Paul, Cassadee Pope, Danielle Bradbery, Tessanne Chin, Josh Kaufman, Craig Wayne Boyd, Sawyer Fredericks, Jordan Smith, Alisan Porter, Sundance Head, Chris Blue, Chloe Kohanski, Brynn Cartelli, Chevel Shepherd, Maelyn Jarmon, Jake Hoot.
The series employs a panel of four coaches who critique the artists' performances and guide their teams of selected artists through the remainder of the season. They compete to ensure that their act wins the competition, thus making them the winning coach; the original panel featured Christina Aguilera, CeeLo Green, Adam Levine, Blake Shelton. Other coaches from previous seasons include Shakira, Gwen Stefani, Pharrell Williams, Miley Cyrus, Alicia Keys, Jennifer Hudson. In the fifteenth season, Kelsea Ballerini was featured as an off-screen fifth coach for "Comeback Stage" contestants. Bebe Rexha took over as the "Comeback Stage" coach for the sixteenth season. In October 2019, it was announced. An adaptation of the Dutch show The Voice of Holland, NBC announced the show under the name The Voice of America in December 2010. In each season, the winner receives $100,000 and a record deal with Universal Republic Records or Universal Music Group; each season begins with the "Blind Auditions," where coaches form their team of artists whom they mentor through the remainder of the season.
The coaches' chairs are faced towards the audience during artists' performances. At the conclusion of the performance, an artist either defaults to the only coach who turned around, or selects his or her coach if more than one coach expresses interest. In the 14th season, a new twist called "Block" is featured, which allows one coach to block another coach from getting a contestant. In the "Battle Rounds," each coach pairs two of his or her team members to perform together chooses one to advance in the competition. In each season, coaches are assisted by celebrity advisors. In the first season, coaches sit alongside their respective advisors in the battle stage. However, starting with the second season, the advisors no longer join the coaches in the battle stage. A new element was added in season three; the Knockout Rounds were introduced in season three. A pair of artists within a team are selected to sing individual performances in succession, they are not told until a few minutes prior to their performances.
The artists get to choose their own songs in this round, although they continue to get help and advice from their respective coaches. At the conclusion of the performances, coaches would decide which one of each pair gets to advance to the next round. Just like in the battle rounds, the coaches can steal one eliminated artist from another coach starting with season five. Starting in the season 14, coaches can save one eliminated artist from his own team; the "Battles, Round 2" were introduced to replace the Knockout Rounds in season six. Similar to the Knockout Rounds, each singer is paired randomly within their team. One celebrity key adviser assists all four of the coaches and their teams in preparation of these rounds. Coaches give each Battle pairing a list of songs and each pair must agree on which song to sing; each coach can still decide. The coaches are allowed one steal. However, the Knockouts were brought back in season seven. In the sixteenth season, the knockouts were replaced by The Live Cross Battles.
Each coach selects an artist to perform with another coach's artist together. The artist that receives the public vote will move on to the Playoffs, while the losing artist gets eliminated or receives a chance to be in the comeback stage; this ended in season seventeen. In the final live performance phase of the competition, artists perform in weekly shows, where public voting narrows to a final group of artists and declares a winner; the coaches have the power to save one artist. As of season two, these artists would give a last chance performance to win their coach's save. However, in deciding who moves on to the final four phase, the television audience and the coaches have equal say. With one team member remaining for each coach, the c
Live Texxas Jam'78 is a live VHS video by the American hard rock band Aerosmith. It was filmed on the 4th of July weekend at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas where Aerosmith headlined the Texxas World Music Festival, it was released on April 25, 1989. Although not included on the video, the live versions for "Big Ten Inch Record" and "Lord of the Thighs" would be included on the limited Japanese edition of Just Push Play and on the Pandora's Box box set; as of October 2018, this is yet to be released on Blu-Ray formats. "Rats in the Cellar" "Seasons of Wither" "I Wanna Know Why" * "Walkin' the Dog" "Walk This Way" "Lick and a Promise" "Get The Lead Out" "Draw the Line" "Sweet Emotion" "Same Old Song and Dance" "Milk Cow Blues" "Toys in the Attic" Tom Hamilton Joey Kramer Joe Perry Steven Tyler Brad Whitford
Francis Townley was an English buccaneer and pirate active against the Spanish on the Pacific coast of Central and South America. Townley first appeared in the Pacific in March 1685 with 180 men aboard two captured Spanish ships, where he met up with a portion of William Knight's crew. Early the next year they joined forces with French corsairs under Francois Grogniet and Jean L’Escuyer, who had joined with another English contingent under Charles Swan in Cygnet and Edward Davis in Batchelor's Delight. Together they raided Realejo before separating. Near Acapulco Swan and Townley attempted to capture a treasure galleon from Manila but found it too well protected and were forced to withdraw. After this unprofitable foray with Swan, Townley's force sailed back south alone and raided Granada alongside Grogniet's flotilla before the group again broke up. Having had little success under Grogniet, some of the French sailors elected to join Townley; that July they sacked Panama, taking fantastic treasure but losing much of it to a Spanish counterattack.
Townley sent the heads of some hostages to Spanish leaders to force them into supplying the buccaneers with food, threatened more hostage deaths if the Spanish failed to release some buccaneer prisoners. In August the Spanish launched a surprise assault on Townley's forces at sea but were badly defeated. Townley executed more prisoners and the Spanish paid a large ransom, but Townley, wounded in the previous engagement, soon died. After his body was cast overboard the buccaneers elected George D’Hout to be their new commander. John Read - elected Captain of Cygnet after a mutiny against Swan