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Albireo

The Albireo system is a double star designated Beta Cygni. The International Astronomical Union uses the name "Albireo" for the brightest star in the system. Although designated'beta', it is fainter than Gamma Cygni, Delta Cygni, Epsilon Cygni and is the fifth-brightest point of light in the constellation of Cygnus. Appearing to the naked eye to be a single star of magnitude 3, viewing through a low-magnification telescope resolves it into its two components; the brighter yellow star makes a striking colour contrast with its fainter blue companion. Β Cygni is the system's Bayer designation. The brighter of the two components is designated β¹ Cygni or Beta Cygni A and the fainter β² Cygni or Beta Cygni B; the system's traditional name Albireo is a result of mistranslation. It is thought that it originated in the Greek name ornis for the constellation of Cygnus, which became urnis in Arabic; when translated into Latin, this name was thought to refer to the Greek name Erysimon for the plant called Hedge Mustard, so was described in Latin in the Arabo-Latin Almagest of 1515 as "Eurisim: et est volans.

Et dicitur eurisim quasi redolens ut lilium ab ireo", via a confusion between ireo and the scented flower Iris florentina. This was variously miscopied, until "ab ireo" was treated as a miscopy of an Arabic term and changed into al-bireo. In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names to catalog and standardize proper names for stars; the WGSN's first bulletin of July 2016 included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN. It is now so entered in the IAU Catalog of Star Names. Medieval Arabic-speaking astronomers called Beta Cygni minqār al-dajājah; the term minqār al-dajājah or Menchir al Dedjadjet appeared in the catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, translated into Latin as Rostrum Gallinae, meaning the hen's beak. Since Cygnus is the swan, Beta Cygni is located at the head of the swan, it is sometimes called the "beak star". With Deneb, Gamma Cygni, Delta Cygni, Epsilon Cygni, it forms the asterism called the Northern Cross.

Beta Cygni is about 415 light-years away from the Sun. When viewed with the naked eye, Albireo appears to be a single star. However, in a telescope it resolves into a double star consisting of β Cygni A, β Cygni B. Separated by 35 seconds of arc, the two components provide one of the best contrasting double stars in the sky due to their different colors, it is not known whether the two components β Cygni A and B are orbiting around each other in a physical binary system, or if they are an optical double. If they are a physical binary, their orbital period is at least 100,000 years; some experts, support the optical double argument, based on observations that suggest different proper motions for the components, which implies that they are unrelated. The primary and secondary have different measured distances from the Hipparcos mission – 434 ± 20 light-years for the primary and 401 ± 13 light-years for the secondary. More the Gaia mission has measured distances of about 330–390 light years for both components, but noise in the astrometric measurements for the stars means that data from Gaia's second data release is not yet sufficient to determine whether the stars are physically associated.

There are a further 10 faint companions listed in the Washington Double Star catalogue, all fainter than magnitude 10. Only one is closer to the primary with the others up to 142" away; the spectrum of Beta Cygni A was found to be composite when it was observed as part of the Henry Draper Memorial project in the late 19th century, leading to the supposition that it was itself double. This was supported by observations from 1898 to 1918 which showed that it had a varying radial velocity. In 1923, the two components were identified in the Henry Draper Catalogue as HD 183912 and HD 183913. In 1978, speckle interferometry observations using the 1.93m telescope at the Haute-Provence Observatory resolved a companion at 0.125". This observation was published in 1980, the companion is referred to as component Ab in the Washington Double Star Catalog. In 1976 speckle interferometry was used to resolve a companion using the 2.1-meter telescope at the Kitt Peak National Observatory. It was measured at a separation of 0.44", it is noted that the observation was inconsistent with the Haute-Provence observations and hence not of the same star.

Although these observations pre-dated those at Haute-Provence, they were not published until 1982 and this component is designated Ac in the Washington Double Star Catalog. It is designated as component C in the Catalog of Components of Double and Multiple Stars, not to be confused with component C in the Washington Double Star Catalog, a faint optical companion. An orbit for the pair has since been computed using interferometric measurements, but as only a quarter of the orbit has been observed, the orbital parameters must be regarded as preliminary; the period of this orbit is 214 years. The status of the two possible companions is still not clarified. One set of observations reports resolving two components, but there has not been confirmation of this. Observations of Albireo assumin

Prineville Reservoir

The Prineville Reservoir is in the high desert hills of Central Oregon, United States. The reservoir is on the Crooked River 14 miles southeast of Prineville, 29 miles east of Bend; this reservoir is a popular retreat for most of Central Oregon. It is near the geographic center of Oregon. Prineville Reservoir State Park is managed by the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department. Prineville Reservoir was created by damming, via the Arthur R. Bowman Dam, the Crooked River upstream from Prineville; the reservoir is part of the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation's Crooked River Project, flooding a juniper- and sagebrush-filled canyon, was finished in 1961; the dam and reservoir are owned by the Bureau of Reclamation, operated under contract by Ochoco Irrigation District. Prineville Reservoir covers 18 miles of the Crooked River and is an irrigation storage water body, with secondary objectives of Crooked River flood control and public recreation. Prineville Reservoir has a maximum depth of 130 feet and storage of just over 150,000 acre feet of water.

The northeast end of Prineville Reservoir is a designated wildlife management area. Fishing can be quite good with rainbow trout, cutthroat trout, smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, catfish and crayfish; the trout fishing experience is year-round, with ice fishing in winter. There is no speed limit on the lake and so boating of all kinds is popular. Water skiing and tubing are some of the most common sports and about half of the boats on the lake are there for this purpose. There is a marina with a boat ramp. There are two state parks that allow camping, Prineville Reservoir State Park, Jasper State Recreation Site. Both have facilities and offer RV hookups. There is a owned resort that rents cabins, offers campsites, maintains a boat ramp and marina, owns a general store and restaurant. Prineville Reservoir is a popular place to see waterfowl and birds of prey in one setting. Spring and fall migrations bring common loon, while in summer blue-winged teal, cinnamon teal, spotted sandpiper, American avocet, black-necked stilt.

Seen is the bald eagle, golden eagle, prairie falcon, red-tailed hawk, black-throated gray warbler, pinyon jay, ash-throated flycatcher. Willow shrubbery may hold gray catbird. Non-avian wildlife in the area include bats, black bear, red fox, gray fox, lynx, mountain lion, mule deer, black tailed deer, badger, striped skunk, spotted skunk, rockchuck, squirrels, raccoons and other assorted small mammals and amphibians. List of lakes in Oregon http://www.oregonstateparks.org/park_34.php http://www.wanderthewest.com/articles/63/ http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/centraloregon/wildlife/sites/28-prinevillereservoir.shtml http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/centraloregon/wildlife/species/mammals/index.shtml http://www.lakelubbers.com/viewlake.cfm?lake=176 U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Prineville Reservoir "Prineville Reservoir". Retrieved 2011-08-16. "Prineville Reservoir State Park". Retrieved 2011-08-16

Revelations (Fields of the Nephilim album)

Revelations is a compilation album by the gothic rock band Fields of the Nephilim. The album was released in 1993 by Beggars Banquet Records. "Moonchild" – 5:40 "Chord of Souls" - 5:10 "Last Exit for the Lost" - 9:31 "Preacher Man" - 4:54 "Love Under Will" - 6:10 "Power" - 4:22 "Psychonaut Lib. III" - 9:13 "For Her Light" - 4:16 "Blue Water" - 5:51 "Vet For The Insane" - 6:01 "Watchman" - 5:20 "Dawnrazor" - 8:26The actual versions of tracks 1, 8 and 9 are not mentioned on the sleeve or disc, they are in fact mixes only available on the vinyl 12 inches and appearing on CD for the first time. Some releases included a bonus disc containing the following: "Submission Two" - 4:18 "Preacher Man" - 4:19 "Celebrate" - 6:01 "Shiva" - 4:50 "Psychonaut Lib. I" - 4:22 "In Every Dream Home A Heartache" - 6:41 "Moonchild" - 5:53 Revelations at MusicBrainz