Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev referred to outside Russia as Serge Diaghilev, was a Russian art critic, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise. Sergei Diaghilev was born to a cultured family in Selishchi, Russia. After the death of Sergei's mother, his father married Elena Valerianovna Panaeva, an artistic young woman, on affectionate terms with her stepson and was a strong influence on him; the family had an apartment in Saint Petersburg and a country estate in Bikbarda. In 1890, Sergei's parents went bankrupt, having for a long time lived beyond their means, from that time Sergei had to support the family. After graduating from Perm gymnasium in 1890, he went to the capital to study law at St. Petersburg University, but ended up taking classes at the St. Petersburg Conservatory of Music, where he studied singing and music. After graduating in 1892 he abandoned his dreams of composition. During his years at University, Diaghilev's cousin Dmitry Filosofov introduced him to a circle of art-loving friends who called themselves The Nevsky Pickwickians.
They included Alexandre Benois, Walter Nouvel, Konstantin Somov, Léon Bakst. Although not received into the group, Diaghilev was aided by Benois in developing his knowledge of Russian and Western art. In two years, he had voraciously absorbed this new obsession and came to be respected as one of the most learned of the group. With financial backing from Savva Mamontov and Princess Maria Tenisheva, the group founded the journal Mir iskusstva. In 1899, Diaghilev became special assistant to Prince Sergei Mikhaylovich Volkonsky, who had taken over directorship of all Imperial theaters. Diaghilev was soon responsible for the production of the Annual of the Imperial Theaters in 1900, promptly offered assignments to his close friends: Léon Bakst would design costumes for the French play Le Coeur de la Marquise, while Benois was given the opportunity to produce Alexander Taneyev's opera Cupid's Revenge. In 1900–1901 Volkonsky entrusted Diaghilev with the staging of Léo Delibes' ballet Sylvia, a favorite of Benois.
The two collaborators concocted an elaborate production plan that startled the established personnel of the Imperial Theatres. After several antagonistic differences of opinion, Diaghilev in his demonstrative manner refused to go on editing the Annual of the Imperial Theatres and was discharged by Volkonsky in 1901 and left disgraced in the eyes of the nobility. At the same time, some of Diaghilev's researchers hinted at his homosexuality as the main cause for this conflict. However, his homosexuality had been well known long before he was invited into the Imperial Theatres. In 1905 he organized a huge exhibition of Russian portrait painting at the Tauride Palace in St. Petersburg, having travelled through Russia for a year discovering many unknown masterpieces of Russian portrait art. In the following year he took a major exhibition of Russian art to the Petit Palais in Paris, it was the beginning of a long involvement with France. In 1907 he presented five concerts of Russian music in Paris, in 1908 mounted a production of Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov, starring Feodor Chaliapin, at the Paris Opéra.
This led to an invitation to return the following year with ballet as well as opera, thus to the launching of his famous Ballets Russes. The company included the best young Russian dancers, among them Anna Pavlova, Adolph Bolm, Vaslav Nijinsky, Tamara Karsavina and Vera Karalli, their first night on 19 May 1909 was a sensation. During these years Diaghilev's stagings included several compositions by the late Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, such as the operas The Maid of Pskov, May Night, The Golden Cockerel, his balletic adaptation of the orchestral suite Sheherazade, staged in 1910, drew the ire of the composer's widow, Nadezhda Rimskaya-Korsakova, who protested in open letters to Diaghilev published in the periodical Rech. Diaghilev commissioned ballet music from composers such as Nikolai Tcherepnin, Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Erik Satie, Manuel de Falla, Richard Strauss, Sergei Prokofiev, his choreographer Michel Fokine adapted the music for ballet. Diaghilev worked with dancer and ballet master Léonide Massine.
The artistic director for the Ballets Russes was Léon Bakst. Together they developed a more complicated form of ballet with show-elements intended to appeal to the general public, rather than the aristocracy; the exotic appeal of the Ballets Russes had an effect on Fauvist painters and the nascent Art Deco style. Coco Chanel is said to have stated that "Diaghilev invented Russia for foreigners.". Diaghilev's most notable composer-collaborator, was Igor Stravinsky. Diaghilev heard Stravinsky's early orchestral works Fireworks
Dame Joan Henrietta Collins, is an English actress and columnist. After making her stage debut in the Henrik Ibsen play A Doll's House at the age of nine, she trained as an actress at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, she signed an exclusive contract with the Rank Organisation and appeared in various British films. At age 22 in 1955, Collins headed to Hollywood and landed sultry roles in several popular films, including The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing and Rally Round the Flag, Boys!. While she continued to make films in the US and the UK throughout the 1960s, she guest-starred in an episode of Star Trek in 1967 named "The City on the Edge of Forever", as Edith Keeler, her career languished in the 1970s. Near the end of the decade, she starred in two softcore pornographic films based on best-selling novels by her younger sister Jackie Collins: The Stud and its sequel The Bitch, she began appearing on stage, playing the title role in the 1980 British revival of The Last of Mrs. Cheyney, had a lead role in the 1990 revival of Noël Coward's Private Lives.
In 1981, she landed the role of Alexis Colby, the vengeful and scheming ex-wife of John Forsythe's character, in the 1980s soap opera Dynasty, winning a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in 1982. Collins received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1983 for career achievement. In 2015, Collins was made a Dame by Queen Elizabeth II for services to charity. Since the late-1970s, Collins has written several books. In 1988, she published her first novel, Prime Time, she has continued to publish various kinds of writing. A member of the Conservative Party, Collins was invited to attend the funeral of former UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in April 2013. Collins was born in Paddington and brought up in Maida Vale, the daughter of Elsa Collins, a dance teacher and nightclub hostess, Joseph William Collins, a talent agent whose clients would include Shirley Bassey, the Beatles, Tom Jones, her father, a native of South Africa, was Jewish, her British mother was Anglican. She had two younger siblings, Jackie, a novelist, Bill, a property agent.
She was educated at the Francis Holland School, an independent day school for girls in London and trained at the RADA. At the age of 17, Collins was signed to a British film studio. Collins made her feature debut as a beauty contest entrant in Lady Godiva Rides Again followed by The Woman's Angle in a minor role as a Greek maid. Next was a more significant role as a gangster's moll in Judgment Deferred, her big break came. Other roles to follow included, she was lent out to appear in Our Girl Friday. Gilbert used her again in The Good Die Young with Laurence Harvey. Collins was chosen by director Howard Hawks to star in his lavish production of Land of the Pharaohs as the scheming Princess Nellifer opposite Jack Hawkins. Lacking a big-name cast, Land of the Pharaohs was unsuccessful at the box office, earning $450,000 short of its $3,150,000 production budget; the film drew more interest over the years and has been defended by Martin Scorsese, French critics supporting the auteur theory, for numerous elements of its physical production.
Danny Peary in his book Cult Movies, selected it as a cult classic. The film's reputation continues to improve with the test of time; as of 2013, Land of the Pharaohs holds a 71% "fresh" rating at the film review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes. Although the film was a box-office disappointment, Collins' performance led to a contract at 20th Century Fox; the contract with Fox led the production company to cast Collins in The Virgin Queen as Elizabeth Raleigh in support of Richard Todd and Bette Davis. The same year, Collins was cast as the leading role in The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing directed by Richard Fleischer from a screenplay by Walter Reisch and Charles Brackett, starring Ray Milland, Farley Granger; the CinemaScope film was released by Twentieth Century-Fox, which had planned to put Marilyn Monroe in the title role, suspended her when she refused to do the film, which led to Collins' casting. MGM borrowed Collins for The Opposite Sex, a musical remake of The Women with Collins in a part played by Joan Crawford.
The following year, Collins returned to featuring in Fox films, where she played a nun in Sea Wife based on the 1955 James Maurice Scott novel Sea-Wyf and Biscuit. Shot in Jamaica, the film follows a group of survivors from a torpedoed British refugee ship; the same year, Collins starred in The Wayward Bus. Fox had hoped to repeat the success of 1956's Bus Stop film adaptation, but instead ended up crafting the Steinbeck novel into what one commentator called "the kind of lowbrow schlock the novel had satirized". However, The Wayward Bus was one of 33 films nominated for the Golden Berlin Bear Award at the 7th Berlin International Film Festival, but lost to Sidney Lumet's 12 Angry Men; that year, Collins was cast in Island in the Sun, a major box office success. The film earned $5,550,000 worldwide, finished as the sixth-highest grossing film of 195
The Beauty of Bath
The Beauty of Bath is a musical comedy with a book by Seymour Hicks and Cosmo Hamilton, lyrics by C. H. Taylor and music by Herbert Haines. Based loosely on the play David Garrick, the story concerns a young woman from a noble family, who falls in love with an actor, she meets a sailor who appears identical to the actor and mistakes him for the latter. Her father objects to a marriage with the actor, but when it turns out that she loves the sailor, all objections fall away; the piece was produced by Charles Frohman, opened at the Aldwych Theatre on 19 March 1906, moved on 26 December 1906 to the newly built Hicks Theatre and ran for a total of 287 performances. It starred his wife, Ellaline Terriss. Zena Dare joined the cast, replacing Terriss. Betty Silverthorne - The Beauty of Bath - Ellaline Terriss Richard Alington - Lieutenant, R. N. - Seymour Hicks Mr Beverley - An Actor - Stanley Brett Mrs Alington - Richard's Mother - Rosina Filippi Lord Bellingham - Betty's father - William Lugg Miss Truly St Cyr - An Actress - Maudi Darrell Sir Timothy Bun - Murray King Lady Bun - Mollie Lowell Mrs Goodge - Sydney Fairbrother Lemon Goodge - Master Valchera Jane - Topsy Sinden Tatersall Spink - Bert Sinden "The Beauty of Bath" "The Things you Never Learn at School" "The Frolic of the Breeze" At the interval of a play, the fashionable audience mill about in the foyer, complimenting the new hit play and its leading actor, Mr. Beverley.
Sir Timothy Bun, Lady Bun, their large family of "adopted" daughters, "the twelve Bath Buns", are part of the crowd. An actress, Miss Truly St. Cyr, is courted by a young lord. Mrs. Alington, a widow, is eagerly anticipating the return of her naval lieutenant son, whom she has not seen for ten years; the lovely Betty Silverthorne has fallen in love with the dashing Beverley during Act I, to the chagrin of her father, Lord Bellingham. Six months before the present time, Mrs. Alington had sent her son a photograph of Betty, the young lieutenant had fallen in love with the girl depicted, it turns out that Lieutenant Richard Alington, R. N. is identical in appearance to Mr Beverley. Richard arrives at the theatre in his sailor's undress uniform, he meets Betty and recognises the girl he has loved since seeing her photograph. Betty recognises the man she loves, mistaking him for Beverley, playing a sailor's part and wearing the same uniform. Lord Bellingham next meets Richard mistaking him for Beverly.
He objects to an actor's courting his daughter, he invites the young lieutenant to a ball to be given the next night at his mansion, on condition that "Beverly" must pretend to be tipsy, in order to cure his daughter's love. "Beverley" does his utmost to draw Betty's ire. However, Betty outsmarts her father, having figured out the likeness and true identity of Dick Alington. In addition, it happens that the man she loves is Dick, not Beverley; this is a good thing, because her friend is engaged to Beverly. Dick, has inherited five million pounds, Lord Bellingham is delighted with the match; as happened with Gaiety Girls who appeared in Edwardian musical comedies, two of the chorus girls in The Beauty of Bath went on to marry noblemen: May Gates married Baron Von Ditton, of Norway, Sylvia Lillian Storey married William Poulett, 7th Earl Poulett. Parker, John. Who's Who in the Theatre. London: Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons. OCLC 10013159. Information about the musical from The Play Pictorial Cast list, review and other information at Stage Beauty Information about shows opening in London in 1906
Private Lives is a 1930 comedy of manners in three acts by Noël Coward. It concerns a divorced couple who, while honeymooning with their new spouses, discover that they are staying in adjacent rooms at the same hotel. Despite a perpetually stormy relationship, they realise that they still have feelings for each other, its second act love scene was nearly censored in Britain as too risqué. Coward wrote one of his most popular songs, "Some Day, for the play. After touring the British provinces, the play opened the new Phoenix Theatre in London in 1930, starring Coward, Gertrude Lawrence, Adrianne Allen and Laurence Olivier. A Broadway production followed in 1931, the play has been revived at least a half dozen times each in the West End and on Broadway; the leading roles have attracted a wide range of actors. Directors of new productions have included Howard Davies and Richard Eyre; the play has been adapted several times for television and radio. Coward was in the middle of an extensive Asian tour.
He spent the better part of his two-week convalescence sketching out the play and completed the actual writing of the piece in only four days. He cabled Gertrude Lawrence in New York to ask her to keep autumn 1930 free to appear in the play. After spending a few more weeks revising it, he typed the final draft in The Cathay Hotel in Shanghai and sent copies to Lawrence and his producer and manager, John C. Wilson, with instructions to cable him with their reactions. Coward received no fewer than 30 telegrams from Lawrence about the play, she first said that she had read the play and there was "nothing wrong with it that can't be fixed." Coward "wired back curtly that the only thing, going to be fixed was her performance." Lawrence was indecisive about. Coward responded that he planned to cast the play with another actress. By the time he returned to London, he found Lawrence not only had cleared her schedule but was staying at Edward Molyneux's villa in Cap-d'Ail in southeastern France learning her lines.
Coward joined her, the two began rehearsing the scenes they shared. At the end of July they returned to London. Coward played the part of Elyot Chase himself, Adrianne Allen was his bride Sibyl, Lawrence played Amanda Prynne, Laurence Olivier was her new husband Victor. Coward wrote Sibyl and Victor as minor characters, "extra puppets wooden ninepins, only to be knocked down and stood up again", he insisted, that they must be credible new spouses for the lead characters: "We've got to have two people as attractive as Larry and Adrianne were in the first place, if we can find them."Rehearsals were still under way when the Lord Chamberlain took exception to the second act love scene, labelling it too risqué in light of the fact the characters were divorced and married to others. Coward went to St. James's Palace to plead his case by acting out the play himself and assuring the censor that with artful direction the scene would be presented in a dignified and unobjectionable manner. Coward repeats one of his signature theatrical devices at the end of the play, where the main characters tiptoe out as the curtain falls – a device that he used in Present Laughter, Hay Fever and Blithe Spirit.
The play contains one of Coward's most popular songs, "Some Day I'll Find You". The Noël Coward Society's website, drawing on performing statistics from the publishers and the Performing Rights Society, ranks it among Coward's ten most performed songs. Act 1Following a brief courtship and Sibyl are honeymooning at an hotel in Deauville, although her curiosity about his first marriage is not helping his romantic mood. In the adjoining suite and Victor are starting their new life together, although he cannot stop thinking of the cruelty Amanda's ex-husband displayed towards her. Elyot and Amanda, following a volatile three-year-long marriage, have been divorced for the past five years, but they now discover that they are sharing a terrace while on their honeymoons with their new and younger spouses. Elyot and Amanda separately beg their new spouses to leave the hotel with them but both new spouses refuse to co-operate and each storms off to dine alone. Realising they still love each other and regretting having divorced and Amanda abandon their spouses and run off together to Amanda's flat in Paris.
Act 2After dinner at the Paris flat several days Elyot and Amanda use their code word "Solomon Isaacs", soon abbreviated to "Sollocks", to stop their arguments from getting out of hand. They kiss passionately, but the harmony cannot last: while Elyot and Amanda cannot live without each other, neither can they live with each other, they argue violently and try to outwit each other, just as they had done during their stormy marriage. Their ongoing argument escalates to a point of fury, as Amanda breaks a record over Elyot's head, he retaliates by slapping her face, they seem to be trapped in a repeating cycle of love and hate as their private passions and jealousies consume them. At the height of their biggest fight and Victor walk in. Act 3The next morning, Amanda tries to sneak away early, but is surprised to find Sibyl and Victor there; as they talk, Elyot comes in, he and Amanda start bickering again. It has been decided that neither of the new spouses will grant a divorce for a year, to give Amanda
Ben Travers CBE AFC was an English writer. His output includes more than twenty plays, thirty screenplays, five novels, three volumes of memoirs, he is best remembered for his long-running series of farces first staged in the 1920s and 1930s at the Aldwych Theatre. Many of these were made into films and television productions. After working for some years in his family's wholesale grocery business, which he detested, Travers was given a job by the publisher John Lane in 1911. After service as a pilot in the First World War, he plays, he turned his 1921 novel, The Dippers, into a play, first produced in the West End in 1922. His big break came in 1925, when the actor-manager Tom Walls bought the performing rights to his play A Cuckoo in the Nest, which ran for more than a year at the Aldwych, he followed this success with eight more farces for his team. Most of the farces were adapted for film in the 1930s and 1940s, with Travers writing the screenplays for eight of them. After the Aldwych series came to a close, in 1935 Travers wrote a serious play with a religious theme.
It was unsuccessful, he returned to comedy. Of his farces only one, Banana Ridge, rivalled the runs of his 1920s hits. During the Second World War Travers served in the Royal Air Force, working in intelligence, served at the Ministry of Information, while producing two well-received plays. After the war Travers's output declined, he returned to playwriting in 1968. He was inspired to write a new comedy in the early 1970s after the abolition of theatre censorship in Britain permitted him to write without evasion about sexual activities, one of his favourite topics; the resulting play, The Bed Before Yesterday, presented when he was 89, was the longest-running of all his stage works outplaying any of his Aldwych farces. Travers was born in the London borough of Hendon, the elder son and the second of the three children of Walter Francis Travers, a merchant, his wife, Margaret, née Burges, he was educated at the Abbey School, at Charterhouse. He did not enjoy his schooldays and declared that he had been "a complete failure at school".
The only thing he enjoyed there was cricket, for which he had a lifelong enthusiasm writing a memoir focusing on his passion for the game, Ninety-four Declared: Cricket Reminiscences. When he was nine, his father took him to the Ashes match at the Oval. Eighty years he recalled watching W G Grace and F S Jackson opening the batting for England with Ranjitsinhji coming in first wicket down: "I remember when Ranji came in to bat the crowd started singing. Travers left Charterhouse in 1904 and was sent by his parents to live in Dresden, for a few months, to learn German. While he was there he saw performances by the leading French actors, Sarah Bernhardt in La Tosca, Lucien Guitry in Les affaires sont les affaires, which inspired him with a passion for the theatre, his parents were unimpressed by his ambition to become an actor. He found commercial life tedious and incomprehensible: "I had no more idea what it was all about than I have now and vice versa." He served first at the firm's head office in Cannon Street in the City of London, dominated by dauntingly-bearded Victorian patriarchs.
From there, to his and the patriarchs' relief, he was soon transferred to the company's offices in Singapore and Malacca. While at the Malacca outpost Travers had little work and much leisure, he said he fell on them with rapturous excitement and found each volume "a guidebook to the technique of stagecraft." They rekindled his interest in the theatre, his earlier wish to be an actor now overtaken by his determination to be a dramatist. He told Pinero that he had learnt more from him than from all other playwrights put together, his greatest lesson from Pinero was that "however absurd the incidents of a play they had to arise from a basis of reality. The people should never be mere grotesques. Ideally they should be as matter-of-fact – or so – as the people across the road."In 1908, after the death of his mother, Travers returned to London to keep his father company. He endured his work at the family firm for three more years until, in 1911, he met the publisher John Lane of the Bodley Head, who offered him a job as a publisher's reader.
Lane's firm had an avant garde reputation. Travers worked for Lane for three years, during which he accompanied his employer on business trips to the US and Canada. On the outbreak of the First World War, Travers joined the Royal Naval Air Service, his service was eventful. He narrowly failed to shoot down a Zeppelin, he became a squadron commander, when the RNAS merged with the Royal Flying Corps he transferred to the new Royal Air Force with the rank of Major in 1918. He served in south Russia during the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War, in 1919, received the Air Force Cross in 1920. In April 1916 Travers married Violet Mouncey, the only child of Captain D W B Mouncey, of the Leicestershire Regiment, granddaughter of Sir James Longden, they had a daughter. Violet had a priva
Julio Cortázar, born Julio Florencio Cortázar American Spanish:. Known as one of the founders of the Latin American Boom, Cortázar influenced an entire generation of Spanish-speaking readers and writers in the Americas and Europe. Julio Cortázar was born on August 1914, in Ixelles, a municipality of Brussels, Belgium. According to biographer Miguel Herráez, his parents, Julio José Cortázar and María Herminia Descotte, were Argentine citizens, his father was attached to the Argentine diplomatic service in Belgium. At the time of Cortázar's birth, Belgium was occupied by the German troops of Kaiser Wilhelm II. After German troops arrived in Belgium, Cortázar and his family moved to Zürich where María Herminia's parents, Victoria Gabel and Louis Descotte, were waiting in neutral territory; the family group spent the next two years in Switzerland, first in Zürich Geneva, before moving for a short period to Barcelona. The Cortázars settled outside of Buenos Aires by the end of 1919. Cortázar's father left when Julio was six, the family had no further contact with him.
Cortázar spent most of his childhood in Banfield, a suburb south of Buenos Aires, with his mother and younger sister. The home in Banfield, with its back yard, was a source of inspiration for some of his stories. Despite this, in a letter to Graciela M. de Solá on December 4, 1963, he described this period of his life as "full of servitude, excessive touchiness and frequent sadness." He spent much of his childhood in bed reading. His mother, who spoke several languages and was a great reader herself, introduced her son to the works of Jules Verne, whom Cortázar admired for the rest of his life. In the magazine Plural he wrote: "I spent my childhood in a haze full of goblins and elves, with a sense of space and time, different from everybody else's". Cortázar obtained a qualification as an elementary school teacher at the age of 18, he would pursue higher education in philosophy and languages at the University of Buenos Aires, but left for financial reasons without receiving a degree. According to biographer Montes-Bradley, Cortázar taught in at least two high schools in Buenos Aires Province, one in the city of Chivilcoy, the other in Bolivar.
In 1938, using the pseudonym of Julio Denis, he self-published a volume of sonnets, which he repudiated, saying in a 1977 interview for Spanish television that publishing it was his only transgression to the principle of not publishing any books until he was convinced that what was written in them was what he meant to say. In 1944, he became professor of French literature at the National University of Cuyo in Mendoza, but owing to political pressure from Peronists, he resigned the position in June 1946, he subsequently worked as a translator and as director of the Cámara Argentina del Libro, a trade organization. In 1949 he published Los Reyes, based on the myth of Theseus and the Minotaur. In 1980, Cortázar delivered eight lectures at the University of Berkeley. In 1951, Cortázar emigrated to France, where he lived and worked for the rest of his life, though he traveled widely. From 1952 onwards, he worked intermittently for UNESCO as a translator, he wrote most of his major works in Paris or in Saignon in the south of France, where he maintained a home.
In years he became engaged in opposing abuses of human rights in Latin America, was a supporter of the Sandinista revolution in Nicaragua as well as Fidel Castro's Cuban revolution and Salvador Allende's socialist government in Chile. Cortázar had three long-term romantic relationships with women; the first was with Aurora Bernárdez, an Argentine translator, whom he married in 1953. They separated in 1968 when he became involved with the Lithuanian writer, editor and filmmaker Ugnė Karvelis, whom he never formally married, who stimulated Cortázar's interest in politics, although his political sensibilities had been awakened by a visit to Cuba in 1963, the first of multiple trips that he would make to that country throughout the remainder of his life, he married Canadian writer Carol Dunlop. After Dunlop's death in 1982, Aurora Bernárdez accompanied Cortázar during his final illness and, in accordance with his longstanding wishes, inherited the rights to all his works, he died in Paris in 1984, is interred in the Cimetière de Montparnasse.
The cause of his death was reported to be leukemia, though some sources state that he died from AIDS as a result of receiving a blood transfusion. Cortázar wrote numerous short stories, collected in such volumes as Bestiario, Final del juego, Las armas secretas. In 1967, English translations by Paul Blackburn of stories selected from these volumes were published by Pantheon Books as End of the Game and Other Stories. Cortázar published four novels during his lifetime: Los premios, Hopscotch, 62: A Model Kit, Libro de Manuel. Except for Los premios, translated by Elaine Kerrigan, these novels have been translated into English by Gregory Rabassa. Two other novels, El examen and Divertimento, though written before 1960, only appeared posthumously; the open-ended structure of Hopscotch, which invites the reader to choose between a linear and a non-linear mode of reading, has been praised by other Latin American writers, including José Lezama Lima, Giannina Braschi, Carlos Fuentes, Gabriel García Márquez, Mario Vargas Llosa.
Cortázar's use of interior monologue and stream
Leslie Claire Margaret Caron is a Franco-American actress and dancer who appeared in 45 films between 1951 and 2003. Her autobiography, Thank Heaven, was published in 2010 in the UK and US, in 2011 in a French version. Veteran documentarian Larry Weinstein's Leslie Caron: The Reluctant Star premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on 28 June 2016. Caron is best known for the musical films An American in Paris, Daddy Long Legs, Gigi, for the nonmusical films Fanny, The L-Shaped Room, Father Goose, she received two Academy Award nominations for Best Actress. In 2006, her performance in Law & Order: Special Victims Unit won her an Emmy for guest actress in a drama series, she is fluent in French and Italian. She is one of the few dancers or actresses who have danced with Gene Kelly, Fred Astaire, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Rudolf Nureyev. Caron was born in Boulogne-sur-Seine, the daughter of Margaret, a Franco-American dancer on Broadway, Claude Caron, a French chemist, pharmacist and boutique owner.
While her older brother Aimery Caron became a chemist like their father, Leslie was prepared for a performing career from childhood by her mother. Caron started her career as a ballerina. Gene Kelly discovered her in the Roland Petit company "Ballet des Champs Elysées" and cast her to appear opposite him in the musical An American in Paris, a role in which a pregnant Cyd Charisse was cast; this role led to a long-term MGM contract and a sequence of films which included the musical The Glass Slipper and the drama The Man with a Cloak, with Joseph Cotten and Barbara Stanwyck. Still, Caron has said of herself: "Unfortunately, Hollywood considers musical dancers as hoofers. Regrettable expression." She starred in the successful musicals Lili, with Mel Ferrer. In 1953, Caron was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her starring role in Lili. For her performance in the British drama The L-Shaped Room, she won the BAFTA Award for Best British Actress and Golden Globe awards, was nominated for the Best Actress Oscar.
In the 1960s and thereafter, Caron worked in European films, as well. Her film assignments included Father Goose, with Cary Grant. Sometime in 1970, Caron was one of the many actresses considered for the lead role of Eglantine Price in Disney's Bedknobs and Broomsticks, losing the role to British actress Angela Lansbury. In 1967, she was a member of the jury of the 5th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1989, she was a member of the jury at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival. Caron has continued appearing in the film Chocolat. During the 1980s, she appeared in several episodes of the soap opera Falcon Crest as Nicole Sauguet, she is one of the few actresses from the classic era of MGM musicals who are still active in film—a group that includes Rita Moreno, Margaret O'Brien, June Lockhart. Her other credits include Funny Bones with Jerry Lewis and Oliver Platt. On 30 June 2003, Caron traveled to San Francisco to appear as the special guest star in The Songs of Alan Jay Lerner: I Remember It Well, a retrospective concert staged by San Francisco's 42nd Street Moon Company.
In 2007, her guest appearance on Law and Order: Special Victims Unit earned her a 2007 Primetime Emmy Award. On 27 April 2009, Caron traveled to New York as an honored guest at a tribute to Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe at the Paley Center for Media. For her contributions to the film industry, Caron was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 8 December 2009 with a motion pictures star located at 6153 Hollywood Boulevard. In February 2010, she played Madame Armfeldt in A Little Night Music at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris, which featured Greta Scacchi and Lambert Wilson. In 2016, Caron appeared in the ITV television series The Durrells as the Countess Mavrodaki. In September 1951, Caron married American George Hormel II, a grandson of the founder of the Hormel meat-packing company, they divorced in 1954. During that period, while under contract to MGM, she lived in Laurel Canyon, in a Normandie style 1927 mansion, near the country store on Laurel Canyon Blvd. One bedroom was all mirrored for her dancing rehearsals.
Her second husband was British theatre director Peter Hall. They married in 1956 and had two children: Christopher John Hall in 1957 and Jennifer Caron Hall, a writer and actress, in 1958. Caron had an affair with Warren Beatty; when she and Hall divorced in 1965, Beatty was named as a co-respondent and was ordered by the London court to pay the costs of the case. In 1969, Caron married the producer of the film Two-Lane Blacktop, her son-in-law is the producer and screenwriter. Caron was romantically linked to Dutch television actor Robert Wolders from 1994 to 1995. From June 1993 until September 2009, Caron owned and operated the hotel and restaurant Auberge la Lucarne aux Chouettes, located in Villeneuve-sur-Yonne, located about 130 km south of Paris. Unhappy with the lack of work in France, Caron left Paris for England in 2013. In her autobiography, Thank Heaven, she states that she obtained American citizenship in time to vote for Barack Obama for president. British Academy Film Award 1