Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio Manzoni was an Italian poet and philosopher. He is famous for the novel The Betrothed ranked among the masterpieces of world literature; the novel is a symbol of the Italian Risorgimento, both for its patriotic message and because it was a fundamental milestone in the development of the modern, unified Italian language. Manzoni contributed to the stabilization of the modern Italian language and helped to insure linguistic unity throughout Italy, he was an influential proponent of Liberal Catholicism in Italy. Manzoni was born in Milan, Italy, on 7 March 1785. Pietro, his father, aged about fifty, belonged to an old family of Lecco feudal lords of Barzio, in the Valsassina; the poet's maternal grandfather, Cesare Beccaria, was a well-known author and philosopher, his mother Giulia had literary talent as well. The young Alessandro spent his first two years in cascina Costa in Galbiate and he was wet-nursed by Caterina Panzeri, as attested by a memorial tablet affixed in the place.
In 1792 his parents broke their marriage and his mother began a relationship with the writer Carlo Imbonati, moving to England and to Paris. For this reason, Alessandro was brought up in several religious institutes. Manzoni was a slow developer, at the various colleges he attended he was considered a dunce. At fifteen, however, he wrote two sonnets of considerable merit. Upon the death of his father in 1807, he joined the freethinking household of his mother at Auteuil, spent two years mixing with the literary set of the so-called "ideologues", philosophers of the 18th-century school, among whom he made many friends, notably Claude Charles Fauriel. There too he imbibed the anti-Catholic creed of Voltairianism. In 1806–1807, while at Auteuil, he first appeared before the public as a poet, with two works, one entitled Urania, in the classical style, of which he became the most conspicuous adversary, the other an elegy in blank verse, on the death of Count Carlo Imbonati, from whom, through his mother, he inherited considerable property, including the villa of Brusuglio, thenceforward his principal residence.
In 1808, Manzoni married daughter of a Genevese banker. She came from a Calvinist family, her conversion profoundly influenced her husband. That same year he experienced a religious crisis which led him from Jansenism to an austere form of Catholicism. Manzoni's marriage proved a happy one, he led for many years a retired domestic life, divided between literature and the picturesque husbandry of Lombardy, his intellectual energy in this period of his life was devoted to the composition of the Inni sacri, a series of sacred lyrics, of a treatise on Catholic morality, Osservazioni sulla morale cattolica, a task undertaken under religious guidance, in reparation for his early lapse from faith. In 1818 he had to sell his paternal inheritance, his characteristic generosity was shown at this time in his dealings with his peasants, who were indebted to him. He not only cancelled on the spot the record of all sums owed to him, but bade them keep for themselves the whole of the coming maize harvest. In 1819, Manzoni published his first tragedy, Il Conte di Carmagnola, boldly violating all classical conventions, excited a lively controversy.
It was criticized in a Quarterly Review article to which Goethe replied in its defence, "one genius," as Count de Gubernatis remarks, "having divined the other." The death of Napoleon in 1821 inspired Manzoni's powerful stanzas Il Cinque maggio, one of the most popular lyrics in the Italian language. The political events of that year, the imprisonment of many of his friends, weighed much on Manzoni's mind, the historical studies in which he sought distraction during his subsequent retirement at Brusuglio suggested his great work. Round the episode of the Innominato identified with Bernardino Visconti, the first manuscript of the novel The Betrothed began to grow into shape, was completed in September 1823; the work was published, after being reshaped by the author and revised by friends in 1825–1827, at the rate of a volume a year. It is agreed to be his greatest work, the paradigm of modern Italian language; the Penguin Companion to European Literature notes that'the book's real greatness lies in its delineation of character...in the heroine, Lucia, in Padre Cristoforo, the Capuchin friar, the saintly cardinal of Milan, he has created three living examples of that pure and wholehearted Christianity, his ideal.
But his psychological penetration extends to those who fall short of this standard, whether through weakness or perversity, the novel is rich in pictures of ordinary men and women, seen with a delightful irony and disenchantment which always stops short of cynicism, which provides a perfect balance for the evangelical fervour of his ideal'. In 1822, Manzoni published his second tragedy, turning on the overthrow by Charlemagne of the Lombard domination in Italy, containing many veiled allusions to the existing Austrian rule. With these works Manzoni's literary career was closed, but he laboriously revised The Betrothed in Tuscan-Italian, in 1840 republished it in that form, with a historical essay, Storia della colonna infame, on details of the 17th-century plague in Milan so important in the novel. He wrote a small treatise on the Italian language; the death of Manzoni
Lyanka Georgievna Gryu is a Russian theater and film actress. Lyanka Gryu was born in Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union, her father was Moldovan actor Gheorghe Grâu. Her mother was Russian actress Stella Ilnitskaya, her parents separated when Lyanka was a child, the father no longer maintains ties with the family. Gryu first appeared in film at four years old. At that time, her mother was finishing the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography and together with the four-year old Lyanka lived in a dormitory. In the corridors of the institute, Lyanka was noticed by chance was offered a role in the short film One, based on a story by Ray Bradbury; the film received a large number of prizes in Europe as well as smaller festivals. At the insistence of producers, Gryu worked under the stage name Lyana Ilnitskaya, a name the executives felt was more palatable to Russian audiences. At the age of six, Gryu hosted, her first major role was Becky in the movie A Little Princess by director Vladimir Grammatikov.
For her role in the film, Ilnitskaya won the prize for Best Actress at the Rolan Bykov Moscow International Children's Film Festival, the prize for Best Actress at the Film Festival Orlyonok. In 2000, Ilnitskaya was filmed by director Oleg Pogodin in Triumph: Diary of the Red, a story revolving around the main characters, playing adult games; the actress was 13 years old at the time. The film was never released. At 18 years, before entering the acting department Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography Gryu stopped using her stage name and began working as Lyanka Gryu. Gryu's career bloomed in 2009, when she performed in two title roles: The Return of the Musketeers, or The Treasures of Cardinal Mazarin Georgi Yungvald-Khilkevich, where she played the daughter of D'Artagnan Jacqueline. For the role of the daughter of D'Artagnan, Lyanka spent over 2 months in preparation, learning both horseback riding and fencing. In summer 2011, Gryu was chosen for the role of Irene Adler in the new Russian series about the adventures of Sherlock Holmes with Igor Petrenko in the title role.
In 2016, Gryu performed in the US independent film Impossible Monsters by Nathan Catucci and FX's television series The Americans. Gryu has a son. 1992: One as Katya 1996: The Third Son as episode 1997: A Little Princess as Becky 1998: Who If Not Us as Irochka 2000: Triumph as Katya 2001: Detectives 4 as Lena 2001: Naked Nature as Ksyusha 2005: Popsa as Alisa 2005 / 2007: Doomed to Become A Star as Violetta 2006: Rogues as Nastya 2007: Experts as Inna 2009: The Return of the Musketeers, or The Treasures of Cardinal Mazarin as Jacqueline, the daughter of D Artagnan 2009: Barvikha as Zhenya Kolesnichenko 2010: Skipped Parts as Darya 2010: Heart to Heart as Zhenya 2013: In a Sport Only Girl as Jane 2013: Sherlock Holmes as Irene Adler 2014: The Pregnancy Test as Olga Olshanskaya 2017 / 2018: The Americans as Elina Sachko 2019: Impossible Monsters as Shayna Lyanka Gryu on IMDb Official website
Adho Andha Paravai Pola is an upcoming Indian Tamil-language action adventure film directed by Vinoth K. R. in his directorial debut, starring Amala Paul, Ashish Vidyarthi and Samir Kochhar. Jakes Bejoy composed the film's music, while it is edited by John Abraham JR; the title of the movie is taken from a song from the film Aayirathil Oruvan. The film was scheduled to release on 27 December 2019; the film is now expected to release on 28 February 2020. Amala Paul Ashish Vidyarthi Samir Kochhar The film was announced in March 2017 with Amala Paul in the lead role; the title and the first look of the film was revealed on the International Women's Day of 2018 by Kajal Agarwal. During filming in August 2018, Amala Paul suffered a serious ligament tear while performing an action sequence and resumed shooting after recovery. More about Adho Andha Paravai Pola Adho Andha Paravai Pola on IMDb