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Alex Cox

Alexander B. H. Cox is an English film director, nonfiction author and sometime actor. Cox experienced success early in his career with Repo Man and Sid and Nancy, but since the release and commercial failure of Walker, he has directed his career towards independent films. Cox received a co-writer credit for the screenplay of Terry Gilliam's Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas for previous work on the script before it was rewritten by Gilliam; as of 2012, Cox has taught film production at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Cox was born in Bebington, England in 1954, he attended Worcester College and transferred to the University of Bristol where he majored in film studies. Cox secured a Fulbright Scholarship, allowing him to study at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he graduated from the School of Theater and Television with an MFA. Cox began reading law as an undergraduate at Oxford University, but left to study radio, film and TV at Bristol University, graduating in 1977. Seeing difficulties in the British film scene at the time, he first went to Los Angeles to attend film school at UCLA in 1977.

There he produced his first film, Edge City/Sleep is for Sissies, a 40-minute surreal short about an artist struggling against society. After graduation, Cox formed Edge City Productions with two friends with the intention of producing low-budget feature films, he wrote a screenplay for Repo Man, which he hoped to produce for a budget of $70,000, began seeking funding. Michael Nesmith agreed to produce Repo Man, convinced Universal Studios to back the project with a budget of over a million dollars. During the course of the film's production, the studio's management changed, the new management had far less faith in the project; the initial cinema release was limited to Chicago, followed by Los Angeles, was short-lived. After the success of the soundtrack album, there was enough interest in the film to earn a re-release in a single cinema in New York City, but only after becoming available on video and cable, it ran for 18 months, earned $4,000,000. Continuing his fascination with punk music, Cox's next film was an independent feature shot in London and Los Angeles, following the career and death of bassist Sid Vicious and his girlfriend Nancy Spungen titled Love Kills and renamed Sid and Nancy.

It was met warmly by critics and fans, though criticised by some, including Pistols' frontman John Lydon, for its inaccuracies. The production of this film sparked a relationship with Joe Strummer of the Clash, who would continue to collaborate with the director on his next two films. Cox had long been interested in Nicaragua and the Sandinistas, visited in 1984; the following year, he hoped to shoot a concert film there featuring the Clash, the Pogues and Elvis Costello. When he could not get backing, he decided instead to write a film; the film became Straight to Hell. Collaborating with Dick Rude, he imagined the film as a spoof of the Spaghetti Western genre, filmed in Almería, where many classic Italian westerns were shot. Straight to Hell was panned critically, but successful in Japan and retains a cult following. On 1 June 2012, Cox wrote an article in The New York Times about his long-standing interest in spaghetti westerns. Continuing his interest in Nicaragua, Cox took on a more overtly political project, with the intention of filming it there.

He asked Rudy Wurlitzer to pen the screenplay, which followed the life of William Walker, set against a backdrop of anachronisms that drew parallels between the story and modern American intervention in the area. The $6,000,000 production was backed by Universal, but the completed film was too political and too violent for the studio's tastes, the film went without promotion; when Walker failed to perform at the box office, it ended the director's involvement with Hollywood studios, led to a period of several years in which Cox would not direct a single film. Despite this and some critics maintain that it is his best film. Following the commercial failure of Walker, Alex Cox struggled to find feature work. Blacklisted for working on a studio project during the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike, he got financial backing for a feature from investors in Japan, where his films had been successful on video. Cox had scouted locations in Mexico during the pre-production of Walker and decided he wanted to shoot a film there, with a local cast and crew, in Spanish.

Producer Lorenzo O'Brien penned the script. Inspired by the style of Mexican directors including Arturo Ripstein, he shot most of the film in plano secuencia. El Patrullero struggled to find its way into cinemas. Shortly after this, Cox was invited to adapt a Jorge Luis Borges story of his choice for the BBC, he chose the Compass. Despite being a British production and an English language film, he convinced his producers to let him shoot in Mexico City; this film, like his previous Mexican production, made extensive use of long-takes. The completed 55-minute film aired on the BBC in 1992. Cox had hoped to expand this into a feature-length film. Japanese investors gave him $100,000 to expand the film in 1993, but the production ran over-budget, allowing no funds for post-production. To secure funds, Cox directed; the film was edited exten

Aji Ichiban

Aji Ichiban is one of the largest snack food franchises in Hong Kong, established in 1993 by Lai Chan Yuk Hing and Lai Hin Tai, the president and managing director, respectively. Despite having a hiragana syllabary no in its name, Aji Ichiban is not a Japanese franchise. There are over 90 international locations in varying international destinations. Items sold vary by location and encompass a wide range of flavors from both East Asian and American cuisines, including beef jerky, dried apricots, chocolates, spicy dried fish, plum tablets, chili olives and shredded squid, shrimp crackers, hot dog and hamburger shaped gummy candies, wasabi peas, etc. In addition to providing products based on gustatory appeal, many Aji Ichiban shops carry items that have ties to traditional Eastern remedies; the stores have small bowls of samples for most of the snack items - dried fruit and seafood preparations - so that customers can taste the snacks before they buy them. The snacks are purchased by taking a bag and filling it up with food from the various stations, according to the cost.

It is weighed and you pay accordingly. In Canada, Aji Ichiban has a store in Parker Place, an Asian shopping mall in Richmond, a suburb of Metro Vancouver, British Columbia. In the Philippines, Aji Ichiban has several outlet-sized stores, most of which are in shopping malls. Makati City Power Plant Mall - Open Glorietta 4 - OpenMandaluyong City SM Megamall Building A - OpenManila City Robinsons Place Manila SM City Sta. MesaPasay City SM Mall of AsiaQuezon City Robinsons GalleriaSan Juan City Greenhills Shopping Center - Open In the United States, Aji Ichiban USA was founded in 2000 as an exclusive franchise, with several stores located throughout the United States. Many Chinese political leaders paid visits to these locations. However, as of 2013, most of the locations have been closed. California San Jose/Cupertino - Closed Los Angeles Monterey Park - Open San Gabriel - Open San Francisco Chinatown - ClosedIllinois Chicago - OpenHawaii Honolulu - ClosedMaryland Rockville - ClosedMassachusetts Boston - ClosedNew York New York City Broadway - Closed Centre Street - Closed Lafayette Street - Closed Mott Street - Open Hester Street - Closed Main Street - OpenPennsylvania Philadelphia - ClosedTexas Richardson - Closed List of food companies Aji Ichiban


QSIG is an ISDN based signaling protocol for signaling between private branch exchanges in a private integrated services network. It makes use of the application-level ROSE protocol. ISDN "proper" functions as the physical link layer. QSIG was developed by Ecma International, adopted by ETSI and is defined by a set of ISO standard documents, so is not owned by any company; this allows interoperability between communications platforms provided by disparate vendors. QSIG has two layers, called BC and GF. QSIG BC describes. QSIG GF provides supplementary services for large-scale corporate and government networks, such as line identification, call intrusion and call forwarding, thus for a large or distributed company that requires multiple PBXs, users can receive the same services across the network and be unaware of the switch that their telephone is connected to. This eases the problems of management of large networks. QSIG will never rival each vendor's private network protocols, but it does provide an option for a higher level of integration than that of the traditional choices.

Note: This list is not complete. See the "source" after the list for more information. ECMA-143 - Private Integrated Services Network - Circuit Mode Bearer Services - Inter-Exchange Signalling Procedures and Protocol, Basic Call and European Versions: ISO/IEC 11572, ETSI EN 300 172 ECMA-165 - Private Integrated Services Network - Generic Functional Protocol for the Support of Supplementary Services - Inter-Exchange Signalling Procedures and Protocol and European Versions: ISO/IEC 11582, ETSI ETS 300 239 ECMA-164 - Private Integrated Services Network - Inter-Exchange Signalling Protocol - Name Identification Supplementary Services and European Versions: ISO/IEC 13868, ETSI ETS 300 238 ECMA-174 - Private Integrated Services Network - Inter-Exchange Signalling Protocol - Call Diversion Supplementary Services and European Versions: ISO/IEC 13873, ETSI ETS 300 257 ECMA-178 - Private Integrated Services Network - Inter-Exchange Signalling Protocol - Call Transfer Supplementary Service and European Versions: ISO/IEC 13869, ETSI ETS 300 261Source: ECMA - list of standards QSIG uses ROSE to invoke specific supplementary service at the remote PINX.

These ROSE operations are coded in a Q.931 FACILITY info element. Here a list of QSIG opcodes: ETS 300 052 - Multiple Subscriber Number ETS 300 055 - Call Waiting ETS 300 092 - Calling Line Identification Presentation ETS 300 093 - Calling Line Identification Restriction ETS 300 097 - Connected Line Identification Presentation ETS 300 098 - Connected Line Identification Restriction ETS 300 130 - Malicious Call Identification ETS 300 141 - Call Hold ETS 300 172 - Circuit-Mode Basic Service ETS 300 173 - Called/Calling Line ID Presentation ETS 300 182 - Advice Of Charge ETS 300 188 - Three Way Conference ETS 300 207 - Call Diversion ETS 300 237 - Called/Calling Name Presentation ETS 300 238 - Called/Calling Name Presentation ETS 300 239 - Generic Functional Protocol ETS 300 256 - CFU Supplementary Service ETS 300 258 - Path Replacement ETS 300 359 - Call Completion To Busy Subscriber ETS 300 260 - Call Transfer By Join ETS 300 261 - Call Transfer - ETS 300 369 - Explicit Call Transfer ETS 300 745 - Message Waiting Indication ETS 300 259 - Path Replacement Additional Network Feature ETS 301 258 - Recall Supplementary Service ETS 301 919 - Single Step Call Transfer Supplementary Service Source: European Telecommunications Standards Institute CCITT G.703 - Describes the physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces.

Source: International Telecommunications Union H.450 DPNSS

Kingsley Holgate

Kingsley Holgate is a South African explorer and author. A fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, he has been described by Getaway Magazine as "the most travelled man in Africa" and has modelled himself on David Livingstone. Holgate has written several books about his expeditions and fronted several National Geographic documentaries, he worked on the TV series Shaka Zulu. Holgate's expeditions are completed on his own, notably they involve him travelling with other members of his family including his wife Gill and son Ross.'Boundless Southern Africa': A first of its kind journey to link and unite Nature and Community through nine Countries, seven Transfrontier Conservation Areas, more than thirty National Parks and Nature Reserves and most the Communities living within or adjacent to these areas.'Afrika Odyssey': A crossing of Africa from Cape Town to Cairo following the lakes and rivers of the continent in open boats. Circumnavigation of Lake Turkana. First circumnavigation of the Makgadikgadi Salt Pans in Botswana.'Extreme Latitude': Circumnavigation of the globe using various methods of transport following the Tropic of Capricorn.'Livingstone's Last Journey': Following the route of Livingstone's two black porters and Susi who carried his body from Lake Bangwelu in Northern Zambia to Bagamoyo near Zanzibar.'Lake of Stars Expedition': following Dr David Livingstone's 1862 expedition up the Ruvuma river, separating Mozambique and Tanzania to Lake Malawi or the'Lake of Stars'.

Circumnavigation of Lake Victoria in an open boat following in the footsteps of H. M. Stanley and his boat the'Lady Alice'.'Rufiji Expedition': Tracking the Rufiji river in tribute to explorer Captain Frederick Courtenay Selous.'African Rainbow Expedition': Travelling from Durban in South Africa to the Somalian border and back using Land Rovers and a 35tonne sailing dhow this humanitarian mission distributed tens of thousands of mosquito nets to pregnant mothers and infants in an enormous malaria awareness drive.'The Outside Edge Expedition': Another humanitarian campaign crossing 33 countries promoting malaria awareness as well as the'Right to Sight' and'Teaching on the Edge' programmes. Holgate has founded the'Kingsley Holgate Foundation' which aims to "save and improve lives through adventure" through "humanitarian expeditions that make a difference"; this has been the focus of his more recent expeditions such as the'Africa Rainbow Expedition' and'The Outside Edge Expedition'. This aim has been implemented through programmes such as the'One Net, One Life' campaign which aims to give out thousands of mosquito nets to help prevent malaria and cheaply.

The'Right to Sight' campaign provides glasses to assist the hard of sight, allowing them to resume simple tasks such as sewing,reading and beadwork to help them contribute to their community. The third campaign'Teaching on the Edge', a scheme supported by Centurus Colleges and Rotary International, aims to provide teaching resources and mobile libraries to remote communities to provide education and improve literacy. Cape to Cairo: A Family Expedition Along the Waterways of Africa Africa: In the Footsteps of the Great Explorers Capricorn: Following the Invisible Line Afrika: Dispatches from the Edge

Rodolfo Sonego

Rodolfo Sonego was an Italian screenwriter. He wrote Commedia all'italiana films such as A Difficult Life, Il vedovo, The Traffic Policeman. Born in Cavarzano, Sonego graduated at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Turin and started an activity as painter and illustrator. During the war he was a partisan. After the war Sonego, known for his great communication skills and for his ability in recounting his war experiences, entered the cinema industry as a consulent for several films dedicated to partisan movements during the war. Moved to Rome, he collaborated to the screenplays of a number of dramas, working with directors such as Giuseppe De Santis, Alberto Lattuada and Carlo Lizzani. In 1954 he met Alberto Sordi for the screenplay of the comedy film Il seduttore and from he started a long collaboration with the actor, sometimes uncredited, over 50 films starred by Sordi. Rodolfo Sonego on IMDb


Singampuli is a Tamil film actor and director. After making Red and Maayavi, he has made a career appearing in supporting roles in films. Singampuli was born and brought up in Theni and after studying engineering in Bangalore, he arrived in Chennai looking for a career in films. During his stint as an assistant director with Sundar C, Singampuli suggested the original plot point of Unnaithedi to the director and Sundar wrote the script of the film within a week, before discussing the line with actor Ajith Kumar. Ajith was unimpressed but agreed to do the romantic story anyway, mentioning that if the film became a success he would feature in a future film to be directed by Singampuli. Subsequently, he agreed terms to work in the 2002 action film Red, a story telling the tale of a Madurai-based revolutionary; the film opened to mixed reviews upon release and the film had an average run at the box office but went on to gain cult status among ajith fans after some years. In 2005, he made the kidnap comedy film Maayavi featuring Suriya and Jyothika, winning acclaim for his work.

Director Bala cast him in an acting role as a beggar in Naan Kadavul and since Singampuli has appeared in several films in supporting roles. Unakkaga Ellam Unakkaga Raja Anjaneya Singampuli on IMDb