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Alexander Belyaev

Alexander Romanovich Belyaev was a Soviet Russian writer of science fiction. His works from the 1920s and 1930s made him a regarded figure in Russian science fiction referred to as "Russia's Jules Verne". Belyaev's best known books include Professor Dowell's Head, Amphibian Man and The Air Seller. Alexander Belyaev was born in Smolensk in the family of an Orthodox priest, his father, after losing two other children, wanted him to continue the family tradition and enrolled Alexander into Smolensk seminary. Belyaev, on the other hand, didn't feel religious and became an atheist in seminary. After graduating he enrolled into a law school. While he studied law his father died and he had to support his mother and other family by giving lessons and writing for theater. After graduating from the school in 1906 Belyaev became a practicing lawyer and made himself a good reputation. In that period his finances markedly improved, he traveled around the world extensively as a vacation after each successful case.

During that time he continued to write, albeit on small scale. Literature, proved appealing to him, in 1914 he left law to concentrate on his literary pursuits. However, at the same time, at the age of 30, Alexander became ill with tuberculosis. Treatment was unsuccessful. Belyaev was paralysed for six years, his wife left him. In search for the right treatment he moved to Yalta together with old nanny. During his convalescence, he read the work of Jules Verne, H. G. Wells, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, began to write poetry in his hospital bed. By 1922 he had tried to find occupation in Yalta, he served a brief stint as a police inspector, tried other odd jobs such as a librarian, but life remained difficult, in 1923 he moved to Moscow where he started to practice law again, as a consultant for various Soviet organizations. At the same time Belyaev began his serious literary activity as writer of science fiction novels. In 1925 his first novel, Professor Dowell's Head was published. From 1931 he lived in Leningrad with oldest daughter.

In Leningrad he met H. G. Wells, who visited the USSR in 1934. In the last years of his life Belyaev lived in the Leningrad suburb of Pushkin. At the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union during the Second World War he refused to evacuate because he was recovering after an operation that he had undergone a few months earlier. Belyaev died of starvation in the Soviet town of Pushkin in 1942; the exact location of his grave is unknown. A memorial stone at the Kazanskoe cemetery in the town of Pushkin is placed on the mass grave where his body is assumed to be buried, his wife and daughter got registered as Volksdeutsche. Near the end of the war they were taken away to Poland by the Nazis. Due to this, after the war, Soviets treated them as collaborators: they were exiled to Barnaul and lived there for 11 years. According to the Soviet copyright law in effect until 1964, Belyaev's works entered the public domain 15 years after his death. In the post-Soviet era, Russia's 1993 copyright law granted copyright protection for 50 years after the author's death.

With the adoption of Part IV of the Civil Code of Russia in 2004, copyright protection was extended to 70 years after the author's death, by an additional 4 years for authors who worked or fought during the Great Patriotic War. And a 2006 law stated that the Civil Code's copyright protections described under articles 1281, 1318, 1327, 1331 do not apply to works whose 50 year p.m.a. Copyright term expired. All of this contributed to confusion about whether or not Belyaev's works are protected by copyright, for how long. In 2008, Terra publishing company acquired exclusive rights to print Belyaev's works from his heirs, proceeded to sue Astrel and AST-Moskva publishing companies for violating those exclusive rights; the Moscow arbitration court found in favor of Terra, awarding 7.5 billion rubles in damages and barring Astrel from distributing the "illegally published" works. An appellate court dismissed them. On further appeal, a federal arbitration court found that Belyaev's works entered the public domain on 1 January 1993, could not enjoy copyright protection at all.

In 2010, a Krasnodar cassation panel agreed. In 2011 the Supreme Court of Arbitration of Russia found that Belyaev's works are protected by copyright until 1 January 2017 due to his activity during the Great Patriotic War, remanded the case to lower courts for retrial. Professor Dowell's Head, New York, Macmillan, 1980. ISBN 0-02-508370-8 The Ruler of the World The Shipwreck Island Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2012. ISBN 1480000310 The Amphibian Man, Raduga Publisher, 1986. ISBN 5-05-000659-7 The Last Man from Atlantis Battle in the Ether (Борьба в эфи

Somalia–United Kingdom relations

Somalia–United Kingdom relations are bilateral relations between Somalia and the United Kingdom. Relations between the territories of presente-night Somalia and the United Kingdom date back to the 19th century. In 1884, Britain established the British Somaliland protectorate in northern Somalia after signing successive treaties with the ruling Somali Sultans, such as Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate. In 1900, the Somali religious leader Sayyid Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces began a twenty-year resistance movement against British troops; this military campaign came to an end in 1920, after Britain aerially bombarded the Dervish capital of Taleh. Following World War II, Britain retained control of both British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland as protectorates. In 1945, during the Potsdam Conference, the United Nations granted Italy trusteeship of Italian Somaliland, but only under close supervision and on the condition—first proposed by the Somali Youth League and other nascent Somali political organizations, such as Hizbia Digil Mirifle Somali and the Somali National League —that Somalia achieve independence within ten years.

British Somaliland remained a protectorate of Britain until 1960. In 1948, under pressure from their World War II allies and to the dismay of the Somalis, the British "returned" the Haud and the Ogaden to Ethiopia, based on a treaty they signed in 1897 in which the British ceded Somali territory to the Ethiopian Emperor Menelik in exchange for his help against raids by Somali clans. Britain included the proviso that the Somali residents would retain their autonomy, but Ethiopia claimed sovereignty over the area; this prompted an unsuccessful bid by Britain in 1956 to buy back the Somali lands it had turned over. Britain granted administration of the exclusively Somali-inhabited Northern Frontier District to Kenyan nationalists despite an informal plebiscite demonstrating the overwhelming desire of the region's population to join the newly formed Somali Republic. On 1 July 1960, the former British Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somaliland united as scheduled to form the Somali Republic.

Between 1963 and 1968, the Somali government severed diplomatic ties with the UK authorities over the Northern Frontier District issue. It reestablished relations following the rise to power of the Supreme Revolutionary Council in 1969. After the collapse of the Somali central government and the start of the civil war in 1991, the UK embassy in Mogadishu closed down. In the ensuing period, the British government maintained diplomatic ties with the newly formed Transitional National Government and its successor the Transitional Federal Government, it engaged Somalia's smaller regional administrations, such as Puntland and Somaliland, to ensure broad-based inclusion in the peace process. In 2012, the British authorities additionally organized the London Conference on Somalia to coordinate the international community's support for the interim Somali government. Following the establishment of the Federal Government of Somalia in August 2012, the British authorities re-affirmed the UK's continued support for Somalia's government, its territorial integrity and sovereignty.

On the 23rd of March 2017 UK Foreign Minister Boris Johnson chaired a council meeting on the humanitarian and political situation in the Horn of Africa nation in the face of upcoming famine concerns. A week before this Johnson visited Mogadishu to Salk with Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed about a strategy to avert any crisis. Somalia maintains an embassy in London; the diplomatic mission is led by Ambassador Abdillaahi Mohamed Ali. Additionally, the Somaliland region has a diplomatic office in the city. On 25 April 2013, the UK became the first western country to re-open its embassy in Somalia, with British First Secretary of State William Hague attending the opening ceremony in Mogadishu. On 6 June 2013, the British government appointed Neil Wigan as the new British Ambassador to Somalia, he succeeded Matt Baugh. On 16 March 2015, Harriet Mathews was appointed as Wigan's successor as ambassador, he is slated to be transferred to another Diplomatic Service office in June 2015. Foreign relations of Somalia Foreign relations of the United Kingdom UK Ambassador to Somalia

Yuri Matochkin

Yuri Semyonovich Matochkin spelled Yury Matochkin, was a Russian politician. He was the first post-Soviet governor of Kaliningrad Oblast, having been appointed to that position by Boris Yeltsin in September 1991. Matochkin was elected to the Federation Council in 1993 and served on the International Affairs Committee, he was a Professor of Economics. Just prior to the breakup of the Soviet Union, a Free Economic Zone was established in Kaliningrad and Matochkin represented it in the USSR, he continued to support a free economic zone, as well as closer cooperation with the West the European Union, placing an emphasis on foreign investment in Kaliningrad. He felt, he regarded Germany as important. Matochkin envisioned Kaliningrad as a free-trade region with significant administrative autonomy, he favoured upgrading the region from an Oblast to a republic of Russia. In 1994 he persuaded Russia to adopt a document emphasizing foreign cooperation with the European Union. Matochkin succeeded in restoring Kaliningrad's special economic zone advantages in January 1996, secured the region's first major foreign investment, an agreement with the automobile manufacturer Kia.

Yuri Matochkin contested the 1996 elections for regional governor in 1996, was defeated in the second round of voting by Leonid Gorbenko. After the election, Gorbenko was subjected to hounding by supporters of Matochkin

Greg Boone

Greg Boone is a former American football fullback. He went to Virginia Tech as a quarterback and made the move to tight end during the 2006 season, he still received time as a quarterback in the "Wild Turkey" formation, Virginia Tech's version of the Wildcat formation. Boone played quarterback in high school, he was ranked by as the No. 36 athlete in the country and twelfth in the state of Virginia. During his senior year, he had 70 completions out of 120 attempts, 1,400 yards passing, three interceptions and eight rushing Touchdowns. Boone was redshirted his first year at Virginia Tech, spent the year working with the scout team, he won. After the redshirt Boone was moved from Quarterback to Tight End, he made his first start against Northeastern for 39 plays. He caught, he made his first college touchdown in a game against North Carolina after catching a 41 yard pass. During a game against Kent State, he suffered an ankle injury 13 plays into the game and ended up missing the game against Wake Forest.

He finished the season with five catches, sixty-eight yards, one touchdown. During the spring practices, he won the team most improved award. Boone started every game of the 2007–2008 season except for one. After the game against the Florida State Seminoles, Quarterbacks Sean Glennon and Tyrod Taylor suffered high ankle sprains, Boone finished the game as Quarterback

Corylus cornuta

Corylus cornuta, the beaked hazelnut, is a deciduous shrubby hazel found throughout most of North America, from southern Canada south to Georgia and California. It grows in dry woodlands and at forest edges and can reach 4–8 metres tall with stems 10–25 cm thick with smooth gray bark, but it can remain small in the shade of other plants; the leaves are green, rounded oval with a pointed tip, coarsely double-toothed, 5–11 cm long and 3–8 cm broad, with hairy undersides. The male flowers are catkins that form in the fall and pollinate single female flowers the following spring to allow the fruits to mature through the summer season. Corylus cornuta is named from its fruit, a nut enclosed in a husk with a tubular extension 2–4 cm long that resembles a beak. Tiny filaments protrude from the husk and may stick into, irritate, skin that contacts them; the spherical nuts, which are surrounded by a hard shell, are edible. The beaked hazel is the hardiest of all hazel species, surviving temperatures of −50 °C at its northern limits.

There are two varieties, divided by geography: Corylus cornuta var. cornuta – Eastern beaked hazel. Small shrub, 4 to 6 m tall. Corylus cornuta var. californica – Western beaked hazel or California hazelnut. Large shrub, 4 to 15 m tall; the Concow tribe called this variety gōm’-he’’-ni. The seeds are dispersed by rodents such as red squirrels and least chipmunks. Although C. cornuta is somewhat shade tolerant, it is more common in forests with open canopies than denser ones. However, it is intolerant of open areas that get hot and dry. Fire kills the above-ground portion of the shrub, but it resprouts readily after fire, in fact American Indians in California and Oregon used fire to encourage hazelnut growth, as they used hazelnuts for food, baskets and other purposes. Squirrels eat the nuts of C. cornuta californica, deer and livestock browse its foliage. Media related to Corylus cornuta at Wikimedia Commons Calflora Sawyer Jr. John O.. "Corylus cornuta subsp. Californica". In Jepson Flora Project.

Jepson eFlora. The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley. Corylus cornuta in the CalPhotos Photo Database, University of California, Berkeley

Uan Rasey

Uan Rasey was an American musician, best known for his studio work as a trumpet player. Rasey was born in Glasgow, Montana, on August 22, 1921, he taught himself to play the trumpet as a child. He moved with his family to Los Angeles in 1937, where he began playing professionally with such band leaders as Sonny Dunham, Ozzie Nelson and Alvino Rey, he spent his career playing trumpet while using crutches. Despite his condition, Rasey was a track and field fan attending events, he turned down MGM’s offer to join their film studio orchestra because he wanted in his contract a provision whereby he'd be able not to work on Saturdays, so that he'd get to go to track meets, he'd be on leave throughout the 1952 summer for the Olympics. Rasey became a first-call trumpet player for MGM studios from 1949 until the early 1970s, other studio orchestras. Rasey played trumpet for many film soundtracks, including An American in Paris, Ben-Hur, Bye Bye Birdie, Gigi, How the West Was Won, My Fair Lady, Singin' in the Rain and West Side Story.

One of his most memorable performances was in the film "All the Fine Young Cannibals" where he ghosted for Robert Wagner's trumpet player character Chad Bixby. Films included Taxi Driver, High Anxiety and Pennies From Heaven He is known for his solo in composer Jerry Goldsmith's Oscar-nominated score for Roman Polanski's 1974 film Chinatown, he played on many scores for television and radio, as well as in live orchestras throughout Los Angeles. Rasey was an active session musician and performed on many albums in the 1950s and 1960s, including those of Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Mel Tormé, Doris Day, Frankie Laine, Judy Garland, the Monkees, others, he lived in Southern California, where he taught into his old age. His pupils included Jack Sheldon, he died on September 26, 2011, at the Kaiser Permanente Woodland Hills Medical Center, from heart problems. Rasey was considered as one of the finest musicians in Hollywood history, his accomplishments were recognized in May 2009 by the International Trumpet Guild with their Honorary Award, the guild's most prestigious award.

Rasey started using an Olds Recording-model trumpet, made for him in 1949 shortly after he was hired by MGM. In an interview, he related how they made it using the Olds' Ambassador valve section, with the bell length the same as the Super, the mouthpipe from the old Super Recording. In 1974, he began playing a King Silver Flair trumpet, which he used for the Chinatown soundtrack, alternated between the two. Sammy Davis, Jr, Bye Bye Blackbird Frank Sinatra, with orchestra conducted by Constantin Bakaleinikoff and Higher June Christy, Something Cool Pete Rugolo, Rugolomania Pete Rugolo, New Sounds by Pete Rugolo The Four Freshmen, 4 Freshmen and 5 Trumpets Pete Rugolo, Percussion at Work Peggy Lee, Things Are Swingin' Benny Carter, Aspects Van Alexander and his orchestra, The Home Of Happy Feet Henry Mancini, Peter Gunn Judy Garland with John Ireland, The Letter Benny Carter and his orchestra, Aspects André Kostelanetz and his orchestra with André Previn, Gershwin – Rhapsody In Blue, Concerto In F Pete Rugolo - The Original Music of Thriller Louis Bellson his drums & orchestra, Around The World In Percussion Pete Rugolo - Ten Trumpets and 2 Guitars Glen Gray & the Casa Loma Orchestra, Please, Mr. Gray Louis Bellson, Big Band Jazz from the Summit Al Hirt with orchestra arranged and conducted By Billy May, Horn A-Plenty Uan Rasey on IMDb