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Australian Defence Basketball Association

The Australian Defence Force Basketball Association formed in 1983, is an accredited Australian Defence Force sporting association under the auspices of the Australian Defence Force Sports Council. The Bob Croxton Trophy is awarded to the women's MVP and the Brian Egan Trophy to the men's MVP. Award voted on by the players in recognition of an admired competitor. Female's Player's Player is awarded the Donna Puglisi Trophy. Male's Player's Player is awarded the Chris Siegmann Trophy. Award given to the best player in their first year. Awarded to players who tally highest points total during championships; the men's champion is awarded the Bob Shortridge Trophy. The point scoring titles ceased to be awarded after 2009. Three point contest held traditionally as interval between the Men's & Women's Finals Games, hosted by the Brotherhood and Sisterhood. Awarded to the person who demonstrates the energy, indomitable spirit, sense of fair play and enjoyment of life that the late Major Gregory John "Frenchie" McDougall displayed both on and off the court.

Australian Defence Force Basketball Association is administered by the ADBA committee and is responsible to the Australian Defence Sports Council. The ADFBA was formed in 1983; the first committee was established by six members. LEUT Bruce Fallon, Will Van Weedenberg, MAJ Adrian Corkeron, WGCDR Bob Shortridge, SQNLDR Amanda Leslie, FSGT John Nordheim; the 2010 National Championships was disbanded following an investigation into the conduct of the 2009 Championships. The first ADFBA logo was designed during the 1999 Arafura Games by a committee of those attending the Games; the ADF Sports Council recommended. A re-branded logo as the'ADBA' was designed by Kellie Davis and approved by the ADBA Committee meeting held at RAAF Fairbairn, Canberra ACT in 2012; the ADFSC retraced this decision and a refreshed ADFBA logo based on the original 1999 design was reinstalled. Australian Defence Force Basketball Australia International Basketball Federation Australian Defence Basketball Association Australian Defence Basketball Association South Australian Defence Basketball Navy Basketball Department of Defence Defence Jobs Fédération Internationale de Basketball Basketball Australia WNBL Championship


The Brijuni or the Brijuni Islands are a group of fourteen small islands in the Croatian part of the northern Adriatic Sea, separated from the west coast of the Istrian peninsula by the narrow Fažana Strait. The largest island, Veliki Brijun Island, lies 2 kilometres off the coast; the second largest island is Mali Brijun with an area of 1.07 km², twelve much smaller islands. Famous for their scenic beauty, the islands are a Croatian National Park; the islands gained worldwide fame in 1956 when the main leaders of the Non-Aligned Movement met with the host, Yugoslav president Tito, to form the Brioni Declaration which served as foundation for the policies the movement would follow. Another event which took place on the islands was the 1991 Brioni Agreement; the Brijuni islands were called by ancient Greeks Pollariae or Pullariae, they were called Brioniano. The Brijuni Islands had some Ancient Roman settlements, but up to the late 19th century the islands were used for their quarries, which have been worked on for centuries.

The islands belonged to Venice from the Middle Ages, stone from the islands was used to build the palaces and bridges of the city. The islands were part of the Illyrian Provinces after Napoleon's brief annexation. In 1815 the islands became part of the Austrian Empire, which became Austria-Hungary. During this period the islands' quarries first supplied stone to Berlin. With the erection of a naval base in the harbour of Pula, the Austrians built a strong fortress, "Fort Tegetthoff," on Veliki Brijun Island Island, together with minor fortifications on some of the others; the Austro-Hungarian Navy abandoned the fortress, in 1894 the Viennese business magnate Paul Kupelwieser bought the whole archipelago and created an exclusive beach resort. In 1912 Kupelwieser invited Robert Koch, the renowned microbiologist, to conduct his malaria eradication experiments on Brijuni. Koch and his associates were successful, in 1901 the island was declared malaria-free; the estate was supplemented with first class hotels, beach resorts, a casino and a yacht harbour and became a focal point in social life on the Austrian Riviera.

Kupelwieser established a sailing regatta, a golf course and – due to the flourish of Austrian Culture – various musical concerts and literature events. The Brijuni islands became popular as a destination for the Viennese upper class and were visited by members of the Imperial family and other wealthy European bourgeois and aristocrats. During The Great War the Austro-Hungarian navy had a submarine base here. In 1918 after World War I Brijuni became part of the state of Italy. Karl Kupelwieser, the son of the founder of the estate tried to maintain the former splendor, but after the economic crisis following the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the estate went bankrupt and Karl committed suicide. In 1930 ownership of the islands was acquired by the Italian government due to the bankruptcy, they remained part of Italy until the capitulation in 1943. In 1945 after World War II the Brijuni became part of Yugoslavia and President Marshal Josip Broz Tito made the Brijuni Islands his personal State Summer Residence.

Slovenian architect Jože Plečnik designed a pavilion for Tito. 100 foreign heads of state visited Tito on his islands, along with film stars including Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Sophia Loren, Carlo Ponti, Gina Lollobrigida. Tito died in 1980, by 1983 the islands were declared a National Park of Yugoslavia. In mid-July 1956, President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser, Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, President of Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito met here to discuss their opposition to the Cold War; these ideas crystallized into the Non-Aligned Movement. Vijay Prashad has compared this meeting to the Yalta Conference. In 1991 Croatia made the Brijuni Islands an International Conference Center. Four hotels on Veliki Brijun Island were re-opened, as well as a Safari Park, which holds animals given to Tito, such as Sony and Lanka, two Indian elephants donated by Indira Gandhi. Sony, donated to Tito in 1970 as a two-year-old calf, died in 2010; the International Brijuni Polo Tournament, dating back to Karl Kupelwieser's Austro-Italian Brijuni in 1924, has been re-continued since 2004.

Most of the flora on the archipelago of the Brijuni islands has the typical Mediterranean characteristics. On Veliki Brijun Island there are about 600 indigenous plant species. Here cedars and the pyramidal yew have become acclimatised, while on Vanga the dwarf spruce grows. There is much exotic vegetation that Tito received from foreign statesmen; the most important plant associations of Veliki Brijun Island are: Maquis shrubland, Holm Oak, Laurel forest, Conifers, which are characteristic of the region. It is interesting to point out that on the islands there are some plant species that are among the endangered plant species of Istria, but on the islands they are quite widespread and develop freely; the most valuable part of the island from the point of view of vegetation stretches from the Villa Brijunka in the south, the most lovely forest is found in the east of the White Villa. Because of the millennial presence of men on the archipelago of Brijuni, the animal world on the islands Veliki Brijun, besides the autochthonous species, was enriched by many imported species that are not congenial to this habitat but got acclimated to it thanks to the ideal microclimatic conditions.

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Ralph Tamm

Ralph Earl Tamm is a former American football player. He was selected by the New York Jets in the ninth round of the 1988 NFL Draft. Before attending West Chester University, Tamm graduated from Bensalem High School where he played football and competed in track and field. A 6'4", 280 lb. guard from West Chester University, Tamm played in ten NFL seasons from 1990–1999 and was a member of two Super Bowl championship teams: the first from Super Bowl XXVI with the Washington Redskins, the other with the San Francisco 49ers in Super Bowl XXIX. He served as a players' representative on the Board of Directors for each of the teams for which he played. Tamm is now an NFL player agent for Golden Peaks Sports and Entertainment where he represents NFL players with respect to their NFL contracts, marketing endeavors and personal appearances, he is involved in the horse breeding industry, as well as being a part-owner of the Kansas City Brigade of the Arena Football League. Database Football Ralph's Golden Peak Page

Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County

The Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County is a public library system in the United States. In addition to its main library location in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio, PLCH operates 41 regional and branch locations throughout Hamilton County; as of 2012, the PLCH's collection holds about nine and a half million volumes, making it the 13th-largest library in the U. S. In 2008, PLCH had an annual circulation of over fifteen million items; the downtown location alone circulates over four million items annually, the most of any single library location in the country, has an area of 542,527 square feet. PLCH's various locations had 5,661,940 visitors in 2008. In 2018 Library Journal gave the library their highest rating of five stars, scoring it second in the nation among libraries with expenditures over US$30 million. Among PLCH's collections are books, downloadable digital audio and e-books, newspapers, CDs, videos, DVDs, CD-ROMs, sheet music, microfilm and Braille, it offers free internet and free Wi-Fi, in addition to over 15,500 free programs each year for patrons.

In 2005, its staff answered 1.7 million reference questions by phone, fax, e-mail, in person. The Main Branch is a selective federal depository library; the library's website provides access to the library catalog, nearly 150 commercial research databases, bestseller lists, staff reading recommendations, other information resources. Special needs services provided by PLCH include "talking books" and Braille to the visually impaired and physically handicapped in 33 Ohio counties. PLCH holds one of the largest genealogical collections in the United States. Online postings include Cincinnati and Norwood, Ohio city directories, Sanborn maps, yearbooks as well as books relating to local history. In 2015, the Library opened its first MakerSpace at the Main Library downtown; that year, branch MakerSpaces opened at the Reading and St. Bernard locations. In addition to its large book collection, the Library has many specialized collections, most of which are housed in the main library. Highlights of special book collections include: Adult New Reader/English as a Second Language Collections Braille Books Contemporary Artists’ Books Jean Alva Goldsmith Children's Literature Collection Jobs Information Center Collection Science Fair Project Collection Murray Seasongood Collection of Government and Public Administration Theological and Religious Collection PLCH traces its roots to a subscription library that began in 1802.

On March 14, 1853, it became the Cincinnati Public Library. Since its founding, the library has occupied several locations, including its current location at Eighth Street and Vine Street. Cincinnati's public library was among the first to try providing service to patrons on Sunday. Starting in March 1871, the reading rooms at the main library were open from 8am to 10pm. Sunday library service was so popular that, according to library director William F. Poole, "often during the afternoon and evenings every seat has been occupied"; as a result of Cincinnati's experiment, the public libraries in New York, St. Louis adopted Sunday hours as well. Poole reported that "many of that class of young men who strolled about the streets on Sunday, spent the day in a less profitable manner, habitually frequenting the rooms and spending a portion of the day in reading."For many years, the library used the Computerized Information Network for Cincinnati and Hamilton County as a system-wide library catalog which connected each branch through computer terminals.

Users at home accessed the database via TELNET. In 2005, the system was replaced with an integrated library system purchased from library automation vendor Sirsi, now SirsiDynix. Beginning in 2001, budget cuts from the State of Ohio drastically reduced funding for PLCH. In July 2002, the Board of Trustees voted to close branch locations in Deer Park, Elmwood Place and Mount Healthy; the board backed off on the branch closing plan after a strong negative response from citizens in the affected neighborhoods. In 2005, the library received the American Library Association's John Cotton Dana Public Relations Award. In 2005, a state budget plan that cut spending on libraries a further five percent was passed in the Ohio House of Representatives, after being proposed by Ohio governor Bob Taft; the budget prompted the library to distribute flyers and hold rallies in Downtown Cincinnati, calling on the state to repeal the proposed cuts. The cuts resulted in a periodic hiring freeze, reductions in hours and department closings, the layoff of forty librarians.

Librarians responded by voting to join the Service Employees International Union Local 1199 in 2006. After nine months of contentious negotiations over a union contract, the parties resorted to a hearing in front of a third-party neutral negotiator, who drew up a labor contract. Librarians voted 45 -- 1; the library's Board of Trustees subsequently voted the contract down by a 7–0 vote, citing concerns over'fair share' proposals built into the contract. After further negotiations between SEIU and attorneys for the library, the Board approved a union contract that did not include fair share. See the Agency shop article for clarification. In 2007, the library began implementing a reorganization plan, known as ML/21, that will lead to the creation of a Technology Center, Teen Center, a Popular Library, a Local History and

Circle of fifths

In music theory, the circle of fifths is the relationship among the 12 tones of the chromatic scale, their corresponding key signatures, the associated major and minor keys. More it is a geometrical representation of relationships among the 12 pitch classes of the chromatic scale in pitch class space; the term "fifth" defines an interval or mathematical ratio, the closest and most consonant non-octave interval. The circle of fifths is a sequence of pitches or key tonalities, represented as a circle, in which the next pitch is found seven semitones higher than the last. Musicians and composers use the circle of fifths to understand and describe the musical relationships among some selection of those pitches; the circle's design is helpful in composing and harmonizing melodies, building chords, modulating to different keys within a composition. At the top of the circle, the key of C Major has no flats. Starting from the apex and proceeding clockwise by ascending fifths, the key of G has one sharp, the key of D has 2 sharps, so on.

Proceeding counterclockwise from the apex by descending fifths, the key of F has one flat, the key of B♭ has 2 flats, so on. At the bottom of the circle, the sharp and flat keys overlap, showing pairs of enharmonically equivalent key signatures. Starting at any pitch, ascending by the interval of an equal tempered fifth, one passes all twelve tones clockwise, to return to the beginning pitch class. To pass the twelve tones counterclockwise, it is necessary to ascend by perfect fourths, rather than fifths. Pitches within the chromatic scale are related not only by the number of semitones between them within the chromatic scale, but related harmonically within the circle of fifths. Moving counterclockwise the direction of the circle of fifths gives the circle of fourths; the "circle of fifths" is used in the analysis of classical music, whereas the "circle of fourths" is used in the analysis of jazz music, but this distinction is not exclusive. The "circle of fifths" is a requirement in the barbershop style as the Barbershop Harmony Society's Contest and Judging Handbook says the barbershop style consists of "seventh chords that resolve around the circle of fifths, while making use of other resolutions", among other requirements.

The circle is used to represent the relationship between diatonic scales. Here, the letters on the circle are taken to represent the major scale with that note as tonic; the numbers on the inside of the circle show how many sharps or flats the key signature for this scale has. Thus a major scale built on A has 3 sharps in its key signature; the major scale built on F has 1 flat. For minor scales, rotate the letters counter-clockwise by 3, so that, e.g. A minor has 0 sharps or flats and E minor has 1 sharp. A way to describe this phenomenon is that, for any major key, a scale can be built beginning on the sixth degree containing the same notes, but from E–E as opposed to G–G. Or, G-major scale is enharmonic to the e-minor scale; when notating the key signatures, the order of sharps that are found at the beginning of the staff line follows the circle of fifths from F through B. The order is F, C, G, D, A, E, B. If there is only one sharp, such as in the key of G major the one sharp is F sharp. If there are two sharps, the two are F and C, they appear in that order in the key signature.

The order of sharps goes clockwise around the circle of fifths. For notating flats, the order is reversed: B, E, A, D, G, C, F; this order runs counter-clockwise along the circle of fifths. Following the major keys from the key of F to the key of C flat counter-clockwise around the circle of fifths, as each key signature adds a flat, the flats always occur in this order. Tonal music modulates by moving between adjacent scales on the circle of fifths; this is because diatonic scales contain seven pitch classes that are contiguous on the circle of fifths. It follows. Furthermore, the notes not held in common differ by only a semitone, thus modulation by perfect fifth can be accomplished in an exceptionally smooth fashion. For example, to move from the C major scale F–C–G–D–A–E–B to the G major scale C–G–D–A–E–B–F♯, one need only move the C major scale's "F" to "F♯"; the circle can be used to find out the common chord progression for basic keys. The circle of fifths shows every major key with its corresponding minor key.

This can be used as the vi chord in a progression. The V and IV chord can be found by moving clockwise and counterclockwise from the root chord respectively; the corresponding minor keys of the V and IV are the ii respectively. The major and minor chords in each major key: In Western tonal music, one finds chord progressions between chords whose roots are related by perfect fifth. For instance, root progressions such as D–G–C are common. For this reason, the circle of fifths can be used to represent "harmonic distance" between chords. According to theorists including Goldman, harmonic function, including "functi