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Alexander I of Yugoslavia

Alexander I known as Alexander the Unifier, was a prince regent of the Kingdom of Serbia from 1914 and a King of Yugoslavia from 1921 to 1934. He was assassinated in Marseille, France, by assassin and revolutionary Vlado Chernozemski during a state visit. Alexander Karađorđević was born on 16 December 1888 in the Principality of Montenegro as the fourth child of Peter Karađorđević and Princess Zorka of Montenegro. Despite enjoying support from the Russian Empire, at the time of Alexander's birth and early childhood, the House of Karađorđević was in political exile, with different family members scattered all over Europe, unable to return to Serbia, transformed from a principality into a kingdom under the Obrenovićs, who ruled with strong support from Austria-Hungary; the antagonism between the two rival royal houses was such that after the assassination of Prince Mihailo Obrenović in 1868, the Obrenovićs resorted to making constitutional changes proclaiming the Karađorđevićs banned from entering Serbia and stripping them of their civic rights.

Alexander was two when his mother Princess Zorka died in 1890 from complications while giving birth to his younger brother Andrija, who died 23 days later. Alexander spent his childhood in Montenegro. Alongside his older brother George, he continued his schooling at the imperial Page Corps in St Petersburg, Russian Empire; the British historian R. W. Seton-Watson described Alexander as becoming a Russophile during his time in St. Petersburg, feeling much gratitude for the willingness of the Emperor Nicholas II to give him a refuge, where he was treated with much honor and respect; as a page, Alexander was described as hard-working and determined while being a "loner" who kept to himself and showed his feelings. Being a Karađorđević led to Alexander being invited by Nicholas II to dinner at the Winter Palace, where he was the guest of honor at meals hosted by the Russian imperial family, a great honor for a prince from Serbia's deposed royal family. During his time in St. Petersburg, Alexander visited the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, where the abbot gave Alexander an icon of Prince Alexander Nevsky and guided him to the grave of Marshal Alexander Suvorov.

After his visit to the monastery, Alexander expressed the wish to be a great general like Marshal Suvorov or Prince Alexander Nevsky, saying he wanted to be commanding either a great army or a great armada when he was a man. In 1903, while young George and Alexander were in school, their father and a slew of conspirators pulled off a bloody coup d'état in the Kingdom of Serbia known as the May Overthrow in which King Alexander and Queen Draga were murdered and dismembered; the House of Karađorđević thus retook the Serbian throne after forty-five years and Alexander's 58-year-old father became King of Serbia, prompting George's and Alexander's return to Serbia to continue their studies. After Alexander's 15th birthday, King Peter had Alexander enlisted into the Royal Serbian Army as a private with instructions to his officers to only promote his son if he proved worthy. On 25 March 1909, Alexander was recalled to Belgrade by his father with no explanation offered other he had an important announcement for his son.

One of the key moments in Prince Alexander's life occurred on 27 March 1909 when his older brother Crown Prince George publicly renounced his claim to the throne after strong pressure from political circles in Serbia. George was long considered unfit to rule by many in Serbia including powerful political and military figures such as prime minister Nikola Pašić, as well as high-ranking officers Dragutin "Apis" Dimitrijević and Petar Živković who did not appreciate the young man's impulsive nature and unstable, incident-prone personality. George killed his servant Kolaković by kicking him in the stomach, it grew into a huge scandal in the Serbian public as well as in the Austro-Hungarian press, which reported extensively on it, 21-year-old Prince George was forced into renouncing his claim to the throne. In 1910 Prince Alexander nearly died from stomach typhus and was left with stomach problems for the rest of his life. In the run-up to the First Balkan War, Alexander played the role of a diplomat, visiting Sofia to meet Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria for secret talks for a Balkan League, intended to drive the Ottomans out of the Balkans.

Both Bulgaria and Serbia had rival claims to the Ottoman region of Macedonia, the talks with Ferdinand, known as "Foxy Ferdinand" due to his cunning, were difficult. Together with Tsar Ferdinand's son, Crown Prince Boris, Alexander traveled to St. Petersburg to see Nicholas II to ask for Russian mediation on certain points that were dividing the Serbs and Bulgarians. In March 1912, Serbia and Bulgaria signed an alliance, joined by Greece. In the First Balkan War in 1912, as commander of the First Army, Crown Prince Alexander fought victorious battles in Kumanovo and Bitola. One of Alexander's most cherished moments came when he drove the Ottomans out of Kosovo and on 28 October 1912 led the Serb Army on a review on the Field of Blackbirds; the Field of Blackbirds was where the Serbs under Prince Lazar had been defeated in a legendary b

Bailey Colony Farm

The Bailey Colony Farm' known as the Estelle Farm, is a historic Matanuska Colony farmstead that dates from 1935. It is located along the Glenn Highway near Alaska in Matanuska-Susitna Borough, it was part of a New Deal program opening farms in Alaska as part of assisting overpopulated rural areas of the lower 48 states of the US, in a program conceived of by FERA architect David Williams. The Bailey Colony Farm was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991; the listing included two contributing buildings. It was their children, who were colonists from Wisconsin; the house is a 28-by-32-foot ​1 1⁄2-story building with a gambrel roof. Both were built in 1935; the barn was moved about 150 feet in the 1940s to its present location, when the Glenn Highway was widened. Matanuska Valley Colony National Register of Historic Places listings in Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska

Hegra (municipality)

Hegra is a former municipality in the old Nord-Trøndelag county, Norway. The 612-square-kilometre municipality existed from 1874 until its dissolution in 1962; the municipality was located in the Stjørdalen valley. It encompassed the eastern two-thirds of the what is now the municipality of Stjørdal in Trøndelag county; the administrative centre was the village of Hegra. The municipality of Hegra was established on 1 January 1874 when the old municipality of Øvre Stjørdal was divided into Meråker in the east and Hegra in the west. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1962, the neighboring municipalities of Hegra, Lånke and Stjørdal were all merged to form a new, larger municipality of Stjørdal. List of former municipalities of Norway