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Alfa Romeo

Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p. A. is an Italian luxury car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq, a company that would produce and sell special Darracq models for Italy. In late 1909, the Italian Darracq cars were selling and the Italian partners of the company hired Giuseppe Merosi to design new cars. On 24 June 1910, a new company was founded named A. L. F. A. on 24 June 1910, in Milan. The brand is known for sporty vehicles and has been involved in car racing since 1911; the first non-Darracq car produced by the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Merosi. A. L. F. A. Ventured into motor racing, with drivers Franchini and Ronzoni competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24-hp models. In August 1915, the company came under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted the factory to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war efforts. In 1920, the name of the company was changed to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20–30 HP the first car to be so badged.

In 1921, the Banca Italiana di Sconto. Nicola Romeo & Co, went broke and the government needed to support the industrial companies involved, among, Alfa Romeo, through the "Consorzio per Sovvenzioni sui Valori Industriali". In 1925, the railway activities were separated from the Romeo company, in 1928, Nicola Romeo left. In 1933, the state ownership was reorganized under the banner of the Istituto per la Ricostruzione Industriale by Benito Mussolini's government, which had effective control; the company struggled to return to profitability after the Second World War, turned to mass-producing small vehicles rather than hand-building luxury models. In 1954, it developed the Alfa Romeo Twin Cam engine, which would remain in production until 1994. During the 1960s and 1970s, Alfa Romeo produced a number of sporty cars, but struggled to make a profit, so Istituto per la Ricostruzione, the state conglomerate that controls Finmeccanica sold the marque to the Fiat Group in 1986. Alfa Romeo has competed in Grand Prix motor racing, Formula One, sportscar racing, touring car racing, rallies.

It has competed both as a constructor and an engine supplier, via works entries, private entries. The first racing car was made in 1913, three years after the foundation of the company, Alfa Romeo won the inaugural world championship for Grand Prix cars in 1925; the race victories gave a sporty image to the marque, Enzo Ferrari founded the Scuderia Ferrari racing team in 1929 as an Alfa Romeo racing team, before becoming independent in 1939. It has had the most wins of any marque in the world; the company's name is a combination of the original name, "A. L. F. A.", the last name of entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who took control of the company in 1915. The company that became Alfa Romeo was founded as Società Anonima Italiana Darracq in 1906 by the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq, with some Italian investors. One of them, Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan, became chairman of the SAID in 1909; the firm's initial location was in Naples, but before the construction of the planned factory had started, Darracq decided late in 1906 that Milan would be more suitable and accordingly a tract of land was acquired in the Milan suburb of Portello, where a new factory of 6,700 square metres was erected.

Late 1909, the Italian Darracq cars were selling and Stella, with the other Italian co-investors, founded a new company named A. L. F. A. Still in partnership with Darracq; the first non-Darracq car produced by the company was the 1910 24 HP, designed by Giuseppe Merosi, hired in 1909 for designing new cars more suited to the Italian market. Merosi would go on to design a series of new A. L. F. A. Cars, with more powerful engines. A. L. F. A. Ventured into motor racing, with drivers Franchini and Ronzoni competing in the 1911 Targa Florio with two 24-hp models. In 1914, an advanced Grand Prix car was designed and built, the GP1914, with a four-cylinder engine, double overhead camshafts, four valves per cylinder, twin ignition. However, the onset of the First World War halted automobile production at A. L. F. A. for three years. In August 1915, the company came under the direction of Neapolitan entrepreneur Nicola Romeo, who converted the factory to produce military hardware for the Italian and Allied war efforts.

Munitions, aircraft engines and other components and generators based on the company's existing car engines were produced in a vastly enlarged factory during the war. After the war, Romeo invested his war profits in acquiring locomotive and railway carriage plants in Saronno and Naples, which were added to his A. L. F. A. Ownership. Car production had not been considered at first, but resumed in 1919 since parts for the completion of 105 cars had remained at the A. L. F. A. Factory since 1915. In 1920, the name of the company was changed to Alfa Romeo with the Torpedo 20–30 HP the first car to be so badged, their first success came in 1920 when Giuseppe Campari won at Mugello and continued with second place in the Targa Florio driven by Enzo Ferrari. Giuseppe Merosi continued as head designer, the company continued to produce solid road cars as well as successful race cars. In 1923 Vittorio Jano was lured from Fiat thanks to the persuasion of a young Alfa racin

Gianni Bugno

Gianni Bugno is a retired Italian professional road racing cyclist. Bugno was a versatile rider, able to do well in different types of races, he won numerous stages in the Tour de France, the Milan–San Remo classic in 1990. In 1991 he won the Clásica de San Sebastián, in 1994 he won the Tour of Flanders. Bugno's greatest success was the double victory in the World Championship. In 1991 he beat Steven Rooks of the Netherlands and Miguel Indurain of Spain, in 1992 finished ahead of Laurent Jalabert of France and Dmitri Konyshev of Russia. Bugno's performance in the Grand Tours, was over-shadowed by Miguel Indurain. Bugno's victory in the Giro d'Italia in 1990 is considered one of the most dominant performances in that race — he led from start to finish. While he won the Giro in 1990, he finished second to Indurain in the Tour de France in 1991 and third behind Indurain and Claudio Chiappucci in 1992. In a battle in the 1992 Tour, Indurain kept his calm despite Chiappucci's attack in the Alps. Indurain was quoted as saying.

Bugno is now a helicopter rescue pilot. He piloted a camera helicopter for the Tour of Lombardy, on 20 October 2007, for the whole of the 2008 Giro d'Italia, he ran for a seat in Lombard Regional Council in the Lombard regional election, 2010 for the centre left coalition of political parties but he was not elected. He has remained involved with the Giro d'Italia by being one of the TV helicopter pilots for the Italian national broadcaster, RAI, he is the president of CPA. In November 2012, in the wake of the Lance Armstrong doping scandal, he demanded that an independent anti-doping body be established, he stated. Palmarès by world-of-cycling.com Palmarès by memoire-du-cyclisme.net Palmarès by museociclismo.it Cyclistes Professionnels Associés

J. Paul Austin

John Paul Austin was Chairman, President and CEO of The Coca-Cola Company. From 1962 to 1981 Austin oversaw the growth of the company from $567 million in sales to a $5.9 billion global force, an unprecedented growth that has not been replicated. John Paul Austin was born on February 1915 in LaGrange, Georgia, his father was an executive at Callaway Mills. Austin was educated at Culver Military Academy in Culver and Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. Austin attended Harvard University for undergraduate studies and graduated in 1937 with a degree in Liberal Arts. While at Harvard he was a member of the rowing team and competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. Austin graduated from Harvard Law School in 1940. During World War II Austin was a Naval Intelligence Officer, he served on a PT squadron in the Pacific and was uninjured in the friendly fire incident involving PT-346 in April 1944. Austin received the Legion of Merit. Austin had an unmistakable physical presence, described as 6 feet 2 inches tall and athletic, with broad shoulders and a shock of red hair.

In addition to his native English, Austin spoke French and Japanese, could read Italian. Paul Austin was working at the New York law firm of Larkin, Rathbone & Perry when he joined the legal department at Coca-Cola in 1949. Austin began in Chicago, he spent five months working as a route salesman. To Austin, this was a path to success in the business. In Chicago, Austin met Jeane Weed, working for Coca-Cola as a secretary, they had two sons. In 1950 Austin was named assistant to the president of the Coca-Cola Export Corporation. In 1954 Austin moved to Johannesburg, South Africa to oversee Coca-Cola's operations in Africa, serving as vice president of the export unit. In 1958 Austin returned to Georgia and was named executive vice president of the Coca-Cola Export Corporation president in 1959. In May 1961 Austin was elected executive vice president of The Coca-Cola Company. In May 1962 Paul Austin was elected president of Coca-Cola, he became chief executive officer in 1966, chairman in 1970. Austin was succeeded by Roberto Goizueta.

With Austin at the helm, Coca-Cola achieved an unprecedented tenfold growth. Coca-Cola had earnings of $46.7 million on sales of $567 million in 1962 when Austin was elected president. When Austin retired Coca-Cola had earnings of $481 million on sales of $5.9 billion. Under Austin's leadership, Coca-Cola's advertisements and branding had global impact; the groundbreaking "Hilltop" commercial featuring "I'd Like to Buy the World a Coke" was released in 1971 and has had a long lasting connection with the public. Paul Austin grew Coca-Cola's export markets bringing the soft drink to countries that did not have amicable relations with the United States. Austin brought Fanta Orange to the Soviet Union. Through meetings with Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Austin helped restore operations in Egypt after a 12-year boycott. Austin brought Coca-Cola back into Portugal after a 50-year ban on the drink. Austin brought Coca-Cola to Yemen and Sudan. Amidst the international expansion, India was the only country to cast out Coca-Cola.

In 1977 exports to India stopped because Coca-Cola refuse to divulge its secret recipe to the Indian government. In December 1978 Austin announced. Austin had been working with Chinese officials since 1975 to secure Coca-Cola's return. In a January 1979 article in People magazine, Austin stated that to bring Coca-Cola back to mainland China, "ll it took was patience." Austin continued, My attitude was not pushy... but to say that in the normal course of events it would be most that they would enter foreign trade. And when they did, the way to signal it to the world at large was to bring Coca-Cola in—as the symbol of U. S. foreign trade. The announcement came just a few days after President Carter announced the normalization of relations between the United States and China, though Coca-Cola insisted there was no link. Paul Austin supervised the planning of Coca-Cola's headquarters building in Georgia; the 26-story building on North Avenue opened in 1979. Austin's wife Jeane influenced the interior look of the building, decorating it with artwork she found during her husband's business travels.

Jeane offered design suggestions that were incorporated into the executive floors. The tapestry Jeane commissioned still hangs in the lobby. Coca-Cola entered the wine business in the late 1970s. In 1977 Austin helped to create the Wine Spectrum, a subsidiary of Coca-Cola that consisted of Sterling Vineyards, Monterey Vineyard and the Taylor Wine Company. In 1983 the Wine Spectrum was acquired by Joseph E. Seagram & Sons for more than $200 million in cash. Paul Austin was an active supporter of Martin Luther King, Jr.. After King won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, plans for an interracial celebration in still-segregated Atlanta were not well supported by the city's business elite until Austin intervened. In his memoir and former Atlanta mayor Andrew Young wrote: J. Paul Austin, the chairman and CEO of Coca-Cola, Mayor Ivan Allen summoned key Atlanta business leaders to the Commerce Club's eighteenth floor dining room, where Austin told them flatly, "It is embarrassing for Coca-Cola to be located in a city that refuses to honor its Nobel Prize winner.

We are an international business. The Coca-Cola Co. does not need Atlanta. You all need to decide whether Atlanta needs the Coca-Cola Co." Within two hours of the end of that