Alfa Romeo Tipo 33
The Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 was a sports racing prototype raced by the Alfa Romeo factory-backed team between 1967 and 1977. These cars took part for Sport Cars World Championship, Nordic Challenge Cup and CanAm series. A small number of road going cars were derived from it in 1967, called Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale. With the 33TT12 Alfa Romeo won the 1975 World Championship for Makes, with the 33SC12 the 1977 World Championship for Sports Cars, taking the first place in all eight of the championship races. Alfa Romeo started development of the Tipo 33 in the early 1960s, with the first car being built in 1965, it was sent for additional changes to be made. It used an Alfa Romeo TZ2 straight-4 engine; the 2000 cc Tipo 33 mid-engined prototype debuted on 12 March 1967 at the Belgian hillclimbing event at Fléron, with Teodoro Zeccoli winning. The first version was named as “periscope” because it had characteristic air inlet, it was powered with a large-diameter tube frame. The original T33 proved unreliable and uncompetitive in the 1967 World Sportscar Championship season, its best result a 5th at the Nürburgring 1000, co-driven by Zeccoli and Roberto Bussinello.
In 1968, Alfa's subsidiary, created an evolution model called 33/2. A road version, dubbed Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale, was introduced. At the 24 Hours of Daytona, the Porsche 907 with 2.2L engines were dominating the overall race, but Alfa took the 2-litre class win, with Udo Schütz and Nino Vaccarella. Win was repeated at the Targa Florio, where Nanni Galli and Ignazio Giunti took second place overall, followed by teammates Lucien Bianchi and Mario Casoni. Galli and Giunti won the class at the Nürburgring 1000 km, where the 2.5L version finished for the first time, 4th place in the 3.0L class with Schütz and Bianchi. However, in most races, the Alfa drivers were outclassed by their Porsche rivals which used bigger engines. In 1968, the car was used by privateers, winning its class in the 1000km Monza, Targa Florio and Nürburgring races. At the end of season Alfa Romeo had finished third in the 1968 International Championship for Makes. A total of 28 cars were built during 1968, allowing the 33/2 to be homologated as a Group 4 Sports Car for 1969.
The Alfa Romeo 33/3 made its debut in 1969 at the 12 Hours of Sebring. The engine was enlarged to 2998 cc with 400 hp, which put the 33/3 in the same class as the Porsche 908 and the Ferrari 312P; the chassis was now a monocoque. The new car did poorly at Sebring and Alfa did not take part in Le Mans after Lucien Bianchi's death in a practice session; the car took a couple of wins in smaller competitions but overall the 1969 season was not a successful one, Alfa Romeo was placed seventh in the 1969 International Championship for Makes. In 1970 the bigger 5.0L Porsche 917 and Ferrari 512 dominated, yet Toine Hezemans and Masten Gregory took third overall at Sebring, Andrea De Adamich and Henri Pescarolo won their class in the 1000km Zeltweg, finishing second overall. In 1970, an Alfa T 33/3 was one of the "actors" of Steve McQueen's movie Le Mans, released in 1971. In 1971 the Alfa Romeo racing effort was successful. Rolf Stommelen and Nanni Galli won their class at the 1000km Buenos Aires, before taking another class win at Sebring.
De Adamich and Pescarolo won outright at the 1000km Brands Hatch, a significant result against the "invincible" 917s. They took a class win at Monza and another one at Spa. At the Targa Florio and Hezemans won outright, followed by teammates De Adamich and Gijs Van Lennep. Hezemans and Vaccarella won their class at Zeltweg, De Adamich and Ronnie Peterson won overall at Watkins Glen. Alfa Romeo finished the season second place in the championship. In 1972 the 5 litre Group 5 Sports Cars were banned and the 3 litre cars of Alfa Romeo and Matra, redesignated as Group 5 Sports Cars, competed together for outright victories. A 4 litre version was entered to 1972 and 1974 CanAm series by Otto Zipper, the driver was Scooter Patrick. Autodelta was one of entrants with T33/4 in season 1974; the T33/3 version was used in the CanAm series earlier. The 33 TT 12 appeared in 1973 with the Carlo Chiti-designed 12 cylinder 3.0L flat engine. The 1973 season was more or less development time and in 1974 the car won at Monza 1000 km and finished the season with second place in the championship.
It wasn’t until 1975 that, after years of trying, Alfa Romeo won the 1975 World Championship for Makes. The season was one of total domination with seven wins in eight races. Winning drivers were: Arturo Merzario, Vittorio Brambilla, Jacques Laffite, Henri Pescarolo, Derek Bell and Jochen Mass. For 1976 Autodelta was concentrating on other things and the car was used in competitions; the successor of the 33TT12 1976 was SC referring to SCatolato, a boxed chassis. The 3.0 L flat-12 engine now produced 520 bhp. With this car Alfa Romeo won the 1977 World Championship for Sports Cars, the 33SC12s driven by Arturo Merzario, Jean-Pierre Jarier and Vittorio Brambilla having won every race in the series. At the Salzburgring the car reached an average speed of 203.82 km/h. The SC12 Turbo was Alfa's first twin turbocharged 12 cylinder engine and it was introduced around the same time as Renault's Formula One turbo engine. In the Alfa Romeo engine e
ALFA 40/60 HP
The ALFA 40/60 HP is a road car and race car made by Italian car manufacturer ALFA. This model was made between 1913 and 1922 and was designed by Giuseppe Merosi, as were all other Alfas at that time; the 40/60 HP has a 6082 cc straight-4 engine with overhead valves, which produced 70 bhp and its top speed was 125 km/h. The race model 40-60 HP Corsa had 73 bhp and a top speed of 137 km/h, it won its own category in the Parma-Berceto race. In 1914 the milanese count Marco Ricotti commissioned to Carrozzeria Castagna the ALFA 40/60 HP Aerodinamica, a prototype model which could reach 139 km/h top speed. A replica of that car was created in the 1970s, now it is shown in the Alfa Romeo Historical Museum.40/60 HP production and development was interrupted by the First World War, but resumed afterwards. 40-60 HP Corsa had now a top speed of around 150 km/h. Giuseppe Campari won the 1921 races at Mugello with this car; the 40-60 HP was based on a ladder chassis of C-shaped stamped steel rails. Its engine was a 6,082 cc or 371 cu in overhead valve inline-four cylinder, fed by a single vertical carburettor.
The en bloc cylinder block and cylinder head were split in two groups of two cylinders, made of cast iron. The two in-block camshafts were driven by a gear train located at the front of the engine; the driveline comprised a dry multi-plate clutch, a four-speed gearbox and a one-piece propeller shaft, spinning inside a tube attached to the rear differential housing. At its open end, towards the gearbox, this tube forked out into two ends which, linked to the chassis, located the rear axle; the gearbox was positioned towards the middle of the chassis underneath the driver, rather than in block with the engine—to which it was connected by a short prop shaft. Front and rear solid axles were sprung on longitudinal semi-elliptic leaf springs. Brakes were drums on the rear wheels, with both hand controls; the wheels were 5.5 x19". The tipo corsa sat on a shortened wheelbase of 2,950 mm, instead of the road car's 3,200 mm. Kerb weight was 1,100 kg versus 1,250 kg; the racing-prepared engine had a 5.50:1 compression ratio.
It produced 73 bhp at 2,000 rpm. Top speed was 150 km/h; the final drive ratio was 18/49 instead of the standard 17/49. The Sankey steel wheels were replaced by 6.0x20" knock-off wire wheels. Fuel tank capacity was expanded from the standard 70 l to 120 l. ALFA 40-60 HP Castagna Siluro Aerodinamica 1914 on autoconcept-reviews.com
Darracq and Company London
A Darracq and Company Limited owned a French manufacturer of motor vehicles and aero engines in Suresnes, near Paris. The French enterprise, known at first as A. Darracq et Cie, was founded in 1896 by Alexandre Darracq after he sold his Gladiator Bicycle business. In 1902, it took effect in 1903, he sold his new business to a held English company named A Darracq and Company Limited, taking a substantial shareholding and a directorship himself. Alexandre Darracq continued to run the business from Paris but was obliged to retire to the Côte d'Azur in 1913 following years of difficulties that brought Darracq & Co into hazardous financial circumstances, he had introduced an unproven unorthodox engine in 1911 which proved a complete failure yet he neglected Suresnes' popular conventional products. France entered the first World War, he died in 1931 but long before that, in 1920, the name of A Darracq & Co 1905 was changed to S T D Motors Limited. In 1922 Darracq's name was dropped from all products, the Suresnes business was renamed Automobiles Talbot and the Suresnes products were branded just Talbot.
His Suresnes business was to continue, still under British control, under the name Talbot until 1935 when it was acquired by investors led by the Suresnes factory's managing director, Antonio Lago. S T D Motors Limited known until 1920 as A Darracq and Company Limited became insolvent and was liquidated during 1935 and 1936. Alexandre Darracq, using part of the substantial profit he had made from selling his Gladiator bicycle factory to Adolpe Clément, set up a plant in 1897 in the Paris suburb of Suresnes; the company to own the business was formed in 1897 and named A Darracq et Cie. Production began with a Millet motorcycle powered by a five-cylinder rotary engine, it was supplemented shortly after by an electric brougham. In 1898 Darracq et Cie made a Léon Bollée-designed voiturette tricar; the voiturette proved a débâcle: the steering was problematic, the five-speed belt drive "a masterpiece of bad design", the hot tube ignition crude, proving the £10,000 Darracq et Cie had paid for the design a mistake.
Darracq et Cie produced its first vehicle with an internal combustion engine in 1900. Designed by Ribeyrolles this was a 6.5 hp voiture legére powered by a single-cylinder engine of 785 cc and it featured shaft drive and three speed column gear change. While not as successful as hoped, one hundred were sold. In 1902 Darracq & Co signed a contract with Adam Opel to jointly produce, under licence, vehicles in the German Empire with the brand name "Opel Darracq". Opel soon moved on to building their own vehicles. A Darracq et Cie was sold as of 30 September 1902 to an English company, A Darracq and Company Limited; the attraction for the British venture capitalists was that French automobile technology and industry experience led the world. It was incorporated in England because French law made the necessary flotation processes more difficult than English law; the perception from across the Atlantic in USA was that French industry was "offloading" on British investors. The English financial group was headed by W B Avery of W & T Avery Limited, a Birmingham scales manufacturer, J S Smith-Winby a London lawyer and a retired army officer, Colonel A Rawlinson.
They bought A Darracq et Cie and sold it again to other investors for five times their purchase price. Darracq received less than 50 percent of the shares in the new company. There was no public offering, eight other investors took up the rest of the shares. Further capital was raised and large sums were spent on factory expansion; the Suresnes site was expanded to some four acres in extent, in England extensive premises were bought. The Darracq & Co automobile company prospered, such that, by 1903, four models were offered: a 1.1-litre single, a 1.3 l and 1.9 l twin, a 3.8 l four. The 1904 models abandoned flitch-plated wood chassis for pressed steel, the new Flying Fifteen, powered by a 3-litre four, had its chassis made from a single sheet of steel; this car was Alexandre Darracq's chef d'oeuvre. There was nothing outstanding in its design but "every part was in such perfect balance and harmony" it became an outstanding model, its exceptional quality helped the company capture a ten percent share of the French auto market.
In late 1904 the chairman reported sales were up by 20 per cent though increased costs meant the profit had risen more slowly. But what was more important was they had many more orders than they could fill and the only solution was to enlarge the factory by as much as 50 per cent. 75 per cent of 1904 output was exported. At the following Annual meeting, twelve months the chairman was able to tell shareholders all the six speed records of the automobile world were held by Darracq cars and they had all been held more than twelve months and yet another had been added by K Lee Guinness, he reported that during 1905 a large property had been bought in Lambeth for examining adjusting and stocking new cars ready for the peak sales period. An announcement followed two days of a scheme of reconstitution of the company to raise more capital for further expansion; the reconstituted company was named Company Limited. Paris resident Alexander Darracq remained managing director, Rawlinson was appointed managing director of the London branch.
The "reconstitution" was to circumvent some holders of the company's shares who were unwilling to share the prosperity and blocked proposed new issues. So the company was sold, they were obliged to buy new shares like anyone else. J S Smith-Winby continued as chairman. After this "reconstitution" over 80 per cent of the shares were held in England. Meanwhile th
A car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of car say they run on roads, seat one to eight people, have four tires, transport people rather than goods. Cars came into global use during the 20th century, developed economies depend on them; the year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the modern car when German inventor Karl Benz patented his Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars became available in the early 20th century. One of the first cars accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were adopted in the US, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts, but took much longer to be accepted in Western Europe and other parts of the world. Cars have controls for driving, passenger comfort, safety, controlling a variety of lights. Over the decades, additional features and controls have been added to vehicles, making them progressively more complex; these include rear reversing cameras, air conditioning, navigation systems, in-car entertainment.
Most cars in use in the 2010s are propelled by an internal combustion engine, fueled by the combustion of fossil fuels. Electric cars, which were invented early in the history of the car, began to become commercially available in 2008. There are benefits to car use; the costs include acquiring the vehicle, interest payments and maintenance, depreciation, driving time, parking fees and insurance. The costs to society include maintaining roads, land use, road congestion, air pollution, public health, health care, disposing of the vehicle at the end of its life. Road traffic accidents are the largest cause of injury-related deaths worldwide; the benefits include on-demand transportation, mobility and convenience. The societal benefits include economic benefits, such as job and wealth creation from the automotive industry, transportation provision, societal well-being from leisure and travel opportunities, revenue generation from the taxes. People's ability to move flexibly from place to place has far-reaching implications for the nature of societies.
There are around 1 billion cars in use worldwide. The numbers are increasing especially in China and other newly industrialized countries; the word car is believed to originate from the Latin word carrus or carrum, or the Middle English word carre. In turn, these originated from the Gaulish word karros, it referred to any wheeled horse-drawn vehicle, such as a cart, carriage, or wagon. "Motor car" is attested from 1895, is the usual formal name for cars in British English. "Autocar" is a variant, attested from 1895, but, now considered archaic. It means "self-propelled car"; the term "horseless carriage" was used by some to refer to the first cars at the time that they were being built, is attested from 1895. The word "automobile" is a classical compound derived from the Ancient Greek word autós, meaning "self", the Latin word mobilis, meaning "movable", it entered the English language from French, was first adopted by the Automobile Club of Great Britain in 1897. Over time, the word "automobile" fell out of favour in Britain, was replaced by "motor car".
"Automobile" remains chiefly North American as a formal or commercial term. An abbreviated form, "auto", was a common way to refer to cars in English, but is now considered old-fashioned; the word is still common as an adjective in American English in compound formations like "auto industry" and "auto mechanic". In Dutch and German, two languages related to English, the abbreviated form "auto" / "Auto", as well as the formal full version "automobiel" / "Automobil" are still used — in either the short form is the most regular word for "car"; the first working steam-powered vehicle was designed — and quite built — by Ferdinand Verbiest, a Flemish member of a Jesuit mission in China around 1672. It was a 65-cm-long scale-model toy for the Chinese Emperor, unable to carry a driver or a passenger, it is not known with certainty if Verbiest's model was built or run. Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot is credited with building the first full-scale, self-propelled mechanical vehicle or car in about 1769, he constructed two steam tractors for the French Army, one of, preserved in the French National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts.
His inventions were, handicapped by problems with water supply and maintaining steam pressure. In 1801, Richard Trevithick built and demonstrated his Puffing Devil road locomotive, believed by many to be the first demonstration of a steam-powered road vehicle, it was unable to maintain sufficient steam pressure for long periods and was of little practical use. The development of external combustion engines is detailed as part of the history of the car but treated separately from the development of true cars. A variety of steam-powered road vehicles were used during the first part of the 19th century, including steam cars, steam buses and steam rollers. Sentiment against them led to the Locomotive Acts of 1865. In 1807, Nicéphore Niépce and his brother Claude created what was the world's first internal combustion engine, but they chose to install it in a boat on the river Saone in France. Coincidentally, in 1807 the Swiss inventor François Isaac de Rivaz designed his own'de Rivaz internal combustion engine' and used it to develop the world's first vehicle to be powered by such an engine.
The DMC DeLorean is a sports car manufactured by John DeLorean's DeLorean Motor Company, or DMC, for the American market from model years 1981 through 1983. The car stood out for its striking low body, designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro, featuring gull-wing doors and brushed stainless-steel outer body panels, as well as an innovative fiberglass body structure with a steel backbone chassis, it became known for its disappointing lack of power and performance, which didn't match the expectations created by its looks and price tag, but – after 1985 – the DeLorean became iconic for its appearances as the time machine in the Back to the Future media franchise. The first prototype appeared in October of 1976 and was known as the DSV-1, or DeLorean Safety Vehicle; as development continued, the model was referred to as the DSV-12 and the DMC-12 since DMC was targeting a $12,000 MSRP at release. After several delays and cost overruns, production began in 1981 as DMC dropped the name DMC-12 on their now $25,000 car in favor of the model name "DeLorean."
The DeLorean sports car, as it was described in advertisements, began production on January 21, 1981. The factory was located in a suburb of Lisburn, near Belfast, Northern Ireland. Throughout production, the car was unchanged although minor features and parts of the car were changed, such as the alternator, antenna, hood style, wheels. Over the course of about 24 months spanning three model years, about 9,000 DeLoreans were made before production halted in early 1983; the DeLorean was the only model produced by the company, liquidated as the US car market went through its largest slump since the 1930s. In 2007, about 6,500 DeLorean cars were thought to still exist. In 1995, Stephen Wynne, a British entrepreneur from Liverpool, created a separate company based in Texas using the "DeLorean Motor Company" name. Wynne acquired the trademark on the stylized "DMC" logo shortly thereafter, along with the remaining parts inventory of the original DeLorean Motor Company; the company builds new cars at its suburban Humble, Texas location from new old stock parts, original equipment manufacturer, reproduction parts on a "made to order" basis using existing vehicle identification number plates.
On January 27, 2016, DMC in Texas announced that it planned to build about 300–325 replica 1982 DeLorean cars, each projected to cost just under US$100,000. In October 1976, the first prototype DeLorean was completed by American automotive chief engineer William T. Collins chief engineer at Pontiac; the car was intended to have a centrally-mounted Wankel rotary engine. The engine selection was reconsidered when Comotor production ended, the favored engine became Ford's "Cologne V6"; the French/Swedish PRV fuel-injected V6 was selected. The engine location moved from the mid-engined location in the prototype to a rear-engined installation in the production car; the chassis was planned to be produced from a new and untested manufacturing technology known as elastic reservoir moulding, which would lighten the car while lowering its production costs. This new technology, for which DeLorean had purchased patent rights, was found to be unsuitable; these and other changes to the original concept led to considerable schedule pressures.
The entire car was deemed to require complete re-engineering, turned over to engineer Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus Cars. Chapman replaced most of the unproven material and manufacturing techniques with those employed by Lotus, like the steel backbone chassis. In an interview with James Espey of the new incarnation of the DeLorean Motor Company of Texas, a drawing surfaced showing that the car had the potential to be named "Z Tavio". John DeLorean's middle name and his son's first name were both Zachary, while Tavio was his father's name and his son's middle name. Due to only sporadic documentation, there is little more, known about the Z Tavio name and why it was rejected in favor of the DeLorean. During development, the prototype was known as the DMC-12 because of its intended price of US$12,000, a goal, never reached. Numerous sources continued to erroneously refer to the production car as the DMC-12. DMC required US$175 million to build the motor company. Convincing Hollywood celebrities such as Johnny Carson and Sammy Davis, Jr. to invest in the firm, DMC built the DeLorean in a factory in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland, a neighborhood about 7 miles from Belfast city center.
The company had intended to build the factory in Puerto Rico, but changed its plans when the Northern Ireland Development Agency offered £100 million towards it, despite an assessment by consultants hired by the NIDA that the business had only a 1-in-10 chance of success. Construction on the factory began in October 1978, although production of the DeLorean was scheduled to start in 1979, engineering problems and budget overruns delayed production until early 1981. By the time production began in 1981, the unemployment rate was high in Northern Ireland, local residents lined up to apply for jobs at the factory; the workers were inexperienced, but were paid premium wages and supplied with the best equipment available. Most quality issues were solved by 1982, the cars were sold from dealers with a one-year, 12,000-mile warranty and an available five-year, 50,000-mile service contract; the DeLorean Motor Company went bankrupt in late 1982 following John DeLorean's arrest in October of th
Alfa Romeo Stelvio
The Alfa Romeo Stelvio is a front engine, all wheel drive, five door compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured and marketed by the Alfa Romeo subdivision of FCA since debuting at the 2016 Los Angeles Auto Show and entering production at the Cassino Plant at the end of 2016. It is current top Alfa sales with about 43,000 samples per year. Sharing the platform of the mid-size Giulia sedan, the Stelvio uses FCA's Giorgio platform to be shared with Maserati and Jeep; the name Stelvio derives from the Stelvio Pass, Italy's highest mountain pass, noted for its 48 circuitous switchbacks. Preceded by the Kamal concept car in March 2003, the Stelvio is Alfa Romeo's first production SUV, using a modified version of the Giorgio platform shared with the Giulia, available in both rear and all-wheel drive configurations. Alfa Romeo made its first off the Matta, in the 1950s; the sporting trim level of the Stelvio, the Quadrifoglio, was unveiled on 16 November 2016 at the Los Angeles Auto Show. The European versions of the Stelvio were presented at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2017.
The car's engine lineup is similar to that of the Giulia's, with a turbocharged 2.0 litre inline-four and a 2.2-litre diesel inline four. The Quadrifoglio trim level will offer a 2.9 litre twin-turbo V6 rated with 510 PS developed by Ferrari for Alfa Romeo. On January 18, 2017, Alfa Romeo began accepting orders for the Stelvio First Edition in the EMEA region. On November 2, 2017, the Stelvio Quadrifoglio went on sale in Italy. For the model year of 2019, diesel engines of the Stelvio got updates to meet the Euro 6d emission standards, with AdBlue technology introduced to tackle particulates in the exhaust. 150 PS and 180 PS versions got 10 PS more power. In the United Kingdom, all models have now an 8.8 inch infotainment system with Apple Car Play and Android Auto as standard, small tweaks have been made throughout the ranges. In Europe, consumption standards use now WLTP measuring system, which should give more accurate consumption and emission figures. For 2019 Model year Alfa introduced new trim level for Europe the Ti, this is different than Ti version for sale in United States, the Ti has 280 PS 2.0 Turbo Petrol engine, paired with an eight speed automatic transmission, Q4 all wheel drive.
The Stelvio uses the same Giorgio platform used by the Giulia, but modified and raised by 22 cm compared to the sedan. The Stelvio has the same engines and most of the mechanics, including a carbon fiber driveshaft. In addition, compared to the Giulia, its track has increased by 2.9 cm in the rear and 5.4 cm in the front. It has a boot capacity of 525 l, it has a 50/50 weight distribution between the two axles, a drag coefficient of 0.32. To help keep the Stelvio's weight in check, Alfa Romeo uses aluminum for many body parts such as the fenders and tailgate, as well as for mechanical parts such as the suspension, braking system, engine; the suspension, called AlfaLink, implements double wishbones in the front, an aluminum multi-link configuration in the rear. The springs are longer than those in the Giulia, but stiffer to account for the extra weight and ride height; the driver sits 190 mm higher from the road than in the Giulia. Alfa's "Q4" all wheel drive system, rear drive but sends up to 50% of power to the front in low grip conditions, is standard on all trim levels, except an entry level turbo petrol version.
The Stelvio weighs 1,660 kg with fluids, 145 kg less than an equivalent BMW X3 and 110 kg less than a four cyl Porsche Macan. In North America, the Stelvio will be available in three different trim levels: Stelvio, Stelvio Ti and Quadrifoglio. At the 2018 Geneva Motor Show, one limited edition was unveiled NRING edition of the Stelvio; the NRING edition has Carbon ceramic brakes, Sparco carbonfibre seats, carbonfibre interior trim, a Mopar branded gear shifter and Mopar floor mats, the cars are differentiated on the exterior by NRING badges as well as carbonfibre mirror caps and side skirts. Equipment is upgraded to include adaptive cruise control, a premium sound system. In April 2018, NYIAS was unveiled Nero Edizione' Package for Stelvio, a new exterior appearance through special blacked out wheels and other touches; the Nero Edizione package is available only for the 280 horsepower, 2.0 litre model. At the 2019 Geneva International Motor Show, Alfa Romeo Racing limited edition was introduced, which celebrate Alfa Romeo's legendary racing history and the entry of a new Italian driver onto the Formula 1 scene: Antonio Giovinazzi joins the "Alfa Romeo Racing" team with World Champion Kimi Räikkönen.
This special edition has exclusive paintwork, as a tribute to the Alfa Romeo Racing C38 Formula 1 car. It has some stylistic details like some carbon fibre parts and Akrapovič titanium exhaust system; the weight was shaved off about 28 kg from the standard Quadrifoglio version. The diet was backed up by a technical tune-up by Alfa Romeo engineers that has resulted more torque and power, which reaches 520 PS; the Stelvio was crash tested in July 2017 by Euro NCAP, with a score of 97% for the adult occupant protection. Overall, the Stelvio achieved five star results. For adult protection, the Stelvio did "exceptionally well", with its near perfect 97 percent score matching that of the Volvo XC90; the Stelvio is fitted with an autonomous emergency braking system as standard. On 29 September 2017, the Alfa
Giorgetto Giugiaro is an Italian automobile designer. He has worked on popular everyday vehicles, he was born in Garessio, Piedmont. Giugiaro was named Car Designer of the Century in 1999 and inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in 2002. In addition to cars, Giugiaro designed camera bodies for Nikon, computer prototypes for Apple, Navigation promenade of Porto Santo Stefano, developed a new pasta shape "Marille", as well as office furniture for Okamura Corporation. Giugiaro's earliest cars, like the Alfa Romeo 105/115 Series Coupés featured tastefully arched and curving shapes, such as the De Tomaso Mangusta, Iso Grifo, Maserati Ghibli. However, as the 1970s approached, Giugiaro's designs became angular, culminating in the "folded paper" era of the 1970s. Straight-lined designs such as the BMW M1, Lotus Esprit S1, Maserati Bora followed before a softer approach returned in the Maserati Merak, Lamborghini Calà, Maserati Spyder, Ferrari GG50. Giugiaro is known for the DMC DeLorean, featured prominently in the Hollywood blockbuster series Back to the Future.
His most commercially successful design was the Volkswagen Golf Mk1. In 1976, Giugiaro explored a new taxi concept with the Museum of Modern Art, which became the 1978 Lancia Megagamma concept. Fiat had commissioned the 1978 concept from Italdesign, asking for a 4-meter, high roof, high h-point, monospace design — but found the concept too risky for production. In retrospect the Megagamma was more influential than it was itself successful, becoming the "conceptual birth mother of the MPV/minivan movement" — giving rise to such mini/compact MPV's as the Nissan Prairie and Fiat 500L as well as larger MPV's including the Renault Espace and Chrysler minivans. Bertone Ghia Italdesign Giugiaro GFG Style Alfa Romeo 2600 Sprint Giulia Sprint GT/GTV Canguro concept car Iguana concept car Caimano concept car Alfasud Alfetta GT/GTV Sprint Brera concept car 156 facelift second series Visconti concept car 159/159 SW Brera American Motors Eagle Premier ASA 1000 GT Aston Martin DB4 GT Bertone'Jet' Audi 80 BMW 3200 CS BMW Spicup concept car M1 Nazca M12 concept car Nazca C2 concept car Nazca C2 Spider concept car M1 Homage Concept Bugatti ID 90 Concept EB 112 EB 118 EB 218 Buick Park Avenue Ultra Cadillac Sixty Special Chevrolet Testudo concept car Daewoo Lanos Matiz Leganza Magnus Kalos hatchback Lacetti hatchback De Tomaso Mangusta DeLorean Motor Company DeLorean Ferrari 250 GT SWB Bertone Ferrari GG50 Fiat 850 Spider Dino Coupé Panda Uno Croma Punto Palio/Siena Idea Croma Grande Punto Sedici Strada Ford Ford Mustang concept car GreenTech Automotive GreenTech MyCar My car NEV Gordon-Keeble GT Hyundai Pony Excel Sonata Stellar Innocenti Innocenti 186 GT Iso Rivolta Rivolta IR 300 Grifo Fidia Alfa Romeo 2600 Sprint Giulia Sprint GT/GTV Canguro concept car Iguana concept car Caimano concept car Alfasud Alfetta GT/GTV Sprint Brera concept car 156 facelift second series Visconti concept car 159/159 SW Brera American Motors Eagle Premier ASA 1000 GT Aston Martin DB4 GT Bertone'Jet' Audi 80 BMW 3200 CS BMW Spicup concept car M1 Nazca M12 concept car Nazca C2 concept car Nazca C2 Spider concept car M1 Homage Concept Bugatti ID 90 Concept EB 112 EB 118 EB 218 Buick Park Avenue Ultra Cadillac Sixty Special Chevrolet Testudo concept car Daewoo Lanos Matiz Leganza Magnus Kalos hatchback Lacetti hatchback De Tomaso Mangusta DeLorean Motor Company DeLorean Ferrari 250 GT SWB Bertone Ferrari GG50 Fiat 850 Spider Dino Coupé Panda Uno Croma Punto Palio/Siena Idea Croma Grande Punto Sedici Ford Ford Mustang concept car GreenTech Automotive GreenTech MyCar My car NEV Gordon-Keeble GT Hyundai Pony Excel Sonata Stellar Innocenti Innocenti 186 GT Iso Rivolta Rivolta IR 300 Grifo Fidia Nikon EM F3 L35-AF F4 F5 D2H F6 D3 D4 D800 Handguns Beretta Neos Submachine Guns Beretta CX4 Storm ShotgunsBeretta UGB25 Xcel Trap 12 GA, 30" Ducati 860 GT Suzuki RE5 Derbi Predator 1990s TOMOS Colibri moped MV Agusta 350s Ipotesi FIAT Ferroviaria/Alstom ETR 460 train Nitro concept tractor Seiko Speedmaster wrist watch Seiko Macchina Sportiva wrist watch Deutz Fahr 6215 RCSHIFT tractor Italdesign, Giugiaro's industrial design group Coachbuild.com Encyclopedia: Giugiaro Bontempi Minstrel BMW Designers An overview of automotive designers working for BMW